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Innovation and  Complexity
Exploring innovation with complexity
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Autonomous drones flock like birds

Autonomous drones flock like birds | Innovation and  Complexity | Scoop.it

A Hungarian team has created the first drones that can fly as a coordinated flock. The researchers watched as the ten autonomous robots took to the air in a field outside Budapest, zipping through the open sky, flying in formation or even following a leader, all without any central control.

 

Autonomous drones flock like birds
Ed Yong

Nature doi:10.1038/nature.2014.14776

http://www.nature.com/news/autonomous-drones-flock-like-birds-1.14776


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Keith Hamon's curator insight, February 28, 12:49 PM

I think flocking as an educational strategy deserves more study. Can a flock of birds find their way home better than a single bird? I'll bet they can, but how do they do it? How do they coordinate their knowledge and behavior?

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How big data is changing the world

How big data is changing the world | Innovation and  Complexity | Scoop.it

You may not be that bothered about the idea of living in a smart city but I bet you'd love to live in one that was happy.

 

Tomorrow's cities: How big data is changing the world
By Jane Wakefield

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-23253949


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Smart solutions from the plant kingdom

Plants represent almost 99.9% of the biomass of our planet. This means that virtually every environment that can be colonized by life has been explored and populated by plants. To achieve such amazing results while being unable to move from the site of seed germination, plants have evolved an arsenal of solutions that make them suitable for life in the most demanding and extreme conditions. In addition, it is well established that plants are able to show considerable plasticity in their morphology and physiology in response to variability within their environment and to survive extremely diverse environmental conditions and stresses (Fujita et al (2006)). Thus the mechanical properties of plants, the morphology of their structures and their characteristic movements represent a goldmine of solutions that, with appropriate investigation, could be used to obtain new design rules for advanced bioinspired systems and materials in countless applications. Meanwhile, advances in technology, partly related to the adoption of such bio-inspired approaches in design, are opening new opportunities for the application of bioinspired artefacts in biological research.

 

Smart solutions from the plant kingdom

Barbara Mazzolai and Stefano Mancuso 2013 Bioinspir. Biomim. 8 020301 http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-3182/8/2/020301

 


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Rippling: How Social Entrepreneurs Spread Innovation Throughout the World

Rippling: How Social Entrepreneurs Spread Innovation Throughout the World | Innovation and  Complexity | Scoop.it
A look at how social entrepreneurs spread innovation throughout the world.

 

Currently, social entrepreneurship is as much a field as it is a social movement. A whole new generation of ethical change agents—whether in business or academia or the media—is building a new sensibility about the way we live and interact. For many people, ‘‘social entrepreneurship is now a viable and desirable career path, where work is not just something that you do, but rather something that you are.’’

 

All of Ashoka’s Fellows (the people Ashoka deems to be leading social entrepreneurs and elect into a lifelong Fellowship of like-minded people) ripple their innovations through society by influencing other social entrepreneurs, the policy development process, and the actions of the private sector. As I came to know the Fellows I interviewed for this book, I found that they all, at a minimum, possessed four inherent qualities:

 

Purpose
Passion
Pattern
Participation

 

These characteristics have become my favorite manner of determining if the person is starting out with the defining characteristics of what constitutes a social entrepreneur.


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Mapping a Green & Fair World

Mapping a Green & Fair World | Innovation and  Complexity | Scoop.it

The Global Transition to a New Economy maps innovative projects that challenge business as usual and contribute to the systemic change to our economy that we urgently require. Together, these projects create a world that prioritizes human wellbeing, within environmental limits.


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The 9 Commandments of Innovation - Forbes

The 9 Commandments of Innovation - Forbes | Innovation and  Complexity | Scoop.it
The new corporate mantra is Innovate or Die. Following these 9 commandments will help you staying alive. Teachings mostly from myths like Steve Jobs, Henry Ford, Akito Morita, Roberto Goizueta, Thomas Edison and Guy Kawazaki.

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Link TV's 'ViewChange: Unleashing Innovation' Features Top Entrepreneurs Tackling Global Problems (VIDEO PREMIER)

Link TV's 'ViewChange: Unleashing Innovation' Features Top Entrepreneurs Tackling Global Problems (VIDEO PREMIER) | Innovation and  Complexity | Scoop.it
From teeny-tiny sleeping bags ending infant mortality to soccer balls that produce electricity, a new documentary shows how fresh solutions to old problems can change the world.
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Materials inspired by Mother Nature: A 1-pound boat that could float 1,000 pounds

Materials inspired by Mother Nature: A 1-pound boat that could float 1,000 pounds | Innovation and  Complexity | Scoop.it
Combining the secrets that enable water striders to walk on water and give wood its lightness and great strength has yielded an amazing new material so buoyant that, in everyday terms, a boat made from 1 pound of the substance could carry five...
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WHERE GOOD IDEAS COME FROM by Steven Johnson

One of our most innovative, popular thinkers takes on-in exhilarating style-one of our key questions: Where do good ideas come from? With Where Good Ideas Co...
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A recognition that innovation is a complex adaptive system

A recognition that innovation is a complex adaptive system | Innovation and  Complexity | Scoop.it
Maybe I’m taking on more than I can chew here but I’m going to attempt it. I apologise if it does not work for you, or you simply just give up on this but I am going to try to explain innovatio...

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An Amazing Timeline Chronicling The History of Social Media

An Amazing Timeline Chronicling The History of Social Media | Innovation and  Complexity | Scoop.it

Via Dr. Susan Bainbridge
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Emma Stutzman's curator insight, January 3, 2:03 PM

This picture shows how social media has developed over the years. It mentions how many people thought that social media was started with facebook, when in reality it was really started by other projects that you can see above. This picture/concept shows the differences between which sites took off and which didn't, depending on our cultural preferences.

Mhd.Shadi Khudr's curator insight, January 15, 12:05 PM


Many thanks to Roula Haj-Ismail:

@roula haj-ismail

 

Catherine Pascal's curator insight, February 28, 9:08 AM

  YES infographie : synthèse social média.

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Limited Urban Growth: London's Street Network Dynamics since the 18th Century

We investigate the growth dynamics of Greater London defined by the administrative boundary of the Greater London Authority, based on the evolution of its street network during the last two centuries. This is done by employing a unique dataset, consisting of the planar graph representation of nine time slices of Greater London's road network spanning 224 years, from 1786 to 2010. Within this time-frame, we address the concept of the metropolitan area or city in physical terms, in that urban evolution reveals observable transitions in the distribution of relevant geometrical properties. Given that London has a hard boundary enforced by its long standing green belt, we show that its street network dynamics can be described as a fractal space-filling phenomena up to a capacitated limit, whence its growth can be predicted with a striking level of accuracy. This observation is confirmed by the analytical calculation of key topological properties of the planar graph, such as the topological growth of the network and its average connectivity. This study thus represents an example of a strong violation of Gibrat's law. In particular, we are able to show analytically how London evolves from a more loop-like structure, typical of planned cities, toward a more tree-like structure, typical of self-organized cities. These observations are relevant to the discourse on sustainable urban planning with respect to the control of urban sprawl in many large cities which have developed under the conditions of spatial constraints imposed by green belts and hard urban boundaries.

 

Masucci AP, Stanilov K, Batty M (2013) Limited Urban Growth: London's Street Network Dynamics since the 18th Century. PLoS ONE 8(8): e69469. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069469


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ComplexInsight's curator insight, August 20, 2013 2:02 AM

Mike Batty has created a truly world class research group and this paper by Paula Masucci and Mike is a great addition to literature relating to sustainable cities.

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The Future of Green Building May Be Closer than You Think

The Future of Green Building May Be Closer than You Think | Innovation and  Complexity | Scoop.it

Buildings that consume no outside energy are being developed today -- with existing technology. So much innovative work has been done in green building that a growing number of people are now shifting their focus from means to ends. Their goal: Create buildings that generate as much energy as they need to operate, called net-zero energy buildings (NZEB). Efforts to achieve NZEB are underway in all sectors -- government, academia, the military, not-for-profits and business -- and at all scales: residential, community and commercial. While it is still early days, the results have been impressive.
http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article.cfm?articleid=3247


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Power and Networks | Networking Action: Organizing for the 21st Century

Power and Networks | Networking Action: Organizing for the 21st Century | Innovation and  Complexity | Scoop.it

At a recent keynote address I was asked “Where is the issue of “power” in what you are talking about? It seems that you are ignoring it.” Grrrrr. Sigh. This has been an on-going critique, so it must have validity. So I was pleased to come across a new book that deals with the topic and presents a framework that can help people understand the power dynamics of their particular network and develop effective strategies to handle power.

 

The framework is presented in a chapter of Interactive Governance: Advancing the Paradigm. “Interactive Governance” can be roughly equated to multi-stakeholder networks. The chapter presents a classic description of power as “the ability to shape and secure particular outcomes”. Four types of power are identified:

 

1. Direct power: A gets B to do what B would otherwise not. Eg: a vote that obliges B to do something it did not want to do

 

2. Indirect power: aimed at controlling the political agenda. Eg: A influencing others to accept a certain goal as a priority

 

3. Ideological power: influencing perceptions of interest. Eg: A convincing B that it should do something for its own good

 

4. Institutionalized power: processes and structures that frame action Eg: voting processes, the role of money in decisions, what is “knowledge” and its role in decision-making

 

This leads to a discussion of different perspectives of power vis-à-vis networks: power in, of, over networks and networks as entities adding to our total power as individuals and societies.


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Soluzioni creative per iene esploratrici - Le Scienze

Soluzioni creative per iene esploratrici - Le Scienze | Innovation and  Complexity | Scoop.it
Saper risolvere un problema in modo innovativo è una capacità che non tutti possiedono, nemmeno tra gli esseri umani. Sarah Benson-Amram e Kay E.
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The Spiky World of Innovation

The Spiky World of Innovation | Innovation and  Complexity | Scoop.it
Metro areas generate 93 percent of the world’s patented inventions.
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Steven Johnson: Where good ideas come from

http://www.ted.com People often credit their ideas to individual "Eureka!" moments. But Steven Johnson shows how history tells a different story. His fascina...
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Principles For Social Innovation In 2012: Follow Emerging Economies

Principles For Social Innovation In 2012: Follow Emerging Economies | Innovation and  Complexity | Scoop.it
The world economy is rapidly reorienting toward a growing middle class in the global East and South. And social innovators should follow, helping to aggregate consumer and citizen power to create change.

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