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Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions
Explores writing, applications of thought and theory, solutions, engineering, design, DIY, Interesting approaches to problems, examples of interdisciplinary explorations and solutions.
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How science goes wrong

How science goes wrong | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
A SIMPLE idea underpins science: “trust, but verify”. Results should always be subject to challenge from experiment. That simple but powerful idea has generated...
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Recommendations from the author: “The most enlightened journals are already becoming less averse to humdrum papers. Some government funding agencies, including America’s National Institutes of Health, which dish out $30 billion on research each year, are working out how best to encourage replication. And growing numbers of scientists, especially young ones, understand statistics. But these trends need to go much further. Journals should allocate space for “uninteresting” work, and grant-givers should set aside money to pay for it. Peer review should be tightened—or perhaps dispensed with altogether, in favour of post-publication evaluation in the form of appended comments. That system has worked well in recent years in physics and mathematics. Lastly, policymakers should ensure that institutions using public money also respect the rules.”

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Using Science as Evidence in Public Policy encourages scientists to think differently about the use of scientific evidence in policy making

Using Science as Evidence in Public Policy encourages scientists to think differently about the use of scientific evidence in policy making | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it

Using Science as Evidence in Public Policy encourages scientists to think differently about the use of scientific evidence in policy making.

 

Contents:

2 Why This Report Now
3 The Use of Research Knowledge: Current Scholarship
4 Research on the Use of Science in Policy: A Framework
5 The Next Generation of Researchers and Practitioners
Appendix A Selected Major Social Science Research Methods
Appendix B Biographical Sketches of Committee Members and Staff

 

"The research framework argues for more careful study of policy argumentation, as well as for increased roles for the psychology of decision making and for systems perspectives. The social sciences offer important knowledge about how mental models, belief systems, organizational rules, societal norms, and other factors influence the behavior of decision makers. They also offer important knowledge about how people learn, when they optimize and when they satisfice; why they organize themselves, form institutions, communicate, establish norms, and develop routines; how they assess risks; and how they make decisions, individually and collectively. This array of scientific specialties has never fully addressed a key issue: when,
why, how, even whether science is used in public policy making. Research can explain the cognitive operations and biases that policy makers and scientists bring to their work and the context-specific situations, practices, logics (ways of reasoning and understanding), and cultural assumptions of the settings in which they operate. Relevant research fields include social psychology, behavioral economics, decision theory, and organizational sociology. We urge scholars in these and related specialties to investigate the use of scientific knowledge in policy making."

 

Source:

 

Kenneth Prewitt, Thomas A. Schwandt, and Miron L. Straf, Editors;
Committee on the Use of Social Science Knowledge in Public Policy;
Center for Education; Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and
Education; National Research Council, 2012

ISBN 978-0-309-26161-6, 122 pages

 


Via wmijnhardt, Lynnette Van Dyke, Jocelyn Stoller
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30 Life Hacks Debunked - mental_floss on YouTube (Ep. 30) - YouTube

Ever wonder how many of those life hacks you see online really work? +Mental Floss  puts them to the test (albeit with a few flaws). Despite the title of the video, they only wind up debunking some of them!

 

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