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With the development of computer cloud systems that allow users to tap into the power of networked computers on the Internet, the ability to do very powerful development is now at the fingertips of anyone with a computer and access to the Internet.
De wetenschappers van Nederland waren in de vroege ochtend van zaterdag 16 november meteen klaarwakker. Nog voor de Sint voet aan wal had gezet in Groningen lag er een cadeautje in hun schoen. Althans, daar leek het in eerste instantie op. Staatssecretaris Sander Dekker bleek vlak voor het scheiden van de wekelijkse parlementaire markt op vrijdag nog een briefnaar de Tweede Kamer te hebben gestuurd waarin hij zijn beleidsvisie over open access uiteenzette.
De visie blonk uit in duidelijkheid en daadkracht:
de Nederlandse wetenschap moet sneller over op open access dan nu gebeurt. Binnen tien jaar moet alles in open access worden gepubliceerd, en binnen vijf jaar al 60 procent;hiervoor kiest de staatssecretaris voor gold open access, en waar dat (nog) niet mogelijk blijkt, voor een hybride variant. Green speelt geen rol;als de betrokken partijen – universiteiten, uitgevers en bibliotheken – er samen niet uit komen, overwegen staatssecretaris en minister een wijziging van de Wet op het Hoger onderwijs en Wetenschappelijk onderzoek (WHW) om publiceren in open access te kunnen verplichten;de staatssecretaris treedt in overleg met omringende landen die vergelijkbare doelen nastreven, om onderling af te stemmen en zo meer te bereiken. Ook dringt hij er bij de wetenschappelijke organisaties en uitgeverijen op aan om in 2014 afspraken te maken en organiseert hij begin 2014 een rondetafelconferentie met de betrokken partijen.
Last week, Bill Keller did a funny thing. The former executive editor and current Op-Ed columnist for the New York Times, as authoritative and oracular as he is moderate and guarded, opened up a space for pointed, even frothy debate with a counterpart who on his face is as different from Keller as anyone with comparable stature in the news industry today. The title of the conversation—likely not chosen by either Keller or his interlocutor, but by theTimes’ editors—was “Is Glenn Greenwald the Future of Journalism?”
Journalism insiders and students of media were fascinated. Here was a debate about the role of the journalist and the collision of traditional values with an emerging set of online practices that had been happening for more than a decade. Now, though, it was front-and-center, not between pundits but practitioners, in the hallowed pages of the New York Times.
Developers seeking to create apps for Google's Glass headset have had limited options so far, but the company will break things wide open during a two-day hackathon -- like the ones held earlier this year to show off its Mirror API -- starting on...
The practical implementation of connectivism is the massive open online course, or MOOC. George and I developed the first MOOC in 2008, called ‘Connectivism and Connective Knowledge’. It was intended very deliberately to be an example of the theory we had formed over the previous four years, and not simply a place to talk about it. The key aspect of the CCK08 MOOC was that it was distributed – that it, it was not based on a centralized core of content, and it was not located on a single website. Rather, we encouraged people to create course content and to contribute to the course through their own websites, through discussion groups, communities, and and other forum they chose. We had about 170 blogs created to support the course, and we aggregated these using RSS – content syndication supporting online learning.
Can the crowdsourced know-it-all get smart about standards and its lack of diversity?The Wikimedia foundation disclosed in its 2011-2012 annual report that "declining participation is by far the most serious problem facing the Wikimedia projects." The Wikimedia fellows behind a comprehensive study led by computer scientist and University of Minnesota Ph.D. candidate Aaron Halfaker were more blunt: They suggested Wikipedia change its motto from "the encyclopedia that anyone can edit" to "the encyclopedia that anyone who understands the norms, socializes him or herself, dodges the impersonal wall of semiautomated rejection and still wants to voluntarily contribute his or her time and energy can edit."
Activity of modern scholarship creates online footprints galore. Along with traditional metrics of research quality, such as citation counts, online images of researchers and institutions increasingly matter in evaluating academic impact, decisions about grant allocation, and promotion. We examined 400 biographical Wikipedia articles on academics from four scientific fields to test if being featured in the world’s largest online encyclopedia is correlated with higher academic notability (assessed through citation counts). We found no statistically significant correlation between Wikipedia articles metrics (length, number of edits, number of incoming links from other articles, etc.) and academic notability of the mentioned researchers and also we did not find any evidence that these scientists are necessarily more prolific than the averages in each field. We also examined the coverage of notable scientist sampled from Thomson Reuters list of “highly cited researchers” in Wikipedia.
In each of the examined fields, Wikipedia failed in covering notable scholars properly. Both findings imply that Wikipedia might produce an inaccurate image of academics on the front end of science and by shedding light on how public perception of academic progress is formed, alert that a subjective element might have been introduced into the hitherto structured system of academic evaluation.
How do different social networking websites stack up when it comes to news? How many people engage with news across multiple social sites? And what are their news consumption habits on traditional platforms?
Big Data is “the next frontier for innovation, competition, and productivity,” says McKinsey & Company. But companies and executives rushing into data collection and analysis expecting immediate payoffs are bound to be disappointed.