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How to Learn a Language Quickly

How to Learn a Language Quickly | Findings from Work | Scoop.it
Simulations show that you can learn the meaning of words rapidly if you assume that every object has only one word associated with it.

 

 
Martin's insight:

Reisenauer, Blythe, Smith:Stochastic Dynamics of Lexicon Learning in an Uncertain and Nonuniform World.

PRL 110, 258701 (2013)

 

 

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Findings from Work
Stuff I come across from natural language, complex systems, and physics in general.
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How to Learn a Language Quickly

How to Learn a Language Quickly | Findings from Work | Scoop.it
Simulations show that you can learn the meaning of words rapidly if you assume that every object has only one word associated with it.

 

 
Martin's insight:

Reisenauer, Blythe, Smith:Stochastic Dynamics of Lexicon Learning in an Uncertain and Nonuniform World.

PRL 110, 258701 (2013)

 

 

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Nature Physics: What has econophysics ever done for us? by M Buchanan

 

The modern trend for physicists to work on problems in finance and economics began in the early 1990s and has gained momentum ever since. In the past few years, however, this field of 'econophysics' has come in for some strong criticism. Physicists, critics say, have mostly just re-discovered things that others already knew, and failed to build any valuable theory with explanatory power.

Is it true? Has econophysics really degenerated into irrelevance?

 

http://www.nature.com/nphys/journal/v9/n6/full/nphys2648.html

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Language Log » From the American Association for the Advancement (?) of Science (?)

Language Log » From the American Association for the Advancement (?) of Science (?) | Findings from Work | Scoop.it
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Nice article on papers related to language that were published (or not) in Science.

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JP Gleeson: Binary-State Dynamics on Complex Networks: Pair Approximation and Beyond, Phys. Rev. X (2013)

JP Gleeson: Binary-State Dynamics on Complex Networks: Pair Approximation and Beyond, Phys. Rev. X (2013) | Findings from Work | Scoop.it

Should I open a Facebook account or not? Which of the two presidential candidates should I vote for in an American federal election? Will I get infected or not in a disease epidemic? Under what conditions does my choice or opinion become the popular one? The answer to each of these questions depends not only on the individual in question, but also crucially on their social or physical contacts with other individuals. Formulating this observation mathematically in terms of both local-contact-based binary decision-making processes and the concept of social network structures has led to many simple paradigmatic models, such as the voter model and the susceptible-infected model, that scientists study in order to understand how behaviors, opinions, and infectious diseases spread among human populations.

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Physicists' papers on natural language

Physicists' papers on natural language (You know I keep banging on about physics/linguistics crossover? There's a website listing ling. papers by physicists!!


Via Juan Pino-Silva
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Self-Sabotage in the Academic Career

Self-Sabotage in the Academic Career | Findings from Work | Scoop.it
Fifteen ways in which faculty members harm their own futures, often without knowing it.
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The Paradox of the Proof

The Paradox of the Proof | Findings from Work | Scoop.it
On August 31, 2012, Japanese mathematician Shinichi Mochizuki posted four papers on the Internet. The titles were inscrutable. The volume was daunting: 512 pages in total. The claim was audacious: ...
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A proof of the ABC conjecture ("a famed, beguilingly simple number theory problem that had stumped mathematicians for decades") - but nobody understands.

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No Country for Old Members: User Lifecycle and Linguistic Change in Online Communities

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M Gerlach and EG Altmann: Stochastic Model for the Vocabulary Growth in Natural Languages, Phys. Rev. X (2013)

M Gerlach and EG Altmann: Stochastic Model for the Vocabulary Growth in Natural Languages, Phys. Rev. X (2013) | Findings from Work | Scoop.it

What cultural and social processes determine the size and growth of the vocabulary of a natural language? Does such a vocabulary grow forever? From large text databases, such as the Google Ngram, that have become available only recently, researchers tease out new and systematic insights into these fundamental questions and develop a mathematical model with predictive power that describes vocabulary growth as a simple stochastic process.

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What to do with 'big data' when we don't yet have a theory of ...

What to do with 'big data' when we don't yet have a theory of ... | Findings from Work | Scoop.it
A column in Scientific American by SFI Distinguished Professor Geoffrey West makes the case for a theory of complex systems. The availability of "big data" driven by the digital revolution creates an opportunity for scientists to ...
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