The scales are certainly tipping in Turkey; well known as a powerful sending market, Today’s Zaman has reported that the number of international students studying in Turkish universities has increased dramatically over the past five years. According to data from the country’s Student Selection and Placement Center (ÖSYM), the number of international students studying in Turkish universities was 15,481 in the 2005/06 academic year. By 2010/11, it increased to 26,228.
Last fall, the Canadian government announced the creation of a new advisory panel to identify ways to tie international education to the nation’s economic and trade policy. In Brazil, the government is providing 75,000 scholarships for students to study overseas in the next four years. Qatar has spent hundreds of millions of dollars on importing branch campuses from the United States and other western nations.
“Colleges and universities operate at the confluence of multiple pressures. The press to accomplish four objectives simultaneously – increase revenue, reduce expenses, improve quality, enhance reputation – leads institutions to attempt an array of proven and unproven management techniques and approaches.”
- From Unintended Consequences of Tuition Discounting by the Lumina Foundation
The Chinese government is increasing its scrutiny of overseas education providers in the wake of recent, high-profile cases in which foreign institutions have issued credentials to Chinese students without adequate academic standards or controls.
The drive to recruit Chinese students has been intense given the great demand for foreign education among China’s enormous student-aged population. Recent years have seen steady increases in the numbers of Chinese students going abroad to study as well as those enrolled in joint programmes offered in partnership between Chinese and foreign institutions.
The Chinese Ministry of Education called on Chinese universities to formalise their overseas partnerships and will be looking for standardisation of agreements as well as clearly spelled-out guarantees of what students will be studying and can expect in terms of credentials by participating in joint education programmes.
Only 1% of the world has access to a higher education, and the figure for secondary education isn't much better at 10%. Even in America around a third students enrolled in college never complete their degrees, and the same proportion of all first years undergraduates have taken at least one remedial course in reading and/or mathematics.
Most universities derive income from a broad range of sources, such as knowledge transfer, commercial operations, public-private partnerships and philanthropic giving. The latest HESA Finance data (2008/09) shows that 'other income' comprised close to 20%, or nearly £5 billion, of total UK HEI income.
At Canadian universities, business schools are light-years ahead of the rest of the campus in raising their global profile.
Intensive foreign-student-recruitment efforts, friendly Canadian immigration rules, mandatory study-abroad requirements, and, in some cases, the option to pursue programs in multiple languages have combined to pack a punch in recent years.
Guest writer and IIM Ranchi director Prof MJ Xavier argues that India's business schools should go deep enough into teaching Indian business to develop their own brand of education that international applicants will find palatable.
25 april 2012 - Replacing government subsidies with student loans is an “effort to transform public debt into private debt,” Greek HE expert Vangelis Tsiligiris argues. Policymakers needed to find macroeconomic answers to respond to massification in higher education and graduate unemployment.
The Dutch government is set to switch from publicly financed higher education towards a student loan system. Vangelis Tsiligiris, cross-border expert and Greek College Principal, put this development into a European perspective following up on his recent essay describing how the crisis triggered a new wave of neoliberal HE policies
In Japan, the internationalisation of higher education has traditionally focused on international student mobility, particularly inbound-flows such as the 100,000 International Students Plan and 300,000 International Students Plan.
Through these endeavours, the government has played a central role with strong initiatives, for instance, government scholarship programs, funds for tuition reductions and exemptions, subsidies for the construction of student accommodations, and relaxing immigration regulations, supporting host institutions of international students. However, both the country's prolonged, demographic decline of 18-year-olds and a rapidly growing global economy have reshaped Japan's rationale and approaches to international education.
Belarus is banned from the Bologna process for at least another three years. The question of accession is completely removed from the agenda of the Summit of Ministers of Education of the European Higher Education Area, which will be held on April 26-27. Belarus will get a chance to join the Bologna process only in 2015.
In a far-reaching effort to overhaul its higher education system, Ecuador is shutting down 14 universities that the government determined did not meet basic academic standards.
President Rafael Correa has made reforming Ecuador’s 71 universities (with 621,000 students) a key priority, saying that “Ecuador probably has the worst universities” in South America.
The government said it would take a year to close the schools, allowing about 10,000 students who are in their final year of studies to graduate (there is a total of approximately 38,000 students in the affected schools). Most of the remaining students will be given the chance to transfer to other academic programmes.
The New York Times reported last month that 26 universities were given warning to make major improvements. Government efforts began in earnest in late 2009 when they conducted an evaluation of the country’s universities, grading them from A to E.
A study of the impact of austerity-driven policies on universities in 13 countries across Europe shows a divergence between clear winners and losers, with southern European countries generally but not exclusively faring worst.
Finland is leading the pack of countries expanding university education budgets while the most savage impact of cuts is being felt in Italy and Portugal.
You can hardly mention higher education today without hearing the word "innovation," or its understudies "change," "reinvention," "transformation." Last summer the National Governors Association opened its meeting with a plenary session on higher education, innovation, and economic growth. We have journals galore (Innovative Higher Education, Journal of the International Council for Innovation in Higher Education, etc.), more conferences on "innovation" and higher education than I can count, and reports about innovation (in teaching, research, university business models, technology, you name it). Even the U.S. Chamber of Commerce recently weighed in with "College 2.0: Transforming Higher Education Through Greater Innovation."
In mid-2006, the Emirate of Dubai broke ground on a new development located 12 miles outside of the city proper and cordoned off by a series of major roads. Dubai International Academic City, as developers dubbed the project, sought to establish a site in the emirate dedicated to the foundation and free operation of international university centers, branches, and satellites. Within less than six years, DIAC has grown from a few shovels in the ground to a massive complex of 27 universities, 26 of which are non-Emirati—six British, five American, and four Australian. In 2012, construction will cease at DIAC, already the center of study for 20,000 students from 137 nations (only a minority hail from Dubai). And by 2015, DIAC plans to accommodate 40,000 students while deepening and broadening its ties to international higher education.
MBA students have a reputation for being hard-nosed “A types”, focused only on the bottom line. Increasingly, the reality is very different. Many students at the world’s best business schools are drawn to the challenge of addressing the developing world’s most intractable issues. To borrow an apt cliché – they don’t just want to do well, they also want to do good.
A WEBSITE that allows students to compare Australia's 39 public universities on everything from student/staff ratios to graduate employment outcomes and even car parking spaces on campus will go live this morning.
The Tertiary Education Minister, Chris Evans, who will launch the My University website at a Canberra high school today, said it would ''help drive universities to lift performance and quality''.
The number of international students at Japanese colleges is rebounding after last year's disasters, but a decline in enrollment for preparatory and nondegree programs points to future problems.
With Japan's academic year set to start in April, most of the nation's big universities report a less of a drop in foreign students than expected, despite concerns that many would stay away because of radiation fears.
The recovery is led by the public University of Tokyo, which has seen a mere 1-percent fall in foreign enrollment. The private Sophia University puts its recovery rate for foreign full-time students at "almost 100 percent" but adds that its intake of study-abroad students for spring is down 12 percent.
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