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Theodore Roosevelt Speech - Social and Industrial Justice

This speech contains excerpts from "A Confession of Faith," an address originally delivered to the national convention of the Progressive party in Chicago on August 6, 1912.

 

Transcription: 

 

Our prime concern is that in dealing with the fundamental law of the land, in assuming finally to interpret it, and therefore finally to make it, the acts of the courts should be subject to and not above the final control of the people as a whole. I deny that the American people have surrendered to any set of men, no matter what their position or their character, the final right to determine those fundamental questions upon which free self-government ultimately depends.

 

The people themselves must be the ultimate makers of their own Constitution, and where their agents differ in their interpretations of the Constitution the people themselves should be given the chance, after full and deliberate judgment, authoritatively to settle what interpretation it is that their representatives shall thereafter adopt as binding.


We do not question the general honesty of the courts. But in applying to present-day social conditions the general prohibitions that were intended originally as safeguards to the citizen against the arbitrary power of government in the hands of caste and privilege, these prohibitions have been turned by the courts from safeguards against political and social privilege into barriers against political and social justice and advancement.


Our purpose is not to impugn the courts, but to emancipate them from a position where they stand in the way of social justice; and to emancipate the people, in an orderly way, from the iniquity of enforced submission to a doctrine which would turn constitutional provisions which were intended to favor social justice and advancement into prohibitions against such justice and advancement.


In the last twenty years an increasing percentage of our people have come to depend on industry for their livelihood, so that today the wage-workers in industry rank in importance side by side with the tillers of the soil. As a people we cannot afford to let any group of citizens or any individual citizen live or labor under conditions which are injurious to the common welfare. Industry, therefore, must submit to such public regulation as will make it a means of life and health, not of death or inefficiency. We must protect the crushable elements at the base of our present industrial structure.


We stand for a living wage. Wages are subnormal if they fail to provide a living for those who devote their time and energy to industrial occupations. The monetary equivalent of a living wage varies according to local conditions, but must include enough to secure the elements of a normal standard of living--a standard high enough to make morality possible, to provide for education and recreation, to care for immature members of the family, to maintain the family during periods of sickness, and to permit a reasonable saving for old age.


Hours are excessive if they fail to afford the worker sufficient time to recuperate and return to his work thoroughly refreshed. We hold that the night labor of women and children is abnormal and should be prohibited; we hold that the employment of women over forty-eight hours per week is abnormal and should be prohibited. We hold that the seven-day working week is abnormal, and we hold that one day of rest in seven should be provided by law. We hold that the continuous industries, operating twenty-four hours out of twenty-four, are abnormal, and where, because of public necessity or for technical reasons (such as molten metal), the twenty-four hours must be divided into two shifts of twelve hours or three shifts of eight, they should by law be divided into three of eight.

 

 

Transcription from the Library of Congress:http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/troosevelt_film/trfpcp.html#page_content


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lexi shea's curator insight, February 11, 2015 2:03 PM

a speech he gave

The English briefcase
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5 Resources That Help You Answer “What’s That Word?”

You’re trying to think of a word, but it stubbornly refuses to materialize. Oh, well. You’ll think of it—when it’s too late. What do you do in the meantime?
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Vocabulary for your mobile phones : the basics / a nice overview

Vocabulary for your mobile phones : the basics / a nice overview | The English briefcase | Scoop.it

smartphone, internet access, download, apps, settings, vibrate, silent, charger, ringtone, pay-as-you-go, get a signal, top up, satnav, landline etc. 

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How Gender Neutral Is Guys, Really?

How Gender Neutral Is Guys, Really? | The English briefcase | Scoop.it
The unlikely story of guy: It was originally an eponym for Guy Fawkes, then referred to someone dressed up in a grotesque costume. By the mid-19th cent ...
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50 Phrases overused by English-speaking bosses... and that their employees just hate

50 Phrases overused by English-speaking bosses... and that their employees just hate | The English briefcase | Scoop.it

When you're a boss, you sometimes talk a lot.

The problem might be, though, that you talk a lot of gibberish.

This can annoy your staff to the point at which they think you're not worth listening to. Which might just affect your ambitions.

Here, then, is a new survey in which  British employees declared their 50 most annoying phrases that come out of bosses' mouths.

It was commissioned by SPANA, an organization that offers free veterinary care for animals in developing countries.

As we first run down the list of the worst 10, please spend your day monitoring how many of these phrases you use. Then repent.


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The Learning Factor's curator insight, January 14, 2016 5:10 PM

A New survey asks employees which pieces of business speak they hate most. There are a lot.

rodrick rajive lal's curator insight, January 15, 2016 3:14 AM

This is surprising, we all use the words, cliches in fact: thinking out of the box, touch base, going forward, heads up, its on my radar, and even game changer! And we think these words are cool! The truth is that these words cosntitute what is called 'gibberish'. It is surprising that using such high sounding terms might annoy staff into thinking that their boss is not worth listening to! Well if a large number of British employees wrote these words and expressions in their list of fifty most annoying phrases used by their bosses, then there must be some truth in this!

Fred Stenson's curator insight, February 9, 2016 12:16 PM

Even people in business are annoyed at these. Why can't anyone stop using them?

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Les Français sont nuls en anglais: peuvent-ils s'améliorer?

Les Français sont nuls en anglais: peuvent-ils s'améliorer? | The English briefcase | Scoop.it
[3/3] Troisième partie de notre série sur le problème de la France avec l'anglais.
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London’s Autumn Season 2015 – a cultural season like no other - YouTube

http://www.visitlondon.com/autumn The change of the season marks the beginning of London’s most exciting programme of arts, performance and culture. Watch ou...
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I’m an American in London. Here’s What I Learned from the British About Bad Behavior.

I’m an American in London. Here’s What I Learned from the British About Bad Behavior. | The English briefcase | Scoop.it
A few years ago, I moved to China to write a Western etiquette book for Chinese. It featured advice on such topics as the non-negotiable issue of personal hygiene, the rules of a handshake, making sense of foreigners, and what Westerns consider bad behavior.Truth be told, nothing about what constitutes bad behavior in the West is entirely clear, except that there seems to be a trend toward forgiving it. What were once the hallmarks of acceptable behavior have shifted in a number of ways: with ou
Karine Gantin's insight:

Lovely, humorous reading, a good distraction indeed! I especially love the pancake-flipping contest, not much to be seen, but the author's suggestiveness and your own imagination will fill the blanks!

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Comprehensive List of Free e-Book Websites for your e-Reader

Comprehensive List of Free e-Book Websites for your e-Reader | The English briefcase | Scoop.it

If you own an e-reader you often can only buy e-books from the bookstore that is bundled on your device. Many of the budget e-readers out there don’t even have a bookstore that is accessible by users and many people are left to fend for themselves to load content on it.

Here is a comprehensive free e-book resource catalog online. All of these books are hardware agnostic, which means they are not locked by DRM (Digital Rights Management). All you have to do is simply download a title and load in via the USB cable from your computer to your e-reader. Many of these sites also provide the books in more than one format, so they will work with your Amazon Kindle, Kobo, Barnes and Noble Nook, Sony e-reader and hundreds of others.


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Marc Kneepkens's curator insight, February 17, 2015 9:55 AM

Great resource, and it's free!

Paul Mendelsohn's curator insight, February 18, 2015 11:52 AM

Here is a cool one for all my Kindle toting friends - a comprehensive list of sources for free e-books.

SMARTERTEACHER's curator insight, February 19, 2015 11:20 AM

Great resource for BYOD schools who want to create a level playing field for all students with all devices.

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Fluids (part 1) Cours de physique gratuit en ligne sur les fluides, par la célèbre Khan Academy

Fluids (part 1) Cours de physique gratuit en ligne sur les fluides, par la célèbre Khan Academy | The English briefcase | Scoop.it

What a fluid is. Difference between liquids and gasses (both fluids). See also next parts...

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J.K. Rowling adresses Harvard young graduates about career choices, failure, and the power of empathy

J.K. Rowling adresses Harvard young graduates about career choices, failure, and the power of empathy | The English briefcase | Scoop.it
Harry Potter's author defines the concept of failure in the first ten minutes by telling her own story, then addresses the power of imagination. An inspiring 2008 classic. Full text here on Harvard...
Karine Gantin's insight:

This new website publishes videos aiming at helping students improve their English by watching interesting videos most of them enclosing subtitles. 

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The most important challenge for a CMO - YouTube

McKinsey & Company is a global management consulting firm. We are the trusted advisor to the leading businesses, governments, and institutions.
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Nik's Daily English Activities: 10 Habits for successful English language learning

Nik's Daily English Activities: 10 Habits for successful English language learning | The English briefcase | Scoop.it
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Niveau d’anglais : les Français derniers du classement européen

Niveau d’anglais : les Français derniers du classement européen | The English briefcase | Scoop.it
« Elèves moyens, peuvent mieux faire » : les années se suivent et se ressemblent pour les Français et leur niveau d’anglais. C’est ce que confirme l’étude EPI menée par Education First.
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96 Concepts that Will Make You a Smarter Content Marketer - Copyblogger - (beau boulot! définitions vidéos sympas)

96 Concepts that Will Make You a Smarter Content Marketer - Copyblogger - (beau boulot! définitions vidéos sympas) | The English briefcase | Scoop.it
Copyblogger's Content Marketing Glossary will help you quickly answer any questions you might have when it comes to content marketing terms and concepts.
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Do You Speak Corporate? Business Jargon For Humans - Forbes

Do You Speak Corporate? Business Jargon For Humans - Forbes | The English briefcase | Scoop.it
Here are 25 business jargon terms translated into plain English!
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85.000 films historiquesde Pathé British totalement gratuits disponibles ici

85.000 films historiquesde Pathé British totalement gratuits disponibles ici | The English briefcase | Scoop.it
Après le succès des 700 films rares et gratuits disponibles ici, nous avons trouvé un nouveau trésor, offert à tous, encore une fois. Ce trésor renferme rien de moins que 85000 films historiques offerts par Pathé British.
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TOEFL, TOEIC, IELTS, Cambridge : quel test d'anglais choisir ?

TOEFL, TOEIC, IELTS, Cambridge : quel test d'anglais choisir ? | The English briefcase | Scoop.it
Difficile de s'y retrouver dans la jungle des examens d'anglais. Tous ne se valent pas, n'évaluent pas les mêmes compétences et ne sont pas reconnus par les mêmes établissements
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Les différences de conversation entre les Français, les Britanniques et les Américains

Les différences de conversation entre les Français, les Britanniques et les Américains | The English briefcase | Scoop.it
Pamela Druckerman, une journaliste américaine mariée à un Britannique et résidant en France, a raconté dans un article pour le New York Times avoir passé la majeure partie de sa vie d'adulte à décoder les règles de conversation des trois pays. Elle explique avoir eu une révélation...
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Decoding the Rules of Conversation

Decoding the Rules of Conversation | The English briefcase | Scoop.it
The French love to land zingers. The British live in the land of irony. And Americans? It’s all about reassurance.
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Vidéos anglophones - English videos

Vidéos anglophones - English videos | The English briefcase | Scoop.it
Enjoy the riches of the web and improve your English!
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A new website for self-learners sorting out video resources that are interesting and (most often) subtitled . A few key words are given with an explanation and a nice quiz helps remember and share the fun. Register today and stay updated!

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Udacity - 21st Century University - Landmarks in Physics

Apprenez des notions d'anglais technique (bases de physique) avec ce cours en ligne gratuit de Stanford University (l'Université où Steve Jobs prononça un discours célèbre...).

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How to Troubleshoot Your Water Heater

How to Troubleshoot Your Water Heater | The English briefcase | Scoop.it

ANGLAIS TECHNIQUE. Comment vérifier le fonctionnement de votre chauffe-eau... Fiche technique à destination des usagers, - en Anglais. 

Karine Gantin's insight:

Do you fancy troubleshooting something and checking your practical English knowledge? Have a try here! This is a document I used in my English classes learning HVAC.

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Structures to help build marketing and IT bridges - YouTube

McKinsey & Company is a global management consulting firm. We are the trusted advisor to the leading businesses, governments, and institutions.
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Idioms for the New Year - Free English Speaking lessons - YouTube

Idioms for the New Year - Free English Speaking lessons New Year’s Day has come and gone, and most of us are still adjusting to having to remember the year i...
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Londres se veut la Silicon Valley européenne - La Tribune.fr

Londres se veut la Silicon Valley européenne - La Tribune.fr | The English briefcase | Scoop.it
La capitale britannique a mis le cap sur la technologie et l'innovation il y a quatre ans, en favorisant l'implantation de start-up dans les quartiers est.
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