Downes revisit the 'role of the educator'
-emphasizes open learning and learner autonomy
-argues that course content is merely a tool employed to support learning, rather thant he object of learning
-promotes a pedagogy of learning by engagement and activity within an authentic learning community
-fosters a wider and often undefined set of competencies
-exercises in activities requiring thosec ompetencies
-grows knowledge rather than to transfer or construct knowledge through cognitive processes