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Learning, Brain & Cognitive Fitness
Understanding how the brain learns, functions and stays healthy.
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Stress and the brain: Under pressure

Stress and the brain: Under pressure | Learning, Brain & Cognitive Fitness | Scoop.it

A special section of Nature traces the emerging links between stress and mental illness....."A battlefield; an abusive parent; the ongoing struggle to make ends meet; a pile-up of unanswered e-mails — stress can take many forms. But stressful situations have something in common: they trigger reactions such as fear and a surge of hormones. These responses can be beneficial in the short term but, if severe or prolonged, can damage the mind, triggering conditions ranging from depression to post-traumatic stress disorder. That much has been known for decades; now researchers are getting to grips with how stress can alter the biology of the brain, and tip a mind into illness. Here, Nature takes a look at what they have learned, and at the gaps that remain."

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Play, Stress, and the Learning Brain - Dana Foundation

Play, Stress, and the Learning Brain - Dana Foundation | Learning, Brain & Cognitive Fitness | Scoop.it

Editor’s note: "An extraordinary number of species—from squid to lizards to humans—engage in play. But why? In this article, adapted from Dr. Sam Wang and Dr. Sandra Aamodt’s book Welcome to Your Child’s Brain: How the Mind Grows from Conception to College (Bloomsbury USA, 2011; OneWorld Publications, 2011), the authors explore how play enhances brain development in children. As Wang and Aamodt describe, play activates the brain’s reward circuitry but not negative stress responses, which can facilitate attention and action. Through play, children practice social interaction and build skills and interests to draw upon in the years to come."

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How to Prevent Stress from Shrinking Your Brain

How to Prevent Stress from Shrinking Your Brain | Learning, Brain & Cognitive Fitness | Scoop.it

Have you ever felt so stressed out and overwhelmed that you can’t think straight? We now know that prolonged stress or trauma is associated with decreased volume in areas of the human brain responsible for regulating thoughts and feelings, enhancing self-control, and creating new memories. A new research study, published in today’s issue of Nature Medicine, is a first step in uncovering the genetic mechanism underlying these brain changes.

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21st Century Stress: Enemy of Healthy Brains, Healthy Living | Center for BrainHealth

21st Century Stress: Enemy of Healthy Brains, Healthy Living | Center for BrainHealth | Learning, Brain & Cognitive Fitness | Scoop.it

What is Americans’ biggest health concern? Not heart disease, or stroke or diabetes; it’s fear of losing memory, according to a recent survey. And what factor affecting memory do people feel is rising each year? Stress, said almost 40% of those surveyed for a report by the American Psychological Association. Emerging scientific evidence suggests that memory and stress are intimately tied together. 

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How to Rewire Your Burned-Out Brain: Tips from a Neurologist

How to Rewire Your Burned-Out Brain: Tips from a Neurologist | Learning, Brain & Cognitive Fitness | Scoop.it

"For many of you in the northern hemisphere, the school year is coming to a close, and with it comes a likely drop in the stressors that build up and promote teacher (and administrator) burnout. It therefore may not seem timely to suggest interventions to prevent or reduce burnout. However, it is often not until we are away from a high-stress situation for a while that the brain can move out of reactive survival mode and into a relaxed state where it can ponder the big picture.

The burnout interventions I am about to suggest are likely to be ones that you already know".... (Dr. Judy Willis )

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Mind, Brain, and Education | Students at the Center

Mind, Brain, and Education | Students at the Center | Learning, Brain & Cognitive Fitness | Scoop.it

What does brain research tell us about how we learn and how learning, in turn, shapes the architecture of the brain? What is the connection between the stress of poverty and the impact of emotions on learning? To answer such questions, this paper draws on recent brain research and research in cognitive science, highlighting the positive impact of student-centered learning approaches.

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Why Do People Choke When the Stakes Are High?

Why Do People Choke When the Stakes Are High? | Learning, Brain & Cognitive Fitness | Scoop.it

In sports, on a game show, or just on the job, what causes people to choke when the stakes are high? A new study by researchers at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) suggests that when there are high financial incentives to succeed, people can become so afraid of losing their potentially lucrative reward that their performance suffers.

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Sian Beilock: "Choke" | The Diane Rehm Show from WAMU and NPR

Sian Beilock: "Choke" | The Diane Rehm Show from WAMU and NPR | Learning, Brain & Cognitive Fitness | Scoop.it

Sian Beilock professor of psychology at the University of Chicago and an expert on brain science talks about why we "choke" when stressed. She paints a portrait of how people handle -- successfully or unsuccessfully -- life's daily pressures.

Listen to this NPR interview or view transcript.

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Tired of Feeling Bad? The New Science of Feelings Can Help

Tired of Feeling Bad? The New Science of Feelings Can Help | Learning, Brain & Cognitive Fitness | Scoop.it

Is your emotional style getting you down? Research finds the neural basis of your responses to life-and how you can change them...personality is not grounded in identifiable neurological mechanisms; it has not been traced to specific patterns of neural activity in the brain. This is where the theory of Emotional Style breaks new ground: through neuroimaging and other methodologies, I have traced Emotional Style—and, specifically, the six components that make it up—to patterns of activity throughout the brain.

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The Brain - Fear & Navy Seals (2/2)

Part 2 of the documentary called The Brain, dealing with fear and how the Navy Seals try to teach recruits how to prevent panicking.

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Stress and the Brain (Video)

Stress - Brain Rule #8: Stressed brains don't learn the same way. John Medina is the New York Times bestselling author of Brain Rules and Brain Rules for Baby. (Video)

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On Fear, Emotions and Memory : Rock Star/Neuroscientist Joseph LeDoux’s New Terms | Brain World

On Fear, Emotions and Memory : Rock Star/Neuroscientist Joseph LeDoux’s New Terms | Brain World | Learning, Brain & Cognitive Fitness | Scoop.it

Humans are the only animals that can imagine the future. That’s great when it comes to figuring out what makes us happy. But what about those sleepless nights filled with anxiety? Joseph LeDoux has spent 30 years studying the biological underpinnings of memory and emotion, especially the mechanisms of fear. He has been doing research on animals, primarily rats, to understand pathological fear and anxiety in humans. A Henry and Lucy Moses Professor of Science and professor of neural science and psychology at New York University, his concentration on the amygdala, that almond-shaped structure in the brain’s temporal lobe having to do with emotional behavior, has also spawned a rock band called the Amygdaloids, with himself and three of his scientific colleagues.

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"AAAS Briefing: Links Between Poverty, Brain Development Raise Key Policy Issues"

"AAAS Briefing: Links Between Poverty, Brain Development Raise Key Policy Issues" | Learning, Brain & Cognitive Fitness | Scoop.it

"Well before young children arrive for the first day of school, their brains have undergone an extraordinary process of development. At birth, the brain weighs about 400 grams and has 100 billion neurons. By the age of 2, at 1100 grams, it is about 80% the size of an adult brain. At some early stages of development, the brain is adding up to a half-million neurons per minute, and by age 3, it in will have 1000 trillion neuron connections."

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Digital Stress and Your Brain

Digital Stress and Your Brain | Learning, Brain & Cognitive Fitness | Scoop.it

Having several tabs open at once on your computer may make you feel like you're getting more done, but multi-tasking can actually hinder more than it helps.

 


Via Gust MEES, Dennis T OConnor
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I Can’t Think!-Newsweek

I Can’t Think!-Newsweek | Learning, Brain & Cognitive Fitness | Scoop.it

The Twitterization of our culture has revolutionized our lives, but with an unintended consequence—our overloaded brains freeze when we have to make decisions. Sharon Begley

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Anxious brains have child-like circuits › News in Science (ABC Science)

Anxious brains have child-like circuits › News in Science (ABC Science) | Learning, Brain & Cognitive Fitness | Scoop.it
A study suggests anxiety in adults can result from specific parts of the amygdala remaining like those of a child.

Via Tom Perran
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The Role of Stress in Brain Development - Dana Foundation

The Role of Stress in Brain Development - Dana Foundation | Learning, Brain & Cognitive Fitness | Scoop.it

During gestation, the fetal brain develops dramatically as structures and connections form, providing the foundation for all future development. The fetal environment plays a critical role in these early neural processes, for better or for worse. Scientists now know that exposure to maternal stress can sometimes have deleterious effects on the fetus, depending on the cause, timing, duration, and intensity of stress. Fortunately, postnatal interventions, such as a secure parent-infant bond and an enriched environment, can buffer the potential negative consequences.

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The Sweet Spot for Achievement | Psychology Today

The Sweet Spot for Achievement | Psychology Today | Learning, Brain & Cognitive Fitness | Scoop.it

What's the relationship between stress and performance? This is a different way of thinking about how the brain operates to help or hurt our performance, whether at work, in learning, in a sport, in any domain of ability. There are three main states depicted...By Dan Goleman, Ph.D....

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The Brain - Fear & Navy Seals (1/2)

Part 1 of the documentary called The Brain, dealing with fear and how the Navy Seals try to teach recruits how to prevent panicking. How stress affects the brain....

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Study finds child abuse can lead to stunted brain development

Study finds child abuse can lead to stunted brain development | Learning, Brain & Cognitive Fitness | Scoop.it

(Medical Xpress) -- A small team of researchers has found that various forms of child abuse can lead to stunted development in certain regions of the brain."

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