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Carol Dweck on the power of "Yet"

It's just one little word, but says world-renowned Stanford psychologist Carol Dweck, it has the power to inspire your child to do incredible things.

Via Beth Dichter
Tony Meehan's insight:

How many of our learners come with the fixed view that they are "no good at maths", "don't get English" etc? Well, this is a good solid growth mindset come-back: " you don't get it yet......." 

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Beth Dichter's curator insight, August 14, 2013 6:28 PM

Carol Dweck has written about mindset, specifically the difference between growth mindset and fixed mindset (and you can search these terms on this Scoop.it). This short (less than 1 minute) video looks at a three letter word and how it helps us see that a student has a growth mindset. Listen and learn.

Dico Krommenhoek's curator insight, August 16, 2013 4:36 AM

Dit ga ik zeker gebruiken. 'Nog' (niet) goed ergens in zijn. Yet maakt dit wel mooier, omdat je het na de uiting van een leerling kunt plaatsen...

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Educational Leadership:Faces of Poverty:How Poverty Affects Classroom Engagement

Educational Leadership:Faces of Poverty:How Poverty Affects Classroom Engagement | Learning in the 21st century | Scoop.it
Tony Meehan's insight:

Very insightful article which addresses the reasons, including Mindsets, why pupils from lower SES struggle to engage in school, and what we as educators can do about it.... 


"...toddlers from middle- and upper-income families actually used more words in talking to their parents than low-SES mothers used in talking to their own children (Bracey, 2006). This language difference is not subtle; it's a mind-boggling, jaw-dropping cognitive chasm."


"... the passive "I give up" posture may actually be learned helplessness, shown for decades in the research as a symptom of a stress disorder and depression. Research from 60 high-poverty schools tells us that the primary factor in student motivation and achievement isn't the student's home environment; it's the school and the teacher"


"Don't use comforting phrases that imply that even though a student isn't good at something, he or she has "other" strengths (Cooper, 2012). Instead, focus on affirming and reinforcing effort. Guide students in making smarter strategy choices and cultivating a positive attitude."


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Growth Mindset: A Driving Philosophy, Not Just a Tool

Growth Mindset: A Driving Philosophy, Not Just a Tool | Learning in the 21st century | Scoop.it
It's important to recognize that a growth mindset is an overall paradigm for personal development rather than a pedagogical tool for measuring academic accomplishment.

 

Learn more:

 

http://www.scoop.it/t/21st-century-learning-and-teaching/?tag=mindset

 


Via Gust MEES, Yashy Tohsaku, Dean J. Fusto
Tony Meehan's insight:

Working with learners of low SES and whose environment more often than not ensures they have a fixed mindset, it is important that we help them to redefine what success is. Too often it is fixed around being rich, having a big car, house, jewellery etc. These learners then become preoccupied with looking for the short-cut to success, to the riches they believe will make them happy. It doesn't work out like that of course. How then to help the alter their thinking? 


Dweck's work is essential in this. But as this article states it cannot be seen as "a task to complete".  It requires a shift in thinking of all in an organisation, a movement for a whole-school way of thinking, involving also parents or carers.  This article by Costa, Garmston and Zimmerman provides a solid basis for promoting growth mindsets in educators. 

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Gust MEES's curator insight, September 19, 2:24 PM
It's important to recognize that a growth mindset is an overall paradigm for personal development rather than a pedagogical tool for measuring academic accomplishment.


Learn more:


http://www.scoop.it/t/21st-century-learning-and-teaching/?tag=mindset


Ivon Prefontaine's curator insight, September 19, 5:12 PM

Growth mindset should be a philosophy in teaching and learning. Does it replace pedagogy? I don't think so, but I think they work together. Max van Manen's work in the area of thoughtful pedagogy fits well with growth mindset.

 

@ivon_ehd1

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How do you explain a concept like Growth Mindset?

How do you explain a concept like Growth Mindset? | Learning in the 21st century | Scoop.it
I have written before about my thoughts around Growth Mindset. Whilst I appreciate the valid concerns expressed by others about the dangers of overstatement and the need for coherent informed imple...
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interesting blog piece on a practical approach to developing a Growth Mindset culture in school.  Some good ideas offered.

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Praise be.... The power of language: why it is crucial we are careful how we bestow praise.

Praise be.... The power of language: why it is crucial we are careful how we bestow praise. | Learning in the 21st century | Scoop.it
Do you agree or disagree with the following statements?1. You have a certain amount of intelligence, and you can’t really do much to change it.2. Your intelligence is something about you that you c...
Tony Meehan's insight:

How dangerous can the "wrong" type of praise be? Very dangerous according to Carol Dweck. It can leave people in a very needy state and desperate for approval and validation. The remedy is training people to give the "right" type of praise - process praise.  Praise how people work, strive, use strategies when stuck, how they come up with solutions.

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5 Tips for Providing Effective Feedback to Students ~ Educational Technology and Mobile Learning

5 Tips for Providing Effective Feedback to Students ~ Educational Technology and Mobile Learning | Learning in the 21st century | Scoop.it
In a recent post published by Edutopia entitled " 5 research-based tips for providing students with meaningful feedback", Stenger made a strong case for the importance of feedback in students learning. She backed her argument with a plethora of scientific studies and came up with some useful suggestions for teachers to consider when giving feedback to students.
Via Elizabeth E Charles, Dean J. Fusto
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Useful checklist to refer to when addressing the subject of feedback. All should be standard practice for educators, but you never know who might need reminding.
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Fixed vs. Growth: The Two Basic Mindsets That Shape Our Lives

Fixed vs. Growth: The Two Basic Mindsets That Shape Our Lives | Learning in the 21st century | Scoop.it
How to fine-tune the internal monologue that scores every aspect of our lives, from leadership to love.

"If you imagine less, less will b (Insightful article by Maria Popova in @brainpicker: Fixed vs.
Tony Meehan's insight:

This useful summary of Carol Dweck's research reminds me I need to re-read both her "Self- theories", which captures the research she has done to support her Fixed v Growth mindsets theories, and "Mindsets", which details the impact such approaches to life have on people, not just in education but with relationships as well. 

This is a reasonable synopsis of her work but I believe that Mindsets is essential reading for, well, everybody.

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If at First You Don't Succeed,
You're in Excellent Company

If at First You Don't Succeed,  <br/>You're in Excellent Company | Learning in the 21st century | Scoop.it
What makes some people rebound from defeats and go on to greatness while others throw in the towel? Psychologists call it "self-efficacy," the unshakable belief some people have that they have what it takes to succeed.
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Real success in life is founded on a solid bedrock of repeated failure. The key is self-efficacy, that innate belief that you have what it takes to succeed and will pursue your goals through thick and thin. The long list of those who possessed this attribute includes Michael Jordan, Julie Andrews, Thomas Edison, JK Rowling, GK Chesterton, the Beatles, all unknown failures or rejects before they became so successful....... 


But more importantly it is an attribute shared by many ordinary people whose success is measured by the fact that they have survived extreme poverty, neglect or abuse and have quietly gone about building their lives in quiet and unassuming ways.  And it is an attribute which can be taught.  Educators need to be ready and prepared to build self-efficacy into the lives of our learners.

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The Other 21st Century Skills

The Other 21st Century Skills | Learning in the 21st century | Scoop.it
Many have attempted to identify the skills important for a learner today in this era of the 21st century (I know it is an overused phrase).  I have an affinity towards the skills identified by Tony...
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Comprehensive look at the skills and attributes needed to become successful learners in the 21st century from Jackie Gerstein.

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What does John Hattie think about education? - David Didau: The Learning Spy

What does John Hattie think about education? - David Didau: The Learning Spy | Learning in the 21st century | Scoop.it
If you don’t yet know, BBC Radio 4 have lined up a series of 8 interviews with the leading lights of the education world. In the second programme of the series, Sarah Montague interviews professor John Hattie on ‘what works’ in education. Here it is. Whatever your opinion of effect sizes and meta-analyses, Visible Learning has
Tony Meehan's insight:

It's all about the teachers says John Hattie.  This is a call to those involved in education to focus on what works and stop constantly fiddling around with issues that often contrive to prevent learning for some: homework, uniform etc.  There are some bold statements, particularly about the curriculum; it "doesn't matter. As long as what children learn matters to someone."  Unfortunately it will be a bold education secretary who will be able to take all of this on board and run with it. In the current climate it would be political suicide.

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Mindsets: Emphasizing Effort, Attitude, and Respect

Mindsets: Emphasizing Effort, Attitude, and Respect | Learning in the 21st century | Scoop.it
August 22nd, 2014. Mary Ryerse. As families head "back to school" we should also equip students with three major mindsets. Read more today!

 

Living out this approach personally on a daily basis is challenging – at least for me. Fostering these dispositions in our own children is even more challenging. During this back-to-school season, I’m working on reinforcing these mindsets  - as a parent – within an education context (and while this particular piece focuses on the parent perspective, these ideas can also be used in the classroom). When it comes down to it, it’s really training kids how to think about learning and themselves. What follows are are some ideas that apply them within the context of school:

Effort. Full effort is at the heart of Carol Dweck’s work on growth mindset, encouraging people to “believe that abilities can be developed through dedication and hard work.” You can help:

Say things like, “Give it your best” or “this may take a few tries.”Ask “What was something you did today where you felt proud of how hard you tried?”Use digital tools to maximize productivity and build ownership in learning.


Via Mel Riddile, Les Howard
Tony Meehan's insight:

A framework for getting back to school and learning with the right mindset.  For parents / carers and pupils alike....

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This Is Our Classroom Of Wisdom: 10 Statements of Affirmation

This Is Our Classroom Of Wisdom: 10 Statements of Affirmation | Learning in the 21st century | Scoop.it
This Is Our Classroom Of Wisdom: 10 Statements of Affirmation
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Thoughtful piece on the true meaning of what it means to be a teacher.

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Feeling & Behavior

Feeling & Behavior | Learning in the 21st century | Scoop.it
fixed vs. growth mindset (dweck)
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The secret of success - effort, hard work, struggle, luck via times of despair and self doubt. Very simply put.....

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learning to learn

learning to learn | Learning in the 21st century | Scoop.it
FES blog - Growth Mindset anchor chart in my classroom (inspired by Developing Growth Mindsets in the Inspiring Classroom). Based on things I've heard my kids say… WOW. This is AMAZING!
Tony Meehan's insight:

A good example of how to develop a growth mindset in learners.  Carol Dweck's work is pivotal in our efforts to develop a strong learning to learn culture in pupils, just what is needed in the 21st century.  Her research is thorough - read Self Theories for the research, and Mindsets for the impact.  

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Watch What's Working: Carol Dweck Talks Growth Mindset

Watch What's Working: Carol Dweck Talks Growth Mindset | Learning in the 21st century | Scoop.it
Watch Carol Dweck, Stanford University's growth mindset guru and researcher, talk about the winning combination of having high expectations of students and providing effective support.

Via Shary Lyssy Marshall
Tony Meehan's insight:

Dweck again, her work when applied at a deep level in schools has the potential to alter the life path of the most disadvantaged learners.

Schools can help these students succeed by promoting, by design and via daily instruction, messages that tell students:

  • Your intelligence is something that can and will develop, with effort, good strategies, and support from this school
  • You have a purpose. You are "doing school" so that you can contribute something to your family and to the world
  • You belong here, in this school; this school is for you
  • We, as your teachers, will set high standards for you, and we will give you what you need to succeed
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Sir Ken Robinson - How Are You Intelligent?

"Imagination is the source of every form of human achievement. And it's the one thing that I believe we are systematically jeopardizing in the way we educate our…
Tony Meehan's insight:

Sir Ken Robinson, incredibly insightful as ever about the the need to develop our creative consciousness in order for earth to survive the human race, in this beautifully created video. We educators need to be bringing this message to our learners at every opportunity.

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» 8 Building Blocks for Resilience - World of Psychology

» 8 Building Blocks for Resilience - World of Psychology | Learning in the 21st century | Scoop.it
Resilience is the ability to adapt to stress and change, to bounce back and rebound from negative experiences and the wear and tear of daily life. Resilience
Tony Meehan's insight:

Well written, practical and unsentimental approach to building resilience - the ability to adapt to stress and change,  to bounce back and rebound from negative experiences and the wear and tear of daily life. 

These are a few of the myriad ways to build and reinforce resilience:


Activate the Relaxation Response: Dr. Herbert Benson, the modern “father” of the Relaxation Response formulated a basic 8-step process:

  • Find a quiet place.
  • Close your eyes.
  • Relax your body.
  • Slow your breathing.
  • Focus on your breathing, or repeat a word, sound, prayer, phrase, or image on the exhale.

Install the Good.

Cultivate Acceptance

Commune with Nature

Practice Gratitude

Simplify

Be Mindful

Embrace Spirituality

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8 Uplifting Quotes For Discouraged Students

8 Uplifting Quotes For Discouraged Students | Learning in the 21st century | Scoop.it
There are many reasons a student can lose focus in school. It can be bad grades that will discourage them to be inactive and to rebel. It can be the environment that can be stifling and suffocating for the students.

Via Dean J. Fusto
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Ivon Prefontaine's curator insight, September 9, 5:16 PM

I had an Einstein poster in my classroom to remind students and me of the power of imagination.

 

@ivon_ehd1

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Growth Mindsets and Effective Effort in Your Classroom

Growth Mindsets and Effective Effort  in Your Classroom | Learning in the 21st century | Scoop.it
By Emily Diehl, Mindset Works Curriculum and Professional Learning Specialist


A growth mindset – the knowledge that one becomes more intelligent with effort - is being recognized more and more as something that we can cultivate in our students. If you would like some help getting started with cultivating growth mindsets by helping students learn abo...


Via Mel Riddile
Tony Meehan's insight:

a really useful article providing the wherewithal to begin to develop a growth mindset culture in schools.  

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Mel Riddile's curator insight, September 2, 10:38 AM

Key Points:


In this article, Annie Murphy Paul explains how research shows that just practicing is not enough.  Deliberate practice, a purposeful kind of practice that examines and corrects errors, is needed to become great at something.

Effective Effort is purposeful and targetted. It's focused, and the best kind is also metacognitive. When I am really trying effectively, I am doing a LOT! I pause and quietly think. I problem-solve. I research. I tinker. I figure out what isn't working and change my strategy. I furrow my brow, and I don't stop until I figure it out. Then I feel amazing!

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Innovative Thinking: Fixed vs. Growth Mindsets

Innovative Thinking: Fixed vs. Growth Mindsets | Learning in the 21st century | Scoop.it
See Mindset Diagram Here


A mindset is a set of assumptions, methods and ideas held by an individual or exercised by a group. In practice, mindsets are everywhere around us, as evident by people�� (Innovative Thinking: Fixed vs.
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Dweck again......

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3.1.3-love-of-learning-anchor.pdf

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Lovely document defining Love of Learning and why it is essential to help our young people learn.  It offers eight aspects to it and how adults can help develop this attribute in learners:

#1 Increase feelings of competence

#2 Allow autonomy and choice

#3 With results - praise effort and strategies 

#4 Set learning goals

#5 Avoid extrinsic rewards

#6 Encourage persistence

#7 Connect school learning to sparks

#8 Develop a sense of purpose

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The Trouble with “Amazing”

The Trouble with “Amazing” | Learning in the 21st century | Scoop.it
If you’re trying to motivate someone – a student, an employee, your child – calling them amazing won’t pump them up the way you hope it will. Not in any lasting way. What’s worse, it could have the opposite effect. [...]
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A wry look at the unhelpful impact of person praise as opposed to strategy, effort or process praise.

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Growing Closer To Your Most Challenging Students

Growing Closer To Your Most Challenging Students | Learning in the 21st century | Scoop.it
Growing Closer To Your Most Challenging Students
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Useful and practical guidance about how to manage even the most challenging of learners, the emphasis always being on finding the positive in what they do. We have to LOVE them.  It reminds us that the most important element in the learning journey of young people is the teacher; the teacher has to get it right. The  wrong response to a challenging pupil, often the most vulnerable, can have long-lasting consequences.

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Shouldn't Education and Learning Be the Same Thing?

Shouldn't Education and Learning Be the Same Thing? | Learning in the 21st century | Scoop.it
Schooling and institutionalized education have become removed from true, instinctual, and human/humane learning.  Humans have been learning since the beginning of time with major discoveries and in...
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Shouldn't Education and Learning be the same thing?

Interesting critique on education in the 21st century.  Certainly things have improved over the last couple of centuries or so, but we do seem to be stuck with a restrictive and reductionist model of education which is unsuited to learning in the 21st century.  


Our insights into the brain, cognitive psychology coupled with the vast array of technological devices which allow us to access the world of information at our fingertips make it imperative we come up with a new model.  Judging by the number of blogs on the subject, the rate at which people share views and resources on learning, surely it can only be a matter of time  before we have to call time on the old model.  Clearly there are places out there which are addressing this issue

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Students' Help-Seeking Strategies Offer Clues for Educators

Students' Help-Seeking Strategies Offer Clues for Educators | Learning in the 21st century | Scoop.it
Researchers say teachers and policymakers can learn a lot about students' mindsets and school climate by watching how students get the help they need in class.
Tony Meehan's insight:

Interesting piece on research into how students learn to ask for help. Those from lower SES may be reluctant to ask for help having been brought up not to bother the teacher, or they click through online exercises accessing the help available without thinking through the process and consequently their learning is not sustained.


 On the other hand middle class students "the squeaky wheel" are confident enough to ask for the help they need.  They can use the help to develop good learning skills confident in the knowledge that making mistakes is not the end of the world.  We may intuitively understand this but As educators it is important to have this sort of research to hand.  

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Boys Literacy Initiatives: Time to Evolve with Growth Mindsets

Boys Literacy Initiatives: Time to Evolve with Growth Mindsets | Learning in the 21st century | Scoop.it
I think we have every right to have concerns about the literacy skills of our boys in our schools. Certainly, there are many wonderful strategies for differentiation within our literacy documents a...
Tony Meehan's insight:

Another commentator concerned about the effects of praise and feedback to learners.  We can apply many excellent and well thought-through strategies to ensuring learners learn effectively, but if our approaches to praise and feedback promote a fixed as opposed to a growth mindset these strategies will at best lead to short term success and leave the learner incapable of applying their learning later on in life.

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