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Learning: "Slipping back" is a part of the process

Learning: "Slipping back" is a part of the process | Leading Schools | Scoop.it

By Annie Murphy Paul


“Slipping back” isn’t a shameful retreat from our goal—it’s part of the process of getting there.


“Rather than development being seen as stepping up from Level 1 to Level 2 to Level 3, it is envisioned as a gradual ebbing and flowing of the frequencies of alternative ways of thinking, with new approaches being added and old ones being eliminated as well. To capture this perspective in a visual metaphor, think of a series of overlapping waves, with each wave corresponding to a different rule, strategy, theory, or way of thinking.”

Mel Riddile's insight:

"Under the long-lasting influence of psychologist Jean Piaget, staircase-like “stage theories” continue to dominate our mental images of how learning operates."


"Research shows that children (and adults!) employ a variety of strategies to solve problems, not only the one “typical” of their stage of development. It’s something more like waves on a beach, where one wave overtakes another and then pulls back, overtaken in turn by another advancing and then receding wave."


Note: I learned that "slippage" is a part of the school improvement process. Changing thinking and behavior means changing habits and it is common for us to revert back to our old habits, particularly when our new behaviors are challenged.


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Les Howard's curator insight, August 7, 2014 9:26 AM

Marie Clay spoke about the pebble in the pond effect where new learning disrupted existing learning until the new was assimilated into the existing. a bit like throwing a pebble into a pond.

Wendi Pillars's curator insight, August 8, 2014 4:15 PM

Good to keep in mind. This happens so often--it's a matter of understanding our learners better, and ourselves. 

Leading Schools
Improving Schools Through Enhanced Leadership
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Leading Success: Dynamic Solutions for Every School, Each Student

Leading Success: Dynamic Solutions for Every School, Each Student | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
Our toolkit for educators includes videos, case studies and more that lead you to a forum for equity, personalization, smart data, collaboration and continuous improvement...
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Nancy J. Herr's curator insight, July 3, 2014 9:53 AM

NASSP sponsored tools for success. Take a look at the many resources for new and experienced leaders alike.

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Teen drinking rates drop as state alcohol laws get stricter

Teen drinking rates drop as state alcohol laws get stricter | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
Study found states that limited access for all had lower teen drinking rates


"After considering other factors that may influence teen drinking, the researchers found that for every 10 additional percentage points in a state's overall score of stronger alcohol-related laws, teens had 8 percent lower odds of drinking and 7 percent lower odds of binge drinking.

Even when the researchers made calculations only for alcohol-related legislation that targeted adults, the odds of teen drinking dropped 6 percent and the odds of teen binge drinking dropped 4 percent."

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Most Colleges Weigh Student Discipline Records in Admissions

Most Colleges Weigh Student Discipline Records in Admissions | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
In a new survey, 89 percent of college admissions officials said students' discipline histories are factored into their admissions process.


Most Colleges Weigh Student Discipline Records in Admissions

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Mass exodus of teachers: "the behavior I’ve experienced is intolerable"

Mass exodus of teachers: "the behavior I’ve experienced is intolerable" | Leading Schools | Scoop.it

"Some of the teachers said discipline at the school, 3233 SW 44, began to deteriorate in November, when district discipline policies were abandoned at the school.

“We were told we were no longer using the discipline procedures we had been using,” one of the teachers said. “Basically, there was no program in place to allow discipline to occur.”

Another teacher said staff members were told during a faculty meeting last month to stop suspending students altogether.

“They told us that their hands were tied,” the teacher said, “that they were (suspending) more than they should have been (suspending)."

Mel Riddile's insight:

Suspending students is not the answer. Neither is telling schools to stop suspending students. As this situation proves, anyone can lower suspensions by hiding in the office, but behavior will quickly get much worse. Building positive behavior and preventing negative behavior is the answer, but that means changing the culture of the school--expectations/attitudes, and practices--over time. There is no quick fix!

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Grant Wiggins: Collection of Articles

Grant Wiggins: Collection of Articles | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
We were saddened to recently learn that Grant Wiggins has passed away. Grant was a remarkable educator and friend of Edutopia. Over the years, he collaborated with Edutopia on a number of articles, and we have collected them together here in his honor.

They are presented below in chronological order:

Show What You Know As You Go: A Different Spin on Assessment

Toward Genuine Accountability: The Case for a New State Assessment System

Grant Wiggins: Defining Assessment

Healthier Testing Made Easy: The Idea of Authentic Assessment

Testing with Tech: The Role of Technology in Supporting and Enhancing Assessment

Common Core Big Idea Series 1: A New Blueprint

An Interview with Grant Wiggins: The Power of Backwards Design

Understanding by Design Template

Understanding by Design Overview

He will be sorely missed.
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Deaths, injuries have plummeted in crashes with teen drivers

Deaths, injuries have plummeted in crashes with teen drivers | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
The 56 percent decline over 20 years may be due to restricted licensing, safer cars and higher gas prices.
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Are You a Negaholic? 5 Ways Pessimism Is Ruining Your Life

Are You a Negaholic? 5 Ways Pessimism Is Ruining Your Life | Leading Schools | Scoop.it

I’ve never met a leader or entrepreneur who was both pessimistic and successful.

—MICHAEL HYATT

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Key numbers from a report on US education: Poverty & Enrollment Up. Dropouts Down

WASHINGTON (AP) — The American education landscape is shifting.


Poverty Up - 1 in 5: Proportion of school-age kids living in poverty in 2013, compared with 1 in 7 in 2000.

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Public School Enrollment Up - 49.8 million: Number of students enrolled in public schools in 2012-13, up from 49.5 million a year earlier.

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Private School Enrollment Down - 5.3 million: Number of students enrolled in a private K-12 school in the 2011-12 school year, down from 5.5 million two years earlier.

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Dropouts Way Down - 7: Percentage of 16- to 24-year-olds not enrolled in school who did not have a high school credential in 2013, down from 11 percent three years earlier.


Via Bob Farrace
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Higher Expectations Means More Responsibility...on the leader and teacher

Higher Expectations Means More Responsibility...on the leader and teacher | Leading Schools | Scoop.it

On the suggestion of Ariel Price, I decided to read the book, "The Multiplier Effect: Tapping the Genius Inside Our Schools", and it talks extensively about bringing the best out in people."



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The Matthew Effect

The Matthew Effect | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
By Steve Figurelli

The Matthew effect refers to the notion that “the rich get richer and the poor get poorer.” Research has identified (and any teacher can attest) that some children enter school “wealthier” than their classmates when it comes to literacy foundational skills. Children who start out with advantages, in terms of early reading skills and vocabulary, tend to thrive and grow academically, while “less wealthy” children tend to fall progressively further behind. With alarming studies l

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Cindy Riley Klages's curator insight, May 26, 9:34 PM

Each time I see or hear this, I am alarmed!  Birth through age three is such an important time span.... Parents, please read to and talk with your children each day~

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4 Easy Tips and Tricks for Creating Visually Engaging Rubrics

4 Easy Tips and Tricks for Creating Visually Engaging Rubrics | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
Cait Camarata, Edutopia’s visual designer, provides a few straightforward rubric-design tips and a customizable rubric template for educators who are short on time.
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High-poverty schools continue to wear on teachers, surveys show

High-poverty schools continue to wear on teachers, surveys show | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
TAMPA — School districts offer cash bonuses. They hire teacher coaches. They appeal to the idealism of educators who want to make a difference.
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Changing the Mindset of Education: Every Learner is Unique

Changing the Mindset of Education: Every Learner is Unique | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
By Arina Bokas & Rod Rock - Every learner is unique, and adopting a growth mindset in education is important, the authors argue. One size doesn't fit all.
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“educational achievement does not explain the gap in college graduation.”

“educational achievement does not explain the gap in college graduation.” | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
Overcoming odds in high school is just a start; poor students fall further behind affluent ones in trying to complete college.


Graduation Gap Between Rich, Poor High School Students Wider Than Enrollment Gap.

Susan Dynarski, professor of education, public policy and economics at the University of Michigan, writes in The New York Times (6/2, Dynarski, Subscription Publication)”The Upshot” blog that a study by the National Center for Education Statistics reveals that rich and poor students complete college at different rates. In 2002, the NCES began tracking a group of high school sophomores as part of the Education Longitudinal Study, which “recorded information about the students’ academic achievement, college entry, work history and college graduation.” The study divided students into quartiles, depending on their parents’ education, income and occupation. 13 years later, the study shows that “among the participants from the most disadvantages families, just 14 percent had earned a bachelor’s degree.” Conversely, 60% of those in the top quartile had earned a bachelor’s degree. Additionally, high school students “completed a battery of tests in math and reading” for the study, and the results show that “educational achievement does not explain the gap in bachelor’s degree attainment.” Interestingly, “a poor teenager with top scores and a rich teenage with mediocre scores are equally likely to graduate with a bachelor’s degree.”

Mel Riddile's insight:

Students from the most disadvantages families, just 14% earned a bachelor’s degree.

60% of those in the top quartile had earned a bachelor’s degree.

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Nonacademic Skills Are Key To Success. But What Should We Call Them? A matter of semantics

Nonacademic Skills Are Key To Success. But What Should We Call Them? A matter of semantics | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
Half the picture of student success is something other than academic. So why can't someone come up with a better name for them?
Mel Riddile's insight:

"Basically we're trying to explain student success educationally or in the labor market with skills not directly measured by standardized tests," says Martin West, at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. "The problem is, you go to meetings and everyone spends the first two hours complaining and arguing about semantics."

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Student Mobility: "changing schools can negatively impact child and adolescent development"

Student Mobility: "changing schools can negatively impact child and adolescent development" | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
Student mobility is a widespread and often unheralded problem facing American schools. The majority of elementary and secondary school children make at least one non-promotional school change over the
Mel Riddile's insight:

Student mobility negatively impacts student achievement and graduation rates, but not behavior.

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The Kind of Professional Development We Need - Part Two

The Kind of Professional Development We Need - Part Two | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
Rick Wormeli continues sharing his professional development recommendations in Part Two of his essay.
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Six important assessment developments since NCLB was enacted

Six important assessment developments since NCLB was enacted | Leading Schools | Scoop.it

There have been six important assessment developments since NCLB was enacted in 2002:

  1. Student internet access has improved sufficiently to support an expectation of frequent online learning and assessment.
  2. Performance assessment tools make it easier to construct, manage, and assess projects and standards-aligned prompts (see features on LDC CoreTools, and Buck Institute).
  3. Embedded assessments are incorporated into many forms of digital content.
  4. Formative assessment systems have improved dramatically. Platforms like MasteryConnect, Acuity, Edmodo, OpenEd, and Schoology make it easy to build, administer, and share standards-aligned assessments.
  5. Adaptive assessment, such as MAPS from NWEA, is widely used. Adaptive learning, which combines adaptive assessment and targeted tutoring, is gaining widespread use in blended learning models. Providers include DreamBox (K-8 math) i-Ready from Curriculum Associates (k-8 math and reading), ALEKS from McGraw Hill (mostly secondary use).
  6. Broader aims of student success, including self management and relational skills, are widely recognized as important and are being incorporated into state and district goals. The hard to measure skills and dispositions require broader feedback systems than traditional standardized testing.
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More testing glitches! This time with paper tests.

More testing glitches! This time with paper tests. | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
Paper tests for more than 260 students at a Loudoun County high school were lost in transit.
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Mom was wrong! Practice doesn't make perfect! Practice makes permanent!

Mom was wrong! Practice doesn't make perfect! Practice makes permanent! | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
This is the fifth in a series of posts unpicking the Top 20 Principles From Psychology for Teaching And Learning. In this post I investigate Principle 5: “Acquiring long-term knowledge and skill is largely dependent on practice.” Whenever the going got tough, my mum always used to remind me that ‘practice makes perfect’. Well, I’m delighted
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Jim Knight - Seven Ways Principals Can Support Instructional Coaches

Jim Knight - Seven Ways Principals Can Support Instructional Coaches | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
School leaders need to communicate clearly and support both teachers and coaches. By Jim Knight

In the past decade, I have worked with more than 20,000 instructional coaches from six different continents. One of the most important things I’ve learned is that a principal’s support or lack of support can make or break a coaching program. Below, I identify seven ways principals can and should support coaches.
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5 ways to utilize iPad backgrounds & lockscreens

5 ways to utilize iPad backgrounds & lockscreens | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
You may not have thought much about the iPad background screens of student iPads.  Whether you share a cart with your grade level or have a small set to use or even have 1:1 iPads in the classroom, the iPad background screen is key real estate that you want to integrate into your iPad management plan.  Students look at the lock screen every time they open their iPads and the background whenever they switch apps.    Here are 5 ways to utilize that space:

Via John Evans
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Setting the Tone at the Beginning of a Lesson: I Heart a Silent Start

Setting the Tone at the Beginning of a Lesson: I Heart a Silent Start | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
What a great way to set a good tone for your classroom. Watch a quick video on I Heart A Silent Start to see how you may be able to set a positive tone to begin your class.
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Editable Sample Rubric

Editable Sample Rubric | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
This easy-to-use Microsoft Word rubric template -- created by Cait Camarata, Edutopia's visual designer -- can be modified to suit your own needs. It is also available in Google Docs format. Read about some of the elements of well-designed rubrics in the associated post: "4 Easy Tips and Tricks for Creating Visually Engaging Rubrics."
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Helping People See the Big Picture (and Why it is So Important)

Helping People See the Big Picture (and Why it is So Important) | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
Here are five things you can do to help your team see the big pic picture, think more strategically and do their work with the end goal in mind.
Mel Riddile's insight:

Start With WHY!

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How Grades 6-12 get robbed in federal education funding

How Grades 6-12 get robbed in federal education funding | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
The statistics are stunning, showing a gaping "missing middle," while the early years and college get far more.
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