Knowmads, Infocology of the future
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No Driver License To Anybody Unaware Of Some Consciousness Research

No Driver License To Anybody Unaware Of Some Consciousness Research | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it

Car accidents are the number one killer of teenagers in America! There is something that we can do, something that should have been done a long time ago and that would help not only teenage drivers, but all drivers, and of course their‘victims’. We don’t do it, because people of all ages are afraid to doubt their own agency and rationality. Benjamin Libet’s research is not difficult but people refuse to accept the science. The pet assumption in this case? That you are consciously aware of what you are doing at the time you are doing it, which you* are not! Libet’s research [1, 2] quantified how large the problem is, and it is huge when sitting in a ton of metal bolting down a busy street.

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Knowmads, Infocology of the future
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Science has outgrown the human mind and its limited capacities – Ahmed Alkhateeb | Aeon Ideas

Science has outgrown the human mind and its limited capacities – Ahmed Alkhateeb | Aeon Ideas | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
Science is in the midst of a data crisis. Last year, there were more than 1.2 million new papers published in the biomedical sciences alone, bringing the total number of peer-reviewed biomedical papers to over 26 million. However, the average scientist reads only about 250 papers a year. Meanwhile, the quality of the scientific literature has been in decline. Some recent studies found that the majority of biomedical papers were irreproducible.

The twin challenges of too much quantity and too little quality are rooted in the finite neurological capacity of the human mind. Scientists are deriving hypotheses from a smaller and smaller fraction of our collective knowledge and consequently, more and more, asking the wrong questions, or asking ones that have already been answered. Also, human creativity seems to depend increasingly on the stochasticity of previous experiences – particular life events that allow a researcher to notice something others do not. Although chance has always been a factor in scientific discovery, it is currently playing a much larger role than it should.

One promising strategy to overcome the current crisis is to integrate machines and artificial intelligence in the scientific process. Machines have greater memory and higher computational capacity than the human brain. Automation of the scientific process could greatly increase the rate of discovery. It could even begin another scientific revolution. That huge possibility hinges on an equally huge question: can scientific discovery really be automated?
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prgnewshawaii's curator insight, April 28, 2:00 AM

Apparently, our brains are reaching capacity and need augmented support from artificial and machine intelligence to "digest" the vast amounts of data bombarding us every day.  Singularity is coming. I don't know if we're prepared to integrate ourselves with machines.  This won't be your typical "Vulcan MInd Meld"--with all due apologies to Mr. Spock of "Star Trek" fame.

Russell Roberts

Hawaii Intelligence Digest

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Scientists Create Artificial Womb That Could Help Prematurely Born Babies

Scientists Create Artificial Womb That Could Help Prematurely Born Babies | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
Scientists have created an "artificial womb" in the hopes of someday using the device to save babies born extremely prematurely.

So far the device has only been tested on fetal lambs. A study published Tuesday involving eight animals found the device appears effective at enabling very premature fetuses to develop normally for about a month.

"We've been extremely successful in replacing the conditions in the womb in our lamb model," says Alan Flake, a fetal surgeon at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia who led the study published in the journal Nature Communications.

"They've had normal growth. They've had normal lung maturation. They've had normal brain maturation. They've had normal development in every way that we can measure it," Flake says.

Flake says the group hopes to test the device on very premature human babies within three to five years.

"What we tried to do is develop a system that mimics the environment of the womb as closely as possible," Flake says. "It's basically an artificial womb."
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prgnewshawaii's curator insight, April 26, 2:42 AM

The artificial womb has arrived--a potentially life saving technology for premature babies.

Russell Roberts

Hawaii Intelligence Digest

Mick jones's comment, April 27, 6:52 AM
Visit here:- http://technical-support-number.jigsy.com/entries/general/instant-help-support-for-compaq-products
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The Benefits of Solitude

The Benefits of Solitude | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
On April 14, 1934, Richard Byrd went out for his daily walk. The air was the usual temperature: minus 57 degrees Fahrenheit. He stepped steadily through the drifts of snow, making his rounds. And then he paused to listen. Nothing.

He attended, a little startled, to the cloud-high and over-powering silence he had stepped into. For miles around the only other life belonged to a few stubborn microbes that clung to sheltering shelves of ice. It was only 4 p.m., but the land quavered in a perpetual twilight. There was—was there?—some play on the chilled horizon, some crack in the bruised Antarctic sky. And then, unaccountably, Richard Byrd’s universe began to expand.

Later, back in his hut, huddled by a makeshift furnace, Byrd wrote in his diary:

Here were imponderable processes and forces of the cosmos, harmonious and soundless. Harmony, that was it! That was what came out of the silence—a gentle rhythm, the strain of a perfect chord, the music of the spheres, perhaps.

It was enough to catch that rhythm, momentarily to be myself a part of it. In that instant I could feel no doubt of man’s oneness with the universe.

Admiral Byrd had volunteered to staff a weather base near the South Pole for five winter months. But the reason he was there alone was far less concrete. Struggling to explain his reasons, Byrd admitted that he wanted “to know that kind of experience to the full . . . to taste peace and quiet and solitude long enough to find out how good they really are.” He was also after a kind of personal liberty, for he believed that “no man can hope to be completely free who lingers within reach of familiar habits.”
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prgnewshawaii's curator insight, April 25, 1:57 AM

Intriguing story of Admiral Richard Byrd's solo stay in Antarctica back in 1934.  The experience nearly killed him when carbon monoxide from his stove flooded his shelter.  

Russell Roberts

Hawaii Intelligence Digest

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‘Mind-blowing’ discovery could revolutionise our understanding of how brain works

‘Mind-blowing’ discovery could revolutionise our understanding of how brain works | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
A study of people born with one hand suggests neuroscientists may have fundamentally misunderstood the way the brain is organised, a scientist has claimed.

Dr Tamar Makin, of University College London, said the new theory – if proved correct – would have “massive implications”, adding it was “mind-blowing” to think that scientists could have been mistaken for so long.

An international team of researchers from the UK, Israel, Canada and Switzerland used an MRI scanner to monitor the brains of people who were born with one hand as they performed everyday tasks like handling money or wrapping a present.

They found the area of the brain associated with the missing hand was active when they used different body parts, such as the arm, foot and mouth.

Importantly this happened when these other body parts were used to perform the same function as the second hand in people with both, the researchers reported in the journal Current Biology.

This suggests that the brain is not organised so that each area is responsible for an individual body part, but that different areas are responsible for different functions.

Dr Makin said: “If true, this means we’ve been misinterpreting brain organisation based on body part, rather than based on function.

“It’s kind of mind blowing for me to think we could have been getting this wrong for so long.

“The implications, if this interpretation is correct, are massive.”
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Cintia Maria Rodrigues Blanco's curator insight, April 22, 2:01 PM
Fabulous results from this collaborative scientific research!
 
prgnewshawaii's curator insight, April 22, 10:21 PM

A groundbreaking discovery that will change our concept of how the brain works. The current belief is that our brain is geared to function rather than to specific body parts.  This idea could change how we treat brain diseases, such as alzheimers and parkingsons.

Russell Roberts

Hawaii Intelligence Digest

Miro Svetlik's curator insight, April 23, 4:50 AM
This is quite massive one indeed
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The urinal that changed how we think

The urinal that changed how we think | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
In April 1917, everything changed. At least, that is, in the world of art. It was then that the legendary avant-garde French artist and cultural prankster, Marcel Duchamp, conceived a work so controversial in its making and meaning that it would alter forever the way the game of art is played. The work in question was a porcelain urinal that Duchamp quizzically flipped onto its back, signed with a mysterious nom de plume, and called Fountain. Like a genius move by a stealthy chess master, the introduction of Fountain into the history of image-making had the effect of check-mating the art world’s sensibilities, marking the end of one kind of game and the start of another. The analogy to chess is more than merely fanciful. Insisting that it “has all the beauty of art and much more”, Duchamp was obsessed with the game. (So obsessed in fact he forfeited significant pieces of his personal and creative life to its pursuit. In November 1927, after having, years earlier, shifted his energies entirely from making art to playing chess, his new wife Lydie had had enough of his incessant strategizing of moves and countermoves. One night, while he was sleeping, she glued the pieces of his set to the board. They divorced a month later.) Duchamp’s mischievous creation of Fountain 100 years ago this month is deeply in accord with the artist’s lifelong inclination towards cerebral playfulness and demonstrates the same skilful sleights of hand that a grandmaster displays when wiping the board clean with his opponents.
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prgnewshawaii's curator insight, April 22, 10:33 PM

Marcel Duchamp's supreme joke on all of us.  Duchamp lead the way for such artists as Andy Warhol and Pollock.  

Russell Roberts

Hawaii Intelligence Digest

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Are 'machine values' replacing our principles? - Futurity

Are 'machine values' replacing our principles? - Futurity | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
We need to consider the possible consequences of our 24-7 reliance on digital technology, warns a new book.

Our dependence on our phones, tablets, and laptops has dramatically changed how we communicate and interact, and is slowly eroding some of our core principles, says Michael Bugeja, professor and director of the Greenlee School of Journalism and Communication at Iowa State University. Bugeja is not advocating against technology—in fact, he relies on it for his work and personal life.

But in his forthcoming book, Interpersonal Divide in the Age of the Machine (Oxford University Press, 2017), Bugeja explores what might happen if we allow machines to dictate our life. Those machines range from smartphones to robotics to virtual reality. Bugeja theorizes that because of our reliance on machines, we will start to develop the universal principles of technology, such as urgency, a need for constant updates, and a loss of privacy.

“We are losing empathy, compassion, truth-telling, fairness, and responsibility and replacing them with all these machine values,” Bugeja says. “If we embed ourselves in technology, what happens to those universal principles that have stopped wars and elevated human consciousness and conscience above more primitive times in history?”
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Brain scans highlight a hidden, "higher" state of consciousness

Brain scans highlight a hidden, "higher" state of consciousness | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
Reaching a higher state of consciousness is a concept you're more likely to hear a spiritualist spout than a scientist, but now neuroscientists at the University of Sussex claim to have found the first evidence of just such a state. From wakefulness down to a deep coma, consciousness is on a sliding scale measured by the diversity of brain signals, and the researchers found that when under the influence of psychedelic drugs, that diversity jumps to new heights above the everyday baseline.

The research builds on data gathered about a year ago by a team at Imperial College London, which dosed up volunteers with psychedelics, including LSD, psilocybin and ketamine, then scanned their brains with magnetoencephalographic (MEG) techniques to examine the effects. This new study set out to determine how a psychedelic state would compare to other levels of wakefulness and unconsciousness, according to a scale of brain signal diversity measured by monitoring the magnetic fields produced by the brain.

When a person is asleep, their brain signals are far less diverse than when they're awake and aware, and past research has noted that it varies by what stage of the sleep cycle they're in. Being put under different types of anaesthesia induce even lower scores, and it bottoms out for those in a vegetative state. But this is the first time signal diversity has been seen to be higher than the normal readings of an alert, conscious mind.
"This finding shows that the brain-on-psychedelics behaves very differently from normal," says Anil Seth, corresponding author of the study. "During the psychedelic state, the electrical activity of the brain is less predictable and less 'integrated' than during normal conscious wakefulness – as measured by 'global signal diversity.' Since this measure has already shown its value as a measure of 'conscious level', we can say that the psychedelic state appears as a higher 'level' of consciousness than normal – but only with respect to this specific mathematical measure."
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Mick jones's comment, April 21, 11:20 AM
Visit here:- http://www.free-tech-support.com/compaq-technical-support-number
prgnewshawaii's curator insight, April 21, 11:25 AM

Perhaps gurus and ancient mystics knew something about the mind that we did not. New research shows we have hidden states of consciousness that were unknown before brain scans.

Russell Roberts

Hawaii Intelligence Digest

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Scientists Have Created a Device That Sucks Water Out of Thin Air, Even in the Desert

Scientists Have Created a Device That Sucks Water Out of Thin Air, Even in the Desert | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
When it comes to future challenges, one of the biggest will be water scarcity - on a warming planet we're going to have plenty of seawater, but not enough fresh, clean water in the right places for everybody to drink.

And while a lot of research has focussed on desalination, a team of scientists have now come up with another possible solution - a device that pulls fresh water out of thin air, even in places with humidity as low as 20 percent. All it needs is sunlight.

It might sound too good to be true, but so far the research is solid. Called the 'solar-powered harvester', the device was created by teams from MIT and the University of California, Berkeley, using a special type of material known as a metal-organic framework (MOF).

To be clear, it's only in the prototype phase right now and has been tested in pretty limited situations, but the results so far have just been published in Science.

"This is a major breakthrough in the long-standing challenge of harvesting water from the air at low humidity," said one of the researchers, Omar Yaghi from UC Berkeley.

"There is no other way to do that right now, except by using extra energy. Your electric dehumidifier at home 'produces' very expensive water."
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Prameela Chintala's comment, April 14, 10:51 PM
In the poster, BEGUM JAAN Full Movie the actress can be seen sitting on chair with dishevelled hair, holding a hookah pipe in her hand. Dressed in a maroon lehenga and an embroidered blouse, Vidya looks menacing as the madam of the brothel.The poster's tagline reads, "My Body, My House, My Country, My Rules". Vidya took to Twitter to share an image of the poster and captioned it, "Aa rahi hoon main!
http://techfeastpro.com/viral/watch-begum-jaan-online-full-movie-2017-begum-jaan-updatessongsvideos/
ellershipley's comment, April 15, 12:27 AM
Nice
mushyboon's comment, April 17, 3:19 AM
Amazing
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It’s time to spend less time on Facebook and actually learn something

It’s time to spend less time on Facebook and actually learn something | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
About 10 years after TVs began to be ubiquitous in American homes, television broadcasting was a staggering financial success. As the head of the Federal Communications Commission observed in a 1961 speech to broadcast executives, the industry’s revenue, more than $1 billion a year, was rising 9 percent annually, even in a recession. The problem, the FCC chairman told the group, was the way the business was making money: not by serving the public interest above all but by airing a lot of dumb shows and “cajoling and offending” commercials. “When television is bad, nothing is worse,” he said.

That speech would become known for the pejorative that the FCC chairman, Newton Minow, used to describe TV: he called it “a vast wasteland.” It’s a great line, but there are other reasons to revisit the speech now, about 10 years after the emergence of another communications service—Facebook—that has become ubiquitous in American homes, a staggering financial success, and a transmitter of a lot of pernicious schlock. What’s striking today is why Minow said the vast-wasteland problem mattered—and what he wanted to do about it.

As for why it mattered, Minow told the TV executives:

Your industry possesses the most powerful voice in America. It has an inescapable duty to make that voice ring with intelligence and with leadership. In a few years, this exciting industry has grown from a novelty to an instrument of overwhelming impact on the American people. It should be making ready for the kind of leadership that newspapers and magazines assumed years ago, to make our people aware of their world.

On that point in particular, Mark Zuckerberg apparently would agree. “Are we building the world we all want?” he wrote in February, in a 5,700-word manifesto that reflected on the sometimes dubious role Facebook has been playing in civic life. Referring to its propensity to turbocharge hoaxes and to the way it tends to make news feel sensational, he wrote that Facebook’s goal “must be to help people see a more complete picture” of the world.
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prgnewshawaii's curator insight, April 12, 12:24 AM

A cautionary note about intrusive media dating back to the 1961 FCC analysis of the television "wasteland."  In some ways, Facebook and the rest of the social media are encouraging fake news and unsubstantiated reporting.  Don't  believe everything you read or hear.  Where vast sums of money are to be made from data mining, be cautious on what sources you cite.

Russell Roberts

Hawaii Intelligence Digest.

Mick jones's comment, April 12, 11:28 AM
http://www.free-tech-support.com/internet-explorer-browser-support-number
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Artificial evolution aims to create life out of non-living matter

Artificial evolution aims to create life out of non-living matter | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
Evolution is the generally-accepted answer to how life arose, but how did non-living matter transition into living organisms? A team at the University of Wisconsin-Madison is trying to recreate the cradle of life, by gently rocking a combination of key minerals and organic molecules to see if certain chemical reactions give birth to life. If life emerges "easily" from these conditions, it could change our understanding of how common life might be across the universe.

Synthetic life has been created in a lab before. Back in 2010, scientists successfully created a brand-new bacteria by injecting a computer-designed genome into an existing cell, which was then able to replicate itself. A few years later, another team built artificial, self-assembling cell membranes, which could act like the "hardware" to house an artificial genome. More recently, researchers developed a semi-synthetic organism with extra genetic information in its DNA.

But if those scientists were essentially "playing God" by directly creating new life, the UW-Madison project is "playing Mother Nature" by trying to recreate the overall process of evolution itself.
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jokesbyron's comment, April 10, 4:52 AM
nice
citrilbit's comment, April 10, 10:58 PM
good
Connor's curator insight, April 24, 12:30 AM
The University of Wisconsin-Madison is trying to get life to emerge from non-living matter. They are trying to create possible circumstances that might allow living molecules to emerge from non-living ones. This is different from what scientists accomplished back in 2010 when they introduced a computer-designed genome into an existing cell, creating a new bacteria. The team has gone through 30 generations of chemicals, each one changing a material in the solution. They are using iron pyrite as a catalyst for a reaction.

While creating an entirely new bacteria is an astounding feat, creating life from purely non-living materials is something entirely new. It is also something extremely hard. To see the beginning stages of life develop, to watch the origins of where we come from take root, an unbelievable feat. Seceding in such an endeavor has innumerable implications on the scientific field and on the future.
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Mind-Reading Computers That Can Translate Thoughts into Words

Mind-Reading Computers That Can Translate Thoughts into Words | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
It’s a frigid February afternoon, and I’m sitting in a hospital room in downtown Albany, New York, as a team of white-jacketed technicians bustle about the bed of a 40-year-old single mother from Schenectady, named Cathy. And they are getting ready to push the outer bounds of computer-aided “mind reading.” They are attempting to decode “imagined speech.”

I have been led here by Gerwin Schalk, a gregarious, Austrian-born neuroscientist, who has promised to show me just how far he and other neurological codebreakers have travelled since that day decades ago when David Hubel and Torsten Wiesel made history by listening in—and decoding—the patterns of neurons firing in a cat’s visual cortex.

Cathy is epileptic and plans to undergo brain surgery to try to remove the portion of her brain that is the source of her seizures. Three days ago, doctors lifted off the top of Cathy’s skull, and placed 117 tiny electrodes directly onto the right surface of her naked cortex so they could monitor her brain activity and map the target area. While she waits, she has volunteered to participate in Schalk’s research.

Now, next to my chair, Cathy is propped up in a motorized bed. The top of Cathy’s head is swathed in a stiff, plaster-like, mold of bandages and surgical tape. And a thick jumble of mesh-covered wires protrudes from the opening at the top of her skull. It flops over the back of her hospital bed, drops down to the ground and snakes over to a cart holding $250,000 worth of boxes, amplifiers, splitters and computers.
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prgnewshawaii's curator insight, March 29, 11:44 AM

We are on the cusp of amazing medical technologies that could improve our quality of life and end misery for millions.

Russell Roberts

Hawaii Intellligence Digest

canopusima's comment, March 31, 10:59 PM
great
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Silicon Valley’s Quest to Live Forever

Silicon Valley’s Quest to Live Forever | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
n a velvety March evening in Mandeville Canyon, high above the rest of Los Angeles, Norman Lear’s living room was jammed with powerful people eager to learn the secrets of longevity. When the symposium’s first speaker asked how many people there wanted to live to two hundred, if they could remain healthy, almost every hand went up. Understandably, then, the Moroccan phyllo chicken puffs weren’t going fast. The venture capitalists were keeping slim to maintain their imposing vitality, the scientists were keeping slim because they’d read—and in some cases done—the research on caloric restriction, and the Hollywood stars were keeping slim because of course.

When Liz Blackburn, who won a Nobel Prize for her work in genetics, took questions, Goldie Hawn, regal on a comfy sofa, purred, “I have a question about the mitochondria. I’ve been told about a molecule called glutathione that helps the health of the cell?” Glutathione is a powerful antioxidant that protects cells and their mitochondria, which provide energy; some in Hollywood call it “the God molecule.” But taken in excess it can muffle a number of bodily repair mechanisms, leading to liver and kidney problems or even the rapid and potentially fatal sloughing of your skin. Blackburn gently suggested that a varied, healthy diet was best, and that no single molecule was the answer to the puzzle of aging.

Yet the premise of the evening was that answers, and maybe even an encompassing solution, were just around the corner. The party was the kickoff event for the National Academy of Medicine’s Grand Challenge in Healthy Longevity, which will award at least twenty-five million dollars for breakthroughs in the field. Victor Dzau, the academy’s president, stood to acknowledge several of the scientists in the room. He praised their work with enzymes that help regulate aging; with teasing out genes that control life span in various dog breeds; and with a technique by which an old mouse is surgically connected to a young mouse, shares its blood, and within weeks becomes younger.
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nukem777's curator insight, March 28, 9:35 AM

Why?

prgnewshawaii's curator insight, March 28, 10:55 AM

Finding the elusive "Fountain of Youth" seems to be on researchers' minds these days.  There are important ethical, religious, social, and political issues to be resolved. Namely, who decides who lives or dies, will the treatments be restricted to those who can afford them, and how will the quality of life be affected?


Russell Roberts


Hawaii Intelligence Digest

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Musk launches company to pursue ‘neural lace’ brain-interface technology | KurzweilAI

Musk launches company to pursue ‘neural lace’ brain-interface technology | KurzweilAI | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
Elon Musk has launched a California-based company called Neuralink Corp., The Wall Street Journal reported today (Monday, March 27, 2017), citing people familiar with the matter, to pursue “neural lace” brain-interface technology.

Neural lace would help prevent humans from becoming “house cats” to AI, he suggests. “I think one of the solutions that seems maybe the best is to add an AI layer,” Musk hinted at the Code Conference last year. It would be a “digital layer above the cortex that could work well and symbiotically with you.”
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prgnewshawaii's curator insight, March 28, 10:59 AM

Another way Artificial Intelligence could be linked to the human brain. Like it or not, this technology is coming. Are we prepared to make the adjustments necessary to interrate machines with our minds?


Russell Roberts


Hawaii Intelligence Digest

Connor's curator insight, April 24, 2:17 AM
Elon Musk has recently started up a company named Neuralink Corp. It's a company focused on developing neural lace technology. It's a technology that in theory, work symbiotically with individuals. Musk believes that the interface can be inserted in veins and arteries. Musk doesn't want humans to fall behind technology.

The merger of technology and human is the stuff of science fiction, but it may not be as impossible as it sounds. The very idea of a mesh that can link your brain with technology is daunting to say the least. But the fact that people are putting money into this idea shows just how invested some people are in the future. They can see what may be possible and don't want to be left behind.
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Viewpoint: Is inequality about to get unimaginably worse? - BBC News

Viewpoint: Is inequality about to get unimaginably worse? - BBC News | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
Could advances in technology, genetics and artificial intelligence lead to a world in which economic inequality turns into biological inequality? asks the historian and writer Yuval Noah Harari.

Inequality goes back at least 30,000 years.

Hunter-gatherers were more equal than subsequent societies.

They had very little property, and property is a pre-requisite for long-term inequality.

But even they had hierarchies.

In the 19th and 20th Centuries, however, something changed.

Equality became a dominant value in human culture, almost all over the world. Why?

It was partly down to the rise of new ideologies such as humanism, liberalism and socialism.

But it was also about technological and economic change - which was connected to those new ideologies, of course.

Suddenly the elite needed large numbers of healthy, educated people to serve as soldiers in the army and as workers in the factories.

Governments didn't educate and vaccinate to be nice.

They needed the masses to be useful.

But now that's changing again.

The best armies today require a small number of highly professional soldiers using very high-tech kit.

Factories, too, are increasingly automated.
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prgnewshawaii's curator insight, April 28, 1:48 AM

History is beginning to repeat itself.  One thing is constant:  You can change things if you have power and the force to back it up.

Russell Roberts

Hawaii Intelligence Digest

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Wikipedia's Jimmy Wales creates news service Wikitribune - BBC News

Wikipedia's Jimmy Wales creates news service Wikitribune - BBC News | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
Wikipedia's co-founder Jimmy Wales is planning a news service that combines the work of professional journalists and volunteers.

His goal is for Wikitribune to offer "factual and neutral" articles that help combat the problem of "fake news".

The service is intended to be both ad-free and free-to-read, so will rely on supporters making regular donations.

One expert said it had the potential to become a trusted site, but suggested its influence might be limited.

Wikitribune shares many of the features already found in Mr Wales's online encyclopaedia, including the need for writers to detail the source of each fact and a reliance on the public to edit articles to keep them accurate.

However, while anybody can make changes to a page, they will only go live if a staff member or trusted community volunteer approves them.

The other big difference is that the core team of writers will be paid, although there may also be instances in which a volunteer writes the initial draft and then a staff member edits it.
Regular donations

A demo version of the site, seen by the BBC, declared "the news is broken and we can fix it".

Mr Wales explained that he believed the advertising-based model used by most of the media had led it to "chase clicks", which affected standards.

"I think we're in a world right now where people are very concerned about making sure we have high quality fact-based information, so I think there will be demand for this," he told the BBC.

"We're getting people to sign up as monthly supporters and the more monthly supporters we have the more journalists we can hire.

"In terms of minimums, if we could only hire two journalists then it would be a blog and not really worth doing.

"But I would love to start with a lot more - 10 to 20."
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prgnewshawaii's curator insight, April 26, 2:52 AM

This could be the answer to "fake news" and unsubstantiated stories that seem to fill the blogosphere.  It's hard to tell what is fact and fantasy these days.

Russell Roberts

Hawaii Intelligence Digest

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It’s Time These Ancient Women Scientists Get Their Due - Facts So Romantic - Nautilus

It’s Time These Ancient Women Scientists Get Their Due - Facts So Romantic - Nautilus | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
Women are woven deeply into the history of science, stretching back to ancient Egypt, over 4,000 years ago. But because their contributions often go unacknowledged, they fade into obscurity—and the threads of their influence today aren’t as apparent as they ought to be.

As a Wikipedia editor, I have tried to make women’s contributions more apparent by writing entries on figures whose lives haven’t been completely lost, such as Agnodike and Aglaonike, two ancient Greek women, one a brave physician, the other a beguiling astronomer. And fortunately, information about other remarkable women of science has survived, too, thanks in part to pop culture.
Although it wasn’t a big hit, Agora, a 2009 film, spotlighted an important female astronomer and mathematician in late 4th century CE Roman Egypt: Hypatia (portrayed by Rachel Weisz). Hypatia’s written work was lost in the Library of Alexandria’s destruction, but “all our sources agree,” says Maria Dzielska, a scholar of the Roman Empire, “that she was a model of ethical courage, righteousness, veracity, civic devotion, and intellectual prowess.” Due to her brilliance, her father Theon raised Hypatia as Greeks would traditionally raise a son—he taught her his craft, mathematics, and eventually she became the head of a Neo-Platonist school in Alexandria, something only men had previously done. Before she was brutally murdered by a Christian brotherhood, she built medical and astronomical devices as well as an apparatus for distilling water. Though Hypatia was, in many ways, an exemplary female figure of science and philosophy, she wasn’t a singular figure. Women made strides in the major fields of ancient science.
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prgnewshawaii's curator insight, April 25, 2:01 AM

The untold story of ancient women scientists, who were forced into obscurity by their male peers.  What a tragic waste of brain power. Ego, pride, and fear are powerful allies of ignorance and superstition.

Russell Roberts

Hawaii Intelligence Digest

Cintia Maria Rodrigues Blanco's curator insight, April 29, 7:16 PM
Women in Science!
 
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Googling gives us answers—but deprives us of intelligence

Googling gives us answers—but deprives us of intelligence | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
Search engines play one of the most significant roles in our technologically enabled lives by shaping how we conceptualize and interact with information, knowledge, wisdom, and arguably reality itself. They are our externalized reasoning machines, both facilitating our access to knowledge and quickly becoming our knowledge. They are where we go to research, clarify, and definitively answer our queries, which go on to form the substance of our opinions, views, and beliefs.

From the explicit knowledge acquired from the lost art of slow, considered research to the implicit knowledge lost in imagining what we don’t yet know, search engines are surreptitiously eroding the richness and diversity of our knowledge and lives. We reveal our deepest inner thoughts, fears, and desires to search-engine technologies, replacing the intimate human services otherwise offered by teachers, doctors, librarians, friends, confidants, psychiatrists, religious representatives, and respected elders.

This problem is underscored by worrying reports that document UK students citing “fake news” as objective facts in schoolwork and classroom debates, US sixth graders being taught “news literacy” out of necessity, and the global epidemic of a “post-truth” era that still finds no clear solutions or remedies. As we watch the next-generation—who have never known life without the internet—set adrift in a new world of inherent ambiguity, we urgently need to evolve search engines in parallel with the rapid pace of social progress.
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prgnewshawaii's curator insight, April 22, 10:25 PM

The real issue is how we separate "fake news" from "real, verifiable news."  How do we differentiate between rumor and fact based on our internet searches?  Better search engines will have to be developed to mitigate this issue.

Russell Roberts

Hawaii Intelligence Digest

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Our Machines Now Have Knowledge We’ll Never Understand

Our Machines Now Have Knowledge We’ll Never Understand | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
So wrote Wired’s Chris Anderson in 2008. It kicked up a little storm at the time, as Anderson, the magazine’s editor, undoubtedly intended. For example, an article in a journal of molecular biology asked, “…if we stop looking for models and hypotheses, are we still really doing science?” The answer clearly was supposed to be: “No.”

But today — not even a decade since Anderson’s article — the controversy sounds quaint. Advances in computer software, enabled by our newly capacious, networked hardware, are enabling computers not only to start without models — rule sets that express how the elements of a system affect one another — but to generate their own, albeit ones that may not look much like what humans would create. It’s even becoming a standard method, as any self-respecting tech company has now adopted a “machine-learning first” ethic.

We are increasingly relying on machines that derive conclusions from models that they themselves have created, models that are often beyond human comprehension, models that “think” about the world differently than we do.

But this comes with a price. This infusion of alien intelligence is bringing into question the assumptions embedded in our long Western tradition. We thought knowledge was about finding the order hidden in the chaos. We thought it was about simplifying the world. It looks like we were wrong. Knowing the world may require giving up on understanding it.
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This New Browser Plug-in Lets You Access Millions of Scientific Papers for Free

This New Browser Plug-in Lets You Access Millions of Scientific Papers for Free | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
If you're of the mindset that knowledge should be freely accessible to as many humans as possible, paywalls for academic journals can be downright frustrating. Now a free browser extension is promising to bust through those paywalls wherever possible.

Unpaywall was launched earlier this month by the open source not-for-profit Impactstory – funded by the National Science Foundation and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation – and it's already making a splash in the traditional publishing industry.

Install the plug-in on your Chrome or Firefox desktop browser, and it will start displaying a little lock symbol whenever you're on the landing page of an article in an academic journal.

If the plug-in can find a freely accessible full-text copy of the paper you're looking at, the lock symbol turns from grey to green, and you can simply click on it to get the PDF. If the lock is gold, the article you're reading already has an open access licence.
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Sharaine Rogers's curator insight, April 25, 12:10 PM
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The Guardian view on immortality: not for the faint-hearted | Editorial

The Guardian view on immortality: not for the faint-hearted | Editorial | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
Good Friday seems a suitable day to consider the fact that, in an era in which life expectancy everywhere has almost doubled, humankind is more confused than ever about death. Nearly half of the British population supposes that death is complete annihilation; an almost equal number still believes in some form of life after death, and, for a subject notably lacking in eyewitness data, a surprisingly small proportion, less than 10%, acknowledge they do not know what happens. Meanwhile, in California but also elsewhere, there are enormously rich men who believe that death is a problem with a technological solution which they hope to live to profit from.

Ideals of technological immortality come in two sorts. There are those who hope that their bodies will be preserved or at least prolonged almost indefinitely, usually by freezing. There is absolutely no reason to suppose that the present technology allows brains to be frozen and rethawed without being reduced to a unworkable state. To hope that this will be changed by some future breakthroughs is an act of faith at least as remarkable as supposing that Jesus rose from the dead. That belief was at least marked since its earliest appearance by a saving ambiguity about what it might actually mean. Saint Paul, for example, was absolutely certain it had happened but nowhere managed to explain what it materially might have been.

The second kind of technological immortality presumes an immaterial soul – a pattern of electrical and chemical activity that can be copied from brains into silicon and then reactivated, either inside a computer or transferred back into a conveniently available human brain. Possibly both: one contemporary science fiction novel, Cory Doctorow’s Walkaway, takes the idea of personalities as computer programs to its logical consequence, and envisages multiple copies of the same program – the same person – running simultaneously on different networks. This is the closest anyone will ever get to the fantasy of cloning identical human beings.
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prgnewshawaii's curator insight, April 18, 12:18 AM

While this is enormously fascinating technology, it raises serious moral, religious, ethical, and political questions.  Who determines the right to immortality?  If we become immortal, are we becoming gods?  So many questions, so few answers.

Russell Roberts

Hawaii Intelligence Digest

fulmarvanderbilt's comment, April 20, 4:03 AM
good
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The Arctic Ocean Is Becoming More Like the Atlantic Ocean

The Arctic Ocean Is Becoming More Like the Atlantic Ocean | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
The Arctic is undergoing an astonishingly rapid transition as climate change overwhelms the region.

New research sheds light on the latest example of the changes afoot, showing that parts of the Arctic Ocean are becoming more like the Atlantic. Warm waters are streaming into the ocean north of Scandinavia and Russia, altering ocean productivity and chemistry. That’s making sea ice recede and kickstarting a feedback loop that could make summer ice a thing of the past.

“2015 was a really anomalous year when we had problems finding a suitable ice flow to launch our drifting buoys,”Igor Polyakov, an oceanographer at the University of Alaska who led the new study, said. “(There was) nothing like that in the past, and it became a motivation to our analysis: why was ice in 2015 so rotten? What drives this huge change?”

The findings, published in Science on Thursday, show that while warming air has a role to play, processes are playing out in the ocean itself that are fundamentally altering the region.

Those changes will have impacts on the people, plants and animals that call the Arctic home. They could also create more geopolitical tension as resources previously locked under ice become available and shipping lanes open up.
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bradyharden's comment, April 15, 12:42 AM
good
mushyboon's comment, April 17, 3:19 AM
Awesome
Connor's curator insight, April 24, 1:22 AM
Many changes are happening to the Artic. New shipping lanes might open since routes previously blocked by ice are opening up. Over the past decade, 30 percent of the Artic has become primed for summer blooms. The water's temperature has increased dramatically. These changes have major implications on the life that call the Artic their home.

The changes in that are occurring in the world today are rapid and dangerous. No one can doubt that the world we know is not the same one we knew a hundred years ago. The Artic waters are warming up, and at unnaturally fast rate. Life that inhabits the Artic is having trouble keeping up these new changes. It's a scary thought that despite knowing this happening, large groups of people still oppose doing anything about it.
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“Love drugs” will soon be a reality. But should we take them?

“Love drugs” will soon be a reality. But should we take them? | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
Love potions have been a plot point in fairytales for centuries. Now, thanks to dramatic advances in our understanding of the neuroscience behind love, they’re close enough to reality to be studied by Oxford University researchers.

Anders Sandberg, a neuroethicist at Oxford University’s Future of Humanity Institute, will discuss the role of romance drugs at an upcoming Institute of Art and Ideas conference “Love in the Time of Tinder”. He says that while we can’t buy romance pills yet, it’s only a matter of years before they exist. His work combines neuroscience and philosophy to unpack the ethical consequences of such pills, and just how they’ll fit into our lives.

“All our emotions are built on the foundations of neuroscience,” Sandberg says—whether that’s fear or anger or love. Recently, neuroscientists have begun to map out just what happens in the brain when we’re in love, bringing us closer to artificially recreating those neurochemical processes. “While there’s still not anything you can find in the supermarket or approved, we’re getting towards the point where they probably will show up,” he says.

Neuroimaging studies of brains show that love is, well, extremely complicated. (No surprises there.) Different subsystems of the brain are involved in that initial lustful attraction, the rush that comes when you fall in love, and then the commitment and affection of long-term partnership. It’s that last, lengthy phase of love that romance drugs are likely to focus on, effectively re-booting the romance for existing couples.

“It’s very different to the love potion in fairytales where you drink it and then fall in love with the next person who comes in,” Sandberg says. “From an ethical standpoint, that’s very worrisome… I would imagine a future love drug would be something you take together with your partner, and that causes a slow, long-term experience.”
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prgnewshawaii's curator insight, April 10, 12:08 AM

A cautionary tale with multiple moral, ethical, social, and religious issues.  'Reminds me of the "soma" drugs taken in Huxley's "Brave New World."  Science Fiction is becoming science fact.

Russell Roberts

Hawaii Intelligence Digest

Abstract living 's curator insight, April 19, 8:07 PM
#LoveIsTheDrug #RealLove
 
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Darwin Was a Slacker and You Should Be Too - Issue 46: Balance - Nautilus

Darwin Was a Slacker and You Should Be Too - Issue 46: Balance - Nautilus | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
When you examine the lives of history’s most creative figures, you are immediately confronted with a paradox: They organize their lives around their work, but not their days.

Figures as different as Charles Dickens, Henri Poincaré, and Ingmar Bergman, working in disparate fields in different times, all shared a passion for their work, a terrific ambition to succeed, and an almost superhuman capacity to focus. Yet when you look closely at their daily lives, they only spent a few hours a day doing what we would recognize as their most important work. The rest of the time, they were hiking mountains, taking naps, going on walks with friends, or just sitting and thinking. Their creativity and productivity, in other words, were not the result of endless hours of toil. Their towering creative achievements result from modest “working” hours.

How did they manage to be so accomplished? Can a generation raised to believe that 80-hour workweeks are necessary for success learn something from the lives of the people who laid the foundations of chaos theory and topology or wrote Great Expectations?
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prgnewshawaii's curator insight, April 1, 11:22 AM

A different way to look at the work ethic.  Perhaps an 80 hour work week and overtime aren't the keys to success. It's basically a question of intensity when you are working. "Off time" is necessary to maintain a balance between work and other pursuits.

Russell Roberts

Hawaii Intelligence Digest

R's curator insight, April 6, 1:39 PM
Humans are not one-dimensional. Take heed to listen to all of your needs - physical, emotional and intellectual.
pursuitsdrizzly's comment, April 8, 12:53 AM
Like it
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Immortal Stem Cells Let Scientists Create an Unlimited Supply of Artificial Blood

Immortal Stem Cells Let Scientists Create an Unlimited Supply of Artificial Blood | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
Researchers have developed a line immortal stem cells that allow them to generate an unlimited supply of artificial red blood cells on demand.

If these artificial blood cells pass clinical trials, they'll be far more efficient for medical use than current red blood cell products, which have to be generated from donor blood - and would be a huge deal for patients with rare blood types, who often struggle to find matching blood donors.

The idea isn't for these immortal stem cells to replace blood donation altogether - when it comes to regular blood transfusions, donated blood still does the trick.

But it's a constant struggle to propagate red blood cells from donor blood. In the UK alone, 1.5 million units of blood need to be collected each year to meet the needs of patients, particularly those with rare blood types of conditions such as sickle-cell disease.

"Globally, there is a need for an alternative red cell product," said lead researcher Jan Frayne from the University of Bristol in the UK.

"Cultured red blood cells have advantages over donor blood, such as reduced risk of infectious disease transmission."

In the past, researchers had attempted to turn donated stem cells straight into mature red blood cells - a technique that works, but is an incredibly inefficient process.
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prgnewshawaii's curator insight, March 29, 11:49 AM

A major medical breakthrough that can save thousands of lives, especially where fresh blood supplies are often limited and contaminated.

Russell Roberts

Hawaii Intelligence Digest

Aleisha Daley's curator insight, April 4, 11:51 AM
This article talks about a line of ‘immortal’ stem cell that scientists have developed, these cells allow them to generate an unlimited supply of artificial red blood cells. The cells have not yet passed clinical tests but if they are able to this could be a huge step. This would be a huge step for people with rare blood types. They don't plan to completely replace blood donations but if someone has a rare blood type it could be extremely difficult to find a donor. I think that if people can make this successful it would be amazing.
Connor's curator insight, April 24, 7:04 AM
Researchers have been successful in creating a stem cells that are immortal. This means the that the blood cells will keep dividing without stopping. Very similar to the HeLa cells. These cells have been developed specifically for generating adult blood cells though. The process will go through multiple safety checks by the end of this year.

The ever replicating cells known as HeLa cells is an interesting story if you like this one

Being able to create as much blood as you need when you need it would be an extraordinary step in the medical field. Right now the only way to get the required amount of blood is through donors. This method can't always ensure there is enough blood when needed and it is a lengthy process to collect, check, and send. If these cells pass clinical trials, it would probably speed up research that requires specific blood around the world. An amazing feat.
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Why the Rise of AI Makes Human Intelligence More Valuable Than Ever

Why the Rise of AI Makes Human Intelligence More Valuable Than Ever | Knowmads, Infocology of the future | Scoop.it
In the popular TV show Sherlock, visual depictions of our hero’s deductive reasoning often look like machine algorithms. And probably not by accident, given that this version of Conan Doyle’s detective processes tremendous amounts of observed data—the sort of minutiae that the average person tends to pass over or forget—more like a computer than a human.

Sherlock's intelligence is both strength and limitation. His way of thinking is often bounded by an inability to intuitively understand social and emotional contexts. The show's central premise is that Sherlock Holmes needs his friend John Watson to help him synthesize empirical data into human truth.

In Sherlock we see the analog for modern AI: highly performant learning machines that can achieve metacognitive results with the assistance of fully cognitive human partners. Machine intelligence does not by its nature make human intelligence obsolete. Quite the opposite, really—machines need human guidance.

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prgnewshawaii's curator insight, March 28, 11:11 AM

Perhaps the human mind has one valuable escape route from the fears of Artificial Intelligence. As the article states:  "Machines need human guidance" to work properly.  As long as we can control a machine's programming, it will serve us well.  If, however, machines develop sentience and learn to program themselves, we may be in deep trouble.


Russell Roberts


Hawaii Intelligence Digest