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Knowmads, Infocology of the future
Exploring the possible , the probable, the plausible
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Trust and Complex Technology: The Cyborg’s Modern Bargain » Cyborgology

Trust and Complex Technology: The Cyborg’s Modern Bargain » Cyborgology | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it

Adapting and extending Anthony Giddens’ Consequences of Modernity, I will argue that an essential part of the cyborganic transformation we experience when we equip Modern, sophisticated technology is deeply tied to trust in expert systems. It is no longer feasible to fully comprehend the inner workings of the innumerable devices that we depend on; rather, we are forced to trust that the institutions that deliver these devices to us have designed, tested, and maintained the devices properly. This bargain—trading certainty for convenience—however, means that the Modern cyborg finds herself ever more deeply integrated into the social circuit. In fact, the cyborg’s connection to technology makes her increasingly socially dependent because the technological facets of her being require expert knowledge from others.

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Willpower: It’s in Your Head-It’s easy to attribute our failures of will to our biology. But it’s wrong.

Willpower: It’s in Your Head-It’s easy to attribute our failures of will to our biology. But it’s wrong. | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it

IS willpower an illusion? Is the traditional notion of a deep mental reservoir of strength a fiction? In recent years, the popular answer has been yes. Our abilities, according to this argument, are constrained by the narrow limits of our biology. In her 2008 book, “Health at Every Size,” the nutritionist Linda Bacon argues that, because of how the brain’s hypothalamus works, it is a “myth” that anyone can will himself to lose weight by maintaining a diet. “It’s not your fault!” she writes. “Biology is so powerful it can ‘make’ you break that diet.”

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When will artificial molecular machines start working for us?

When will artificial molecular machines start working for us? | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
Physicist Richard Feynman in his famous 1959 talk, "Plenty of Room at the Bottom," described the precise control at the atomic level promised by molecular machines of the future. More than 50 years later, synthetic molecular switches are a dime a dozen, but synthetically designed molecular machines are few and far between.

Via Paulo Furtado
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A computer system allows a machine to recognize a person's emotional state (11/25/2011)

A computer system allows a machine to recognize a person's emotional state (11/25/2011) | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it

The system created by these researchers can be used to automatically adapt the dialogue to the user's situation, so that the machine's response is adequate to the person's emotional state. "Thanks to this new development, the machine will be able to determine how the user feels (emotions) and how s/he intends to continue the dialogue (intentions)", explains one of its creators, David Grill, a professor in UC3M's Computer Science Department.

To detect the user's emotional state, the scientists focused on negative emotions that can make talking with an automatic system frustrating. Specifically, their work considered anger, boredom and doubt. To automatically detect these feelings, information regarding the tone of voice, the speed of speech, the duration of pauses, the energy of the voice signal and so on, up to a total of sixty different acoustic parameters, was used.

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Are we the teachable species? | If looking for human uniqueness on the outside is difficult, is it any easier to look on the inside–in particular, at our mental lives?The Loom | Discover Magazine

Are we the teachable species? | If looking for human uniqueness on the outside is difficult, is it any easier to look on the inside–in particular, at our mental lives?The Loom | Discover Magazine | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
Brains | We know that our species is unique, but it can be surprisingly hard to pinpoint what exactly makes us so.
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Decision-Making: Just How Rational Is It? | Analytics & Optimization

Decision-Making: Just How Rational Is It? | Analytics & Optimization | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
Social scientists have shown that decision-making is largely unconscious and automatic and can be manipulated by savvy marketers. Learn more about how those principles apply on Online Experiences.

Via Sandeep Gautam
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Getting Health Data from Inside Your Body -patients with implanted medical devices deserve access to the data they collect. Technology Review

Getting Health Data from Inside Your Body -patients with implanted medical devices deserve access to the data they collect. Technology Review | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
Hugo Campos believes that patients with implanted medical devices deserve access to the data they collect.
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» Search for Alien Life Should Include Exotic Possibilities

» Search for Alien Life Should Include Exotic Possibilities | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
For most researchers' money, an Earth-like planet is the best bet for finding alien life. But looking in such an exclusive range might give them only half the story.
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starwalker: The Evolution of Consensus

starwalker: The Evolution of Consensus | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it

A working definition of Consensus might begin with “the capacity, facilitated by language and connectivity, to initiate co-participation in the rise and propagation of a pattern – thus an open network of influence”. And it continues into” the set of processes merging collaborative efforts and technological platforms to bring an arising pattern to relevant articulation and decision making. Making use of the resulting synchronization to extend the available contexts of perception”.

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How All Knowledge Work Will Be Gamified -The gamification of labor has begun Technology Review

How All Knowledge Work Will Be Gamified -The gamification of labor has begun Technology Review | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
The gamification of labor has begun -- and its pioneers are borrowing heavily from everything from World of Warcraft to Twitter.
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How Does Prozac Work? By Jonah Lehrer» Frontal Cortex #neuroscience

How Does Prozac Work? By Jonah Lehrer» Frontal Cortex #neuroscience | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it

What’s the point of neuroscience? Why do we spend billions of dollars investigating those three pounds of flesh inside the head? Sure, human nature is interesting, and self-knowledge is a virtuous pursuit, but let’s be honest: we study the brain because we don’t want to die. Because we want cures for awful afflictions. Because we’re desperate to avoid depression and addiction and dementia. The only way to justify the terrific expense of biomedical research is medicine.

Here’s the bad news: I think neuroscience has yet to deliver on its therapeutical potential. We’ve learned an astonishing amount about the brain in recent years – a ten year old textbook is totally obsolete – but all this shiny new knowledge has yet to heal us. As a result, we’re still stuck with pills and treatments that are frustratingly ineffective.

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Wildcat: A polychronicity of futures Leaking into reality pervading virtuality

The quality of being, as an aesthetic phenomenon, is radically altered in the age of hyperconnectivity in a fashion that prominently features the art of becoming, not as the mimesis of an other that is not authentic, but in a fashion that re-describes the extended narrative of the individual into a multiplicity of authentic beings.
These new authenticities are the new natures, performing acts of freedom that were not hitherto recognized as such, primarily because the technology needed for such freedom was not available, but also because the realm in which these freedoms prevail did not exist.

To the conscious aware entity that we have engendered (and in so have become) in our hyperconnected infoverse, the hypercomplex system has become interesting again. And since what makes a system interesting is its capability to reach beyond its self-image, bring back new input, criticize its self-image, upgrade it, iterate it, and reach again, we have become more interesting to ourselves again, in that we have become freer.
We are self-disrupting creatures, using our abstract capabilities to undo that which we have established for the purpose of penetrating into realms unknown; Realms that might endanger us as well as delight us, realms of freedom unknown, realms of interest, redefining not only our realities in immediacy but also our futures. These futures are operating simultaneously on many dimensions but on different speeds, hence polychronicity, and though these futures originate in virtuality, slowly but surely they leak into immediate reality, altering it in the process.

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Philosophy of Mind: An Overview |Laura Weed takes us on a tour of the mind/brain controversy Philosophy Now

Philosophy of Mind: An Overview |Laura Weed takes us on a tour of the mind/brain controversy Philosophy Now | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it

In the twentieth century philosophy of mind became one of the central areas of philosophy in the English-speaking world, and so it remains. Questions such as the relationship between mind and brain, the nature of consciousness, and how we perceive the world, have come to be seen as crucial in understanding the world. These days, the predominant position in philosophy of mind aims at equating mental phenomena with operations of the brain, and explaining them all in scientific terms. Sometimes this project is called ‘cognitive science’, and it carries the implicit assumption that cognition occurs in computers as well as in human and animal brains, and can be studied equally well in each of these three forms.

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» Why Wikipedia Is as Important as the Pyramids-Wikipedia protects the past without impeding the future.

» Why Wikipedia Is as Important as the Pyramids-Wikipedia protects the past without impeding the future. | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
Wikipedia protects the past without impeding the future. That’s the genius of the View History tab, which allows anyone to browse and compare every single version of an entry going back to 2001. Of course, multiple versions of the physical world cannot be physically preserved. But if all World Heritage sites were virtualized like Wikipedia, the physical places could continue to change with the people. The mud huts of Djennécould be preserved as three-dimensional models, augmented with historical and cultural information contributed by both archaeologists and locals, wiki-style. Layers of alteration to the houses could be digitally recorded and accessed by anyone anywhere. Rapid prototyping technology means the huts could even be printed out and physically explored. Were world heritage wikified, people’s homes would no longer be reduced to graves, sacrificed to outmoded Unesco principles. Djenné would not become a moribund ghost-town-cum-tourist-attraction like Iwami Ginzan.
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» Clive Thompson on Why Kids Can’t Search-Kids know how to Google—they just can't tell when the results are crap.

» Clive Thompson on Why Kids Can’t Search-Kids know how to Google—they just can't tell when the results are crap. | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it

We’re often told that young people tend to be the most tech-savvy among us. But just how savvy are they? A group of researchers led by College of Charleston business professor Bing Pan tried to find out. Specifically, Pan wanted to know how skillful young folks are at online search. His team gathered a group of college students and asked them to look up the answers to a handful of questions. Perhaps not surprisingly, the students generally relied on the web pages at the top of Google’s results list.

But Pan pulled a trick: He changed the order of the results for some students. More often than not, those kids went for the bait and also used the (falsely) top-ranked pages. Pan grimly concluded that students aren’t assessing information sources on their own merit—they’re putting too much trust in the machine.

Other studies have found the same thing: High school and college students may be “digital natives,” but they’re wretched at searching. In a recent experiment at Northwestern, when 102 undergraduates were asked to do some research online, none went to the trouble of checking the authors’ credentials. In 1955, we wondered why Johnny can’t read. Today the question is, why can’t Johnny search?

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How Online Reading Has Evolved in 2011

How Online Reading Has Evolved in 2011 | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
This time last year I wrote a post outlining how online reading patterns had changed over 2010. The habits and products for reading on the Web have continued to evolve over 2011.
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Nothingness: Why nothing matters -Our pursuit of naught provides profound insights into the nature of reality physics-math - 24 November 2011 - New Scientist

Nothingness: Why nothing matters -Our pursuit of naught provides profound insights into the nature of reality physics-math - 24 November 2011 - New Scientist | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
SHAKESPEARE had it right, even in ways he couldn't have imagined. For centuries, scientists have indeed been making much ado about nothing - and with good reason. Nothing, or rather what we've long taken to be nothing, may be the key to understanding everything from why particles have mass to the expansion of the universe. As explored in this special issue of New Scientist (see "The nature of nothingness"), nothing is a rich and subtle subject whose biography is far from finished.

The modern story of nothing began with a thought experiment dreamed up by Isaac Newton. Imagine two identical rocks, tied together with a string, whirling around their common centre. The string pulls taut. But, Newton asked, how would we explain the taut string if the rocks were spinning in an otherwise empty universe? Since motion is relative, and the rocks aren't moving relative to one another, what sets the benchmark for their motion? Newton concluded that the answer had to be, well, nothing: the string pulls taut because the rocks are moving relative to empty space itself.

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Dragging Global Development Into The Digital Age-Development will go digital, or it will go nowhere at all.

Dragging Global Development Into The Digital Age-Development will go digital, or it will go nowhere at all. | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
A look inside Global Pulse, the United Nation's innovation incubator.

Development will go digital, or it will go nowhere at all.

That’s was the message sent by UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon in an address to the General Assembly in November. "Our inability to understand the impacts of a crisis while there is still time to adjust our policies and programs threatens to reverse years of hard-won development gains,” said Ban. "Too often, by the time we have hard evidence of what is happening at the household level, the harm has already been done. … Our challenge is to leverage the enormous power of technology to make the world a better place."

As it happens, someone has answered that call (Ban was actually praising them in his speech).

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Why does every person need 200kg of steel a year?

Why does every person need 200kg of steel a year? | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
Is the raw stuff we devour - plastic, steel, concrete, energy etc - going down even as the economy grows, asks Michael Blastland...
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10 billion bits of data per second-Futurity.org –

10 billion bits of data per second-Futurity.org – | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it

STANFORD (US) — A new nanoscale light-based device is able to transmit data at an ultrafast rate while using thousands of times less energy than current technologiesDeveloped by Jelena Vuckovic, associate professor of electrical engineering at Stanford University, and Gary Shambat, a doctoral candidate in electrical engineering, the nanoscale light-emitting diode (LED) can send data at 10 billion bits per second.

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New Theory Explains What Makes a Video Go Viral: Scientific American

New Theory Explains What Makes a Video Go Viral: Scientific American | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
According to an algorithm, the four ingredients required are congruency, emotive strength, network involvement and something called...
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The Internet Looks Like a Fractal Dandelion | Computers | DISCOVER Magazine

The Internet Looks Like a Fractal Dandelion | Computers | DISCOVER Magazine | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it

In 2004 Barrett Lyon’s friends bet him $50 that he couldn’t map the entire Internet in a day. Within two weeks the self-described technologist and entrepreneur had created a program that could output a detailed visualization of Internet connectivity in a few hours. Seven years and billions more Internet-connected devices later, Lyon is still at it. This cosmic-looking image, one of his newest creations, traces the millions of routes along which data can travel and pinpoints the hubs receiving the most traffic. Internet giants such as AT&T and Google manage the most heavily used networks, which appear here as glowing yellow orbs; they tend to concentrate in the center of the sphere. The less popular local networks (red) sit on the periphery. Although Lyon’s visualizations have appeared in computing textbooks and at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, he says he has yet to collect on his bet.

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INTERNET_RISING-a digi-documentary investigating the evolving relationships between the Internet and collective consciousness of humanity.

INTERNET_RISING-a digi-documentary investigating the evolving relationships between the Internet and collective consciousness of humanity. | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it

INTERNET RISING is a digi-documentary investigating the evolving relationships between the Internet and collective consciousness of humanity. It provokes many questions about ancient and modern paradoxes of life, its pleasures and pains... and the gray area contrasts in between - but most of all it is meant to be an inspiring conversation starter; a launchpad for future remixes of collective consciousness. It is also spiced with a bit of humorous satire to give our *overloaded* BIG DATA _information_ dump() brains a little break from the daily race :)

INTERNET RISING is a labor of love comprising a rapid fire mashup stream of live interviews all conducted within the web sphere. The film’s participants include many profound personalities and key internet influencers ranging from professors, corporate academics, futurists, researchers, writers, bloggers, media creators, activists, gamers, educators, scientists, artists, innovators - real humans, all of whom provide amazing insights into how our state of the world is changing and transforming via various forces of economic, social, geographic, political, philosophical development... all centered around technology’s transformative and generative power.

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The Improvisational Brain §embedded memories and conspiring brain regions, scientists now believe, are the true source of ad-hoc creativity. SEEDMAGAZINE.COM

The Improvisational Brain §embedded memories and conspiring brain regions, scientists now believe, are the true source of ad-hoc creativity. SEEDMAGAZINE.COM | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
Watching a musician in the throes of an improvisational solo can be like witnessing an act of divine intervention. But embedded memories and conspiring brain regions, scientists now believe, are the true source of ad-hoc creativity.
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The Living Technology of Christopher Alexander | Metropolis POV | Metropolis Magazine

The Living Technology of Christopher Alexander | Metropolis POV | Metropolis Magazine | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it

Morphogenesis is closely related to ecological sustainability — the ability of organisms to maintain stability in the face of very dynamic and even hostile environments — because it is nothing other than the process by which living systems adapt to the changes that would otherwise destroy them. So it’s very important that we understand this kind of process, and understand how we do and don’t incorporate it into our own actions.

 

Can our technologies and our way of making things reflect living processes? This includes our making of buildings, cities, and landscapes — Alexander’s primary focus as an architect.


Via proto-e-co-logics
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