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When Your Kidneys Fail

kidney

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Healthy kidneys clean your blood by removing excess fluid, minerals, and wastes. They also make hormones that keep your bones strong and your blood healthy. When your kidneys fail, harmful wastes build up in your body, your blood pressure may rise, and your body may retain excess fluid and not make enough red blood cells. When this happens, you need treatment to replace the work of your failed kidneys.

The site will explan it http://www.kidney-faq.com

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How Hemodialysis Works

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One of the biggest adjustments you must make when you start hemodialysis treatments is following a strict schedule. Most patients go to a clinic-a dialysis center-three times a week for 3 to 5 or more hours each visit. For example, you may be on a Monday-Wednesday-Friday schedule or a Tuesday-Thursday-Saturday schedule. You may be asked to choose a morning, afternoon, or evening shift, depending on availability and capacity at the dialysis unit. Your dialysis center will explain your options for scheduling regular treatments.

The site will explan it http://www.kidney-faq.com

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When Your Kidneys Fail

kidney

Zhllen's insight:

Healthy kidneys clean your blood by removing excess fluid, minerals, and wastes. They also make hormones that keep your bones strong and your blood healthy. When your kidneys fail, harmful wastes build up in your body, your blood pressure may rise, and your body may retain excess fluid and not make enough red blood cells. When this happens, you need treatment to replace the work of your failed kidneys.

The site will explan it http://www.kidney-faq.com

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Prevention is the best chance to maintain kidney function

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Prevention is the best chance to maintain kidney function, and controlling high blood pressure and diabetes over a lifetime can decrease the potential for progressive kidney damage. Chronic kidney failure may be managed by a primary health care practitioner or a nephrologist to help monitor electrolyte and waste product levels in the bloodstream. Major abnormalities can be life-threatening, and treatment options may be limited to dialysis or transplant.

The site will explan it http://www.kidney-faq.com

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Introduction to hemodialysis

hemodialysis

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Hemodialysis is the most common method used to treat advanced and permanent kidney failure. Since the 1960s, when hemodialysis first became a practical treatment for kidney failure, we've learned much about how to make hemodialysis treatments more effective and minimize side effects. In recent years, more compact and simpler dialysis machines have made home dialysis increasingly attractive. But even with better procedures and equipment, hemodialysis is still a complicated and inconvenient therapy that requires a coordinated effort from your whole health care team, including your nephrologist, dialysis nurse, dialysis technician, dietitian, and social worker. The most important members of your health care team are you and your family. By learning about your treatment, you can work with your health care team to give yourself the best possible results, and you can lead a full, active life.

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What is the prognosis for someone with kidney failure?

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Zhllen's insight:
The outlook for kidney failure depends upon the underlying condition that caused it. Kidney function may return to normal, especially if it is due to an acute obstruction and that obstruction is relieved. Other causes of decreased kidney function leading to kidney failure are due to underlying disease and occur slowly over time. Prevention is the best chance to maintain kidney function, and controlling high blood pressure and diabetes over a lifetime can decrease the potential for progressive kidney damage. Chronic kidney failure may be managed by a primary health care practitioner or a nephrologist to help monitor electrolyte and waste product levels in the bloodstream. Major abnormalities can be life-threatening, and treatment options may be limited to dialysis or transplant. The site will explan it http://www.kidney-faq.com
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Kidney transplantation

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If kidney failure occurs and is non-reversible, kidney transplantation is an alternative option to dialysis. If the patient is an appropriate candidate, the health care practitioner will contact an organ transplant center to arrange evaluation to see if the patient is suitable for this treatment. The site will explan it http://www.kidney-faq.com
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What you should prepare before kidney transplant?

kidney

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1.Fully hemodialysis.Improve heart function, correct the anemia and control the pressure of the blood.

2. According to the patient's condition,the doctor should to help you to select if you should do the operation before you do kidney transplant.

3.Before the operation, you should check the blood group, HLA ( histocompatibility antigen ) typing, Cytotoxicity test,and so on..

4.Do the checking of Urinalysis, Liver function, Renal function, Coagulation, immunity and so on.

5. Chest radiographs,take ECG, Echocardiography,B-of liver, gut, soap, spleen, kidney

6.Take the checking of Etiology: HBV,HCV,HIV,CMV,EBV,HPV,TB and Throat, spittle, Clean urine culture and so on.

7. Conduct a hemodialysis before the operation.

8. According to the different circumstances of the patient, let them start taking immunosuppressants the day before operation. Medications are: Azathioprine, Cyclophosphamide, Mycophenolate mofetil, Bailing Capsule. Currently, the Mycophenolate mofetil with Prednisolone and Cyclosporin A Is a better solution.

The site will explan it http://www.kidney-faq.com

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Hemodialysis

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Hemodialysis uses a machine filter called a dialyzer or artificial kidney to remove excess water and salt, to balance the other electrolytes in the body, and to remove waste products of metabolism. Blood is removed from the body and flows through tubing into the machine, where it passes next to a filter membrane. A specialized chemical solution (dialysate) flows on the other side of the membrane. The dialysate is formulated to draw impurities from the blood through the filter membrane. Blood and dialysate never touch in the artificial kidney machine.

The site will explan http://www.kidney-faq.com

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Medications may be used to help control some of the issues associated with kidney failure.

kidney failure

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Medications may be used to help control some of the issues associated with kidney failure.

Phosphorus-lowering medications (calcium carbonate [Caltrate], calcitriol [Rocaltrol], sevelamer [Renagel])Red blood cell production stimulation (erythropoietin, darbepoetin [Aranesp])Red blood cell production (iron supplements)Blood pressure medicationsVitaminsThe site will explan it http://www.kidney-faq.com
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The diet of the paitient

kidney
Zhllen's insight:
Diet is an important consideration for those with impaired kidney function. Consultation with a dietician may be helpful to understand what foods may or may not be appropriate. Since the kidneys cannot easily remove excess water, salt, or potassium, these may need to be consumed in limited quantities. Foods high in potassium include bananas, apricots, and salt substitutes. Phosphorus is a forgotten chemical that is associated with calcium metabolism and may be elevated in the body in kidney failure. Too much phosphorus can leech calcium from the bones and cause osteoporosis and fractures. Foods with high phosphorus content include milk, cheese, nuts, and cola drinks.
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What is the treatment for kidney failure

kidney

Zhllen's insight:

Prevention is always the goal with kidney failure. Chronic diseases such as hypertension and diabetes are devastating because of the damage that they can do to kidneys and other organs. Lifelong diligence is important in keeping blood sugar and blood pressure within normal limits. Specific treatments are dependent upon the underlying diseases.

Once kidney failure is present, the goal is to prevent further deterioration of renal function. If ignored, the kidneys will progress to complete failure, but if underlying illnesses are addressed and treated aggressively, kidney function can be preserved, though not always improved.

The site will explan it http://www.kidney-faq.com

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How is kidney failure diagnosed

kidney
Zhllen's insight:
Diagnosis of kidney failure is confirmed by blood tests measuring the buildup of waste products in the blood. BUN, creatinine, and GFR are routine blood tests used to measure the buildup of waste products in the blood. BUN and creatinine become elevated, and the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) decreases. This is the rate with which blood is filtered through the kidneys and can be calculated based upon the creatinine level, age, race, and gender. The site will explan it http://www.kidney-faq. com
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proper diet, healthy kidney

kidney

Zhllen's insight:

As the living standard is becoming higher and higher, many people tend to use medicines to protect their kidneys. As a matter of fact, good diet habits can benefit kidney a lot. It’s not difficult to follow, so take it happily. Diet ranges from condition to condition. Here are some common advices.

1. The intake of salt and soda

The intake of salt is among five or six grams a day for normal person. In some areas, people take 12 grams. Salt contains sodium chloride and soda contains sodium bicarbonate. A high intake of salt and soda increases sodium in the body. The increasing sodium deposit causes the retention of water and sodium, which develops edema. Thereby, for patients with edema, the intake of salt should be controlled within 2-3 grams per day. It is not scientific to have food without salt. Lack of salt for a long time causes weakness and dizziness.

The site will explan it http://www.kidney-faq.com

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How Hemodialysis Works

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In hemodialysis, your blood is allowed to flow, a few ounces at a time, through a special filter that removes wastes and extra fluids. The clean blood is then returned to your body. Removing the harmful wastes and extra salt and fluids helps control your blood pressure and keep the proper balance of chemicals like potassium and sodium in your body. The site will explan it http://www.kidney-faq.com
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When Your Kidneys Fail

kidney

Zhllen's insight:

Healthy kidneys clean your blood by removing excess fluid, minerals, and wastes. They also make hormones that keep your bones strong and your blood healthy. When your kidneys fail, harmful wastes build up in your body, your blood pressure may rise, and your body may retain excess fluid and not make enough red blood cells. When this happens, you need treatment to replace the work of your failed kidneys.

The site will explan it http://www.kidney-faq.com

more...
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What is the prognosis for someone with kidney failure?

kidney

Zhllen's insight:

The outlook for kidney failure depends upon the underlying condition that caused it. Kidney function may return to normal, especially if it is due to an acute obstruction and that obstruction is relieved. Other causes of decreased kidney function leading to kidney failure are due to underlying disease and occur slowly over time.

The site will explan it http://www.kidney-faq.com

more...
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What is the prognosis for someone with kidney failure?

kidney
Zhllen's insight:
The outlook for kidney failure depends upon the underlying condition that caused it. Kidney function may return to normal, especially if it is due to an acute obstruction and that obstruction is relieved. Other causes of decreased kidney function leading to kidney failure are due to underlying disease and occur slowly over time. Prevention is the best chance to maintain kidney function, and controlling high blood pressure and diabetes over a lifetime can decrease the potential for progressive kidney damage. Chronic kidney failure may be managed by a primary health care practitioner or a nephrologist to help monitor electrolyte and waste product levels in the bloodstream. Major abnormalities can be life-threatening, and treatment options may be limited to dialysis or transplant. The site will explan it http://www.kidney-faq.com
more...
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Kidney transplantation

kidney
Zhllen's insight:
If kidney failure occurs and is non-reversible, kidney transplantation is an alternative option to dialysis. If the patient is an appropriate candidate, the health care practitioner will contact an organ transplant center to arrange evaluation to see if the patient is suitable for this treatment. If so, the search for a donor begins. Sometimes, family members have compatible tissue types and, if they are willing, may donate a kidney. Otherwise, the patient will be placed on the organ transplant list that is maintained by the United Network of Organ Sharing... The site will explan it http://www.kidney-faq.com
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What you should prepare before kidney transplant?

kidney

Zhllen's insight:

 

1.Fully hemodialysis.Improve heart function, correct the anemia and control the pressure of the blood.

2. According to the patient's condition,the doctor should to help you to select if you should do the operation before you do kidney transplant.

3.Before the operation, you should check the blood group, HLA ( histocompatibility antigen ) typing, Cytotoxicity test,and so on..

4.Do the checking of Urinalysis, Liver function, Renal function, Coagulation, immunity and so on.

5. Chest radiographs,take ECG, Echocardiography,B-of liver, gut, soap, spleen, kidney

6.Take the checking of Etiology: HBV,HCV,HIV,CMV,EBV,HPV,TB and Throat, spittle, Clean urine culture and so on.

7. Conduct a hemodialysis before the operation.

8. According to the different circumstances of the patient, let them start taking immunosuppressants the day before operation. Medications are: Azathioprine, Cyclophosphamide, Mycophenolate mofetil, Bailing Capsule. Currently, the Mycophenolate mofetil with Prednisolone and Cyclosporin A Is a better solution.

The site will explan it http://www.kidney-faq.com

more...
No comment yet.
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Hemodialysis

kidney

Zhllen's insight:

Hemodialysis uses a machine filter called a dialyzer or artificial kidney to remove excess water and salt, to balance the other electrolytes in the body, and to remove waste products of metabolism. Blood is removed from the body and flows through tubing into the machine, where it passes next to a filter membrane. A specialized chemical solution (dialysate) flows on the other side of the membrane. The dialysate is formulated to draw impurities from the blood through the filter membrane. Blood and dialysate never touch in the artificial kidney machine.

The site will explan it http://www.kidney-faq.com

more...
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Medications may be used to help control some of the issues associated with kidney failure.

kidney failure

Zhllen's insight:

Medications may be used to help control some of the issues associated with kidney failure.

Phosphorus-lowering medications (calcium carbonate [Caltrate], calcitriol [Rocaltrol], sevelamer [Renagel])Red blood cell production stimulation (erythropoietin, darbepoetin [Aranesp])Red blood cell production (iron supplements)Blood pressure medicationsVitamins

Once the kidneys fail completely, the treatment options are limited to dialysis or kidney replacement by transplantation.

The site will explan it http://www.kidney-faq.com

more...
No comment yet.
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The diet of the paitient

kidney
Zhllen's insight:
Diet is an important consideration for those with impaired kidney function. Consultation with a dietician may be helpful to understand what foods may or may not be appropriate. Since the kidneys cannot easily remove excess water, salt, or potassium, these may need to be consumed in limited quantities. Foods high in potassium include bananas, apricots, and salt substitutes. Phosphorus is a forgotten chemical that is associated with calcium metabolism and may be elevated in the body in kidney failure. Too much phosphorus can leech calcium from the bones and cause osteoporosis and fractures. Foods with high phosphorus content include milk, cheese, nuts, and cola drinks. The site will explan it http://www.kidney-faq.com
more...
No comment yet.
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What is the treatment for kidney failure

kidney

Zhllen's insight:

Prevention is always the goal with kidney failure. Chronic diseases such as hypertension and diabetes are devastating because of the damage that they can do to kidneys and other organs. Lifelong diligence is important in keeping blood sugar and blood pressure within normal limits. Specific treatments are dependent upon the underlying diseases.

Once kidney failure is present, the goal is to prevent further deterioration of renal function. If ignored, the kidneys will progress to complete failure, but if underlying illnesses are addressed and treated aggressively, kidney function can be preserved, though not always improved.

The site will explan it http://www.kidney-faq.com

more...
No comment yet.
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How is kidney failure diagnosed?

kidney

Zhllen's insight:

Diagnosis of kidney failure is confirmed by blood tests measuring the buildup of waste products in the blood. BUN, creatinine, and GFR are routine blood tests used to measure the buildup of waste products in the blood. BUN and creatinine become elevated, and the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) decreases. This is the rate with which blood is filtered through the kidneys and can be calculated based upon the creatinine level, age, race, and gender.

The site will explan it http://www.kidney-faq.com

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Zhllen
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proper diet, healthy kidney

kidney

Zhllen's insight:

As the living standard is becoming higher and higher, many people tend to use medicines to protect their kidneys. As a matter of fact, good diet habits can benefit kidney a lot. It’s not difficult to follow, so take it happily. Diet ranges from condition to condition. Here are some common advices.

1. The intake of salt and soda

The intake of salt is among five or six grams a day for normal person. In some areas, people take 12 grams. Salt contains sodium chloride and soda contains sodium bicarbonate. A high intake of salt and soda increases sodium in the body. The increasing sodium deposit causes the retention of water and sodium, which develops edema. Thereby, for patients with edema, the intake of salt should be controlled within 2-3 grams per day. It is not scientific to have food without salt. Lack of salt for a long time causes weakness and dizziness.

The site will explan it http://www.kidney-faq.com

more...
No comment yet.