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Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking | Interés docente | Scoop.it
I am interested in this post and post on critical thinking. Is critical thinking a skill?  Can one teach critical thinking? Stephen has delivered the course on Critical Literacies MOOC in the past....

 

Robert H. Ennis, Author of The Cornell Critical Thinking Tests
“Critical thinking is reasonable, reflective thinking that is focused on deciding what to believe and do.”

 

Assuming that critical thinking is reasonable reflective thinking focused on deciding what to believe or do, a critical thinker:

 

1. Is open-minded and mindful of alternatives
2. Tries to be well-informed
3. Judges well the credibility of sources
4. Identifies conclusions, reasons, and assumptions
5. Judges well the quality of an argument, including the acceptability of its reasons, assumptions, and evidence
6. Can well develop and defend a reasonable position
7. Asks appropriate clarifying questions
8. Formulates plausible hypotheses; plans experiments well
9. Defines terms in a way appropriate for the context
10. Draws conclusions when warranted, but with caution
11. Integrates all items in this list when deciding what to believe or do

 

What are the principles of critical thinking?

 

- Knowledge is acquired only through thinking, reasoning, and questioning. Knowledge is based on facts.


- It is only from learning how to think that you learn what to think.


- Critical thinking is an organized and systematic process used to judge the effectiveness of an argument.


- Critical thinking is a search for meaning.


- Critical thinking is a skill that can be learned.


- Do the above principles hold true and won’t change from one domain to the next?

 

Read more, very interesting:

http://suifaijohnmak.wordpress.com/2012/09/16/critical-thinking-2/

 

Critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action. In its exemplary form, it is based on universal intellectual values that transcend subject matter divisions: clarity, accuracy, precision, consistency, relevance, sound evidence, good reasons, depth, breadth, and fairness.

It entails the examination of those structures or elements of thought implicit in all reasoning: purpose, problem, or question-at-issue; assumptions; concepts; empirical grounding; reasoning leading to conclusions; implications and consequences; objections from alternative viewpoints; and frame of reference. Critical thinking — in being responsive to variable subject matter, issues, and purposes — is incorporated in a family of interwoven modes of thinking, among them: scientific thinking, mathematical thinking, historical thinking, anthropological thinking, economic thinking, moral thinking, and philosophical thinking.

Critical thinking can be seen as having two components: 1) a set of information and belief generating and processing skills, and 2) the habit, based on intellectual commitment, of using those skills to guide behavior. It is thus to be contrasted with: 1) the mere acquisition and retention of information alone, because it involves a particular way in which information is sought and treated; 2) the mere possession of a set of skills, because it involves the continual use of them; and 3) the mere use of those skills ("as an exercise") without acceptance of their results.

Critical thinking varies according to the motivation underlying it. When grounded in selfish motives, it is often manifested in the skillful manipulation of ideas in service of one’’s own, or one's groups’’, vested interest. As such it is typically intellectually flawed, however pragmatically successful it might be. When grounded in fairmindedness and intellectual integrity, it is typically of a higher order intellectually, though subject to the charge of "idealism" by those habituated to its selfish use.

 


Via Ana Cristina Pratas, Gust MEES, Konstantinos Kalemis
Monica Gutiérrez's insight:

#criticalthinking 

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Ana Cristina Pratas's comment, September 17, 2012 1:36 PM
Thank you too Kostantinos Kalemis for the link you forwarded - much appreciated! :-)
David Luigi FUSCHI's comment, April 9, 2013 3:21 AM
Are we sure that Critical Thinking is really appreciated as it should? In my personal experience critical thinker are often opposed if not hunted. Deciding to be a critical thinker may have a high price especially in certain context like industry or management. Definitely it brings better results and can easily foster innovation, but it is hated by man of power and yes-men. I pride myself of constantly trying to be a critical thinker and most of all to be critical of myself and my actions, but I have to say that this has taken me quite a toll in my life, yet I do not regret it. Sorry for stepping in, I do hope this two-penny thought could help in sparkle some discussion on how to foster critical thinking.
Ajo Monzó's comment, April 9, 2013 3:32 AM
Hello David, I agree with you, to be a critical thinker sometimes can be even dangerous, buttheyare the people who move the world...thanks a lot for your comment!
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Rescooped by Monica Gutiérrez from Educación Nivel Inicial
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Aprender a aprender.-

Vídeo educacional para fins acadêmicos...

Via Mauricio M. Escudero, MARIA EMILIA LAGORIO
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Student Engagement: Resource Roundup

Student Engagement: Resource Roundup | Interés docente | Scoop.it

Keeping students captivated and ready to learn throughout the year is no small task. Here's a list of articles, videos, links, and other resources that offer strategies and advice for keeping them engaged in learning.


Via R.Conrath, Ed.D.
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First taste of chocolate

"To be honest I do not know what they make of my beans," says farmer N'Da Alphonse. "I've heard they're used as flavoring in cooking, but I've never seen it. I do not even know if it's true." Watch how the Dutch respond to a cocoa bean in return or you can watch our entire episode on chocolate here.


Via Seth Dixon
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Keegan Johns's curator insight, August 27, 2014 10:01 AM

I think it is good for them to see and taste chocolate because they work very hard to grow and harvest the beans, but don't even know what they are used for. These people deserve to know what they are helping create because they work so hard and don't get paid that much for it.

 

-KJ

Samuel D'Amore's curator insight, September 10, 2014 2:39 PM

Sad how the people who do the hard work so often enjoy the fruit of their labour.

Hector Alonzo's curator insight, December 15, 2014 3:03 PM

It's interesting and fascinating to see how the workers that harvest the cocoa bean are so excited about the results of their hard work. Having grown up, our entire lives we have been exposed to chocolate and have taken it for granted, but seeing the men who gather the beans enjoy chocolate so much was cool because they did not know what the bean was being used for and seeing their hard work make something sweet is a nice surprise for them. Due to chocolate being expensive in Ivory Coast, the people can not enjoy the fruits of their labor as much as they would like, but shows how home grown products can't be enjoyed by those that make them.

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Smart Homework: 13 Ways to Make It Meaningful

Smart Homework: 13 Ways to Make It Meaningful | Interés docente | Scoop.it

"I've been accumulating guiding principles for creating highly motivating homework assignments for many years," writes expert Rick Wormeli. "Here are a baker's dozen. 


Via Nik Peachey
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Nik Peachey's curator insight, August 8, 2014 8:16 AM

Some good tips

Gary Harwell's curator insight, August 9, 2014 1:09 AM

Given the fact that most students refuse to do homework there are ways to make it meaningful.

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Sutz: “El sistema de evaluación se ha convertido en algo más importante que la propia investigación”

Sutz: “El sistema de evaluación se ha convertido en algo más importante que la propia investigación” | Interés docente | Scoop.it
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27 Ways To Promote Intrinsic Motivation In The Classroom

27 Ways To Promote Intrinsic Motivation In The Classroom | Interés docente | Scoop.it

“27 Ways To Promote Intrinsic Motivation In The Classroom”


Via juandoming, JavierTouron
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5 Razones por las que tus alumnos no te escuchan mientras les enseñas

5 Razones por las que tus alumnos no te escuchan mientras les enseñas | Interés docente | Scoop.it

“ ¿Hablas y no te escuchan? ¿Explicas y no te hacen ni el más mínimo caso? ¿Tienes la sensación de que estás hablando a las paredes? ¿Estás harto de hablar y”


Via Alejandro Tortolini, Milagros Barrio
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The Place of Virtual, Pedagogic and Physical Space in the 21st Century Classroom

The Place of Virtual, Pedagogic and Physical Space in the 21st Century Classroom | Interés docente | Scoop.it

This paper outlines work connected to the successful convergence of digital, pedagogic and physical space. The Sydney Centre for Innovation in Learning (SCIL) has been focusing on the gap that has existed in schools where the physical layout is often stuck in an industrial-era education model, rather than reflecting the possibilities of ICT-enhanced personalised learning. SCIL has been working to create digital spaces so that students can consistently transition from

the real to virtual world


Via Nik Peachey
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Carlos Rodrigues Cadre's curator insight, July 14, 2014 8:41 AM

adicionar a sua visão ...

Lia Goren's curator insight, July 15, 2014 9:41 AM

More recent researchers have been quick to highlight that in a world of rapid technological change, today’s students are demonstrating serious signs of disengagement. As Marc Prensky highlights in ‘Engage Me or Enrage Me – What Today’s Learners Demand’ (Prensky, 2005,p.2):


“Rather than being empowered to choose what they want … and to see what interests them … and to create their own personalized identity – as they are in the rest of their lives – in school, they must eat what they are served. And what they are being served is, for the most part, stale, bland, and almost entirely stuff from the past. Yesterday’s education for tomorrow’s kids.”


The challenge is patently clear – schools have to embrace the ‘megachange’ required and construct new paradigms for learning in the twenty first century world. Mavers made the comment that:


“As digital technologies proliferate and become established in the everyday world of home, work and community, schools are inhabited by young people who are experienced users of a range of media and whose use is characterized by agency and adaptability.” (MAvErS, 2007, P.52) 3The Place of Virtual, Pedagogic and Physical Space in the 21st Century Classroom — Stephen Harris Page 5 No longer is the change a topic for conversation, it is an imperative.


Guski talked about the importance of spatial perception in school architecture, highlighting that ‘we don’t only see an object, we also feel, smell, taste and hear it’. (Guski, 2000, p.2) and Walden picks up that same spatial theme stating that:


“A space is much more than four walls, floor and ceiling. The spatial conditions that should be considered for human well-being include color scheme, lighting, heating, cooling and ventilation, acoustics, smells and furnishings. All these aspects can significantly influence the sense of well-being and readiness to learn and therefore learning performance.” (WALDEN, 2009, P.78)

Javier Antonio Bellina's curator insight, July 15, 2014 10:45 AM

Los espacios en el aula del Siglo XXI

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Teaching Respect and Responsibility — Even to Digital Natives

Teaching Respect and Responsibility — Even to Digital Natives | Interés docente | Scoop.it
As with any behavior involving kids, mistakes will be made with online behavior -- and that’s a vital part of the learning process.

Via Ajo Monzó
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Five Fictional Teachers Every Student Would Want

These educators are role models for everything from establishing positive classroom climate to achieving complete student engagement.
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The 7 Transformational Concepts in The 21st Century Education ~ Educational Technology and Mobile Learning

The 7 Transformational Concepts in The 21st Century Education ~ Educational Technology and Mobile Learning | Interés docente | Scoop.it
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Rescooped by Monica Gutiérrez from Voices in the Feminine - Digital Delights
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Maria Trochatos reviews The Essential Child: Origins of Essentialism in Everyday Thought by Susan A. Gelman

Maria Trochatos reviews The Essential Child: Origins of Essentialism in Everyday Thought by Susan A. Gelman | Interés docente | Scoop.it
What do we mean when we say of a particular group of people - political correctness aside - that ‘they’re tight with money’ or ‘they’re not very smart’?

Via Ana Cristina Pratas
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Video: Un niño deja la escuela y diseña su propia educación para "ser feliz"

Video: Un niño deja la escuela y diseña su propia educación para "ser feliz" | Interés docente | Scoop.it
Logan Luplante, un niño estadounidense de 13 años, no solo ha desafiado la educación tradicional —que, según él, frena la creatividad—, sino que también ha creado su propio sistema educativo, muy diferente del estándar.

Via Ramon Aragon
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5 cosas que debes saber sobre rúbricas. #educación

5 cosas que debes saber sobre rúbricas. #educación | Interés docente | Scoop.it
Un enfoque amplio de la evaluación: la utilidad de las rúbricas La implementación del modelo flipped, unida a la utilización de metodologías inductivas, como

Via Juan Jesús Baño Egea
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Aprendizaje activo vs Aprendizaje reproductivo #infografia

Aprendizaje activo vs Aprendizaje reproductivo #infografia | Interés docente | Scoop.it

See on Scoop.it - Ciencias ABP vs. 3P - Aprendizaje basado en proyectos vs.


Via Fernando de la Cruz Naranjo Grisales, María del Carmen Quiñones Martínez
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Embracing Messy Learning

Embracing Messy Learning | Interés docente | Scoop.it

I am slowly learning to embrace the struggles that students experience as they engage with authentic work. If I don't allow learning to be messy, I eliminate authentic experiences for students as thinkers and creators. I find it important to regularly remind myself that frustration leads to insights and that learning is not necessarily the equivalent of mastery.


Via Nik Peachey
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Ivon Prefontaine's curator insight, August 8, 2014 9:46 PM

Learning is messy. It is a recurring process which is always recommencing itself.

 

@ivon_ehd1

magnus sandberg's curator insight, August 9, 2014 4:24 AM

The article is good, but what I really love is the term "messy learning" itself. So much teaching in school has the ideal of creating clairity and being systematic in every part of the learning process. But that is simply not how learning happens. We need to embrace the messyness!

Josh Round's curator insight, August 10, 2014 12:08 PM

The messy learning described here mirrors the struggles and frustrations our Learners face in communicative classrooms - a inherent part of the process of learning a language.

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Antidepressant Microbes In Soil: How Dirt Makes You Happy

Antidepressant Microbes In Soil: How Dirt Makes You Happy | Interés docente | Scoop.it
Soil microbes have been found to have similar effects on the brain as Prozac without side effects and chemical dependency. Learn how to harness the natural antidepressant in soil and make yourself happier and healthier in this article.
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The Neuroscience Behind Stress and Learning

The Neuroscience Behind Stress and Learning | Interés docente | Scoop.it

The highest-level executive thinking, making connections, and "aha" moments of insight and creative innovation are more likely to occur in an atmosphere of what Alfie Kohn calls exuberant discovery, where students of all ages retain that kindergarten enthusiasm of embracing each day with the joy of learning.


Via Nik Peachey
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Pamela D Lloyd's curator insight, October 31, 2014 4:19 PM

While stress may be useful for learning not to touch a hot stove, it tends to inhibit the kind of learning that is most needed by students in today's world.

Josefina Santos's curator insight, November 25, 2014 12:09 AM

Amazing

Rescooped by Monica Gutiérrez from Experiencias y tutoriales sobre tecnologías educativas
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Tutorial de Rubistar

Rubistar: aplicación para crear rúbricas de evaluación en línea. Videotutorial de Plataforma Proyecta @proyectaensino 


Via Alejandro Sarbach
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El rol del profesor: convertir alumnos pasivos en alumnos activos

El rol del profesor: convertir alumnos pasivos en alumnos activos | Interés docente | Scoop.it

Director del "National Center for Teaching Thinking" de Boston (EE UU). Como uno de los gurús de la educación actual, el profesor Robert Swartz lidera esta organización sin ánimo de lucro desde 1992. Su objetivo: acabar con los moldes caducos de la educación tradicional e introducir el pensamiento crítico y creativo en las escuelas. 


Via Net-Learning, Ajo Monzó
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Yancy Steffany Ventura's curator insight, July 4, 2014 5:04 PM

Considero que es sumamente importante el hecho que el tutor virtual se vuelve un facilitador y que debe motivar a sus estudiantes para que puedan indagar y hacer uso de los materiales que se les facilitan para que puedan aumentar su aprendizaje al máximo.

Mauricio Fierro's curator insight, July 8, 2014 8:12 AM

El rol del profesor: convertir alumnos pasivos en alumnos activos

Carme Bové's curator insight, September 14, 2014 8:46 AM

´El rol del profesor está cambiando y su papel es convertir alumnos pasivos en alumnos activos´ Robert Swartz  ¿Se puede desarrollar ese pensamiento dentro del currículo de asignaturas actual?
Absolutamente, es realmente una cosa maravillosa de observar porque los estudiantes mejoran mucho. Aprenden a pararse y preguntarse cosas, a no tomar decisiones antes de responderse. Y cuando hacen esto en conexión con los contenidos del currículo, aprenden mucho más; porque no es sólo memorizar, piensan sobre lo que están aprendiendo en un orden superior. Es una cosa maravillosa y funciona realmente bien, puedes ver la mejora antes de aprender estas habilidades de pensamiento y después. 

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Responsabilidad y compromiso, las dos nuevas insignias de la sociedad y del aprendizaje! (Educación Disruptiva)

Responsabilidad y compromiso, las dos nuevas insignias de la sociedad y del aprendizaje! (Educación Disruptiva) | Interés docente | Scoop.it

juandon. Últimamente venimos explicando la necesidad de cambiar dos palabrazs que han “abrazado el mundo” las recientes centurias: Éstas son…derecho y obligación y nos estamos postulando por implantar otras dos más frescas y actuales y con una relación directa con la actualidad…responsabilidad y compromiso…


Via Cátedra UNESCO EaD
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::: LECTURA LAB ::: TISP/Lectura Lab: Narrativa transmedia

::: LECTURA LAB ::: TISP/Lectura Lab: Narrativa transmedia | Interés docente | Scoop.it
Monica Gutiérrez's insight:

#trasnmedia

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Educar con el asombro. 10 Pautas para que se ilusionen aprendiendo - Educa y Aprende

Educar con el asombro. 10 Pautas para que se ilusionen aprendiendo - Educa y Aprende | Interés docente | Scoop.it
Educar con el asombro les permite saber aquello que no conocen pero que les asombra. Lo que asombra despierta curiosidad y un increíble afán por aprenderlo
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5 Do’s for Engaging Your Students

5 Do’s for Engaging Your Students | Interés docente | Scoop.it
Engaging your students can be rather difficult. However, by following these simple eLearning Do’s, you should be able to create an engaging online course in no time.

Via Ana Cristina Pratas
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Helen Teague's curator insight, May 28, 2014 9:29 AM

#4: update your course often!!! down with dead links!