Journalism: the citizen side
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International research on 69 journalistic pure players and their business models

International research on 69 journalistic pure players and their business models | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it

This report outlines how online-based journalistic startups have created their economical locker in the evolving media ecology. The research introduces the ways that startups have found sustainability in the markets of nine countries. The work is based on 69 case studies from Europe, USA and Japan.

 

PDF full text: http://bit.ly/QkdYex ;
(via: António Granado, Ponto Media)

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Journalism: the citizen side
When citizens have their say about journalism
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Ethics in the News - 2017 report

Ethics in the News - 2017 report | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
After a year of unprecedented news-making, media around the world are stepping back to ask a pertinent question – what is the future of ethical journalism in an age when it appears that the public around the world are falling out with facts, humanity and accountable truth-telling?

Ethics in the News by the Ethical Journalism Network, which launches on Tuesday 10 January, throws some light on ethical challenges for media and gives journalists some key tips on ethical survival techniques.

In Europe and America the report looks at how media covered the UK vote to leave the European Union and the Trump election which intensified concerns about the revival of racism, extremism and political propaganda across the western world.

Ethics in the News analyses fake news and how journalism with a public purpose can be overwhelmed in a do-it-yourself world of communications that has led to a so-called post-truth movement in which facts and expert opinion are left on the sidelines of public discourse.

But this is no “western media” crisis. Elsewhere, the question is equally relevant.
Manuel Pinto's insight:
The document examines the main news ethical issues in the different parts of the world.
Read the full reporter here:
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Just published: Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2017 - trends and key findings

Just published: Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2017 - trends and key findings | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it


"With data covering more than 30 countries and five continents, this research is a reminder that the digital revolution is full of contradictions and exceptions. Countries started in different places, and are not moving at the same pace. These differences are captured in individual country pages that can be found towards the end of this report. They contain critical industry context written by experts – as well as key charts and data points. Some of the key findings from our 2017 research: Growth in social media for news is flattening out in some markets, as messaging apps that are (a) more private and (b) tend not to filter content algorithmically are becoming more popular. The use of WhatsApp for news is starting to rival Facebook in a number of markets including Malaysia (51%), Brazil (46%), and Spain (32%). Only a quarter (24%) of our respondents think social media do a good job in separating fact from fiction, compared to 40% for the news media. Our qualitative data suggest that users feel the combination of a lack of rules and viral algorithms are encouraging low quality and ‘fake news’ to spread quickly. There are wide variations in trust across our 36 countries. The proportion that says they trust the news is highest in Finland (62%), but lowest in Greece and South Korea (23%). In most countries, we find a strong connection between distrust in the media and perceived political bias. This is particularly true in countries with high levels of political polarisation like the United States, Italy, and Hungary. Almost a third of our sample (29%) say they often or sometimes avoid the news. For many, this is because it can have a negative effect on mood. For others, it is because they can’t rely on news to be true. Mobile marches on, outstripping computer access for news in an increasing number of countries. Mobile news notifications have grown significantly in the last year, especially in the US (+8 percentage points), South Korea (+7), and Australia (+4), becoming an important new route to content and giving a new lease of life to news apps. In a related development there has been a significant growth in mobile news aggregators, notably Apple News, but also Snapchat Discover for younger audiences. Both have doubled usage with their target groups in the last year. Smartphones are now as important for news inside the home as outside. More smartphone users now access news in bed (46%) than use the device when commuting to work."

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Wrong report of earthquake in LA Times by robot makes us question the future of journalism

Wrong report of earthquake in LA Times by robot makes us question the future of journalism | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
LA Times tweeted out their official statement for the wrong report and said that they had an automated algorithm, quakebot that wrote out these stories based on the alerts from USGS and a wrong alert led to the tweets and stories on the website.
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Social media teams: the secret weapon against misinformation

"We believe your social media teams might be a secret weapon in the fight against disinformation,” said Jane Elizabeth, Senior Manager for the American Press Institute's Accountability Journalism Program, at the World Editors Forum session titled “Editors: fighting back”, which took place as part of WAN-IFRA’s World News Media Congress in Durban, South Africa, last week."
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Diez claves del Congreso Internacional Mediamorfosis. Perspectivas de la innovación en periodismo

El XXIII Congreso Internacional de la Sociedad Española de Periodística, organizado por la Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche el 9 y 10 de junio, congregó a 200 profesores de periodismo de toda España y otros países. En este congreso, impulsado por el equipo de profesores del Máster de Innovación en Periodismo de la UMH, analizó la transformación que afrontan los medios y las claves para desarrollar un periodismo de calidad que sea viable e innovador. A continuación, seleccionamos las principales ideas que se abordaron al hilo de las sesiones plenarias y mesas redondas.
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Journalists from 11 countries join efforts for website covering the Lava Jato corruption scandal

Journalists from 11 countries join efforts for website covering the Lava Jato corruption scandal | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it

"A political scandal that transcends borders, such as Operation Car Wash –the network of corruption and money laundering that originated in Brazil and involves politicians and businessmen from several countries– requires cross-border, collaborative and persistent journalistic work. With that in mind, Peru's investigative journalism site Convoca and Brazilian newspaper Folha de S.Paulo teamed up with 20 journalists from 11 media outlets in nine other countries to launch the online platform Investiga Lava Jato (Investigate Lava Jato), a portal with a goal to develop and disseminate in-depth reports on a corruption scheme that has spread beyond the continent. Investiga Lava Jato (Screenshot) Investiga Lava Jato, which launched on June 4, also aims to form a commu"

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A question for a dystopian age: what counts as fake news? 

A question for a dystopian age: what counts as fake news?  | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
The Grenfell Tower tragedy highlighted a lack of trust in a media too often felt to be on the side of the powerful
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Conheça a história que levou à prisão uma fonte do The Intercept

Conheça a história que levou à prisão uma fonte do The Intercept | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
Na tarde da última 2ª feira (8.jun.2017), o The Intercept publicou uma história bombástica: “Detalhes do relatório ultra-secreto da NSA sobre a tentativa de hack antes das eleições de 2016“. A notícia –depois confirmada pela CBS– revela que “militares russos executaram um cyberataque em pelo menos um software de votação norte-americano e enviou e-mails que roubam informações alheias para mais de 100 oficiais de eleições locais alguns dias antes das eleições presidenciais do novembro passado, segundo um relatório sigiloso obtido pelo The Intercept“. A reportagem incluía PDFs e relatórios da NSA (Agência Nacional de Inteligência).
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Pay to sway: report reveals how easy it is to manipulate elections with fake news

Pay to sway: report reveals how easy it is to manipulate elections with fake news | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
Fake News Machine research comes amid increasing concern about hacking elections and the ways that fake news on social media has manipulated voters
Manuel Pinto's insight:
Paper full text:

The Fake News Machine: How Propagandists Abuse the Internet and Manipulate the Public
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Análisis de Twitter como fuente, recurso de interacción y medio de difusión para los periodistas vascos

" El objetivo del presente estudio es descubrir el valor, la influencia y el uso de la red social Twitter como herramienta periodística entre los profesionales vascos de la comunicación. Se ha analizado el uso de Twitter por parte de los comunicadores de los cinco periódicos generalistas más vendidos y leídos del País Vasco: El Correo, El Diario Vasco, Deia, Gara y Berria".
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In Search of Unbiased Reporting in Light of Brexit, Trump and Other Reporting Challenges in the UK and US 

In Search of Unbiased Reporting in Light of Brexit, Trump and Other Reporting Challenges in the UK and US  | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it

"A new paper by Helen Boaden, Joan Shorenstein Fellow (spring 2017), and former BBC News and BBC Radio director, compares the BBC’s value of impartiality to the American value of objectivity in journalism, and the pressures placed on both in their respective environments. Boaden explains how although the BBC receives funding from a license fee and is not subject to the commercial pressures that American news outlets face, political pressures can still affect its survival and independence. Beyond money and politics, the nature of the modern news cycle can subvert journalists’ values. Boaden reviews election coverage in the US, touches on the BBC’s coverage during the Brexit referendum, and looks at the challenges arising from the spread of disinformation and fake news."

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Uma entrevista sobre os deslizes do jornalismo

Uma entrevista sobre os deslizes do jornalismo | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
Setenta e duas horas após a revelação do site do jornal O Globo que noticiou uma conversa pouco republicana entre o presidente Michel Temer e o empresário Joesley Batista, da JBS, o repórter da Agência Pública Lucas Ferraz se reunia com a ombudsman da Folha de S.Paulo, Paula Cesarino, e o editor do Nexo Jornal, João Paulo Charleaux, para uma entrevista no quente dos acontecimentos que convulsionou o país.

Se o “erro é da natureza do jornalismo”, como afirmou Cesarino, como é possível reduzir a possibilidade de errar? Qual o impacto que as decisões tomadas nas redações têm na sociedade e qual é o papel do jornalista ao enfrentar os erros?
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L’ombudsman, ce mal-aimé

L’ombudsman, ce mal-aimé | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
Le 2 juin, deux jours après que le New York Times eut annoncé l’abolition du poste d’ombudsman et la création d’un « Reader Center », Esther Enkin, ombudsman de CBC et présidente de l’Organization of New Ombudsmen (ONO), a fait connaître par écrit que l’ONO déplorait cette décision.
 
« Soumettre tous les articles aux commentaires et créer un “Reader Center” ne fourniront pas exactement la même profondeur ni la même transparence. Les médias sociaux ne sont pas l’endroit idéal pour les analyses sérieuses et approfondies. À cette époque où il semble y avoir une perte de confiance du public envers les médias d’information, ce n’est pas logique d’abolir la position pouvant réellement contribuer à reconstruire cette confiance », a-t-elle expliqué
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Types of misinformation during the UK election

Types of misinformation during the UK election | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it

"After four weeks of systematically monitoring online conversations and content related to the UK election, we found that there was a serious problem with the sharing of misleading information during the campaign. Many politicians and journalists use data well to argue their point but there are examples of facts being distorted throughout the election. Unlike the US election, the most misleading content didn’t come from newly created websites or automated accounts created to push disinformation. Instead, misinformation in the UK election came from misleading headlines, graphics and statistics from the mainstream press, political parties and hyper-partisan websites."

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Portugueses são dos que mais confiam nas notícias, mas dos que menos pagam

Portugueses são dos que mais confiam nas notícias, mas dos que menos pagam | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it

"Os consumidores de notícias em Portugal são – num grupo de 36 países analisados num influente relatório sobre o estado dos media – dos que mais confiam nas notícias. Mas também se encontram entre os que estão menos dispostos a pagar por informação online e são dos que mais usam bloqueadores de publicidade. O Digital News Report, um relatório do Instituto da Reuters para o Estudo do Jornalismo (que funciona na Universidade de Oxford), foi divulgado nesta quinta-feira. O trabalho é conduzido por académicos nos vários países, através de um questionário a utilizadores de Internet que consomem notícias".

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La formación de los profesionales de la comunicación, clave en la divulgación rigurosa de los ensayos clínicos

"¿Qué es exactamente un ensayo clínico? ¿Cómo se diseña y de qué manera se deben interpretar sus resultados? Éstas y otras preguntas son algunas de las cuestiones que parte de la población se hace cuando ve en los medios noticias relacionadas con la investigación. Periodistas y comunicadores científicos son los encargados de trasladar a la población los resultados de estas investigaciones de manera rigurosa y entendible y, por tanto, deben estar capacitados para trasmitir los mensajes de manera correcta"
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'Journalism's mission is more important than ever'

"We have to start by admitting that we’re the problem. We’re very quick to blame the environment or the ecosystem, but we need to look for the fixes ourselves,” said Ritu Kapur, CEO and co-founder of India-based The Quint, during the panel titled “Media: broken, or just misfiring?”, which took place at WAN-IFRA’s World News Media Congress in Durban, South Africa. For the media industry, the advent of the internet gradually led to a loss of control over information, while people who previously depended on those "gatekeepers" found themselves confronted with a wealth of wildly different opinions, ideas, and perceived truths."
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Pay Models in European News

More and more news organisations are implementing paywalls, as legacy revenues continue to erode and digital advertising increasingly go to large technology companies. In this factsheet, we present an overview of the diffusion of different forms of pay models across a sample of 171 of the most important news organisations in six European countries (Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, and the UK). Results show that different types of news organisations adopt diverse approaches. A clear majority of newspapers and weeklies operate a pay model (freemium, metered paywalls, hard paywalls), whereas all broadcasters and almost all digital-born sites offer free access to their news. Pay models adoption is widespread especially in Finland, France, and Poland, where from 87% to 95% of newspapers and weeklies have adopted paywalls. By contrast, in Italy, Germany and the UK, many of the most important news outlets continue to offer free access to their digital content.
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Ética no jornalismo: objETHOS entrevista Carlos Camponez

Ética no jornalismo: objETHOS entrevista Carlos Camponez | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it

"Quando me falam de público, costumo ironizar e dizer: “Não sei. Convidei-o ontem para discutirmos isso ao jantar, mas ele não apareceu”… Agora mais a sério: Penso que é difícil ter uma opinião sustentada sobre esse assunto. Direi, isso sim, que acho que o “sistema deontológico português” tem uma fraquíssima representação do público. Temos sinais evidentes da sua participação em queixas e em discussões públicas. Mas confesso que sou sempre cético acerca de que público é esse, sem com isso pretender desvalorizar as participações dos que intervêm. As redes sociais têm contribuído para algumas destas discussões, mas os conteúdos sensacionalistas continuam a ser os que têm maiores audiências… "

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Fox News Is Officially No Longer ‘Fair and Balanced.’ Wait...

Fox News Is Officially No Longer ‘Fair and Balanced.’ Wait... | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
From Fox News' new slogan to President Trump's "witch hunt" tweet, here's everything the internet was talking about last week.
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What do we mean by fake news, and how can we combat it?

What do we mean by fake news, and how can we combat it? | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it

"The term might have become a buzzword, but the problem is serious WikiTribune’s mission — to quote the mainstream media who’ve covered us — is “to combat fake news with wiki-powered journalism,” (TechCrunch), “to fight fake news by pairing professional journalists with an army of volunteer community contributors” (The Guardian) and “to offer ‘factual and neutral’ articles that help combat the problem of ‘fake news’” (BBC). Notice a trend there?"

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The little blue bird has flown: how Twitter lost its value as a news source

The little blue bird has flown: how Twitter lost its value as a news source | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
The promise of Twitter to bring journalists and ordinary people together has largely been squandered. It now resembles little more than a cable news channel
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La désinformation : quand l’info devient intox

La quantité d’informations que nous recevons quotidiennement augmente. Elles nous arrivent par de nombreux canaux différents : presse écrite, radio, télévision, réseaux sociaux, internet… Comment gérer cette somme d’informations, mais surtout comment l’évaluer ? Une vraie question face à la multiplication des « Hoax » ou canulars, rumeurs, propagandes ou encore théories du complot qui circulent aujourd’hui.

Tous ces termes regroupent une seule et même réalité : la désinformation, c’est-à-dire la transmission consciente ou non d’une information transformée, tronquée voire totalement fausse ou inventée. Aussi comment s’en prémunir et vérifier la véracité d’une information ?
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7 graduation speeches that will renew your faith in journalism

7 graduation speeches that will renew your faith in journalism | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
As a recent college graduate, I can attest that it’s been a busy — albeit exciting — couple of months. And some journalists and media executives have been getting in on the action.

Several prominent national journalists, editors and media executives, including Marty Baron of The Washington Post and Nikole Hannah-Jones of New York magazine, have addressed the newest batch of college graduates over the past few weeks. While the speeches vary in tone and subject, they all share a reverence for facts and responsible storytelling.

Here are a seven of the most notable and inspiring 2017 graduation speeches.
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Snapchat survey shows that distrust in the media is not so simple

Snapchat survey shows that distrust in the media is not so simple | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it

"At the Engaging News Project, we are always interested in learning about different strategies for people to engage with one another, and with news and politics. For our latest project with the Knight Foundation, “Snapchat, Politics and the 2016 Election,” we sought to learn more about how Snapchat was used in the run-up to Election Day."

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“Fake news” is merely a symptom of greater social ills. Our real problems: trust and manipulation

"“Fake news” is merely a symptom of greater social ills. Our real problems: trust and manipulation. Our untrusted — and untrustworthy — institutions are vulnerable to manipulation by a slough of bad guys, from trolls and ideologues to Russians and terrorists, all operating under varying motives but similar methods. Trust is the longer-term problem — decades- or even a century-long. But if we don’t grapple with the immediate and urgent problem of manipulation, those institutions may not live to reinvent themselves and earn the public’s trust back with greater inclusion, equity, transparency, responsiveness, and honesty. "

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