LEARNING AND COGNITION
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LEARNING AND COGNITION
DESIGN OF EFFECTIVE LEARNING FOR THE BRAIN / MIND:
Thoughts and Research on Neuroeducation Science

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Rethinking Education: Can We Use Neuroscience to Create Better Learners?

Rethinking Education: Can We Use Neuroscience to Create Better Learners? | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it

There are many neurological capacities that constitute the underpinnings of learning, even when learning is defined broadly to include reading, math, social communication, emotional well-being, and creativity. These universal building blocks for learning include:

 

 

 - Attention, the ability to focus across time on relevant information and ignore distractions

 

 - Prediction, the ability to anticipate what is about to come next

 

 - Memory; of which there are several different component parts including short and long term memory, memory for episode in your life  (episodic memory) and memory for facts (declarative memory).

 

 - Processing speed; how fast incoming sensory and motor information can be detected, discriminated, sequenced

 

-  Spatial skills; how information in space is perceived, manipulated and stored

 

 - Executive functions; higher level cognitive functions such as inhibitory control, planning, reasoning, decision making.

 

Improving one or more of these neural capacities/competencies has been shown to improve student performance, independent of content (language, math, science) or curriculum used.  This is a far-reaching and potentially revolutionary conclusion that is contrary to the current beliefs of many teachers, administrators, parents and students, who have historically emphasized curriculum as the key to improved learning.

 

Huey O'Brien's insight:

IMPLICATION: Lesson Content Design

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What makes self-directed learning effective?

In recent years, educators have placed more emphasis on the importance of hands-on participation and student-led inquiry.
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IMPLICATION:  Learning Content Design

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Online learning strategies of male and female students

Researchers have determined the online learning strategies of male and female students in an English language course.
Huey O'Brien's insight:

IMPLICATION: Learner Differences

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Test-taking may improve learning in people of all ages

Older adults who haven’t been in school for a while are as capable of learning from tests as younger adults and college students, according to new research.
Huey O'Brien's insight:

IMPLICATION: Learner Review/Rehearsal

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How beliefs shape effort and learning

If it was easy to learn, it will be easy to remember -- right? Psychological scientists have maintained that nearly everyone uses this simple rule to assess their own learning. Now a new study suggests otherwise.
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IMPLICATION: Schemas

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Research for Practitioners: Social Interaction, Belief, and Learning

Research for Practitioners: Social Interaction, Belief, and Learning | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it

“I think this is all intriguing, given the rising interest in MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses). Groups such as Coursera and Udacity are trying to revolutionize higher education, but this study at least suggests that the manner of delivery is not the only element that contributes to learning. “

Huey O'Brien's insight:

IMPLICATION:  Schemas

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A Neurologist Makes the Case for Teaching Teachers About the Brain

A Neurologist Makes the Case for Teaching Teachers About the Brain | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
"Neuroscience should be required for all students [of education] . . .
Huey O'Brien's insight:

IMPLICATION: Learner Performance

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Studies Dispute Benefits of Brain Training

Studies Dispute Benefits of Brain Training | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
A pair of new studies question whether exercises aimed at strengthening working memory can boost brainpower in other ways.
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IMPLICATION:  Memory

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Seven misconceptions about how students learn

Seven misconceptions about how students learn | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
Here are seven of the biggest myths about learning that, unfortunately, guide the way many schools are organized in this era of standardized test-based public school reform.
Huey O'Brien's insight:

IMPLICATION:  Deep Learning

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HowStuffWorks "Memory Encoding"

HowStuffWorks "Memory Encoding" | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
Human memory is a complex, brain-wide process that is essential to who we are. Learn about encoding, the brain, and short- and long-term memory.
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IMPLICATION:  Learning Content Design

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Rewarding work for butterflies

Rewarding work for butterflies | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
Butterflies learn faster when a flower is rewarding than when it is not, and females have the edge over males when it comes to speed of learning with rewards.
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IMPLICATION:  Rewards

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White matter study shows brain capable of learning complex tasks well into adulthood

White matter study shows brain capable of learning complex tasks well into adulthood | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
A study using white matter shows that the brain remains capable of learning complex tasks well into adulthood.
Huey O'Brien's insight:

IMPLICATION:  Learning Performance

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Reading the fine print of perception: Human brain learns by interpreting details, study shows

Reading the fine print of perception: Human brain learns by interpreting details, study shows | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
Wine connoisseurs recognize the vintage at the first sip, artists see subtle color variations and the blind distinguish the finest surface structures. Why are they considered superior to non-specialists in their field?
Huey O'Brien's insight:

IMPLICATION:  Learning Content Design

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Interactive teaching methods double learning in undergraduate physics class

Interactive teaching methods double learning in undergraduate physics class | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
Interactive teaching methods significantly improved attendance and doubled both engagement and learning in a large physics class, according to a new study.
Huey O'Brien's insight:

IMPLICATION:  Interactivity and Performance

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Learning requires rhythmical activity of neurons

Learning requires rhythmical activity of neurons | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
The hippocampus represents an important brain structure for learning. Scientists have discovered how it filters electrical neuronal signals through an input and output control, thus regulating learning and memory processes.
Huey O'Brien's insight:

IMPLICATION:  Learning Content Design

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10 Times Learner Retention With Immersive e-Learning

10 Times Learner Retention With Immersive e-Learning | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it

For forty years, learningresearch has told us that we remember just 5% to 10% of what we hear or see,after just three days. And it always follows we retain something like 70% ofwhat we practice. That's improvement by a factor of 10...and doesn't that make learning outcomes 10 times more cost effective?

Huey O'Brien's insight:

IMPLICATION: Interactivity and Performance

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Majority-biased learning: In humans and chimpanzees knowledge is transmitted within a group by means of a majority principle

Majority-biased learning: In humans and chimpanzees knowledge is transmitted within a group by means of a majority principle | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
In humans and chimpanzees knowledge is transmitted within a group by means of a majority principle. Chimpanzees are more likely to copy an action performed by a large number of individuals than an action that was performed more frequently.
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IMPLICATION:  Learning Content Design

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'Matrix'-style effortless learning? Vision scientists demonstrate innovative learning method

'Matrix'-style effortless learning? Vision scientists demonstrate innovative learning method | LEARNING AND COGNITION | Scoop.it
It may be possible to use brain technology to learn to play a piano, reduce mental stress or hit a curve ball with little or no conscious effort, new research suggests. It's the kind of thing seen in Hollywood's "Matrix" franchise.
Huey O'Brien's insight:

IMPLICATION:  Learning Performance

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