Innovation and the knowledge economy
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Innovation Excellence | Personalized Innovation in a Workless Future

Innovation Excellence | Personalized Innovation in a Workless Future | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it
On average someone works about 200 days a year. As more and more of our workload becomes automated, made redundant by new technology, the number of work days will fall, basic necessities like food and health care provided as a human right. What will we do with all this free time?
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Innovation and the knowledge economy
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Is scholarship a conversation?

Is scholarship a conversation? | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it
“Conversation at Caffe Nero” by ktylerconk on Flickr
A few weeks ago I wrote that I was not too thrilled with the “threshold concept” theory underpinning the new ACRL information literacy framework.
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Is the data revolution a game changer in the fight against corruption?

Is the data revolution a game changer in the fight against corruption? | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it
Data is changing the fight against corruption. Stories from Panama and Brazil illustrate how.

In April 2016, the Panama Papers revealed the opaque dealings of offshore companies, trusts and foundations in tax havens used to hide the wealth of the global elite. Data analytics start-ups helped investigative journalists sift through more than 11.5 million documents to connect the dots.

The fallout was severe: within days of the release, dozens of high-ranking officials worldwide were in hot water. The source of the data was a leak from within the Panama-based law firm Mossack Fonseca.

Just months later, in August 2016, President Dilma Rousseff of Brazil was impeached. Though the country was embroiled in a corruption scandal linked to a state-owned oil company, the legal reason for her impeachment was a narrow technical matter. In essence, she was found guilty of using accounting tricks to cover up the true state of public finances.
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How to NOT Get Duped By Fake News

How to NOT Get Duped By Fake News | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it
A high school history teacher provides the rundown on how to spot fake news and bogus headlines.
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Information is garbage

Information is garbage | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it
’ve been reading a lot of Neil Postman lately. It’s been one of those years and I’m writing a book about fake news. Postman, the nicest guy in cultural criticism, was a folksy, friendly thinker who imagined the future in which we now live. One of his most important points, made in 1992 before the true data deluge that now befuddles us, is that information has become garbage.

He wrote:

In the United States, we have 260,000 billboards; 11,250 newspapers; 11,556 periodicals; 27,000 video outlets for renting video tapes; more than 500 million radios; and more than 100 million computers. Ninety-eight percent of American homes have a television set; more than half our homes have more than one. There are 40,000 new book titles published every year (300,000 worldwide), and every day in America 41 million photographs are taken. And if this is not enough, more than 60 billion pieces of junk mail (thanks to computer technology) find their way into our mail-boxes every year.

From millions of sources all over the globe, through every possible channel and medium — light waves, airwaves, ticker tapes, computer banks, telephone wires, television cables, satellites, printing presses — information pours in. Behind it, in every imaginable form of storage — on paper, on video and audio tape, on discs, film, and silicon chips — is an ever greater volume of information waiting to be retrieved. Like the Sorcerer’s Apprentice, we are awash in information. And all the sorcerer has left us is a broom.

Information has become a form of garbage, not only incapable of answering the most fundamental human questions but barely useful in providing coherent direction to the solution of even mundane problems. To say it still another way: The milieu in which Technopoly flourishes is one in which the tie between information and human purpose has been severed, i.e., information appears indiscriminately, directed at no one in particular, in enormous volume and at high speeds, and disconnected from theory, meaning, or purpose.
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Piracy in science | Library Trends

Piracy in science | Library Trends | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it
So… do I dare google for Sci-Hub, to see for myself what it is all about? I know it is a site that illegally offers more than 60 million scientific papers, grabbed from behind the publisher’s paywalls and libraries’ authentication screens and offered to be downloaded for free. I also know that its founder Alexandra Elbakyan has been featured on Nature.com as one of 10 people that mattered in 2016 [1]. If everyone’s using it or is at least checking it out, shouldn’t I be allowed a little peak? Sci-Hub.org started in 2011 when Elbakyan decided to help others with her skills to circumvent legal access when she could not get or afford to pay for the articles she needed for her own research project. In 2015 she got sued by Elsevier which led to her losing the Sci-Hub.org domain [2]. However, Elbakyan would not give up, motivated by weekly thank-you notes, some with financial support [1] and supportive tweets [3], she moves to other domains when necessary.
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Hoe kenniswerk vervangen wordt door kunstmatige intelligentie | WilfredRubens.com over leren en ICT

Hoe kenniswerk vervangen wordt door kunstmatige intelligentie | WilfredRubens.com over leren en ICT | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it

Robots zullen in toenemende mate productiewerk gaan uitvoeren. Dit proces is al jaren aan de gang en zal de komende jaren dankzij kunstmatige intelligentie verder doorzetten. Echter, ook ‘kenniswerkers’ zullen in toenemende mate vervangen worden door slimme machines die het werk efficiënter kunnen uitvoeren.

QUARTZ schrijft bijvoorbeeld over het initiatief van de Japanse verzekeringsmaatschappij Fukoku Mutual Life Insurance die deze maand 34 medewerkers gaat vervangen door één machine. Deze medewerkers onderzochten tot nu toe ingediende claims. Dankzij kunstmatige intelligentie kunnen nu medische dossiers en andere relevante documenten gescand worden om te bepalen of een verzoek ook daadwerkelijk zal worden uitbetaald. Men verwacht dat claims hierdoor sneller zullen worden uitbetaald.

Het initiatief kost eenmalig 1,7 miljoen dollar en daarna jaarlijks 128.000 dollar. Fukoku Mutual Life Insurance bespaart echter jaarlijks 1,1 miljoen dollar aan

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10 Great Academic Search Engines for Research Students

10 Great Academic Search Engines for Research Students | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it
Niche-specific content is usually not readily available through regular generic search engines. One example is the academic and scholarly content. While running a  search query about an academic topic through a generic search engine such as  Google would probably render fairly decent results, it, however, usually takes digging into so much fluff before finally landing on relevant results. This is where having access to topic-specific search engines comes in handy. Such search engines do not only provide specific content tailored to the topic under study but their content is more likely to be reliable and authoritative. To this end, we have compiled this list of excellent academic search engines that teachers, student researchers and academics can use to quickly locate and access scholarly works and publications. We have only included what we believe are the most relevant and popular titles out there. If you have other suggestions to add to the list please share with us on our Facebook page. Enjoy

Via Jim Lerman
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Marijke Trienekens's curator insight, January 11, 10:48 AM
Informatievaardigheden 2.0
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Dear Mr. Trump: To ‘Cyber’ Better, Try the Blockchain

Dear Mr. Trump: To ‘Cyber’ Better, Try the Blockchain | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it
Opinion: Our digital infrastructure is more fragile than we imagine. Using the blockchain for security could help.
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How Data And Information Literacy Could End Fake News

How Data And Information Literacy Could End Fake News | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it

Kalev Leetaru writes: "Technology alone cannot solve the fake news problem – only through teaching society to be data and information literate can we improve citizens’ ability to interpret the world around them."


Via Mary Reilley Clark, Dennis T OConnor
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Mary Reilley Clark's curator insight, December 14, 2016 12:01 PM

Things that stood out for me:

 

  • While the idea of an extension or plug-in that would flag fake news is appealing, Leetaru notes that fake news is "not black and white, it is a hundred shades of gray." The emotional language and the political disposition of the reader both play a part in the interpretation of fake news. (Although I'm still not clear how one can "interpret" facts differently, I get that two people could have different conclusions based on those facts.)
  • Leetaru's idea of a 3D graph to analyze coverage of a topic is intriguing, and easily adaptable for a class project. Looking at an organization's coverage of a topic and determining, on average, how positive or negative it is, how often (and in what detail) the topic is covered, and finally how emotionally charged the coverage is could be a fascinating project in a middle or high school classroom.  I'd love to tie this to the project we did with 7th grade science classes on using social media to sway public opinion on environmental issues.(And this year, I'd love to explore developing bots for that!) This all would be a great tie-in for anyone using Paul Fleischman's Eyes Wide Open book and website. 
Nancy Jones's curator insight, December 15, 2016 11:11 AM
Fake news ... we here about it everyday. this whole idea needs to be added to the idea of the need for a variety of literacies, not just digital literacy. This provides a challenge to educators, but something we need to step up about.
Nevermore Sithole's curator insight, February 3, 3:22 AM
Data And Information Literacy
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McGraw-Hill Higher Education :: Future of Libraries

McGraw-Hill Higher Education :: Future of Libraries | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it
Download: McGraw-Hill Higher Education : The Future of Libraries https://t.co/MOamfJ6Il9
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How Digital Helped Divide Our Nation – Crystal Kadakia

How Digital Helped Divide Our Nation – Crystal Kadakia | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it
This week’s election has been a deeply controversial, emotional roller coaster. It got me thinking about how we ended up here. In my work, I research the behavior of Millennials and how it is…
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Pew Reports “More Than One-Third of Social Media Users Are Worn Out by Political Content They Witness on These Platforms”

Pew Reports “More Than One-Third of Social Media Users Are Worn Out by Political Content They Witness on These Platforms” | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it
From Pew Research: Political discussions on social media are a fact of digital life for many Americans. And although some politically active users enjoy these opportunities for engagement, a larger share of U.S.
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Design thinking as a strategy: How understanding innovation creates innovation

Design thinking as a strategy: How understanding innovation creates innovation | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it
Business strategies – especially in the tradition sense – are rather pushy. If you have a product, your strategy is to explain why a customer should use it.

Design thinking as a strategy flips this. Instead of forcing a product on customers, instead, it sees things from the customer’s perspective. A design mindset is not problem-focused, it is solution focused and action-oriented towards creating a preferred future. Design Thinking draws upon logic, imagination, intuition, and systemic reasoning – exploring the possibilities of what could be. This train of thought creates desired outcomes benefiting the end user.

When design principles are applied to strategy and innovation the success rate for innovation dramatically improves.

Via John Evans
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Helen Teague's curator insight, November 2, 2016 12:09 PM
Clay Shirky's ideas in application here. Teachers are designers of learning experiences.
Brad Merrick's curator insight, November 2, 2016 4:43 PM
So important to allow ideation and creativity to permeate the learning process. So import to have this design thinking process which inherently connects the designer much more closely with the work and task being undertaken. 
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Boston Dynamics’ New Rolling, Leaping Robot Is an Evolutionary Marvel

Boston Dynamics’ New Rolling, Leaping Robot Is an Evolutionary Marvel | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it
Handle is a biped with wheels instead of feet, essentially one-upping evolution.
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Why Facts Don’t Change Our Minds

Why Facts Don’t Change Our Minds | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it
In 1975, researchers at Stanford invited a group of undergraduates to take part in a study about suicide. They were presented with pairs of suicide notes. In each pair, one note had been composed by a random individual, the other by a person who had subsequently taken his own life. The students were then asked to distinguish between the genuine notes and the fake ones. Some students discovered that they had a genius for the task. Out of twenty-five pairs of notes, they correctly identified the real one twenty-four times. Others discovered that they were hopeless. They identified the real note in only ten instances. As is often the case with psychological studies, the whole setup was a put-on. Though half the notes were indeed genuine—they’d been obtained from the Los Angeles County coroner’s office—the scores were fictitious. The students who’d been told they were almost always right were, on average, no more discerning than those who had been told they were mostly wrong.
Trudy Raymakers's insight:
We all think its a great capacity- the human capacity for reason. But it may have more to do with winning arguments than with thinking straight. Providing people with accurate information doesn't seem to help; they simply discount it.
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AI learns new tricks - JWT Intelligence

AI learns new tricks - JWT Intelligence | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it

A bot has beaten the world’s top poker players, a milestone showing that AI can work with incomplete information.


Libratus, a program created by researchers at Carnegie Mellon University, has demonstrated new capabilities for artificial intelligence after beating four poker champions in a 20-day tournament for the first time. For marketers, whose work involves situations that are much more similar to poker than to board games like chess and Go, the milestone could signal new possibilities for the use of AI.

Developed by Tuomas Sandholm, professor of computer science, and his PhD student Noam Brown, Libratus took on poker professionals Dong Kim, Jason Les, Jimmy Chou and Daniel McAulay and ended up winning more than $1.7 million in chips at Rivers Casino in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

AI bots have beaten human experts at many tasks, from IBM Watson’s Jeopardy triumph in 2011 to DeepMind’s AlphaGo win in 2016. What makes this victory different is that the AI was able to use imperfect information to win. Poker is a complex game that requires intuition, reasoning and an ability to bluff. It’s different from other recreational games that AI has won in the past because an opponent’s hand is hidden and it is impossible to know with certainty what a player has.

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The Post-Information Age Is Here & It Is Drowning Us In Straight Garbage

The Post-Information Age Is Here & It Is Drowning Us In Straight Garbage | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it

For every moment we live in the Information Age, we live two in the Misinformation Age. The Internet has both democratized and degraded information, providing us with all we could ever want to know about the world, and a lot of stuff that is untrue, misleading, offensive; in a word, information is garbage. In sheer volume alone, information (or “data”) on the web is astounding; 6,000 tweets are sent out every second, as are two-million emails. More than one-billion websites populate the Internet, a statistic that doesn’t take into account the “Deep Web,” comprised of untold amounts of information that isn’t accessible to the average web user. Our online lives are becoming bigger, deeper, and busier than ever and with each passing moment, so is the Internet itself, but at what cost? In an era of fake news and alternative facts, is access to endless amounts of information actually harming us more than it’s helping?

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Why Makerspaces Are the Key to Innovation

Why Makerspaces Are the Key to Innovation | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it
Makerspaces are creative spaces located in communities, schools, and public and academic libraries. These areas are designed to engage participants in hands-on activities that teach twenty-first-century skills. The emphasis in makerspaces is placed upon educating students in STEAM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) subjects as well as digital and information literacy.

According to Kylie Peppler and Sophia Bender in their article, Maker movement spreads innovation one project at a time, the focus of makerspaces is hands-on learning, “A hallmark of the maker movement is its do-it-yourself (or do-it-with-others) mindset that brings together individuals around a range of activities, including textile craft, robotics, cooking, wood-crafts, electronics, digital fabrication, mechanical repair, or creation — in short, making nearly anything.” This focus on hands-on creative learning is one of the reasons why makerspaces are seen by educators as being a key to innovation and an ideal method for equipping students to succeed in the future
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Democracy is in crisis, but blaming fake news is not the answer | Evgeny Morozov

Democracy is in crisis, but blaming fake news is not the answer | Evgeny Morozov | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it
Democracy is drowning in fake news. This is the latest reassuring conclusion drawn by those on the losing side of 2016, from Brexit to the US elections to the Italian referendum.

Apparently, all these earnest, honest and unfashionably rational grownups are losing elections because of a dangerous epidemic of fake news, internet memes and funny YouTube videos. For this crowd, the problem is not that the Titanic of democratic capitalism is sailing in dangerous waters; its potential sinking can never be discussed in polite society anyway. Rather, it’s that there are far too many false reports about giant icebergs on the horizon.
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Open Source Art Encourages Society to Think Inclusively

Open Source Art Encourages Society to Think Inclusively | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it
Kate Reed has a vision for elevating the less talked about parts of ourselves, and of society. Through her art, she wants people to think about a part of themselves that makes them feel invisible
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Connectivism: A Learning Theory for Today’s Academic Advising

Connectivism: A Learning Theory for Today’s Academic Advising | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it
This article examines how connectivism is useful for academic advising as a theory that links previous information to current information
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Startups need to 'stop disrupting and start innovating'

Startups need to 'stop disrupting and start innovating' | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it
Disruptors frame themselves as revolutionaries, and in parallel their targets become oppressors Anna Wray.
Startups like Uber and Airbnb want to disrupt something, and it’s impacting progress.
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This Fake-News-Detecting Browser Plugin Won't Help Rid Us Of Right-Wing Lies

This Fake-News-Detecting Browser Plugin Won't Help Rid Us Of Right-Wing Lies | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it
B.S. Detector lets you know that the site claiming the Pope endorsed Donald Trump isn't telling the truthbut do people care about truth anymore?
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Informatiesystemen in de nieuwe netwerksamenleving - Koneksa Mondo

Informatiesystemen in de nieuwe netwerksamenleving - Koneksa Mondo | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it
Eind deze maand ben ik spreker op een medewerkersdag van Doxis, een dienstverlener gespecialiseerd in het structureren en ordenen van informatie. Een bedrijf met meer dan 100 medewerkers dat ruim 100 jaar bestaat. Een bijzondere prestatie in een wereld die … Lees verder →
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Open Learning in the Future- Stephen Downes

Open Learning in the Future- Stephen Downes | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it
This morning Dan Colman updated his master list (OpenCulture) of free and open courses offered by top universities, a list that now includes 1,200 courses and roughly 40,000 hours of audio and video instruction. (Colman, 2016) This is actually only a small percentage of the tens of thousands of learning resources available freely and openly on the internet.

To get a sense of the depth and breadth of free and open online learning resources, look at YouTube coverage of the Stirling Engine (also known as the external combustion engine). As of today, I count 154,000 results. (YouTube) These are not advertisements or spam—they are individual contributions, ranging from ‘Jim Tangeman’s wood fired Stirling engine powered tractor’ to ‘Homemade Stirling Watts Beam Engine, Hot Air Engine’ (“This is something I’ve been working on for five months,” says the author). (Knight, 2014)

The question we face is no longer whether we will live in a world of free and open learning resources, but rather, what that world will look like.
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An Entrepreneurial Society Needs an Entrepreneurial State

An Entrepreneurial Society Needs an Entrepreneurial State | Innovation and the knowledge economy | Scoop.it
Innovation-led growth can square a circle that is challenging modern capitalism: how to generate sustained and sustainable economic growth, built on high-value, well-paying jobs. This is at the core of entrepreneurial societies, and it is a good objective. The problem is how to get there. Although many countries have set the goal, few have achieved it.

The reason for this elusiveness lies in widespread misunderstandings about how innovation-led growth has been achieved in the past. These misunderstandings have allowed the wrong narratives to drive policy making, with individual entrepreneurs and companies as the central characters of the story. Left unchallenged, this narrative leads to counterproductive policy making and a distribution of rewards from growth that doesn’t reflect the actual distribution of risks.
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