Department of Nursing, Tzu Chi University, Taiwan. email@example.comAIM:
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of music on stress indices and to examine the association between music preference and stress.METHODS:
Using a randomized crossover controlled trial, 54 nurses were randomly assigned to a music/chair rest sequence or chair rest/music sequence during the period February to June 2006.
Each intervention lasted for 30 minutes.:Participants in the music condition sat quietly in the chair rest condition, listening to self-selected soothing music using headphones for 30 minutes.
Serial measurements of participants' heart rate, mean arterial pressure, finger temperature and cortisol levels were taken with a BP monitor and chemillumincent immunoassay every 15 minutes throughout the procedure.FINDINGS:
Compared with chair rest, participants had a lower perceived stress level, cortisol, heart rate, mean arterial pressure and higher finger temperature while listening to music (P < 0·05).
Significant differences were also found between the two conditions in terms of post-test heart rate, cortisol levels, finger temperature and mean arterial pressure (P < 0·05).
Music preference scores ranged between 7 and 10, with a mean score of 8·81 (sd = 1·05), and was significantly associated with mean arterial pressure, cortisol levels, self-perceived stress and finger temperature.CONCLUSION:
The findings provided evidence for nurses to use soothing music as a research-based nursing intervention for stress reduction
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