From the website
"In this Educational Leadership article, Mel Levine discusses the importance of helping students develop "soft skills" and what he calls the four Is: interpretation, instrumentation, interaction, and inner direction. As he says, students can have superb memories for facts, but educators must make sure students learn how to decipher, interpret, and think.
"If high schools merely require students to memorize and mimic, Levine says, students will struggle in college and not be able to decrypt content or have true comprehension. Instead, educators need to help students analyze, evaluate issues, and interpret.
"Levine goes on to suggest ways in which high schools can alter their curriculum to support active mental engagement and set students on the road to success in higher education and in life."