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Rethinking Education: Can We Use Neuroscience to Create Better Learners?

Rethinking Education: Can We Use Neuroscience to Create Better Learners? | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it

There are many neurological capacities that constitute the underpinnings of learning, even when learning is defined broadly to include reading, math, social communication, emotional well-being, and creativity. These universal building blocks for learning include:

 

 

 - Attention, the ability to focus across time on relevant information and ignore distractions

 

 - Prediction, the ability to anticipate what is about to come next

 

 - Memory; of which there are several different component parts including short and long term memory, memory for episode in your life  (episodic memory) and memory for facts (declarative memory).

 

 - Processing speed; how fast incoming sensory and motor information can be detected, discriminated, sequenced

 

-  Spatial skills; how information in space is perceived, manipulated and stored

 

 - Executive functions; higher level cognitive functions such as inhibitory control, planning, reasoning, decision making.

 

Improving one or more of these neural capacities/competencies has been shown to improve student performance, independent of content (language, math, science) or curriculum used.  This is a far-reaching and potentially revolutionary conclusion that is contrary to the current beliefs of many teachers, administrators, parents and students, who have historically emphasized curriculum as the key to improved learning.

 

Huey O'Brien's insight:

IMPLICATION: Lesson Content Design

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LEARNING AND COGNITION
DESIGN OF EFFECTIVE LEARNING FOR THE BRAIN / MIND:
Thoughts and Research on Neuroeducation Science

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The Secret Life of the Multi-Tasking Mind

The Secret Life of the Multi-Tasking Mind | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it

How to achieve peak performance when it comes time to focus...In other words, our brains don’t enable multi-tasking in the conventional sense; they actively discourage it. The paradox, of course, is that the brain is multi-tasking internally precisely so that, outwardly, we can concentrate on one thing at a time

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How the brain builds on prior knowledge

How the brain builds on prior knowledge | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
It is easier to learn something new if you can link it to something you already know. A specific part of the brain appears to be involved in this process: the medial prefrontal cortex. These findings further enhance our understanding of the brain mechanisms that underlie effective learning. A researcher added a tip for secondary school students taking their final exams: "If you don't immediately know the answer to a question, you could first try recalling what you already know about that topic. This might help you to come up with the right answer after all."
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Neuroscientists discover adaptation mechanisms of the brain when perceiving letters of the alphabet

Neuroscientists discover adaptation mechanisms of the brain when perceiving letters of the alphabet | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
The headlights – two eyes, the radiator cowling – a smiling mouth: This is how our brain sometimes creates a face out of a car front. The same happens with other objects: in house facades, trees or stones – a 'human face' can often be detected as well. Prof. Dr. Gyula Kovács from Friedrich Schiller ...
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Use These Basic Neuroscience Principles To Build Better Money Habits

Use These Basic Neuroscience Principles To Build Better Money Habits | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
What do you know about your neural pathways? For one thing, they can build you better habits in under two months.
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The Science of Learning a New Language (and How to Use It)

The Science of Learning a New Language (and How to Use It) | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
Learning new languages is a natural instinct for children, and yet it becomes more difficult as we age. We might be at a disadvantage as adults, but with a few learning methods, you can still give yourself the best chance for learning a new language.
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Top 15 Insights About Neuroplasticity, Emotions and Lifelong Learning

Top 15 Insights About Neuroplasticity, Emotions and Lifelong Learning | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
What does mod­ern brain and mind science have to offer to improve edu­ca­tion, health and qual­ity of life? Here you have some of the most pop­u­lar high­lights about neuroplasticity, emotion and cognition from my book The...
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Learning: It's more than mastery

Learning: It's more than mastery | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it

The basic premise here comes from Jal Mehta at Education Week’s excellent “Learning Deeply” blog. Mehta, a Harvard education professor, has worked with Sarah Fine, a Harvard Ed.D. student, to develop a definition of deeper learning. It contains three elements: mastery, identity, and creativity.

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Controlling brain waves to stay visually aware

Controlling brain waves to stay visually aware | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it

The car of the future might stimulate your brain electrically to keep you from drifting off into alpha waves and not paying attention to dangers.

Researchers at Beckman Institute have used a novel technique to determine how the brain processes external stimuli that reach (or don’t reach) our awareness

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Classifying cognitive styles across disciplines

Classifying cognitive styles across disciplines | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it

Educators have tried to boost learning by focusing on differences in learning styles. Management consultants tout the impact that different decision-making styles have on productivity. Various fields have developed diverse approaches to understanding the way people process information. A new report from psychological scientists aims to integrate these disciplines by offering a new, integrated framework of cognitive styles that bridges different terminologies, concepts, and approaches.

 

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Scientists explain how memories stick together

Scientists explain how memories stick together | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
Scientists at the Salk Institute have created a new model of memory that explains how neurons retain select memories a few hours after an event.
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Arianna Huffington -- Multitasking is an illusion - YouTube

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» Breaking Down Brain’s Workings in Complex Attention Tasks

» Breaking Down Brain’s Workings in Complex Attention Tasks | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
Say you are trying to pick a face out of a crowd. It’s a complicated task for your brain -- it has to retrieve the memory of the person’s face, then hold it in
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Cognitive Neuroscience Society » Blog Archive » Changing Children’s Cognitive Abilities Through Targeted Interventions

Cognitive Neuroscience Society » Blog Archive » Changing Children’s Cognitive Abilities Through Targeted Interventions | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it

Our cognitive fates are not sealed – that was a powerful message that came out yesterday from asession on developmental cognitive neuroscienceat the CNS meeting in Boston. In four talks, speakers laid out new ways neuroscience findings can help children learn, even if they are experiencing challenges because of a developmental disorder or environmental factors.

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Can You Supercharge Your Brain With Electricty?

Can You Supercharge Your Brain With Electricty? | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it

Applying mild electrical currents to your head could take away pain, help memory and improve attention – and the US military is very interested.

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Brain's visual system also processes sound

Brain's visual system also processes sound | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
New study shows the visual cortex processes sound as well as vision. The researchers suggest auditory input enables it to make predictions, thereby conferring a survival advantage.
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Cognition: How Your Mind Can Amaze and Betray You

We used to think that the human brain was a lot like a computer; using logic to figure out complicated problems. It turns out, it's a lot more complex and, well, weird than that. In this episode of Crash Course Psychology, Hank discusses thinking & communication, solving problems, creating problems, and a few ideas about what our brains are doing up there
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How To Rewire Your Brain For Success

How To Rewire Your Brain For Success | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
The latest neuroscience suggests you can literally "edit" your memory. Here's what this big breakthrough means for you.
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Study: You Really Can 'Work Smarter, Not Harder'

Study: You Really Can 'Work Smarter, Not Harder' | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
Research shows that reflecting after learning something new makes it stick in your brain.

 

Learning is more effective if a lesson or experience is deliberately coupled with time spent thinking about what was just presented, a new study shows. In “Learning by Thinking: How Reflection Aids Performance,” a team of researchers from HEC Paris, Harvard Business School, and the University of North Carolina describe what they call the first empirical test of the effect of reflection on learning. By “reflection,” they mean taking time after a lesson to synthesize, abstract, or articulate the important points.

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6 Scientifically Proven Brain Facts That eLearning Professionals Should Know

6 Scientifically Proven Brain Facts That eLearning Professionals Should Know | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it

Scientifically proven brain facts that you'll want to take into consideration before creating your next course... Keeping these interesting brain facts on hand may allow you to develop courses that offer the most value and benefit to the learner, given that you'll have a more comprehensive understanding of the inner works of the brain. 

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DARPA is working on its own deep-learning project for natural-language processing

DARPA is working on its own deep-learning project for natural-language processing | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, or DARPA, is building a set of technologies to help it better understand human language so it can analyze speech and text sources and alert analysts of potentially useful information.
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iPad users explore data with their fingers: Kinetica converts tabular data into touch-friendly format

iPad users explore data with their fingers: Kinetica converts tabular data into touch-friendly format | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
Spreadsheets may have been the original killer app for personal computers, but data tables don't play to the strengths of multi-touch devices such as tablets. So researchers have developed a visualization approach that allows people to explore complex data with their fingers. Called Kinetica, the proof-of-concept system for the Apple iPad converts tabular data, such as Excel spreadsheets, into colored spheres that respond to touch.
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'I spy' used to show spoken language helps direct children's eyes

'I spy' used to show spoken language helps direct children's eyes | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
Children spot objects more quickly when prompted by words than if they are only prompted by images, cognitive scientists have demonstrated. Spoken language taps into children's cognitive system, enhancing their ability to learn and to navigate cluttered environments. As such the study opens up new avenues for research into the way language might shape the course of developmental disabilities such as ADHD, difficulties with school, and other attention-related problems.
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The Difference Between Gamification And Game-Based Learning

The Difference Between Gamification And Game-Based Learning | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
The Difference Between Gamification And Game-Based Learning
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Getting along at work: A primer on personal intelligence - Fortune Management

Getting along at work: A primer on personal intelligence - Fortune Management | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
Many challenges at the office come down to managing our own personalities.
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How Music Affects the Brain and How You Can Use It to Your Advantage

How Music Affects the Brain and How You Can Use It to Your Advantage | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
Music can often make or break a day. It can change your mood, amp you up for exercise, and help you recover from injury. But how does it work exactly, and how can you use it to your advantage? Music is a motivator and a great means to keep yourself in your good mood, and while a number of the effects are still unproven, listening to music certainly doesn't hurt. Do you have a particular song that always puts you in a good or productive mood?
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