"Virtue epistemology is a diverse and flourishing field, one of the most exciting developments in epistemology to emerge over the last three decades. Virtue epistemology begins with the premise that epistemology is a normative discipline and, accordingly, a central task of epistemology is to explain the sort of normativity that knowledge, justified belief, and the like involve. A second premise…"
Virtue theories of knowledge maintain that knowledge requires cognitive success attained because of the exercise of intellectual virtue. Virtue epistemologists normally take cognitive success to be true belief. But one could take an approach to cognitive success that allows that veridical mental states other than true belief can count as cognitive success. On one such approach set forth by Timothy Williamson (2000: Introduction), a wide range of mental states, including belief states, memory states, states of visual seeming, seeings, and so on, can count as knowledge states, provided that they satisfy certain further constraints. I have defended this position in earlier work (Brogaard 2011a). Here I shall take it for granted. But the views articulated below remain valid without this assumption in place.
This volume brings together recent work by leading and up-and-coming philosophers on the topic of virtue epistemology. The prospects of virtue-theoretic analyses of knowledge depend crucially on our ability to give some independent account of what...
An occasional digest of interesting issues pertaining to, or illuminated by, Virtue Ethics -- some from recent events, others spurred by my Ethics classes, still others culled from my ongoing reading in Virtue Ethics
A number of epistemologists have defended a necessary condition for knowledge that has come to be labeled as the “safety” condition. Timothy Williamson, Duncan Pritchard, and Ernest Sosa are the foremost defenders of safety. According to these authors an agent S knows a true proposition P only if S could not easily have falsely believed P. Disagreement arises, however, with respect to how they capture the notion of a safe belief.
Almost all theories of knowledge and justified belief employ moral concepts and forms of argument borrowed from moral theories, but none of them pay attention to the current renaissance in virtue ethics.
Ernest Sosa is Romeo Elton Professor of Natural Theology at Brown University. A prominent figure in today's philosophical scene, Sosa is most noted for his contributions in epistemology, met aphysics, and the philosophy of mind....