It was Tuesday evening, June 7. A frightening outbreak of food-borne bacteria was killing dozens of people in Germany and sickening hundreds. And the five doctors having dinner at Da Marco Cucina e Vino, a restaurant in Houston, could not stop talking about it.
What would they do if something like that happened in Houston? Suppose a patient came in, dying of a rapidly progressing infection of unknown origin? How could they figure out the cause and prevent an epidemic? They talked for hours, finally agreeing on a strategy.
I wash my face at least once daily, sometimes twice. I can feel that my face is squeaky clean after I wash it, but the next morning when I wake up, my face (especially my nose) will be extremely oily, which causes even more acne.
One of the biggest decisions someone could make is whether, or not to have cosmetic surgery done. Researching different surgeons, and considering your options is very important.If not you may regret going through with it. Read this article for some helpful tips on cosmetic surgery, and make the right choice! Ask yourself if you are an ideal cosmetic surgery patient. The best candidates have thought about having cosmetic surgery for at least five years. They want to do the procedure for themselves, not for someone else. They want to remove the constant angry, or tired look from their face. They want to look as young as they feel. If you are looking to have a lip plumping procedure, do not over plump your lips. Overly full lips look fake, and they are not attractive. It is best to have a subtle level of plumpness and a natural fullness to your lip line. Remember that it is always better to do less, and then come back at a later time to increase the plumpness. Review how much the entire procedure will cost you. Cosmetic surgery can be quite expensive. There may even be costs you haven't counted on. Make sure you take the time to sit down, and add it all up. Factor in the cost of the surgery, as well as any costs your recovery time may incur. If you have already decided on one surgery or another, and it is coming soon, there is some preparing you need to do. One of the most important things to consider is your pre-op diet. You want to avoid gaining or losing too much weight in this period as it can change things for your doctor. Wait a few weeks after having cosmetic surgery before you go back to having sex on a regular basis. While this may seem odd based on the type of surgery you had, you do not want to do any physical activity right away. This can cause an increase in your blood pressure levels. If you are considering cosmetic surgery, be sure that you are doing so at a time where you have a clear frame of mind. This is important because even though you may not realize it, times of stress can cause you to think irrationally or in a fashion that is unlike your normal thought process. Avoid making decisions like this after breakups or other emotional times. If your life is currently filled with stress, it may be a good idea to postpone any cosmetic surgery you're considering. Even the most minor cosmetic procedures involve very serious decisions and costs. You are simply not able to make those decisions in an unbiased way if you have a lot of big, dramatic problems in your life. Revisit the issue when your situation is a little calmer. Cosmetic surgery is a huge decision, whether you want to do something minimal like a nose job up to getting breast implants. Make sure that you are clearheaded, and do some research before going through with it. If you don't you may regret it. Remember these tips so you can make the best decision. You can gain more information on Boston facial rejuvenation by clicking this link. You want to know more Boston cosmetic acupuncture ? Click here.
The Future of Food Is Insects, Apparently by Gizmodo UK. As the population of the world balloons out of control, we're going to need a better, more abundant food source. Like everything else in the world, smaller 0.
In 2004, the Rural Fisheries Programme of the Department of Ichthyology and Fisheries Science, RhodesUniversity, completed a project on behalf of the Water Research Commission (WRC) to assess the contributionsof rural aquaculture to livelihoods.
It became apparent that although the current contributions were low, thepotential was significant. To exploit this potential, Project K5/1580//4 was solicited by the WRC in 2005, cofundedby the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF), and undertaken by Rhodes University.
This project was formulated to address a number of issues, such as developing provincial aquaculturestrategic plans, revitalising state hatcheries, training of extension officers, and the development of a manualto complement the training.
An inclusive process to develop an aquaculture training manual for extensionofficers was followed. The provincial branches of the Department of Agriculture made inputs on the contentand structure of the manual and drafts were then sent to DAFF and other stakeholders for review andcomments.
It is envisaged that this manual will continue to be modified and reviewed as aquaculture in SouthAfrica grows in order to reflect the needs of the extension officers over time.
The manual is not only intendedfor the training of extension officers, but is also resource material to be used in the field when interacting withfarmers.
Acknowledgements are due to Dr Niall Vine for developing the first draft of the manual and to Mr NicholasJames for further development and testing the manual in the field. Acknowledgement is also due to Mr JohnCase for the line drawings.
We would also like to thank the farmers that we worked with, the aquacultureofficers in the provinces, and various other stakeholders who contributed in developing this manual.
Lastly, thanks go to Dr Gerhard Backeberg of the WRC, as well as to Dr Motseki Hlatshwayo and Mr KeithRamsay of the DAFF, for their vision and support for research on aquaculture.
The partnership between theWRC, DAFF and Rhodes University has proved to be a successful one in developing this manual for ruralaquaculture.
Qurban Rouhani, Programme Manager
Rural Fisheries Programme, Department of Ichthyology and Fisheries Science
Analysis of the genome of one of world’s ‘big three’ food crops provides clues to better breeding, higher yield
Cold Spring Harbor, NY (November 27) -- Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) is one of the “big three” globally important crops, accounting for 20% of the calories consumed by people. Fully 35% of the world’s 7 billion people depend on this staple crop for survival. Now an international team of scientists, including a group from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), has completed the first comprehensive analysis of its full genome.
Scientists from Switzerland have developed an implantable blood testing laboratory that provides an immediate analysis of compounds in the body and sends the results directly to a doctor using a patients cell phone.
Researchers at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) have built a compact, light-weight, dual-mode microscope that uses holograms instead of lenses.
Their prototype weighs about as much as a medium-sized banana and fits in the palm of a hand. And, since it relies in part on mass-produced consumer electronics, all the materials to make it add up to between $50 and $100 USD.
If you are considering non surgical cosmetic procedures, it's essential to do your research and find the right Clinic, one that is experienced, has qualified staff and with whom you feel comfortable. Welcome to Boutique of Cosmetic Dermatology where we can offer all three and more.
In the early 1980s, I was a member of a team of nutritionists who analysed bush food samples sent by “The Bush Tucker Man” (Major Les Hiddins) from northern Australia to the Defence Nutrition laboratory in Tasmania.
After months of investigation by a research team led by Donald Lighter at the University of Arizona, the elusive pathogen causing early mortality syndrome (EMS), an emerging shrimp disease in Southeast Asia more technically known as acute hepatopancreatic necrosis syndrome (AHPNS), has been identified.
The researchers found that EMS is caused by a bacterial agent, which is transmitted orally, colonizes the shrimp gastrointestinal tract and produces a toxin that causes tissue destruction and dysfunction of the shrimp digestive organ known as the hepatopancreas. It does not affect humans.
Lightner’s team identified the EMS/AHPNS pathogen as a unique strain of a relatively common bacterium, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, that is infected by a virus known as a phage, which causes it to release a potent toxin. A similar phenomenon occurs in the human disease cholera, where a phage makes the Vibrio cholerae bacterium capable of producing a toxin that causes cholera’s life-threatening diarrhea.
Research continues on the development of diagnostic tests for rapid detection of the EMS/AHPNS pathogen that will enable improved management of hatcheries and ponds, and help lead to a long-term solution for the disease. It will also enable a better evaluation of risks associated with importation of frozen shrimp or other products from countries affected by EMS.
Some countries have implemented policies that restrict the importation of frozen shrimp or other products from EMS-affected countries. Lightner said frozen shrimp likely pose a low risk for contamination of wild shrimp or the environment because EMS-infected shrimp are typically very small and do not enter international commerce. Also, his repeated attempts to transmit the disease using frozen tissue were unsuccessful.
Since EMS was first reported in China in 2009, it has spread to Vietnam, Malaysia and Thailand, and now causes annual losses more than U.S. $1 billion. EMS outbreaks typically occur within the first 30 days after stocking a newly prepared shrimp pond, and mortality can exceed 70%.
In an effort to learn from past epidemics and improve future policy, the World Bank and the Responsible Aquaculture Foundation, a charitable education and training organization founded by the Global Aquaculture Alliance, initiated a case study on EMS in Vietnam in July 2012. Its purpose was to investigate the introduction, transmission and impacts of EMS, and recommend management measures for the public and private sectors.
The study team included Lightner, who with University of Arizona co-workers recently identified the EMS/AHPNS pathogen. At a panel discussion on EMS at the Global Aquaculture Alliance’s GOAL 2012 meeting in October 2012, Lightner and Timothy Flegel speculated that the elusive nature of the disease might be explained by a bacteriophage.
EMS is among the topics that will be addressed at GAA’s GOAL 2013 conference in Paris, France, from Oct. 7 to 10.
The frozen fish sector is as potential as the readymade garment (RMG) industry today is, in fetching more foreign currencies for the country. Beside Bangladesh having countless rivers and rivulets for sweet water fish species, the Bay of Bengal in its offshore area offers huge and cheaper seafood, which has a vast market in the western countries. According to statistics, currently Bangladesh's export trading depends on two products (75 per cent on RMG and 6.0 per cent on frozen food). The earnings could be raised to a higher amount, particularly in terms of net domestic value addition, if the country could have ensured quality and safety of its fish and fishery products.
In this context, the disclosure made at a recent seminar in Dhaka about Bangladesh setting up shortly a testing lab at Savar augurs well for its image as a fish exporter. The establishment of such a lab should brook no delay. It must also be well-equipped to win confidence of the foreign buyers, particularly in areas of quality of fish and fishery products that Bangladesh exports. It is high time that Bangladesh ended stagnation of the growth in the volume and value of shrimp exports. This can be improved by raising the volume, and/or expanding areas, of production. Ensuring better value for shrimp products will be considered yet another priority.
To increase the production volume, two strategies have been suggested by experts. These are reducing post-harvest losses and increasing the productivity of shrimp farms. Post-harvest losses can be reduced by increasing the efficiency in the supply chain. This includes strengthening the bargaining position of farmers with middlemen and exporters, improving the infrastructure in the supply chain (including cold storage facilities), developing proper ice factories and transport facilities, and also by providing training to both middlemen and traders. The productivity of shrimp farms can be increased by improving the quality of inputs and imparting proper training to the farmers about applying best aquaculture practices. Both strategies will result in an increased production as well as an improved quality of supplies of shrimp to the processing establishments.
Bangladesh needs to improve further frozen food processing facilities, although it has otherwise achieved the hygienic standard to a marked extent, over the recent years. Food and veterinary delegations the European Union (EU) regularly visit the country's processing plants and accord them to the prior approval or certification for export to the EU market. The number of frozen food plants now exporting to the EU market stands at 68 including 27 in Chittagong and 41 in Khulna region. Moreover, the number of fish plants now operating and having local licence is 145.
Bangladesh now exports frozen foods to 16 countries including the US, the EU and the UK. Russia could be a new export destination of the country's frozen food. Efforts should also be made to increase export of frozen food to countries like Australia and Canada where the expatriate Bangladeshis are living in substantial numbers. With hygienic processing facilities being rightly put in place, Bangladesh's frozen food will be better placed to seize the opportunities in the world market because of its competitive prices.
Clinical laboratory analysis for in vitro diagnostic (IVD) testing is one of the most important sectors of medical care. By all accounts, it is very mature, large and diverse–crossing the billion mark in 2008–and employing over 100,000 laboratory workers, and spawning an industry for reagents and instruments comprised of thousands of companies worldwide. The term clinical laboratory analysis usually refers to determining the concentration or activity of a protein, carbohydrate, lipid, electrolyte, enzyme or small molecule in easily collected body fluids such as blood, serum, plasma or urine. However, it is not necessarily limited to these determinations. The purpose of this report is to describe the specific segments of the global clinical laboratory instrumentation and reagent market. Within this area, the report covers those segments that are highly active in terms of innovation and growth. Specifically, this global clinical laboratory markets report examines the markets for small lab equipment all the way up to highly-automated, large lab platforms, as well as accessory equipment such as reagents, supplies and manufacturers original equipment manufacturer (OEM) additional equipment. The emphasis in this analysis is on those companies and products that are actively developing and marketing laboratory analyzer products for the clinical setting, including hospitals, independent labs, physicians offices and miscellaneous clinics.
WTNH Gut Bacteria Conspired in Melamine Poisonings Science AAAS In 2008, nearly 300,000 infants in China got sick from milk formula tainted with melamine, a plastics additive that was used illegally to bulk up the formula's apparent protein content.
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