History of Special Education and Acts that helped shape Special Education
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Judy Duchan's Historical Glimpses of Speech Therapy Practices

Judy Duchan's Historical Glimpses of Speech Therapy Practices | History of Special Education and Acts that helped shape Special Education | Scoop.it
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lauren's comment, March 25, 2014 12:21 PM
3. Increasing Victor's need and social contact - Victor was never interested in toys, but Itard would increase his interest by giving him "amusement which had connection with his appetite for food." When Itard took Victor to a restaurant, he would order Victor's favorite foods there.
lauren's comment, March 25, 2014 12:23 PM
4. Speech through imitation - Itard would hold a glass of water in front of Victor and say " eau eau"(only sound Victor could say). When Victor didn't respond, Itard gave the glass to another person so they could imitate the sound.
lauren's comment, March 25, 2014 12:27 PM
5. Development and use of Mental Operations - Picture/Object Matching Game: Itard would hold a picture up to Victor, and Victor would have to go find the object. After awhile, Itard replaced the picture with a word, and would ask Victor to bring the object associated with the word. The use of games were to increase Victor's memory, intention, and interest.
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special education

special education | History of Special Education and Acts that helped shape Special Education | Scoop.it
The education of children who differ socially, mentally, or physically from the average to such an extent that they require modifications of usual school practices. Special education serves children with...
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lauren's comment, March 6, 2014 7:54 AM
The caring for and treating of disabled individuals started during the Middle Ages. Churches would provide care the impaired people, but wouldn't teach them anything. In the Renaissance Era, Pedro Ponce do Leon started to teach deaf people to speak, read, and write in Spain. In Europe during the 17th Century, John Bulwer and Charles-Michel, abbe de I'Epee both wrote about their experiences with deaf children.
lauren's comment, March 6, 2014 7:59 AM
In the 18th Century, Valentin Hauy opened the National Institution of Blind Youth. When other countries heard of Hauy's success, they also opened institutions like this in their countries. Cities like Liverpool, London, Vienna, and New York all have schools for the blind.
lauren's comment, March 6, 2014 8:09 AM
The first attempts to educate children with disabilities came from Jean-Marc-Gaspard Itard, a French physician and otologist. He wrote the book, The Wild Boy of Aveyron, to tell the story about his effort to teach a boy who found and clearly had disabilities. Itard's work was notable and raised reasons to educate people with mental and physical disabilities. Edouard Seguin ,who was one of Itard's students, moved to the United States and made methods that physical and sensory activities to help develop the mental processes . Seguin's work influenced the work of Maria Montessori, whose approach to teaching was self-education through training of senses. She believed that developing the senses was a key thing.
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final_copy__culminating_document___k._dowd_11-28-2011.pdf

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History_Inclusive_Education.pdf

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lauren's comment, February 19, 2014 8:00 AM
Itard's earliest known special needs student was known as Victor of Aveyron. Victor was mute, and couldn't perform daily living skills. Itard wanted to interest Victor in social life, improve his state of thinking, improve his speak and communication skills. Itard was only able Victor's sleeping and eating habit more regular and controlled. He was also able to improve Victor's other sense like touch and taste. Unfortunately, Victor never talked, always wanted to return to his old life,and lacked emotional attachment. It was thought that Victor that might have an autistic syndrome or a mental retardation.
lauren's comment, February 19, 2014 8:04 AM
Eduard Seguin (1812-1880) immigrated to the United States after studying with Itard. He developed programs that stressed the importance for independent and self-reliant development in special need students by giving them task to achieve. He focused on sensory and motor training, and wanted the student be able to be employed after the achieved their education.
lauren's comment, February 19, 2014 8:09 AM
Maria Montessori (1870-1952) believed that education was flowing experience, and that is build on the child while they were in the program. Montessori prepared environments that gave students continuous learning opportunity. The environment was designed to maximize on independent learning and helping the child develop themselves.
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The History of Special Education

The History of Special Education | History of Special Education and Acts that helped shape Special Education | Scoop.it
Included in this timeline are court cases, cultural changes, and legislation that affect the creation and evolution of special education. What changes in our society and government made special education into what we know of today?
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lauren's comment, March 24, 2014 12:34 PM
Board of Education of Hendrick Hudson Central School District v. Rowley This was the first special education case to land in the US Supreme Court. The ruling was the students who qualify for special education services must have access to programs that meet their needs, and must be supported by services that enable student to benefit from instruction.
lauren's comment, March 24, 2014 12:38 PM
Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1986 This act clarifies that supported employment could be an outcome of vocational rehabilitation. It also specifies that states must plan for individuals making the transition from school to work.
lauren's comment, March 24, 2014 12:42 PM
NCLB ( No Child Left Behind) Requires states to develop test in basic skills to be given to all students in certain grades, if the states are to receive federal funding for schools. The standards are set by each state, and all students are to be proficient in math and reading by the year 2014. NCLB is a reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.
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Federal Laws & LD

Federal Laws & LD | History of Special Education and Acts that helped shape Special Education | Scoop.it
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, the Elementary Secondary Education Act/No Child Left Behind, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and The Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act.
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lauren's comment, March 7, 2014 7:49 AM
IEP,or Individualized Education Program, is an outline of the services and support a child will receive from the school. It will include 1. How the student is currently performing in school, 2.How the student can achieve educational goals in the coming year, and 3. How the student will participate in the general education curriculum.
lauren's comment, March 7, 2014 7:59 AM
NCLB, or the No Child Left Behind Act, is a federal reform on public education for grades K-12, and is a more current version of ESEA ( Elementary and Secondary Education Act). The reform was based on four principles: 1. Stronger accountability, 2. Increased flexibility and local control, 3. Expanded options for parents, and 4. Emphasis on teaching qualifications and methods. Three critical elements to understand are: 1. What students should learn, 2. How well they should learn, and 3. Whether a school is teaching all students successfully. State assessments are the way schools prove that they succeeded in fulfilling the three critical elements.
lauren's comment, March 7, 2014 8:11 AM
ADAAA (Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act) was passed in 1990 as a civil rights law to protect individuals with disabilities from discrimination within the workplace, schools, and other places. This law defines people with disabilities are people with: 1. has a physical or mental impairment which limits life, 2. has a record of an impairment, and 3. is regarded as having such an impairment.
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IDEA: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: History and Summary

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idea-35-history.pdf

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lauren's comment, March 5, 2014 7:38 AM
The improvement of the lives of children and youth with disabilities and their families was finally met. When U.S. Congress enacted two laws, Education for All Handicapped Children Act and Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, states started protecting the rights and meetings the individual needs of these children and youth.
lauren's comment, March 5, 2014 7:47 AM
Before IDEA was enacted, many individuals with disabilities weren't going to have a bright future. Many of them were institutionalized because they were considered mentally retarded and/or ill. They received minimal food, clothes, and shelter. In the 1970's, One in five children with disabilities were educated, but states still excluded students from some schooling.
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History+of+Special+Education.pdf

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lauren's comment, February 18, 2014 12:28 PM
Throughout history of public education, special needs children were discriminated. Children who were allowed in the school were placed in regular classes without any help , or in a special needs class without the adequate services needed. In 1978, states had give "education for all".
lauren's comment, February 18, 2014 12:30 PM
In 1963, Congress made the Public Law 85-926 include grants so that teachers could be trained in a broader amount of disabilities.