The market for publishing research papers in specialist journals has long resisted the economics of the internet age by building paywalls around their archives. When that approach proved successful, the publishers responded by raising prices – to the extent that top universities including Harvard have decided that they could no longer afford to pay the access fees.
Worse, some journals are charging authors to have their papers published in the journals due to the perceived importance for a researcher's career to having their work independently recognized. In one case, Elsevier charges authors more than $2,000 to make their paper accessible to the public.
Elsevier in particular has been targeted, with over 15,500 scientists boycotting the company's journals over its "exorbitantly high prices for subscriptions" and refusing to publish or do editorial work for the company until "they radically change how they operate."
And in October, all six editors and 31 members of the editorial board for Elsevier linguistics journalLingua quit over the high fees the company was charging for access.
A team of researchers have conducted a five-year-long study on a wide range of Facebook users in a quest to find out how misinformation blossoms online. In their paper, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, they note that it may be due to the nature of so-called “echo chambers,” spaces that allow people to amplify their own belief systems without obstruction.
One of the unanticipated consequences of the introduction of digital media to scholarly publishing is that publishing properties increasingly are organized into networks, with one property pointing to another for the benefit of all. This essay describes the network publishing model and comments on some of a network's characteristics and economic opportunities.
I’m a fan of Google Trends. Whenever a new meme pops up or some major news breaks, I head there to check how interested people are in said information and whether they’ve been interested all along, when it got really hot…and when it became not.
The reason innovation implementation can seem like an overwhelmingly daunting process is largely due to people-related issues. Such people-related issues require patience (and intestinal fortitude) as well as organizational structure to combat.
When Xerox was interested in learning how copier repair technicians got work done, they hired an ethnographer who, like the Margaret Mead of office workers, lived among his subjects to study their ways.
Understanding Shakespeare is a collaborative project between JSTOR Labs and the Folger Shakespeare Library. It’s a research tool that allows students, educators and scholars to use the text of Shakespeare’s plays to quickly navigate into the scholarship written about them—line by line.
Bibliotheken herbezinnen zich op hun rol in de samenleving. Dat komt door technologische ontwikkelingen. In de jaren ’90 was er de grootschalige introductie van de computer en het internet, het afgelopen decennium gevolgd door de komst van de smartphone, de tablet en de e-reader. Deze mobiele digitale dragers maken informatie altijd en overal, hands-on, beschikbaar, en overlappen zodoende met de functie van de fysieke bibliotheek.
As more and more researchers are committed to sharing their data, libraries are seizing the opportunity to demonstrate their value across the research lifecycle and support open culture. Mandates from funding agencies have made data management and sharing a high priority for researchers; new strategies for reuse and visualization are shining a spotlight on the importance of discoverability. Libraries have an important role to play in research data management and sharing; they are taking the opportunity to remind their partners across campus that managing research data, like most efforts in scholarly communication, is a team sport.
Global tech players such as Google, Facebook and Microsoft are touting a plethora of options to break down the digital divide, from a new wave of higher-throughput satellites to Internet balloons and drones.
An array of initiatives in individual countries means there is some uncertainty among the global development community on how the mix of technologies will ultimately look in developing regions.
How this all pans out is of crucial importance for nongovernmental organizations and the donors that support them — and there are a number of ways they can give themselves a voice and help drive a desirable outcome.
Devex spoke to experts in the sector to get the inside track and glean advice on how NGOs can better work and engage with big Internet firms.
The geographic footprint of innovation is changing dramatically as research and development programs become more global. An overwhelming 94 percent of the world’s largest innovators now conduct elements of their R&D programs abroad, according to the 2015 Global Innovation 1000 study, our annual analysis of corporate R&D spending. These companies are ...
Google Books schaadt auteursrechten niet Oct 19, 2015 | Posted by Marco den Engelsman | Uitgeven/Publiceren Google mag doorgaan met het digitaliseren van miljoenen boeken, zonder de auteurs een vergoeding te betalen. Dat hebben rechters in New York vrijdag bepaald. Het betrof een hoger beroep in een al tien jaar lopende zaak. Het oorspronkelijke vonnis was ook al in het voordeel van het internetbedrijf. Google begon in 2004 met zijn bibliotheekproject en heeft sindsdien meer dan 20 miljoen boeken ingescand. Gebruikers kunnen erin bladeren, fragmenten lezen en Google vertelt erbij waar ze een boek eventueel kunnen kopen of lenen. Die manier van handelen is volgens de rechtbank niet in strijd met het auteursrecht. Het Author’s Guild, een Amerikaanse belangenorganisatie van schrijvers, stapte in 2005 naar de rechter. Het bibliotheekproject van Google zou een hoofdzakelijk commerciële aangelegenheid zijn en de internetreus werd beschuldigd van inbreuk op het auteursrecht. Maar een rechter bepaalde in november 2013 dat Google een publieke dienst levert, zonder de belangen van schrijvers te schaden. Die beslissing is in hoger beroep bekrachtigd. De rechters wijzen er onder meer op dat slechts een beperkt deel van de boeken openbaar wordt gemaakt. Zelf meent Google dat het schrijvers juist een dienst bewijst door hun boeken deels openbaar te maken. Die worden daardoor makkelijker gevonden en vaker gelezen, aldus het bedrijf.
The court ruled that Google's digitization of over 20 million books, mostly out-of-print titles, did not violate copyrights because the Mountain View, California-based company only showed short sections of the books in its database.
The Authors Guild's never-ending lawsuit against Google for its book scanning project has been hit with yet another blow. The 2nd Circuit appeals court has told the Authors Guild (once again) that Google's book scanning is transformative...
To some people, the words knowledge, wisdom, and insight are synonyms, not fully understanding the significance of each. These words are not synonyms; however, they do have a close relationship with one another. One’s knowledge is an accumulation of facts and information that one gains through their education and experiences. It is a tool to be used either wisely or unwisely at the disposal of its owner; the more vast the collection of knowledge, the more powerful the tool. Any experience, recognition of a transpired event, understanding of a consequence, reading of a book, or even just a simple observation is an acquisition of knowledge. We are continuously gaining knowledge whether we intend to or not, but it is how one chooses to utilize and apply this knowledge where the aspect of wisdom comes in.
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