Memory consolidation and productivity can both be improved by taking breaks.
Memory consolidation: Tambini et al. recently showed that resting your brain after learning is very important in memory consolidation. During rest the hippocampus is able to transfer information to the cortex to be stored. The brain cannot do this very effectively if you do not take breaks. [1,2]
Productivity It is suggested that you work in 60-90 minute intervals and then take a break.
Ericsson et al. conducted a very interesting study looking at elite and average violin players and how much they practiced. They found that the elite players practiced for about the same amount of time as the good players per day. However, the elite players would practice very hard for no more than 90 minutes and then take breaks and even naps in between while the average players would practice throughout the day but with less focus.
The average players, [researchers] discovered, spread their work throughout the day. A graph included in the paper, which shows the average time spent working versus the waking hours of the day, is essentially flat.
The elite players, by contrast, consolidated their work into two well-defined periods. When you plot the average time spent working versus the hours of the day for these players, there are two prominent peaks: one in the morning and one in the afternoon.
In fact, the more elite the player, the more pronounced the peaks. For the best of the best - the subset of the elites who the professors thought would go on to play in one of Germany's two best professional orchestras - there was essentially no deviation from a rigid two-sessions a day schedule.
This isolation of work from leisure had pronounced effects in other areas of the players' lives. 
Although the brain is incredibly advanced and "intelligent" it is remarkably easy to trick it. Here is one example of tricking the brain in order to treat a disorder.
Phantom Limb: This is a phenomenon in which the brain can actually believe that an amputated limb is still attached to your body. Approximately 60 to 80% of individuals with an amputation experience phantom sensations in their amputated limb, and the majority of the sensations are painful. 
This can be a very painful syndrome because the phantom limb will often get stuck in an extremely painful cramped position and the amputee will have no way to stretch the limb and stop the pain. The phantom limb was essentially untreatable until one neuroscientist, Dr. Ramachandran came up with a remarkably simple treatment. All he did was make a box with a mirror in it and had the amputee put his intact limb in one side and the amputated limb behind the mirror on the other. The amputee then moved the intact limb and saw in the mirror his phantom limb moving which tricked his brain into relieving the pain in the phantom limb.
1. Surf the Web Anonymously with ProxiesDownload and use without installation :https://ultrasurf.us/Watch blocked Youtube videos and Hulu etc..
2. When copying something from the internet paste is using Ctrl + Shift + V. This will prevent the text from formatting.
3. Get the WiFi password for many establishments by checking the comments section of FourSquare
Many cafes, restaurants,bars, etc will have the WiFi passwords published in the comments of FourSquare. You don't even have to check-in, so if you're a fan of your privacy, still safe. And most of the passwords are kept updated as long as the post is from the past year or two.
4. Access google maps offline on your phone
Just type 'ok maps' into the google maps app and a zoomable map will be saved. How to Use Your Google Maps — Offline | Gadget Lab | WIRED
5. If you are away from news for a while and want to catch up search "[month] [year]" in Wikipedia. This will give you all the major world news for that month.
For example, typing "August 2013" will give you the latest on Snowden or the Syrian civil war. This also works for the year.
6. When signing up for the newsletter, instead of putting your name, put the website name. Then, when you get a million spam emails, you'll source it to the website that shred your name and email.
7. Shift + Delete erases embarassing suggestions in your browser.
Use arrow keys to select the suggestion, then hit Shift + Delete to erase them.
8. Before going to a porn site, google "safebrowsing:(website)" to see a 90-day history of malware attempts on its visitors.
The first result will be a google diagnostic page.Not every website is supported. Check the date of the last analysis. You don't need to enter every video's url, just the site's homepage.
You can do subsequent searches by changing the diagnostic page's url. Historically clean websites will be dirty some weeks and dirty ones will sometimes be clean after a period of attacks.
From what I know, these malware downloads are not sponsored by the websites but by hackers.
9. If you have a keyboard shortcut option on your phone, make one that fills in your email when you type "@@"
For Android users: This feature is in Jelly Bean (Android 4.1) and above in the Input option in the Settings menu, and it will apply universally to all keyboards (so if you use Swype, Swiftkey, etc, it'll still work). Older versions of Android do not have it.
10. When submitting a resume by e-mail, send your file in PDF, to ensure your formatting doesn't change
After opening up the file on a different computer, I noticed the format had changed and some of the words were on different lines, making it look messy, thus lowering my chance of getting the job.
TL;DR With a PDF file, no matter what platform you open it with, the content will look the exact same.
When camping, strap a head lamp to a gallon jug of water to fill the entire tent with ambient light.
Clear a room full of smoke in just a few minutes.
Soak half of a towel in water, and wring the excess water out. Holding the dry end, swirl the wet portion carefully in a circle over your head.
Chewing the same flavor gum when taking a test as you did when studying will improve your memory
Throw a few of those silica packets that come in everything in your toolbox. It'll help prevent your tools from rusting.
If your older family members constantly call you for help working their home media systems, photograph all of the remotes.
That way, when you are on the phone trying to talk them through playing a DVD for the fiftieth time, you can reference the photos and just say, "on the grey Sony remote, push the middle button second from the bottom." It will save your sanity.
Get gum out of hair without cutting. Coat the afflicted hair and gum with cooking oil.
So August 15, 2014 is a Friday. (Enjoy long weekend people in India).
You won't have to remember the day mapping. Practice it with all your anniversary dates and very soon it will start coming natural. Infact with a little practice doing step 2,3 & 4 is a matter of seconds.
PS : If you get the logic right, you can quickly form the 12 digit code for yourself each year from the calender. It is simply one less than the day on which a month starts. So suppose in 2015, January starts from Thursday (i.e. 4th day), the code will be 4-1 = 3. Corner case: If month starts from Sunday (i.e 0), 1 less than 0 will mean looping back to 6.
Don't keep a scheduleWork on whatever is most important or most interestingKeep three and only three lists: a Todo List, a Watch List, and a Later ListEach night before you go to bed, prepare a 3x5 index card with a short list of 3 to 5 things that you will do the next dayStructured ProcrastinationStrategic IncompetenceDo email exactly twice a dayKeep your email client shut and your email notifications turned offDon't answer the phoneHide in an IPodStart the day with a real, sit-down breakfastOnly agree to new commitments when both your head and your heart say yesDo something you love
Facebook Twitter Google+ Linkedin La voie de l’entrepreneuriat ressemble plus à de l’alpinisme dans les Alpes qu’à une promenade en vélo sur les bords d’un canal. Même si l’on est équipé d’outils performants et doté de compétences techniques, cela n’est pas suffisant pour avancer sur ce chemin escarpé. Les bonnes habitudes et les petites astuces font la différence ...Lire la suite
A brief lecture over Socrates and the Socratic Method.
Jerome HOARAU's insight:
Why the Socratic method you ask? The Socratic method was named after the classical Greek philosopher Socrates and introduced in the 4th century BC Socratic dialogue. It has common applications in law school, teaching, psychotherapy, and human management resources and training. People in those industries and the layman alike can use it to:
Build stronger beliefs in arguments, and eliminate misshapen or broken ones.Point out fallacies or flaws in thinking.Clarify feelings or insights about personal actions.Plan out the main train of thought in lessons.Test the logical foundation of any argument out there.
Here are the basics:
1. Locate the main argument in a statement or a statement that sums up an argument. In other words, what is the defining argument that sums up a particular statement? Ask your opponent to sum up their argument if you're stuck on step 1. Socrates asked fellow people questions like: ''What is justice?'' or ''What is knowledge?''. He then let or asked them to make declarative statements like: ''Justice is x because of y.''
2. Investigate the implications of their argument. Assume that their argument is false and find an example or scenario to prove that the argument is flawed in some way. Say someone is trying to prove that a particular car is green. It seems like common sense at first, but then, using the Socratic method, you can come up with a counter argument to prove the limits of the argument like: ''Is the car still green to a blind person?''
If they say no, then proceed to step 3.If they say yes, ask: ''Why isn't it pink, blue, or purple?'' or ''If they can't see, then what makes the car green?''
The most important thing is to back your counter argument up with scenarios and examples when they try to defend their own argument.
3. Change their initial argument and take the exception into account. Once you have came up with a reasonable argument to disprove theirs, change their argument so it takes the new argument into account. So change the original argument ''The car is green'' to an agreeable position like: ''It's green to those who can see.''
4. Attack the new argument with another question. Ask your opponent: ''If you agree that it's green to those who can see, then is it green to other animals who can see?'' Eventually, you will possibly come to a conclusion which your opponent agrees with but completely contradicts their first argument. The fun of the Socratic method is you have the potential to generate an infinite amount of questions, and an infinite amount of discussions.
5. Practice. Obviously, you're probably not going to topple the debate club leader in one go. It should take about 5-10 minutes to learn, but several weeks to months if you want to become a well-versed expert in the field of debate, including the Socratic method. But as Socrates said, “If you want to be a good saddler, saddle the worst horse; for if you can tame one, you can tame all.” So start off small like I did by using the Socratic method in daily life discussions with family and friends, and work your way up to more complex arguments in topics that you're highly interested in or enjoy.
Here's a useful link to get you started on becoming better at practicing a skill: The Only Way to Become Amazingly Great at Something
Here's a handy example:
Teacher: ''Student, what is goodness?''
Student: ''Teacher, goodness is when you give something to some one else.''
Teacher: ''Is it good to give someone a gun so they can murder someone else?''
''Is it good if you give someones password to someone else without their knowledge?''
''Is it good if you give someone a package containing a wrapped up bomb?''
Student: ''Obviously not.''
Teacher: ''So it's good to give something to some one else, provided that what they give will not harm themselves, or other people.''
Teacher: ''If you agree that giving someone something to harm themselves or others is not good, then what about giving a poor farmer a tool to harm a chicken for a short time and kill it, in order to benefit his starving family?
Student: ''I agree that it's good for the family but not the chicken.''
Teacher: ''Yes, but you contradicted yourself when you said giving someone something to harm someone else is not good, because you clearly agreed that it's good in another application.''
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