Language, Sexism and Gender
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Gendered occupational terms - Sukupuolistuneet ammattinimikkeet | Mila Engelberg | Virittäjä

Gendered occupational terms - Sukupuolistuneet ammattinimikkeet | Mila Engelberg | Virittäjä | Language, Sexism and Gender | Scoop.it
Sukupuolistuneet ammattinimikkeet
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An empirical study on gendered occupational terms in Finnish - English abstract available.

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Mila Engelberg: The communication of gender in Finnish. In: Hellinger, M. & Bussmann, H. (eds.) Gender across languages. The linguistic representation of women and men. Vol. 2. Benjamins, Amsterdam.

Mila Engelberg's insight:

Mila Engelberg (2002) The communication of gender in Finnish. In: Hellinger, M. & Bussmann, H. (eds.) Gender across languages. The linguistic representation of women and men. Vol. 2.

 

An overview of gendered practices and structures in Finnish, a language without grammatical and natural gender.

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Gender-neutral Language – Quizzes – Language Portal of Canada

A quiz on non-sexist Language.
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"To find out how your inclusive language skills measure up, choose the most appropriate answers. While some of the other choices are grammatically correct, they may not be the most suitable or up to date."

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Gendered Language in Teaching Evaluations

Gender + Language + Teacher Reviews http://t.co/n6vVQ9MXWK
Mila Engelberg's insight:

"This interactive chart lets you explore the words used to describe male and female teachers in about 14 million reviews from RateMyProfessor.com."

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Jolene Pattison's curator insight, March 7, 1:56 PM

"This interactive chart lets you explore the words used to describe male and female teachers in about 14 million reviews from RateMyProfessor.com."

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A Gender-Neutral Glossary - New York Times

A Gender-Neutral Glossary - New York Times | Language, Sexism and Gender | Scoop.it
Students are developing an evolving vocabulary for gender and identity. Here’s a sampling.
Mila Engelberg's insight:

A suggestion for some gender-linked terms in English.

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Douglas Hofstadter - Person Paper on Purity in Language

Douglas Hofstadter's "Person Paper" is a tough read, but also one of the most powerful essays on language & gender: http://t.co/8JlPkEG285
Mila Engelberg's insight:

"Most of the clamor, as you certainly know by now, revolves around the age-old usage of the noun "white" and words built from it, such as chairwhite, mailwhite, repairwhite, clergywhite, middlewhite, Frenchwhite, forewhite, whitepower, whiteslaughter, oneupuwhiteship, straw white, whitehandle, and so on. The negrists claim that using the word "white," either on its own or as a component, to talk about all the members of the human species is somehow degrading to blacks and reinforces racism."

 

What would "All whites are created equal" sound like? Race neutral? Do read it.

 

 

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What Does It Mean to 'Throw Like a Girl'? - New York Times (blog by Eric Anthamatten)

What Does It Mean to 'Throw Like a Girl'? - New York Times (blog by Eric Anthamatten) | Language, Sexism and Gender | Scoop.it
What Does It Mean to 'Throw Like a Girl'?
Mila Engelberg's insight:

"Freedom is not simply a phenomenon of the will, as the Stoics might insist. Our bodies are both the ground and medium that make freedom possible. To “throw like a boy” or “act like a man” or any of the thousand phrases that use “man” as the model of subjectivity betrays the patriarchal situation inside which our society shapes bodies, shapes what constitute “freedoms” and what types of bodies are allowed to realize those freedoms."

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'Mansplaining' Validated By Oxford Dictionaries

'Mansplaining' Validated By Oxford Dictionaries | Language, Sexism and Gender | Scoop.it
Ever been talked down to by a man who is trying to explain something? Oxford Dictionaries understands.

This week, Oxford Dictionaries announced some new additions to their online database. Listed alongside "clickbait," "douchebagge...
Mila Engelberg's insight:

"The etymology of "mansplain" can be traced back to 2008, when Rebecca Solnit wrote an essay titled "Men Explain Things To Me." The author touched on the idea that being talked down to and corrected -- primarily by men -- was a common occurrence in almost every woman's life."

 

"Mansplaining" was also chosen Word of the Year 2010 by the New York Times.

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Gender Neutral Pronouns: They're Here, Get Used To Them - YouTube

http://tomscott.com - @tomscott - Grammatical gender is a silly concept. So I'm about to go against my vow of descriptivism, and risk being run over by the L...
Mila Engelberg's insight:

Some thoughts on grammatical gender and gendered pronouns. Singular "they" recommendable.

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Conchita Wurst gives her view on the Swedish pronoun "hen"

Conchita Wurst gave a lot of interviews when she visited Sweden. Here is a little clip from the press conference where she commented on Swedish Academy adding a new gender neutral pronoun to...
Mila Engelberg's insight:

Eurovision Song Contest 2014 winner Conchita Wurst (Austria) visits Sweden and applauds the now official gender-neutral pronoun "hen".

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It's official: Swedish Academy adds gender neutral pronoun "hen" to dictionary

It's official: Swedish Academy adds gender neutral pronoun "hen" to dictionary | Language, Sexism and Gender | Scoop.it
The controversial gender neutral pronoun 'hen' has been both celebrated and criticized in Sweden, but now it will be added to the official Swedish Academy ...
Mila Engelberg's insight:

The gender-neutral pronoun "hen" is already being used as an alternative to the gendered personal pronouns "hon" 'she' and "han" 'he'.

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Mila Engelberg's curator insight, August 2, 2014 6:11 AM

The gender-neutral pronoun "hen" is already being used as an alternative to the gendered personal pronouns "hon" 'she' and "han" 'he'.

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The Vancouver School Board approved the use of gender-neutral pronouns

The Vancouver School Board approved the use of gender-neutral pronouns | Language, Sexism and Gender | Scoop.it
After four rowdy rounds of voting, the Vancouver School Board approved a new string of gender-neutral pronouns Monday: "xe," "xem," and "xyr," the Vancouver Sun reports. The grammatical additions, pronounced "zee," "zem ...
Mila Engelberg's insight:

Gender-neutral alternatives for the gendered personal pronouns in English is an issue with a rather long history, e.g.:

 

"In 1789, William H. Marshall recorded the existence of the gender-neutral pronoun "ou." "Ou will" meant "he will," "she will," or "it will," according to Dennis Baron's "Grammar and Gender." "Ou" stems from the Middle English epicene "a," used in the 14th century by writers for "he," "she," "it," they," and even "I."

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10 Ways Men Can Combat Sexist Entitlement in Public | Change ...

10 Ways Men Can Combat Sexist Entitlement in Public | Change ... | Language, Sexism and Gender | Scoop.it
Sexist language really is pervasive. From the common usage of b*tch to calling someone (but particularly a woman) hysterical to referring to a woman as crazy, there are endless ways that sexist language makes its way into ...
Mila Engelberg's insight:

On sexist language use and many other things men can and should (re)consider.

 

"Sexist language really is pervasive.  From the common usage of b*tch to calling someone (but particularly a woman) hysterical to referring to a woman as crazy, there are endless ways that sexist language makes its way into our vernacular.  Worse, when men are only around other men, the hyper-sexualizing language often gets pulled out, objectifying women through language and gesture.  A simple thing that we as men can do to push back against male entitlement is to refuse to use this language and to talk to other men about why we find it hurtful or offensive when they talk this way."

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Researchers have found a major problem with ‘The Little Mermaid’ and other Disney movies

Researchers have found a major problem with ‘The Little Mermaid’ and other Disney movies | Language, Sexism and Gender | Scoop.it
Why we should think twice before letting kids watch some Disney movies.
Mila Engelberg's insight:

In Disney princess movies, men have three times as many lines as women do, a linguistic study shows.

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Norway: Gender Researchers Sorting Out the Lingo

Norway: Gender Researchers Sorting Out the Lingo | Language, Sexism and Gender | Scoop.it
The aim of the Norwegian project is to explain gender-related concepts in an online glossary that will continue to grow over the course of the ...
Mila Engelberg's insight:

A new online glossary on gender-related terms is on its way.

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Mila Engelberg's curator insight, April 17, 2015 8:00 AM

"The glossary project is funded by the Language Council of Norway and run by the Center for Gender Research. Hoffart stresses the importance of making the terminology relevant to everybody in the field. The glossary will include concepts and definitions in both Standard and New Norwegian – the country’s two official forms of written language."

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On Hebrew and Living in Gendered Language

On Hebrew and Living in Gendered Language | Language, Sexism and Gender | Scoop.it
The author reflects on the use of gender in the Hebrew language, and the challenges it presents for women and genderqueer people in Israel.
Mila Engelberg's insight:

"Announcements at airports and train- and bus-stations similarly address crowds with the second-person-plural-male pronouns, because the assumption is that there will be men there (even one is enough to make this mandatory)."

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Is the Professor Bossy or Brilliant? Much Depends on Gender

Is the Professor Bossy or Brilliant? Much Depends on Gender | Language, Sexism and Gender | Scoop.it
An interactive chart of words taken from millions of student reviews of their instructors offers a vivid illustration of unconscious gender bias.
Mila Engelberg's insight:

"It suggests that people tend to think more highly of men than women in professional settings, praise men for the same things they criticize women for, and are more likely to focus on a woman’s appearance or personality and on a man’s skills and intelligence."

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Jolene Pattison's curator insight, March 7, 2:14 PM

"It suggests that people tend to think more highly of men than women in professional settings, praise men for the same things they criticize women for, and are more likely to focus on a woman’s appearance or personality and on a man’s skills and intelligence."

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Computational Linguistics Reveals How Wikipedia Articles Are Biased Against ... - MIT Technology Review (blog)

Computational Linguistics Reveals How Wikipedia Articles Are Biased Against ... - MIT Technology Review (blog) | Language, Sexism and Gender | Scoop.it
Despite well-publicized efforts to promote equality, Wikipedia articles are deeply biased against women, say computer scientists who have analysed six different language versions of the online encyclopedia.
Mila Engelberg's insight:

"Wagner and co say that articles about women tend to emphasize the fact that they are about women by overusing words like “woman,” “female,” or “lady” while articles about men tend not to contain words like “man,” “masculine,” or “gentleman.” Words like “married,” “divorced,” “children,” or “family” are also much more frequently used in articles about women, they say.

 

The team thinks this kind of bias is evidence for the practice among Wikipedia editors of considering maleness as the “null gender.” In other words, there is a tendency to assume an article is about a man unless otherwise stated. “This seems to be a plausible assumption due to the imbalance between articles about men and women,” they say."

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Feisty, flounce and bossy: the words used to put women down - The Guardian

Feisty, flounce and bossy: the words used to put women down - The Guardian | Language, Sexism and Gender | Scoop.it
The Guardian Feisty, flounce and bossy: the words used to put women down The Guardian It sounds like a compliment – for some reason, it always makes me think of those women in the second world war, wearing dungarees, lipstick and a new-found...
Mila Engelberg's insight:

"Often the simplest and most useful test is: would this word be applied to a straight, white man? In the case of bossy, almost certainly not (Margaret Thatcher was called “bossy”; it would be unthinkable to describe any other British prime minister as “bossy”)."

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The abrasiveness trap: High-achieving men and women are described ... - Fortune

The abrasiveness trap: High-achieving men and women are described ... - Fortune | Language, Sexism and Gender | Scoop.it
This kind of negative personality criticism—watch your tone! step back! stop being so judgmental!—shows up twice in the 83 critical reviews received by men. It shows up in 71 of the 94 critical reviews received by women.The abrasiveness trap: High-achieving men and women are described ...
Fortune
The question I wanted to answer was: Did review tone or content differed based on the employee's gender? I also wanted to know whether the ...
Mila Engelberg's insight:

"This kind of negative personality criticism—watch your tone! step back! stop being so judgmental!—shows up twice in the 83 critical reviews received by men. It shows up in 71 of the 94 critical reviews received by women."

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What Lurks Behind the Word 'Wife'? - Huffington Post

What Lurks Behind the Word 'Wife'? - Huffington Post | Language, Sexism and Gender | Scoop.it
What Lurks Behind the Word 'Wife'? Huffington Post In Sweden and Finland, for example, couples often have children together before tying the knot, and the word "sambo" in Swedish, and "avoliitto" in Finnish neatly puts a word to this specific type...
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Britain’s Chambers Dictionary Officially Redefines Marriage As ‘Gender Neutral’

Britain’s Chambers Dictionary Officially Redefines Marriage As ‘Gender Neutral’ | Language, Sexism and Gender | Scoop.it
For those who grew up in a time sans the internet, the primary source one would go to for word spelling and definitions was a dictionary.
Mila Engelberg's insight:
"(...) three words have been redefined in the 13th edition of the Chambers Dictionary. The institution of marriage is now described as, “the ceremony, act, or contract by which two people become married to each other.” Husband is now defined as “a man to whom someone is married” and wife is “a woman to whom someone is married.”
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One Reason Women Fare Worse in Negotiations? People Lie to Them.

One Reason Women Fare Worse in Negotiations? People Lie to Them. | Language, Sexism and Gender | Scoop.it
When my 1998 Volvo finally broke down last year, my first worry was not about being carless, but about my impending trip to a car repair shop. It’s a common stereotype that women don’t know much about cars, and while there are plenty of car-savvy women, I’m not one of...
Mila Engelberg's insight:

Gender and interaction: people - especially men - may be more likely to lie to women than to men & to reveal secrets to men than to women in negotiations, study suggests.

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Sexism In Our Culture: Male As Default « Sophia Gubb's Blog

Sexism In Our Culture: Male As Default « Sophia Gubb's Blog | Language, Sexism and Gender | Scoop.it
In simple drawings where you can’t guess someone’s gender from their facial features, I’ve noticed an interesting pattern: from XKCD From the Moomin books by Tove Jannson   Classic symbol of gender segregation.
Mila Engelberg's insight:

"This pattern where male characters are unadorned and female characters are given female signifiers to distinguish them from the male characters is so ubiquitous that I think it’s just become normal for us to assume that a plain stick figure or whatever is male."

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The New Misogyny - The Chronicle of Higher Education

The New Misogyny - The Chronicle of Higher Education | Language, Sexism and Gender | Scoop.it
Our findings indicate that many men and women accept and contribute to the flagrantly sexist language they find on the board. While ACB is no longer as prominent today, having been replaced by apps like Yik Yak, the ...
Mila Engelberg's insight:

New forms of misogyny and sexism affecting students.

 

"For students who contribute to and frequent the boards, sexist language becomes commonplace, shaping group styles and mapping the contours of acceptable rhetoric. When “hot” lists appear, women desire to be on them; when sexist Yaks are “upvoted,” it creates a culture of acceptance."

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