Plato's Republic centers on a simple question: is it always better to be just than unjust? The puzzles in Book One prepare for this question, and Glaucon and Adeimantus make it explicit at the beginning of Book Two.
To answer the question, Socrates takes a long way around, sketching an account of a good city on the grounds that a good city would be just and that defining justice as a virtue of a city would help to define justice as a virtue of a human being.
In Books Five through Seven, he addresses this challenge, arguing that the just city and the just human being as he has sketched them are in fact good and are in principle possible.
Because Socrates links his discussion of personal justice to an account of justice in the city and makes claims about how good and bad cities are arranged, the Republic sustains reflections on political questions, as well.
The account in Books Five through Seven of how a just city and a just person are in principle possible is an account of how knowledge can rule, which includes discussion of what knowledge and its objects are.
For more on what the Republic says about knowledge and its objects, see Plato: middle period metaphysics and epistemology, and for more about the discussion of the poets, see Plato: rhetoric and poetry.
'Birther' Pamela Geller recently paid to have anti-Islam posters hung inside subway stations in New York City, as reported by Opposing Views.The city originally rejected the posters from Geller's American Freedom Defense Initiative, but a judge ruled...
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