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Using Brain Research to Inform Teaching and Learning

Using Brain Research to Inform Teaching and Learning | Leading Schools | Scoop.it

"The brain is constantly on the lookout for ways to improve by obtaining new knowledge and skills, even before birth. Unfortunately, retaining information can be challenging, simply because instructors and course designers do not always use methods that facilitate remembering."

Mel Riddile's insight:

While these are "tips for e-learning", they apply to all learning and instruction.


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Leading Schools
Improving Schools Through Enhanced Leadership
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Leading Success: Dynamic Solutions for Every School, Each Student

Leading Success: Dynamic Solutions for Every School, Each Student | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
Our toolkit for educators includes videos, case studies and more that lead you to a forum for equity, personalization, smart data, collaboration and continuous improvement...
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Nancy J. Herr's curator insight, July 3, 6:53 AM

NASSP sponsored tools for success. Take a look at the many resources for new and experienced leaders alike.

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New Research on the Efficacy of Providing School Breakfast

New Research on the Efficacy of Providing School Breakfast | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
New research on the effects of providing breakfast at school shows a mixed bag for students.


"in “high-poverty, urban schools, [in-class breakfast] increases participation by 138 percent, and increases breakfast eating by over 27 percent."

Mel Riddile's insight:

"Researchers have suggested that school breakfast programs targeted exclusively at low-income students often suffer from limited participation because of the stigma attached: Students who eat them are forced to essentially admit their families’ limited resources. In some places, this has been addressed by making subsidized meals universally available."

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Is Finland a "large-scale laboratory of U.S. education innovation."

Is Finland a "large-scale laboratory of U.S. education innovation." | Leading Schools | Scoop.it

By Pasi Sahlberg


"If you want to discover the origins of the most successful practices in pedagogy, student assessment, school leadership, and school improvement in Finland, you only need to visit some schools there and have a conversation with teachers and principals. Most of them have studied psychology, teaching methods, curriculum theories, assessment models, and classroom management researched and designed in the United States in their initial teacher education programs."

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Les Howard's curator insight, Today, 10:14 AM

A quote from the article: "The United States exhibits only modest innovation in its education system but, at the same time, it is the world leader in producing research, practical models and innovation to other countries."

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Why Brainstorming Doesn't Work

Why Brainstorming Doesn't Work | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
Ever been in a meeting where one loudmouth's mediocre idea dominates? Then you know brainstorming needs an overhaul.


"what actually happens is when one person is talking you're not thinking of your own ideas," Leigh Thompson, a management professor at the Kellogg School, told Fast Company. "Sub-consciously you're already assimilating to my ideas."

That process is called "anchoring," and it crushes originality. "Early ideas tend to have disproportionate influence over the rest of the conversation," Loran Nordgren, also a professor at Kellogg, explained. "They establish the kinds of norms, or cement the idea of what are appropriate examples or potential solutions for the problem."

Mel Riddile's insight:
  • Idea generation should exist separate from discussion!
  • Write first, discuss later system eliminates the anchoring problem because people think in a vacuum, unbiased by anyone else.
  • Discussion still has its merits, but should only take place after the group has generated a variety of distinct ideas with which to work. Raw ideas rarely work. It's the permutation and combination of the outlandish and banal that lead to the best proposals.
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Teacher: 10 Things I Learned Sitting in a Classroom

Teacher: 10 Things I Learned Sitting in a Classroom | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
A week of summer PD has left Sarah Cooper inspired but also more thoughtful about how her students experience daily classroom life. Read her 10 takeaways.
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Ivon Prefontaine's curator insight, July 29, 4:10 PM

Sometimes spending time, reflecting on and living what happens in classrooms is necessary. It is not always obvious to us in the midst of teaching. Teaching and learning are relational thus messy, noisy, strange in good ways, etc.

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How Much Sleep Do Students Actually Need?

How Much Sleep Do Students Actually Need? | Leading Schools | Scoop.it

Actually, teens need more sleep than the average adult.


Sleeping less than 7 hours per night impairs brain function.

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The rough road of math improvement: We consistently "underestimate how hard it would be" to make the changes

The rough road of math improvement: We consistently "underestimate how hard it would be" to make the changes | Leading Schools | Scoop.it

by Daniel Willingham


"Over the weekend New York Times Magazine ran an article titled “Why do Americans Stink at Math?”  by Elizabeth Green. The article is as much an explanation of why it’s so hard not to stink as an explication of our problems. But I think in warning about the rough road of math improvement, the author may not have even gone far enough.

Mel Riddile's insight:
  • A few days of professional development is not remotely enough training, but that’s typical of what American school systems provide.
  • the “You, Y’all, We” method is much harder, and not just because you need to understand math more deeply. It’s more difficult because you must make more decisions during class, in the moment.
  • " As a college instructor I’ve always thought that it’s a hell of a lot easier to lecture than to lead a discussion. I can only imagine that leading a classroom of younger students is that much harder."


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Push on School Counseling

Push on School Counseling | Leading Schools | Scoop.it

A  meeting of higher education experts at the Harvard Graduate School of Education focused on “digging into the trenches on school counseling: best practices in college counseling, how to better-train counselors, and how to harness new technology to help students.”


Experts cited increasingly overworked counselors--notably at high schools in low-income areas--and called for more investment.

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"What children do in June, July and August dramatically affects their skills, knowledge and capacity to learn."

"What children do in June, July and August dramatically affects their skills, knowledge and capacity to learn." | Leading Schools | Scoop.it

The stark contrast between the summer activities of have and have-not children not only highlights ethnic and class differences but also distinguishes who is likely to succeed — and who may struggle in school and later in life.

Mel Riddile's insight:

A 2013 Rand Corp. study found wealthier students often gain ground in the summer while low-income students fall back, and that this summer slide is cumulative.” In other words, according to the study, “It may be that efforts to close the achievement gap during the school year alone will be unsuccessful.”


The National Summer Learning Institute at Johns Hopkins University is an excellent source of research on the subject of 'summer learning loss.'

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Not Teacher Quality, but Quality Teaching - Education Next

Not Teacher Quality, but Quality Teaching - Education Next | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
Any pedagogy, curriculum, approach, or technology has to be within the skills of ordinary teachers to implement well and effectively. If it takes a superstar teacher it's a nonstarter.
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98% of US districts unable to make student data "usable information for educators.”

98% of US districts unable to make student data "usable information for educators.” | Leading Schools | Scoop.it

98% of US districts lack the “capacity and resources” to turn the “mountains of student data” they collect “into real, usable information for educators.” NCES says that most student data “sit unused in state warehouses.”

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STEM: Shortage of workers is a myth

STEM: Shortage of workers is a myth | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
Silicon Valley has created an imaginary staffing shortage.


"As longtime researchers of the STEM workforce and immigration who have separately done in-depth analyses on these issues, and having no self-interest in the outcomes of the legislative debate, we feel compelled to report that none of us has been able to find any credible evidence to support the IT industry's assertions of labor shortages."

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How one state calculates its student growth measure

How one state calculates its student growth measure | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
The student growth metric released by the state Department of Education is intended to give the public a new look at how Georgia schools are performing.
Mel Riddile's insight:

Questions:

What about out-of-school factors?

How are teachers who do not teach tested subjects evaluated?

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Mike Roberts's comment, July 27, 5:11 AM
Teachers of non-tested subjects use a pre-test/post-test measure called a Student Learning Objective. They must show a significant amount of growth from pre-test to post-test.
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Dipsticks: Efficient Ways to Check for Understanding

Dipsticks: Efficient Ways to Check for Understanding | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
Through alternative formative assessment, teachers can check for student understanding without falling back on the tedious or intimidating pop quiz.
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School Discipline Survey: 85 percent of superintendents believe there are positive consequences to using out-of-school suspension

School Discipline Survey: 85 percent of superintendents believe there are positive consequences to using out-of-school suspension | Leading Schools | Scoop.it

In April 2014, AASA, The School Superintendents Association, and the Children’s Defense Fund (CDF) partnered to survey 500 school superintendents to determine the state of district-wide school discipline policies and practices.

Mel Riddile's insight:
85 percent of superintendents believe there are positive consequences to using out-of-school suspension, 33 percent report that suspension maintains or improves school climate by removing the worst offenders and 15 percent say that suspension improves the behaviors of disciplined students. 

Most principals, myself included, would prefer to have an in-school alternative to suspension as part of their discipline continuum, but that takes funding and that requires district support. My district would not financially support in-school suspension. I had to find my own way of funding the program, which, our long-term data demonstrated, significantly reduced discipline referrals and incidents.
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Nancy J. Herr's curator insight, Today, 8:38 AM

While most of us would agree that keeping kids in school if possible is a better alternative to out of school suspension, we also ask ourselves "What is the best way to handle the worst offenders? " School climate can be very negatively affected by their presence . Here some superintendents weigh in. 

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5 Practical Learning Tips Based On How People Do--And Don't--Learn

5 Practical Learning Tips Based On How People Do--And Don't--Learn | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
5 Practical Learning Tips Based On How People Do--And Don't--Learn
Mel Riddile's insight:

3. Use spaced repetition to remember key facts


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LET Team's curator insight, Today, 4:14 AM

Pomodoro technique to minimise procrastination....worth a shot!

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New Teacher 911

New Teacher 911 | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
Our curated resource collection points to lots of help for new middle level teachers, from the first weeks of school to that Christmas smile.
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Cold-calling can be kind, not cruel.

Cold-calling can be kind, not cruel. | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
Cold-calling can be kind, not cruel.

"About half of the teachers in the seminar never said anything in class discussion. At times I wished the professors would call on these quieter students so that we could hear their voices. Ideally they would contribute on their own, but sometimes it was hard to break in when many others raised their hands. Cold-calling would have created an even more robust community by making elbow room for the less assertive learners."

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Engaged teachers engage students!

Engaged teachers engage students! | Leading Schools | Scoop.it

Brandon Busteed is executive director of education at Gallup


"there is nothing more important we can do as a country than to build the world’s most effective "educonomy," which would seamlessly integrate our educational system, our employers, and our job creators."

Mel Riddile's insight:
  • Teacher engagement is the most important driver of student engagement.
  • Student engagement in school drops precipitously from 5th grade through 12th grade.
  • About seven in 10 K-12 teachers are not engaged in their work (69%)
  • From parents to current college students to the general population, everyone agrees that the number one reason to go to college is “to get a good job.”
  • Yet, only 14% of Americans and 11% business leaders say that college graduates are well prepared for success at work.
  • Google announced that it found almost no correlation between the grades and test scores of its employees and their success on the job. So, the company has stopped asking for the information on employment applications.


Solutions

  1. offer paid and unpaid internships to high school and college students
  2. offer externships for teachers and faculty
  3. foster teacher and faculty engagement


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Are waivers more trouble than they are worth?

Are waivers more trouble than they are worth? | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
Not having to negotiate with federal officials on the finer points of teacher evaluation, rigorous standards, or school turnarounds has made it easier to chart their own paths, some education leaders say.
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Colleges are learning what it feels like to be rated.

Colleges are learning what it feels like to be rated. | Leading Schools | Scoop.it

By Valerie Strauss writes at the Washington Post (7/28) “Answer Sheet”


Presidents of 50 Virginia colleges have written to Education Secretary Arne Duncan “expressing ‘serious reservations’ about the Obama administration’s ‘misguided’ development of a school rating system that could include data such as how much students earn after graduation.” 

Mel Riddile's insight:

K-12 schools, principals, and teachers have known for a decade what it feels like to be slapped with an arbitrary rating. Now it is the turn of colleges and college presidents to feel the sting of corporate reformers who seek to use a single number, letter, or label to define a school. It is all about RoI--Return on Investment. The federal government wants assurances that federal loan dollars are being spent wisely.

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5 Ways to Improve Reading Comprehension

5 Ways to Improve Reading Comprehension | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
I received a free online access from SNAP! Learning and was compensated for my time. All opinions expressed are my own.  What is reading comprehension? Why is it important? I know I’ve said it before, but it’s my favorite way to put it. Reading equals thinking. In order to truly read, a reader must also be thinking about the …
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Why Breakfast Is Important For Teenagers: The Best Resources

Why Breakfast Is Important For Teenagers: The Best Resources | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
I'm preparing some new lessons for this year, and one will be on the importance of breakfast. I'm adding this list to The Best Resources To Help Promote A Physically Healthy Lifestyle For Our Stude...
Mel Riddile's insight:

Building willpower and self-control consumes enormous amounts of energy, which means that students’ brains need nourishment. Roy Baumeister’s book Willpower: Rediscovering the Greatest Human Strength is another valuable resource for teachers and educators.

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Shootings Redefine Role of School Resource Officers (SRO)

Shootings Redefine Role of School Resource Officers (SRO) | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
Radical shifts in tactics have swept the field — even calling on officers to rush toward shooters without backup.
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The Educator and the Growth Mindset | Infographic and Slides

The Educator and the Growth Mindset | Infographic and Slides | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
I am facilitating an in-service on Growth Mindsets for Educators.  I created an infographic, Thinglink, and Slide Presentation of resources that I am sharing below: Thinglink that contains links to...
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Tony Meehan's curator insight, July 27, 2:38 PM

Comprehensive and ready-to-use  presentation for Growth Mindsets aimed at educators. Gratefully received.

Lisa Sayles Kraiza's curator insight, July 28, 1:37 PM

Interesting concept...#OPSWI14

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"Homework given to keep students busy...is irresponsible." Rick Wormeli

"Homework given to keep students busy...is irresponsible." Rick Wormeli | Leading Schools | Scoop.it
Homework can be an exciting aspect of teaching middle school, says teaching expert Rick Wormeli if we're smart about its structure, assignment, and assessment.
Mel Riddile's insight:

Homework is independent practice--the application of previously learned content--and should only be assigned after the teacher has conducted guided practice in the classroom. 

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