Information, Complexity, Computation
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Information, Complexity, Computation
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The 6 tenets of global viral spread

The 6 tenets of global viral spread | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
Some products or services have spread across the planet very quickly, following viral exponential dynamics. It just took them a few years, sometimes a few months or even a few weeks to become global.Skype, Twitter, Facebook are well-known recent examples. There are going to be many more similar examples in the next years.

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The Science of Social Pressure | Anthropology in Practice

The Science of Social Pressure | Anthropology in Practice | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it

By now you've undoubtedly heard that Facebook allows people to share their organ donor status.

 

If organ donor status becomes a part of the basic set of information a person can share on Facebook—it’s not, but let’s consider the possibility—how would this missing piece of information color your interaction? Does it frustrate you to not know this bit about your connection? Will you think twice about connecting with them? And if it’s not the organ donor status that does it, then what will? Knowing whether the person was bullied or was a bully as a child? Whether he as high blood pressure?


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Entropy Is Simple...If You Avoid The Briar Patches!

Simple introduction to entropy, entropy and nature.
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Thermodynamics of emergence: Langton's ant meets Boltzmann

Thermodynamics of emergence: Langton's ant meets Boltzmann | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it

The current definitions of emergence have no effects in the context of artificial life that could convincingly be called 'constructive'. They are rather descriptive labels or tests. In order to get towards recipes of generating emergence we need to know systemic characteristics that help during the design phase of artificial life systems and worlds. In this paper, we develop and discuss five hypotheses that are not meant to be irrevocable but rather thought-provoking. We introduce two modeling approaches for Langton's ant to clarify these hypotheses. Then we discuss general properties of systems, such as (ir-)reversibility, dependence on initial states, computation, discreetness, and undecidable properties of system states.

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Signs of Life: How Complexity Pervades Biology: Amazon.co.uk: Richard Sole, B.C. Goodwin: Books

Signs of Life: How Complexity Pervades Biology

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Complexity: A Guided Tour: Amazon.co.uk: Melanie Mitchell: Books

Complexity: A Guided Tour

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Complex Systems

Complex Systems | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
Complex Systems is a journal devoted to the science, mathematics, and engineering of systems with simple components but complex overall behavior. In this site you will find information about subscribing to and publishing in Complex Systems.
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Complex Adaptive Systems

Complex Adaptive Systems | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
  To be able to plan and manage systems properly, businesses need to understand the characteristics of the systems they are handling. Mechanical system: Certainty is the driving force for businesses. The future is predictable by measuring the past .
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Innovation Excellence | Innovation is a Complex Adaptive System

Innovation Excellence | Innovation is a Complex Adaptive System | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
I am going to try to explain innovation as an complex adapative system. Why? I consistently come across many references to innovation. The trouble is I’ve never been fully clear on what does make up a complex system for innovation.
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Content Curation: Why Detecting Emerging Patterns Is Crucial

Content Curation: Why Detecting Emerging Patterns Is Crucial | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
The identification of emerging patterns is essential to content curation. This post lists the top reasons why content curators need to pay attention to them.
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Swarm in Here... or Is It Just Me?

Swarm in Here... or Is It Just Me? | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
ENCORE An ant … can’t … move a rubber tree plant… but the colony can. As a group, ants are an efficient, organized, can-do bunch. And a model for humans trying to manage complex systems.
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How To Identify The Tipping Point In Any System ?

How To Identify The Tipping Point In Any System ? | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it

"A typical network diagram. Like the forest, increase the density of connections and you risk crossing a threshold beyond which you greatly increase the chance that the entire system can collapse"


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Emergence Versus Self-Organisation: Different Concepts but Promising When Combined

A clear terminology is essential in every research discipline. In the context of ESOA, a lot of confusion exists about the meaning of the terms emergence and self-organisation. One of the sources of the confusion comes from the fact that a combination of both phenomena often occurs in dynamical systems. In this paper a historic overview of the use of each concept as well as a working definition, that is compatible with the historic and current meaning of the concepts, is given. Each definition is explained by supporting it with important characteristics found in the literature. We show that emergence and self-organisation each emphasise different properties of a system. Both phenomena can exist in isolation. The paper also outlines some examples of such systems and considers the combination of emergence and self-organisation as a promising approach in complex multi-agent systems.

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Structural diversity in social contagion

The concept of contagion has steadily expanded from its original grounding in epidemic disease to describe a vast array of processes that spread across networks, notably social phenomena such as fads, political opinions, the adoption of new technologies, and financial decisions. Traditional models of social contagion have been based on physical analogies with biological contagion, in which the probability that an individual is affected by the contagion grows monotonically with the size of his or her “contact neighborhood”—the number of affected individuals with whom he or she is in contact. Whereas this contact neighborhood hypothesis has formed the underpinning of essentially all current models, it has been challenging to evaluate it due to the difficulty in obtaining detailed data on individual network neighborhoods during the course of a large-scale contagion process.

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Diversity and Complexity Primers in Complex Systems: Amazon.co.uk: Scott E. Page: Books

Diversity and Complexity (Primers in Complex Systems)

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Thinking in Systems: A Primer: Amazon.co.uk: Diana Wright, Donella H. Meadows: Books

Thinking in Systems: A Primer

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Network Science of the Game of Go

Network Science of the Game of Go | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
You can make networks from pretty much anything. Connect people based on friendships or phone calls, proteins based on interaction, words ba...
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The Single Theory That Could Explain Emergence, Organisation And The Origin of Life - Biochemists have long imagined that autocatalytic sets can explain the origin of life. Now a new mathematical a...

reddit: the front page of the internet (The Single Theory That Could Explain Emergence, Organisation And The Origin of Life - Biochemists have long imag...)...
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Viral quasispecies: Increased complexity and persistence of replicating genomes - by Suzanne Rose - Helium

Viral quasispecies: Increased complexity and persistence of replicating genomes - by Suzanne Rose - Helium | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
First formulated by Manfred Eigen, the existence of quasispecies is a fascinating offshoot of the evolutionary theory.
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Week 7: Complexity Theory and Complex Adaptive Systems | Connectivism & Connected Knowledge 2012

Week 7: Complexity Theory and Complex Adaptive Systems | Connectivism & Connected Knowledge 2012 | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
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Anatomy of Facebook | Facebook

Anatomy of Facebook | Facebook | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
Facebook Data Team wrote a note titled Anatomy of Facebook. Read the full text here.
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Frans de Waal: Moral behavior in animals | Video on TED.com

TED Talks Empathy, cooperation, fairness and reciprocity -- caring about the well-being of others seems like a very human trait.
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