After a year of unprecedented news-making, media around the world are stepping back to ask a pertinent question – what is the future of ethical journalism in an age when it appears that the public around the world are falling out with facts, humanity and accountable truth-telling?
Ethics in the News by the Ethical Journalism Network, which launches on Tuesday 10 January, throws some light on ethical challenges for media and gives journalists some key tips on ethical survival techniques.
In Europe and America the report looks at how media covered the UK vote to leave the European Union and the Trump election which intensified concerns about the revival of racism, extremism and political propaganda across the western world.
Ethics in the News analyses fake news and how journalism with a public purpose can be overwhelmed in a do-it-yourself world of communications that has led to a so-called post-truth movement in which facts and expert opinion are left on the sidelines of public discourse.
But this is no “western media” crisis. Elsewhere, the question is equally relevant.
Manuel Pinto's insight:
The document examines the main news ethical issues in the different parts of the world.
"Dans le monde entier, les grands médias sont confrontés à la baisse de la diffusion print et des recettes publicitaires. Un manque à gagner qui n’est pas encore compensé par les revenus générés par le numérique. Pour booster la vente d’abonnements en ligne, les médias tentent une nouvelle stratégie axée sur la musique. Le New York Times propose désormais une nouvelle formule combinant l’accès premium à son site à un accès à la plateforme de musique en streaming Spotify."
"We often talk about truth as those statements we call facts, but facts are easily taken out of context, so there is more to truth than just facts. I think before we can ever ask what is true and not true, we must have a unifying concept of truth itself. I think that unifying concept of truth should be something along the lines of how I define truth in my dissertation: (...)"
Mar Cabra est responsable de l’équipe « Data & Research » de l’ICIJ. Elle revient sur la collaboration internationale menée par son organisation et la presse de nombreux pays, qui a permis la révélation de l’affaire des « Panama Papers ».
You can't just say the president is lying,” New York Times reporter Elisabeth Bumiller told an audience of Northwestern journalism students in 2004. “You can say Mr. Bush’s statement was not factually accurate. You can’t say the president is lying—that’s a judgment call.”
The paper has come a long way in 12 years. On January 24, the Times published a front-page story under the headline, “Meeting With Top Lawmakers, Trump Repeats an Election Lie”—referring to the false claim that he lost the popular vote due to millions of illegal votes. The Times followed up with “Press Secretary Affirms that Trump Believes Lie of Millions of Illegal Voters” and “Trump Won’t Back Down From His Voting Fraud Lie. Here Are the Facts.”
"When Edward Snowden leaked the biggest collection of classified National Security Agency documents in history, he wasn’t just revealing the inner workings of a global surveillance machine. He was also scrambling to evade it. To communicate with the journalists who would publish his secrets, he had to route all his messages over the anonymity software Tor, teach reporters to use the encryption tool PGP by creating a YouTube tutorial that disguised his voice, and eventually ditch his comfortable life (and smartphone) in Hawaii to set up a cloak-and-dagger data handoff halfway around the world."
" (...) we are proud to announce the launch of CrossCheck with Google News Lab. CrossCheck is a collaborative journalism verification project that aims to help the public make sense of what and who to trust in their social media feeds, web searches and general online news consumption in the coming months. Facebook will also support CrossCheck through dedicated tools and media literacy efforts that will help to explain the verification process and keep relevant audiences up to date with confirmed and disputed information relating to the election. CrossCheck brings together expertise from media and technology industries to ensure hoaxes, rumors and false claims are swiftly debunked, and misleading or confusing stories are accurately reported. With the French presidential election as its primary focus, journalists from organizations across France will work together to find and verify content circulating publicly online, whether it is photographs, videos, memes, comment threads or news sites."
"Alors que le texte anti-immigration adopté le 27 janvier par Donald Trump soulève un tollé médiatisé, l’adoption du décret antiterrorisme signé 48 heures plus tôt et tout aussi nuisible est passé presque inaperçu et c’est bien à tort. Le décret d’amélioration de la sécurité publique au sein des États-Unis (Executive Order : Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the United States) prévoit que les agences telles que la NSA et le FBI devront « dans la mesure permise par la loi en vigueur, s’assurer que leurs politiques de protection des données personnelles excluent les non-citoyens américains et les non-résidents permanents autorisés, des protections offertes par le Privacy Act au regard des informations personnelles identifiantes » (Section 14 de l’Executive Order)."
"L’actualité récente regorge de fausses informations, de rumeurs, de « faits alternatifs » ou de désinformation pure et simple. Le défi est double : d’une part arriver à suivre le rythme de l’information diffusée par de plus en plus de canaux et d’intermédiaires, les médias ; d’autre part, réussir à vérifier l’information diffusée pour s’assurer de son exactitude ou objectivité. La nature même des médias, eux-mêmes confrontés aux défis ci-dessus, est d’assurer un droit du public à une information de qualité, complète, libre, indépendante et pluraliste."
‘Daily Mail’, ‘Daily Mirror’ o ‘The Sun’ se encuentran entre los títulos que Wikipedia invita a eliminar como fuentes de referencia. La lucha contra las noticias falsas sigue su curso…y esta vez parece que va en serio.
"Paul Salopek has been walking for the past four years — and he has six more years to go. His project, the Out of Eden Walk, is a “decade-long experiment in slow journalism” to cover some of the most important stories ranging from mass migration to technological innovation at the start of the millennium."
"The 18th International Symposium on Online Journalism (ISOJ) is shaping up, with a preliminary list of outstanding speakers and a new site for exploring the evolution of online journalism through the content of all previous symposia, since 1999. Registration is now open for ISOJ 2017, so sign up now! The new site, with contemporary design and architecture, is now available at isoj.org, a new URL that replaces http://online.journalism.utexas.edu. It is a unique repository of testimonials on the evolution of journalism in the United States and the world that includes all the content presented at ISOJ since 1999."
Décodex est une boîte à outils proposée en accès gratuit depuis le 1er février 2017 par Les Décodeurs, rubrique du site lemonde.fr. Elle vise à permettre aux internautes de distinguer les sites d’information fiables de ceux qui ne le sont pas, à l’aide d’une classification selon plusieurs critères (voir plus bas).
Sont concernés les sites, blogs, sites de presses mais aussi les comptes Youtube ou Twitter. Les internautes sont mis à contribution pour répertorier les sites avec la possibilité d’envoyer une requête aux Décodeurs, ce qui place le projet dans une « démarche citoyenne » mais aussi d’éducation aux médias pour tous et dans les écoles. A noter que ce projet est financé par le Fonds pour l’innovation numérique de la presse (« Fonds Google »).
In the long history of misinformation, the current outbreak of fake news has already secured a special place, with the president’s personal adviser, Kellyanne Conway, going so far as to invent a Kentucky massacre in order to defend a ban on travelers from seven Muslim countries. But the concoction of alternative facts is hardly rare, and the equivalent of today’s poisonous, bite-size texts and tweets can be found in most periods of history, going back to the ancients.
"The press will destroy Trump and Trump will destroy the press. Consider that trust in media began falling in the ’70s, coincident with what we believe was our zenith: Watergate. We brought down a President. A Republican President. Now the press is the nation’s last, best hope to bring down a compromised, corrupt, bigoted, narcissistic, likely insane, incompetent, and possibly dangerous President. A Republican President. Donald Trump. If the press does what Congress is so far unwilling to do — investigate him — then these two Republican presidencies will bookend the beginning of the end and the end of the end of American mass media. Any last, small hope that anyone on the right would ever again trust, listen to, and be informed by the press will disappear. It doesn’t matter if we are correct or righteous. We won’t be heard. Mass media dies, as does the notion of the mass."
The report of the The New York Times’s 2020 group, on the future of the newsroom.
"We are, in the simplest terms, a subscription-first business. Our focus on subscribers sets us apart in crucial ways from many other media organizations. We are not trying to maximize clicks and sell low-margin advertising against them. We are not trying to win a pageviews arms race. We believe that the more sound business strategy for The Times is to provide journalism so strong that several million people around the world are willing to pay for it. Of course, this strategy is also deeply in tune with our longtime values. Our incentives point us toward journalistic excellence. And our strategy is working."
Chaque année le quotidien La Croix publie son baromètre sur la confiance des Français envers les médias en partenariat avec Kantar Sofres. Pour l’édition 2017, la tendance à la défiance, amorcée depuis 2015, se confirme. Cette crise de confiance apparaît comme un enjeu primordial pour les médias.
"Adam Silver, o comissionado da NBA, disse no início de 2017 que estava considerando reduzir o tempo dos jogos de basquete, por causa da cada vez mais curta capacidade de atenção do público, especialmente entre os chamados “millenials”. E parece que algo similar está acontecendo nestes tempos de tweets curtos. Um estudo da agência de análise de tráfego na rede Chartbeat indicou que a maioria dos leitores não chegam além da metade de um artigo online. Na verdade, 10% dos usuários não passa do primeiro scroll. Este fato poderia indicar que o jornalismo long-form, ou de longo formato, cujo conteúdo é de maior extensão e profundidade, não é um estilo com muitas possibilidades de êxito na rede. No entanto, publicações tanto online quanto impressão têm se arriscado de produzir textos de formato longo para a Internet, com diferentes níveis de sucesso. Ao menos na América Latina, o gênero está presente e lutando para se impor em meio à superprodução de conteúdo de consumo mais fácil na rede."
The simple but frustrating truth is that facts alone are not enough to provide context and clarity for your audience. Even the most thorough, accurate piece of reporting might still be trumped by a poorly reasoned and false counterargument.
Decades of research into the way humans process information and deal with misinformation and propaganda show that people are more inclined to believe things that are in line with their existing views — even if proven truth contradicts their beliefs.
Here are some factors that make it difficult to convince people of facts.
Les algorithmes des réseaux sociaux ont-ils pris le pouvoir sur l'opinion ? Comment un système de désinformation, organisé d’une main de maître, a pu contribuer à l'élection de Donald Trump ? Le fact-checking, et les labels de fiabilité attribués à tel ou tel titre de presse, peuvent-ils vraiment endiguer le phénomène ?
Digital media played a prominent role in the recent US presidential election, with social media platforms channelling previously fringe universes of political culture, rooted in populism and post-truth politics, right into the mainstream of US political discourse. Meanwhile, traditional mechanisms, from polling to mainstream media, failed to adequately capture public sentiment around political events. Are new instruments needed to understand the socio-technical fabric of the post-truth political landscape? And what can digital researchers do to contribute? Liliana Bounegru outlines examples of approaches being developed at the Digital Methods Initiative that hope to assist digital researchers, data journalists, civil society groups and others looking to increase public understanding of these phenomena.
"A new report by the Ethical Journalism Network (EJN) examines the challenges faced by journalists in a “post-truth era,” in which facts and informed opinion have arguably taken a backseat to propaganda and misinformation. The report, made up of a series of essays by journalists and academics, offers snapshots of the challenges faced by media in the U.S., the UK, India, Turkey and elsewhere. Some of the principal challenges identified by the report include the following: ..."
"Everyone is hungry to know what their government is doing, and how to affect it. That is exactly what Countable gives them. Countable is an app that makes it simple to follow what’s going on in Washington — from bills before Congress to Executive Orders from the President — and then gives people an instant, direct line of communication with their representatives. Its foundational belief is that every American should have easy access to their government."
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