Journalism: the citizen side
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Four tips for aspiring media innovators | IJNet

Four tips for aspiring media innovators | IJNet | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
Traditionally, journalists have lived for the scoop: get the story first, and let your competitors read about it on tomorrow’s front page.

But to be successful at media innovation, journalists and media companies need to focus less on competition and more on collaboration, says media strategist Justin Arenstein.

 

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Journalism: the citizen side
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Ethics in the News - 2017 report

Ethics in the News - 2017 report | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
After a year of unprecedented news-making, media around the world are stepping back to ask a pertinent question – what is the future of ethical journalism in an age when it appears that the public around the world are falling out with facts, humanity and accountable truth-telling?

Ethics in the News by the Ethical Journalism Network, which launches on Tuesday 10 January, throws some light on ethical challenges for media and gives journalists some key tips on ethical survival techniques.

In Europe and America the report looks at how media covered the UK vote to leave the European Union and the Trump election which intensified concerns about the revival of racism, extremism and political propaganda across the western world.

Ethics in the News analyses fake news and how journalism with a public purpose can be overwhelmed in a do-it-yourself world of communications that has led to a so-called post-truth movement in which facts and expert opinion are left on the sidelines of public discourse.

But this is no “western media” crisis. Elsewhere, the question is equally relevant.
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The document examines the main news ethical issues in the different parts of the world.
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Confiamos em quem partilha as notícias, não em quem as faz

Confiamos em quem partilha as notícias, não em quem as faz | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
É mais provável que os leitores acreditem nos factos e na qualidade da informação quando chegam às notícias através de pessoas em quem confiam.
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Conferência de Soledad Gallego-Díaz: “La posverdad es que la sociedad funcione sin el valor del concepto de la verdad”

Conferência de Soledad Gallego-Díaz: “La posverdad es que la sociedad funcione sin el valor del concepto de la verdad” | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it

"La conferencia que pronunció ayer la periodista Soledad Gallego-Díaz en el foro Diálogos en el CAA giró en torno a la posverdad y los retos que representa para el periodismo. Un fenómeno que consideró muy preocupante y que constituye una amenaza real para las democracias, como se ha demostrado con el triunfo del Brexit o la llegada de Donald Trump a la Casa Blanca. “La posverdad no es la mentira de siempre, es que la sociedad funcione sin el valor del concepto de la verdad”, explicó. Lo insólito y peligroso de este proceso, alertó la veterana periodista, es que “forma parte de un programa, de una estrategia de comunicación política que usa la mentira y la falsedad como un elemento básico de ese sistema. Es algo organizado por grupos determinados y que además se mantiene en el tiempo”."

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How can we combat fake news? – The role of platforms, media literacy, and journalism

How can we combat fake news? – The role of platforms, media literacy, and journalism | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it

"In the months since Brexit and the US presidential election, the term “fake news” has been widely invoked and often misunderstood, but the phenomenon that inspired the term—the apparent spread of false information online by actors with both commercial and political agendas—remains of serious public interest and concern. Legislation designed to curtain the problem has been proposed in Germany, an inquiry has been launched into the matter in the UK, and digital platforms such as Facebook, Google, and Twitter have announced their own efforts to curtail the apparent problem of fake news on the internet. But what do we really know about fake news? What more do we need to know? And how should policymakers and industry actors design effective and suitable responses to the problem given these uncertainties?"

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Jean-Marie Charon : “La presse est plus dans une situation de réinvention qu’en crise”

Jean-Marie Charon : “La presse est plus dans une situation de réinvention qu’en crise” | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
Le sociologue spécialiste des médias publie son baromètre social annuel de l’emploi des journalistes. Un bilan plus optimiste que défaitiste pour une profession qui a encore des efforts à faire dans tous les domaines pour redresser la pente.
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Vitesse moyenne de propagation d’une information : 175 minutes

Vitesse moyenne de propagation d’une information : 175 minutes | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
Les articles en ligne se ressemblent de plus en plus, selon une étude portant sur 2,5 millions d’articles en 2013, publiée mercredi par l'INA et réalisée par les chercheurs Julia Cagé, Nicolas Hervé et Marie-Luce Viaud. Ceux-ci ont ainsi suivi le circuit de l'information pour 25 000 événements de l'année - c'est-à-dire des faits marquants rapportés par au moins un média. Et ce sur la production de 86 grands médias en France. Selon eux, 64% des contenus sont ainsi de purs copier-coller d'autres articles, en particulier de dépêches AFP. Premier constat : l'information se propage très rapidement. Il faut en moyenne 175 minutes pour qu'un événement couvert par un site le soit aussi par un autre. La moitié des événements donne lieu à des reprises en seulement 25 minutes et un quart en 230 secondes, généralement des reprises de dépêches AFP. Une fois sur deux, l'AFP a été la première à publier l'information sur un événement, reprise ensuite par d'autres médias après 25 minutes en moyenne.
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Revealed: the terror and torment of Turkey's jailed journalists

Revealed: the terror and torment of Turkey's jailed journalists | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
Prisoners tell of solitary confinement and maltreatment after being caught up in the Kafkaesque media purge
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Quality for news is mostly about solving the reputation issue

Quality for news is mostly about solving the reputation issue | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it

"Working on a quality score for publishers and authors is an effective way to mine quality from the web — and to fight fake news. To do this, we need to find, combine and weight the right “signals”."

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A pós-verdade na imprensa

A pós-verdade na imprensa | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
Se o filósofo Jürgen Habermas não se equivocou, estivemos expostos à pós-verdade, espantosamente óbvia, sem que nos apercebêssemos. Com outros termos, ele explicou que “os meios de comunicação alteram a percepção e os sentidos das pessoas, na medida em que um outro elemento tende a ser destacado em prejuízo de outro”. Assim, a mídia tradicional teria sido tão adepta da adulteração da verdade quanto as páginas de notícias falsas no Facebook, só que de maneira muito mais velada.
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European newsrooms are forming a united front against fake news - Digiday

European newsrooms are forming a united front against fake news - Digiday | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
Three-week-old fact-checking coalition CrossCheck is gaining steam.

A total of 37 publishers are signed up to the project, spearheaded by non-profit First Draft News. Publisher partners are mainly from France and Britain, and include the BBC, Channel 4 News, International Business Times, Bloomberg, Le Monde, BuzzFeed, La Liberation, Les Echos and Agence France-Presse.

Traditional media company competitiveness has been put aside in favor of collaboration. The result: having more than one publisher discredit a false story renders the debunking more powerful. Now, beyond just debunking, new stories are being generated from the joint input of publishers.
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Le journalisme de solutions, un espoir pour une presse en crise

Le journalisme de solutions, un espoir pour une presse en crise | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
Face à la prolifération des «fake news» et à la crise de crédibilité des médias, le journalisme de solutions se pose en héros d'une profession malmenée. Méconnu du public et associé - à tort - à un journalisme « de bonnes nouvelles », est-il capable de permettre à la presse de regagner la confiance du public ?
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'Disputed by multiple fact-checkers': Facebook rolls out new alert to combat fake news

'Disputed by multiple fact-checkers': Facebook rolls out new alert to combat fake news | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it

"Facebook has started rolling out its third-party fact-checking tool in the fight against fake news, alerting users to “disputed content”. The site announced in December it would be partnering with independent fact-checkers to crack down on the spread of misinformation on its platform. The tool was first observed by Facebook users attempting to link to a story that falsely claimed hundreds of thousands of Irish people were brought to the US as slaves."

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‘Who shared it?’ How Americans decide what news to trust on social media

‘Who shared it?’ How Americans decide what news to trust on social media | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it

"When Americans encounter news on social media, how much they trust the content is determined less by who creates the news than by who shares it, according to a new experimental study from the Media Insight Project, a collaboration between the American Press Institute and The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research. Whether readers trust the sharer, indeed, matters more than who produces the article —or even whether the article is produced by a real news organization or a fictional one, the study finds."

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I studied how journalists used Twitter for two years. Here’s what I learned

I studied how journalists used Twitter for two years. Here’s what I learned | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
Twitter reflects the good, the bad and just plain ugly reality of social media these days. For academics, journalists and voters, there’s never been a more crucial time to talk about the impact these social media platforms have on factual journalism and being watchdogs of the powerful.

It’s in vogue to attack the messenger for the message. We are called liars. We are called “nasty people.” We are told to shut up.

So, what else is new? What administration has loved the press? Washington Post editor Marty Baron recently told the Code Media conference: “We’re not at war with the administration, we’re at work. We’re doing our jobs.”

We work to get the facts. And as academics, we work to teach future journalists the key principles of news gathering. With the advent of Twitter and other social media, it’s important to teach critical thinking so all can ask: Who is setting the news agenda?
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Information Wars: A Window into the Alternative Media Ecosystem

Information Wars: A Window into the Alternative Media Ecosystem | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
For more than three years, my lab at the University of Washington has conducted research looking at how people spread rumors online during crisis events. We have looked at natural disasters like…
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Is it still fake news if it makes you feel good? (Yes, yes it is): Updates from the fake news world

Is it still fake news if it makes you feel good? (Yes, yes it is): Updates from the fake news world | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
Plus: LinkedIn claims it doesn’t have a fake news problem, Facebook’s “disputed story” alerts are spotted in the wild, and middle schoolers get trained to be skeptical.
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The gender gap persists at many top news outlets in the U.S., and it’s reflected in how stories are reported

The gender gap persists at many top news outlets in the U.S., and it’s reflected in how stories are reported | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
Far more men than women are reporting the news, at least at some of the most prominent news organizations in the United States.

At ABC’s World News Tonight, 88 percent of the on-camera and producer credits on stories went to men. At the New York Daily News, 76 percent of bylines were men’s.

Those are a few of the numbers from the Women’s Media Center 2017 study released Wednesday, which tracked reporting from broadcast, wire, newspaper, and digital-only outlets for three months in 2016.
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ISOJ 2017: Palestrantes vão discutir boom do podcast e como organizações de mídia podem surfar nessa onda

ISOJ 2017: Palestrantes vão discutir boom do podcast e como organizações de mídia podem surfar nessa onda | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it

"Desde a estreia do podcast de reportagem investigativa Serial, cada vez mais americanos estão ouvindo podcasts. Lisa Tobin do The New York Times (Arquivo pessoal) Um estudo do Pew Research Center, de 2016, mostrou que os downloads estão aumentando, e a porcentagem de adultos que ouvem podcasts tem subido de forma estável desde 2012. Essa explosão vai ser o tema da palestra “O Boom do Podcast: Perspectivas para as organizações de notícias”, que será realizada em 22 de abril no 2017 International Symposium on Online Journalism (ISOJ)."

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« Ce n’est pas tant l’actualité que les journalistes qui font l’événement »

« Ce n’est pas tant l’actualité que les journalistes qui font l’événement » | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
L’information originale en ligne est-elle menacée ? Et comment garantir sa pérennité ? Entretien avec Julia Cagé, Nicolas Hervé et Marie-Luce Viaud, auteurs de « L’Information à tout prix » (Ina Éditions).

Le développement de l’information sur Internet conduit-il au règne du copié-collé au détriment de l’information de qualité ? Peut-on inventer de nouveaux modèles économiques pour les médias afin de tirer le meilleur parti des nouvelles technologies ?
Voici deux questions qui structurent le livre L’information à tout prix (Ina Éditions). Cet ouvrage, fruit d’un travail de recherche inédit, apporte de nouvelles réponses à ces questions en conjuguant les outils du big data, du machine learning et de l’économie. Il se fonde sur la construction et l’analyse d’une base de données unique : l’intégralité du contenu produit en ligne par les médias d’information en France sur l’année 2013, qu’il s’agisse de la presse écrite, de la télévision, de la radio, des pure internet players ou encore de l’AFP. 
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Why journalists need to resist the label of ‘the opposition’

Why journalists need to resist the label of ‘the opposition’ | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
The characterization of the press as “the opposition” is especially dangerous. It is an attempt to delegitimize facts, to denigrate reporting gathered through objective methods as nothing more than ideological agitation. To call journalists the opposition demotes them from truth-seekers to partisans.
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Radical Journalism Ethics in the Time of Trump: Engagement and Pragmatic Objectivity

Radical Journalism Ethics in the Time of Trump: Engagement and Pragmatic Objectivity | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
In a time of Trump, how should journalists serve the public? Should they join the protests? Become a partisan, opposition press? Or stick to neutrally reporting the facts? In this three-part series, media ethicist Stephen J. A. Ward, author of “Radical Media Ethics,” rejects these options. A proper response requires a radical rethink of journalism ethics. He urges journalists to practice democratically engaged journalism, which views journalists as social advocates of a special kind. They follow a method of objective engagement which Ward calls pragmatic objectivity. Journalists of this ilk are neither partisans nor neutral reporters of fact. In the first article in the series, Ward defines democratically engaged journalism. In this, the second article, he explains and applies pragmatic objectivity. In the final article, Ward will show how democratically engaged journalism opposes Trump’s tribalism of Us versus Them.
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Le journalisme, garant de la démocratie

Le journalisme, garant de la démocratie | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it

"Les médias traditionnels sont en perte de vitesse. Quand ils ne mettent pas la clef sous la porte, comme récemment L’Hebdo, ils licencient à tour de bras. Christian Campiche, président d’Impressum, relève la «perte du sens critique» de beaucoup de titres. Mais se veut confiant en l’avenir du journalisme, moyennent un soutien par financement étatique."

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« 64 % de ce qui est publié en ligne est du copié-collé pur et simple »

« 64 % de ce qui est publié en ligne est du copié-collé pur et simple » | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
Dans L’information à tout prix (Ina Éditions), Julia Cagé, Marie-Luce Viaud et Nicolas Hervé quantifient le recours massif au copié-collé dans les médias en ligne et la vitesse de propagation d’une information. Comment, dans ces conditions, monétiser l’information ? Extraits.
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Liberté de la presse : "La Turquie vit un arbitraire total"

Liberté de la presse : "La Turquie vit un arbitraire total" | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
Pour le journaliste Erol Önderoglu, convoqué aujourd'hui par la justice à Istanbul, il est plus que jamais important de ne pas baisser les bras. Quelque 100 journalistes sont derrière les barreaux dans le pays.
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Executive Editor Martin Baron delivers Oweida Lecture in Journalism Ethics at Penn State University

Executive Editor Martin Baron delivers Oweida Lecture in Journalism Ethics at Penn State University | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
See the full text of his speech on the role of journalism today.
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As refugees resettle across Europe, four news organizations partner to tell the still-unfolding stories of integration

As refugees resettle across Europe, four news organizations partner to tell the still-unfolding stories of integration | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
The outlets — El País, the Guardian, Le Monde, and Spiegel Online — represent four countries that are each their own case study for the next chapter of the migration story, on the changing face of Europe, and how these newcomers are welcomed.
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