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Innovations in e-Learning
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Donald Clark Plan B: Vygotsky (1896-1934) - social construction, mediation, ZPD, language, play & special needs

Donald Clark Plan B: Vygotsky (1896-1934) - social construction, mediation, ZPD, language, play & special needs | Innovations in e-Learning | Scoop.it

Donald Clark,  "Lev Vygotsky, the Russian psychologist, died young at 37 in 1934, but is as influential as any living educational psychologist. In 'Thought and Language' and 'Mind in Society', along with several other texts, he presents a psychology rooted in Marxist social theory and dialectical materialism. Development is a result two phenomena and their interaction, the ‘natural’ and the ‘social’, a sort of early nature and nurture theory.

This is the cardinal idea in his psychology of education, that knowledge is constructed through mediation, yet it is not entirely clear what mediation entails and what he means by the ‘tools’ that we use in mediation..."

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Pontydysgu – Bridge to Learning - Educational Research Personal Learning Environments & Vygotsky

Pontydysgu – Bridge to Learning - Educational Research Personal Learning Environments & Vygotsky | Innovations in e-Learning | Scoop.it
Website of Pontydysgu ltd., a Welsh educational research institute.

 

"A Personal Learning Environment is developed from tools or artefacts. Vygotsky (1978) considered that all artefacts are culturally, historically and institutionally situated. “In a sense, then, there is no way not to be socioculturally situated when carrying out an action. Conversely there is no tool that is adequate to all tasks, and there is no universally appropriate form of cultural mediation. Even language, the ‘tool of tools’ is no exception to this rule” (Cole and Wertsch, 2006). Social networking tools are culturally situated artefacts. Jyri Engestrom (2005) says “the term ‘social networking’ makes little sense if we leave out the objects that mediate the ties between people. Think about the object as the reason why people affiliate with each specific other and not just anyone. For instance, if the object is a job, it will connect me to one set of people whereas a date will link me to a radically different group. This is common sense but unfortunately it’s not included in the image of the network diagram that most people imagine when they hear the term ‘social network.’ The fallacy is to think that social networks are just made up of people. They’re not; social networks consist of people who are connected by a shared object.”

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