Without Precedent - Kindle edition by Thomas H. Kean, Lee H. Hamilton. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Without Precedent.
NASA’s motto - If you can’t Make it Fake it "No manned spacecraft now exists that can withstand the radiation from the Van Allen belts, through which a craft must traverse to make it to the Moon." -SpaceCast News Service, March 9, 1998
Many can 'read between the lines'. The #NSA has built a massive spy apparatus which has required massive amounts of money. $9 TRILLION Missing from Federal Reserve. I think it is a good assumption that much of that "missing" money went toward black ops and covert operations that the Government doesn't want to give a public accounting so the money spent is said to have gone "missing".
Empathy lets us feel another person's pain and drives us to help ease it. But is empathy a uniquely human trait? For decades researchers have debated whether nonhuman animals possess this attribute. Now a new study shows that rats will free a trapped cagemate in distress. The results mean that these rodents can be used to help determine the genetic and physiological underpinnings of empathy in people.
That's a necessary first step toward empathy, but it's not sufficient, says neuroscientist Jean Decety of the University of Chicago in Illinois, a co-author of the new study. To truly empathize, one needs to understand on some level what the other individual is experiencing, as when a mother senses what's upsetting her child. Only then can she help, Decety says.
This Guide is intended for anyone who wonders how our Universe really works, and who might be interested in an intriguing and somewhat different point of view. Readers may be surprised to discover that many well-trained skeptics do not support popular ideas in astronomy and the space sciences.
Perhaps there might be another way to look at the issue. Here are some interesting facts about US:
The weak wage growth over 2000–2007, combined with the wage losses for most workers from 2007 to 2012, mean that between 2000 and 2012, wages were flat or declined for the entire bottom 60 percent of the wage distribution (despite productivity growing by nearly 25 percent over this period).
So during the period of last decade intensified by deepening economic crisis, we saw an attempt on the part of the capitalist to compensate the damage of crisis through reducing wages and intensifying exploitation that way. The study above (which I found in Jodi Deans' blog) does not seem to mention the part played by tech. investments in this increase in the growth of productivity. However, I think it would not be delusional to argue that constant capital investments, mechanization, tech or infrastructure has probably little role in this increase in the "growth of productivity" - if not the contrary is true. Following that, perhaps it would not also be wildly imaginative to argue that capital is just brutalizing the exploitation process through increasing working hours, or cutting wages (part-time jobs as a part of that) or in some cases simply delaying the payment of wages (which I am pretty familiar from Turkey but I don't know if it is the case for W. Europe or US) and nothing more to profit these days.
my conclusion from this is, the "bullshit job", or increasing emphasis on the management, effectiveness, lean production etc, creating more on more burdens on the workers which are not helping the creation of use value at all, may as well be considered as reflections of some palliative methods to cope with the crisis. Capitalists seems to be trying to find some ways to squeeze the workers more and more without investing much in the constant capital to the same degree. It is almost like a regression from "real domination" to the "formal domination" of capital if I may use the analogy from Marx; Vain attempts and futile maneuverings to find ways to exploit workers in a situation where value is becoming more and more meaningless a medium to base the exchange and production in the society. In that sense, I can say that Graeber's reference to USSR before it collapsed for instance, seems to be spot on.