The most part of this video is based on the research of Elisabeth de Moreau d'Andoy: "Charlemagne, The Lost History"
Simon Andrew Millgate, "narrator".
Le Marche another Italy
Le Marche encompasses everything one would want from Italy. Incredible countryside from the Sibillini mountains to the glorious coastline, classic landscapes, castellated hilltops towns, culture, art, music, indoor, outdoor and watersports, wonderful wildlife, fun, delicious food and wines, quality fashions and footwear, museums, churches, culture, history – so much to do and see. Experience life to its fullest – experience Le Marche!
Curated by Mariano Pallottini
The artisans of Fabriano have laid a solid foundation for the successful development of the European papermaking craft, and they propagated their art of making paper by hand in other parts of medieval Italy. Thanks to so fruitful efforts of the Fabriano master papermakers, and other Italian papermakers as well, paper became able to successfully compete with parchment, its older rival, and could be supplied outside Italy.
According Gasparinetti, the Arab prisoners settled in a suburb called
‘Borgo Saraceno’ probably introduced artisans of the city of Fabriano to the Arab technique of making paper by hand. And the Fabrianese made fundamental improvements in this craft, such as: the application of stamping hammers to reduce the rags to pulp for making paper by hand, the sizing of the paper by means of animal glue, and the watermarks. [...]
This news article from the London area Ham&High newspaper is provided by Anne Copley. It’s the touching story of a contact made between the family of POW Sydney Swingler, known to the Italians as “Antonio,” and his Italians protectors, the Antognozzi family.
Antonio was sheltered by the Antognozzi family in the Italian village of Montelparo, where they still live, before eventually making it back across Allied lines and returning to his Kentish Town home.
Sydney’s son Colin Swingler, 64, one of four siblings born at the former family home in Highgate Road after the war, said he was delighted to make contact with the Antognozzi family, who had risked their lives to look after his father. [...]
He said: “If the Germans or Italian fascists had found dad, they could have been killed along with him.
“My family owes them a great debt – if my father had not come back, none of us would be here.”
When the fearsome celtic warriors descended from Senonia (the territory of the river Seine where Paris now stands) stoods in the north-central area of the Marche. Perhaps their advance was stopping by the value of the Picenes, or perhaps, as we like to think, because they had found the most beautiful land they could never imagine.
When you get in the sweet territory between Arcevia, Sassoferrato and Pergola, surrounded by wooded hills of the first and second ridge of the Apennines,you can understand why the Senones had chosen it as the heart of their presence in central Italy. Why they faced the extermination in order to defend in the tragic battle of Sentinum, in 295 BC.
Here, in a high plateau, stood the city of Civitalba (or Alba Gallica), of which few remains were found, including fragments of a frieze – originally placed on the tympanum of a temple – wich commemorates the defeat of the Gauls in that epic and decisive battle that followed the siege and the sac of Rome by their undisputed leader, the grand “Brennus”. Brennus returned triumphant with his army, laden with riches, and long celebrating the victory in the territory chosen as Senone’s homeland. [...]
This is the first complete historical reconstruction of the food culture of the Le Marche region in central Italy. The book describes both popular rustic traditions and those of the aristocracy and middle classes, analyzing their interactions in both written and verbal forms.
The authors Ugo Bellesi, Ettore Franca and Tommaso Lucchetti, in addition to various specialists, attempt to reconstruct the sources of these regional traditions. There are illustrations of information collected during archeological digs, as well as historical and artistic studies. The book also includes prints from archives, libraries and private and public collections, creating a mosaic of documents presented together for the first time.
The first section of the work is a detailed look at the agrarian landscape, farmland and typical products. This is followed by a description of the local cuisine, including both simple dishes and more refined recipes from monasteries, the nobility and middle classes, documented in archives and books written by Antonio Latini, Antonio Nebbia and Cesare Tirabasso. This analysis reveals that there has always been a certain “fluidity” between the different classes and generations in Le Marche. The third part of the book is dedicated to images of the arts and conviviality.
This work is a useful bibliography, enriched with iconographic images as well as deep and complex cultural material about Le Marche.
The book has conquered several prizes:
The name of the Picena civilization conventionally refers to the culture which developed in the mid Adriatic between the IX e IV centuries A.D. and Piceni is what this population, albeit, of different ancestry are called, as they were by large united by the same language or similar dialects which gave birth to this culture.
The name of the Piceni people is mentioned by the Latin writer Plutarch, during the Trajan era, and are also referred to as the Peucezi (Pseudo Scylax), Picenti (Polybius, Titus Livius e Pliny), Picentini (Strabo), which is what, at beginning from the IV century. A.D., the Greeks and Romans called these populations stationed along the central Adriatic zone.
Then from the IV century A.D. the Latin and Greek authors (Strabo, Polybius, Pliny and Livius) talk to us of a population originating from Sabina situated between the territories of the Marches and Abruzzo now renamed thanks to their fame as great warriors and good farmers for the abundance of the products found in their area. [...]
The descendants of Peucetios and his friends came from the Aegean seventeen generations before the Trojan War, or perhaps they were those Achaeans (in the Iliad) who came as pirates after defeating the Minoans, or the Mycenaeans who emigrated to Italian shores after the destruction of Troy, or those called the Pelasgians. Who knows with certainty? “Certainly it was one or more of these groups. Look it up in the Roman expansion starting from the central territories, from the IV century A.D. and extending progressively through the Italian peninsula, brought about the integration and elimination of the Picena culture.
The lord of horses can be pictured in two ways:
Frequently the equines pictures are not natural, on the contrary they are drawn in a stylized or extremely bizarre way.
This iconographic scheme that represents a human figure with two horses can be interpreted in two ways:
The second hypothesis is to be preferred, considering that all the objects with this iconographic scheme were found in graves of upper-class members together with other elements representing their status symbol: weapons, remains of carts, vases and tools for the banquet, objects in bronze, gold and silver.
When the human figure is standing on the crupper of two horses, the purpose is to highlight not only the wealth, the strength and the warrior abilities but also the deftness and cleverness in riding. Anyway, also in this case they clearly refer to the Homeric warrior-heroes that often tested their deftness.
So, the finding of objects with this iconographic scheme in male graves, highlights and praises the wealth, power and war skills that the dead used to have during his life. When these artefacts are in female graves, it means that they were of the highest rank, wives of very important figures or descendant of a well-known family, or, anyway, that unlike most of their contemporaries, they have had an important role in the society and wanted it to be remembered.
Dr. Ilaria Persichini - archaeologist - text and photos from: http://www.apunis.it/storia-piceni.asp?lang=eng ;
The first documented Jewish presence in Ascoli Piceno in Le Marche dates back in 1297, when three Jews from Rome, Angeletto , Musetto and Sabato di Mosè, appear as part of a consortium of moneylenders along with 19 Christians. They signed a contract with the city council that same year. Jewish ownership of buildings is recorded starting in 1381. Jews appear to have purchased buildings and land in different sections of the city, an indication that they were not required to live in a particular neighborhoods.
The first recorded synagogue dates back to 1515 and was located in the house of Isacco di Mele, in the central district of St. Emidio. In 1550, following the arrival of a large number of Jews from Naples, a second synagogue was established in a building bought by Angelo di Sabato in the Cannettaro district. With the election of Pope Paul IV the Jews of Ascoli were forced into the ghetto which was located in what is today the area between Via Enoc d’Ascoli, Rua David d’Ascoli and Via Giudea.
Off all the important people in history who came from Camerino, there is one who had a very particular kind of work - that of court jester, hi whose job it was to make princes and courtiers laugh at time when the diversions and entertainment available today were non-existent. But how did a “jester” became important? He did so because he performed his job so well and with such expertise that the hi was sought after by the most important princes of the age and, once he had acquired sufficient experience , he wrote and published a very “serious” book both to defend the nobility of is trade and to set out some guidelines for those wishing to follow in his steps .
He became so famous that a play was dedicated to him, aptly called “The Jester”, written by the singer Margherita Costa and edited in Florence in 1641, He was know as “ the little German” ( il Tedeschino).
His name was Bernardo Ricci and he was born in Camerino on 16th January 1588.
He was still young when he was taken to Rome where he worked for a long time at the papal court before going to the court of the Medici family in Florence . His choice of such an unusual career was influenced by something that had occurred in his childhood...
In Sirolo you will find an interesting archeological area at Pini place. This area is very important because it is the only one in Marche in which is possible visiting a sector of Picene Necropolis.
In 1989, in this archeological area it has been found out the “Sirolo Princesse Grave”, a funerary complex belonging to a Picene noble lady buried with a sumptuous set including also two chariots, referable to the Vi century b. C.
The two found chariots are of different typologies: a biga and a gig; as for other similar finds of central Adriatic Italy, they were disassembled and positioned in the sepulchre grave. This was a typical procedure of the Picene community funeral rites of the close Numana...
I have rarely seen a more charming medieval place than San Severino Marche...
Now, the lower part of town is very nice, with the egg-shaped main square and the impressive buildings.. this place must have been quite powerful in the past. I read San Severino was always fighting with Camerino, the first being “ghibellino” and the latter a stronghold of the Vatican. However, I have to say, despite the great view in Camerino, San Severino is by far more beautiful. Instead of being a dark, religious mountain town like Camerino, San Severino is more bright, square. If Camerino reminded me of the 1500′s or the Inquisition (maybe because there is a quite important provincial prison there.. in a former church), San Severino is more like the 1200′s, the beginning of the end of Medieval time, the time of the first Universities, but also of crusades (amazing fresco on the theme in San Severino)... make sure to walk up to the tower and visit the amazingly beautiful Castello al Monte. It’s basically a whole village hidden from the view, intact walls all around and a small vibrant community living in it. Quite impressive really. Once you made it on the top, where the monastery and the tower are, you have to go down to the village and then I’d suggest follow the walls to the right, until you find an entrance arch. Make a few more steps and be careful.. you will pass by a little door leading to a court. There you will see a portal that seems to come out of The name of the rose by Umberto Eco.. it’s so freakingly intense really...
Since 1958 Ferretti Palace has become the centre of Marche Region Archeological National Museum (also MANM). It represents a concrete historical-archeological synthesis running by ancient Prehistory until the threshold of the diffusion of roman culture. We have to dedicate an apart chapter to Piceni Civilization that is present in the museum with an as much rich as prestigious collection...
Nowadays inside the museum you can admire the evidences of periods such as Paleolithic, Neolithic, Eneolithic, Bronze Age, Piceni and Gaul Senoni civilizations.
Your tour may be extended by visiting the recently discovered ruins standing in front of Ferretti Palace, Roman Amphitheatre ruins dominating the hill of the museum in Birarelli Str. (ancient prison of Ancona) and the rests found during the diggings for the modern underground car parking located in Stamira Sq....
The database focuses on early postcards of the Macerata Province."Cartoline Macerata" shows them, who produced them and where, how they were used, their significance, in short, their historical context. Hopefully, this site will prove that postcards are indeed a tremendous visual resource to analize the architectural changings in towns, landscapes, costumes.
The Project was created under the patronage of the Fondazione Carima.
The database primarily aims at being a reference and research instrument for scholars and students of the period. This is a virtual library for a type of material not previously studied at scientific level. (Especially when from early 20th century, postcards are rarely found in public collections.) As a work in permanent progress, the database will be updated and enriched as research progresses.
Benelli was established in Pesaro, Italy, in 1911
Teresa Benelli, a widow, sank all of the family capital into the business, in the hope that it would offer stable work for her six sons: Giuseppe, Giovanni, Francesco, Filippo, Domenico and Antonio or "Tonino".
In the beginning, it was just the "Benelli Garage" which only repaired cars and motorcycles, but was already able to produce all of the spare parts needed for repairs.
In 1920 the company built its first complete engine in-house, a single-cylinder two-stroke 75 cc model, immediately adapted to a bicycle frame.
A year later in 1921, Benelli built its first motorcycle with its OWN engine which had by then become a 98 cc model...
The Tolentino 815 Association, in cooperation with the Municipality of Tolentino , organises a historical re-enactment event of the Battle of Tolentino, as occurred the 2 nd and 3 rd of May 1815 between the Neapolitan army of Gioacchino Murat, King of Naples, and the Austrian army led by the Baron Frederick Bianchi; considered by many historians as the first for Italian Indipendence.
The “Antica Stamperia Fabiani” project permits students and visitors to interact with this valuable antique equipment. Moreover, the staff will readily explain and illustrate printing techniques and their various phases just as they were in the nineteenth century and at the beginning of the twentieth. The visitors are welcomed in a large room in the printers' workshop where the history of the press and the Fabiani family, who have been printers in Petritoli since 1903, are succinctly explained.
Our local history is, however, more ancient than Romans, it began around the 9th century b.C. with the Picenes. According to the greek historian Strabo (that lived most part of his life in Rome), at the beginning of the Iron age the Picenes moved in our lands and the whole Marches from the Sabina Region, that nowadays is the province of Rieti. The confirmation of this fact comes from the finding in 1973 of the Penne S. Andrea epigraphs written in picene language, in which the Picenes define themselves SAFINUS SAFINAS TUTAS, that is Sabines of the Sabine community. During that migration, tells Strabo, they were led by a bird sacred to the god Mars: the woodpecker, that is PICUS, thus Picenes.