While expected applications of Modular Robotic Systems (MRS) span various workspaces, scales, and structures, practical implementations of such systems lag behind their potentials in performing real-world tasks. Challenges of enhancing MRS capabilities not only are limited to designing reliable, responsive, and robust hardware, but also include developing software and algorithms that can effectively fulfill tasks through performing fundamental functions like shape-formation, locomotion, manipulation, etc. Thus, MRS solution methods must be able to resolve problems arising from the tightly-coupled kinematics of interconnected modules and their inherent limitations in resources, communication, connection strength, etc. in performing such functions through domain-specific operations including Self-reconfiguration, Flow, Gait, Self-assembly, Self-disassembly, Self-adaptation, Grasping, Collective actuation, and Enveloping. Despite the large number of developed solution methods, there is no inclusive and updated study in the literature dedicated to classifying, analyzing, and comparing their specifications and capabilities in a systematic manner. This paper aims to fill in this gap through reviewing 64 solution methods and algorithms according to their application in each operation and by investigating their capabilities in (1) modeling and simplifying MRS problems through Abstraction methods, (2) solving MRS problems through Solution and Control methods, and (3) coordinating actions of modules through Synchronization methods. Challenging issues of each solution approach along with their advantages and weaknesses are also analyzed and open problems and improvement outlooks are mentioned. Overall, this paper aims to investigate the research areas in MRS algorithms that have been evolved so far and to explore promising research directions for the future.
Modular robotic systems: Methods and algorithms for abstraction, planning, control, and synchronization Hossein Ahmadzadeh, Ellips Masehian
One of the main reasons that the ultra rich have become so enamored with the hedge fund industry over the years is their “go anywhere, do anything” approach to investing. Hedge funds are not regulated ...
Ashby's law of requisite variety states that a controller must have at least as much variety (complexity) as the controlled. Maturana and Varela proposed autopoiesis (self-production) to define living systems. Living systems also require to fulfill the law of requisite variety. A measure of autopoiesis has been proposed as the ratio between the complexity of a system and the complexity of its environment. Self-organization can be used as a concept to guide the design of systems towards higher values of autopoiesis, with the potential of making technology more "living", i.e. adaptive and robust.
Requisite Variety, Autopoiesis, and Self-organization Carlos Gershenson
...Small companies can bolster their business significantly by leveraging this technology properly. Owners who come up with a comprehensive IoT strategy will be well equipped to manage a business in the ever-changing 21stcentury.
According to CMSWire.com, many companies will need to start by updating their IT assets. "Add new devices, connect them to the cloud and enable them to talk to each other."
Businesses must harness the power of technological connectivity in order to serve and understand their customers better.Small businesses should first consider using IoT to collect customer data. The technology allows companies to easily and cost-efficiently collect new data which will offer invaluable insights about ways to improve business or keep up with the competition....
Last week, Mary Meeker of Kleiner Perkins Caufield Byers presented her Internet Trends report for 2014 at the Code Conference in California. Since we're fans of tl;dr analyses & content curation, though, here are some of the most important points from the first half of the report.
After Bitcoinkiez (which can be translated to ’Bitcoin neighborhood’) in Berlin, Germany is getting its second location dedicated to the world’s most famous cryptocurrency. And this time Hannover is the place of choice.
Content is King: we've heard this sentence so much that for a lot of us it can become a factor of stress and frustration. Are you suffering content FOMO? Relax: content curation is here to the rescue. And here's how to make it practical and easy through hands-on best practices and tips as well as free or freemium tools to stop worrying about not doing enough with content.
Sharing your scoops to your social media accounts is a must to distribute your curated content. Not only will it drive traffic and leads through your content, but it will help show your expertise with your followers.
How to integrate my topics' content to my website?
Integrating your curated content to your website or blog will allow you to increase your website visitors’ engagement, boost SEO and acquire new visitors. By redirecting your social media traffic to your website, Scoop.it will also help you generate more qualified traffic and leads from your curation work.
Distributing your curated content through a newsletter is a great way to nurture and engage your email subscribers will developing your traffic and visibility.
Creating engaging newsletters with your curated content is really easy.