Information, Complexity, Computation
4.7K views | +5 today
Information, Complexity, Computation
Your new post is loading...
Your new post is loading...
Scooped by Eugene Ch'ng
Scoop.it!

chaos

chaos | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it

Ordinarily, chaos is confusion or disorder... deterministic chaos implies, scientifically talking, some upsets, but we can find outstanding properties with important consequences. In science, chaos describes an important conceptual paradox which has a precise mathematical meaning. This paradox is that chaos is generated by some deterministic systems which make difficult their future prediction. Change and time are two fundamental vectorial form subjects that form altogether chaos foundations. We normally think that a deterministic system is one...

more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Eugene Ch'ng from Papers
Scoop.it!

Kevin Kelly’s Complexity Theory – The Politics and Ideology of Self-Organizing Systems

Kevin Kelly’s Complexity Theory – The Politics and Ideology of Self-Organizing Systems | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
Regarded as a contemporary prophet of the new technology and economy, Kevin Kelly argues that the realms of nature and human construction are becoming one. Human-made things are becoming more lifelike, and life is becoming more engineered.

Via Spaceweaver, Complexity Digest
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Eugene Ch'ng
Scoop.it!

Dynamics of Complex Living Systems - Conversations On OD

Dynamics of Complex Living Systems - Conversations On OD | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
Living systems are complex and what emerges comes from the interaction of various forces in the system rather than from a purposive cause-and-effect linear sequence. Human beings have the capacity for self-organization ...
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Eugene Ch'ng from Complex Insight - Understanding our world
Scoop.it!

What's quantum physics got to do with biology?

Tonight at the World Science Festival, astrophysicist Paul Davies and quantum computing innovator Seth Lloyd will talk about the growing field of quantum biology—why it works, what it means, and how it might shape our future. The Bad News: The Festival is happening in New York City and tonight's panel is sold out. The Good News: You can watch a live webcast of the event online at 8:00 Eastern time.  Learn more


Via ComplexInsight
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Eugene Ch'ng
Scoop.it!

The re-emergence of ?emergence?: A venerable concept in search of a theory

The re-emergence of ?emergence?: A venerable concept in search of a theory | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
(2002) Corning. Complexity. Read by researchers in: 22% Biological Sciences, 17% Social Sciences. No abstract.
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Eugene Ch'ng from Complex Insight - Understanding our world
Scoop.it!

Robert Sapolsky lecture on emergence and complexity.

Professor Robert Sapolsky gives a lecture (May 2010) on emergence and complexity.  Robert is Professor of Biological Sciences, and Professor of Neurology and Neurological Sciences at Stanford University and is a research associate with the National Musuems of Kenya. Essential watching for those just starting to learn about complex systems and system properties such as emergence and guided formation rules.  Worth watching.


Via ComplexInsight
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Eugene Ch'ng from Prediction, Learning and Games
Scoop.it!

Quantum Computing and the Limits of the Efficiently Computable ...

Scott Aaronson, an specialist in the realm of computational complexity theory and the founder of ComplexityZoo.com on the web encyclopedia of computational complexity theory delivered Carnegie Mellon University's 2011 Buhl Lecture.
Via Pradeep Banerjee
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Eugene Ch'ng from Propagation Organique, Viralité - Spreading Phenomenons
Scoop.it!

To convince people, come at them from different angles

To convince people, come at them from different angles | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
Research on Facebook shows that people base decisions not on the number of requests they receive, but on the variety of social contexts the requests come from.

The study suggests that mathematical models of how ideas spread across networks may need to be modified to include neighborhood diversity, the researchers said, and perhaps not just on the Internet.


Via Marc Tirel
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Eugene Ch'ng
Scoop.it!

The Bit and the Pendulum: From Quantum Computing to M Theory - The New Physics of Information: Amazon.co.uk: Tom Siegfried: Books

The Bit and the Pendulum: From Quantum Computing to M Theory - The New Physics of Information

~ Tom Siegfried (author) More about this product
List Price: £10.99
Price: £9.89
You Save: £1.10 (10%)
The Bit and the Pendulum: From Quantum Computing to M Theory - The New Physics of Information: Amazon.co.uk: Tom Siegfried: Books...
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Eugene Ch'ng from Exploring complexity
Scoop.it!

Amazon.com: COMPLEXITY: THE EMERGING SCIENCE AT THE EDGE OF ORDER AND CHAOS (9780671872342): M. Mitchell Waldrop: Books

COMPLEXITY: THE EMERGING SCIENCE AT THE EDGE OF ORDER AND CHAOS

~ M. Mitchell Waldrop (author) More about this product
List Price: $15.00
Price: $9.44
You Save: $5.56 (37%)
Amazon.com: COMPLEXITY: THE EMERGING SCIENCE AT THE EDGE OF ORDER AND CHAOS (9780671872342): M.

Via Marinella De Simone
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Eugene Ch'ng
Scoop.it!

Nonlinear Dynamics, Mathematical Biology, and Social Science: Wise Use of Alternative Therapies Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity: Amazon.co.uk: Joshua M. Epstein: Books

Nonlinear Dynamics, Mathematical Biology, and Social Science: Wise Use of Alternative Therapies Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity: Amazon.co.uk: Joshua M.
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Eugene Ch'ng from Propagation Organique, Viralité - Spreading Phenomenons
Scoop.it!

The flipping point

The flipping point | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it

When people say, "The tipping point," they often misunderstand the concept in Malcolm's book. They're actually talking about the flipping point. The tipping point is the sum total of many individuals buzzing about something....


Via Marc Tirel
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Eugene Ch'ng from Propagation Organique, Viralité - Spreading Phenomenons
Scoop.it!

Duncan Watts - Social contagion: What do we really know?

Duncan Watts - Social contagion: What do we really know? | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it

The good news is our understanding of social contagion is likely to improve dramatically in the near future, thanks to an avalanche of new data, much of it generated by social media platforms.


Via Marc Tirel
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Eugene Ch'ng
Scoop.it!

In a Big Network of Computers, Evidence of Machine Learning

In a Big Network of Computers, Evidence of Machine Learning | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
A neural network of computer processors, fed millions of YouTube videos, taught itself to recognize cats, a feat of significance for fields like speech recognition.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Eugene Ch'ng
Scoop.it!

The Mathematical Puzzle That Is the Complexity of the City

The Mathematical Puzzle That Is the Complexity of the City | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
How, if at all, can we quantify the relative complexity of a place?
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Eugene Ch'ng from Social Foraging
Scoop.it!

A search engine for social networks based on the behavior of ants

A search engine for social networks based on the behavior of ants | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it

Research at Carlos III University in Madrid is developing an algorithm, based on ants' behavior when they are searching for food, which accelerates the search for relationships among elements that are present in social networks.

 

One of the main technical questions in the field of social networks, whose use is becoming more and more generalized, consists in locating the chain of reference that leads from one person to another, from one node to another. The greatest challenges that are presented in this area is the enormous size of these networks and the fact that the response must be rapid, given that the final user expects results in the shortest time possible. In order to find a solution to this problem, these researchers from UC3M have developed an algorithm SoSACO, which accelerates the search for routes between two nodes that belong to a graph that represents a social network.

 

The way SoSACO works was inspired by behavior that has been perfected over thousands of years by one of the most disciplined insects on the planet when they search for food. In general, the algorithms used by colonies of ants imitate how they are capable of finding the path between the anthill and the source of food by secreting and following a chemical trail, called a pheromone, which is deposited on the ground. "In this study – the authors explain – other scented trails are also included so that the ants can follow both the pheromone as well as the scent of the food, which allows them to find the food source much more quickly". The main results of this research, which was carried out by Jessica Rivero in UC3M's Laboratorio de Bases de Datos Avanzadas (The Advanced Data Bases Laboratory - LABDA) as part of her doctoral thesis, are summarized in a scientific article published in the journal Applied Intelligence. "The early results show that the application of this algorithm to real social networks obtains an optimal response in a very short time (tens of milliseconds)", Jessica Rivero states.


Via Ashish Umre
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Eugene Ch'ng from Complex Insight - Understanding our world
Scoop.it!

Bacterial signaling systems as platforms for rational design of new generations of biosensors

Bacterial signaling systems as platforms for rational design of new generations of biosensors

by
Checa SK, Zurbriggen MD, Soncini FC.
"Bacterial signal-responsive regulatory circuits have been employed as platform to design and construct whole-cell bacterial biosensors for reporting toxicity. A new generation of biosensors with improved performance and a wide application range has emerged after the application of synthetic biology concepts to biosensor design. Site-directed mutagenesis, directed evolution and domain swapping were applied to upgrade signal detection or to create novel sensor modules. Rewiring of the genetic circuits allows improving the determinations and reduces the heterogeneity of the response between individual reporter cells. Moreover, the assembly of natural or engineered modules to biosensor platforms provides innovative outputs, expanding the range of application of these devises, from monitoring toxics and bioremediation to killing targeted cells."
http://1.usa.gov/JTBbQj


Via Gerd Moe-Behrens, ComplexInsight
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Eugene Ch'ng from Complex Insight - Understanding our world
Scoop.it!

Denim and Tweed: Nothing in Biology Makes Sense: Making sense ...

Denim and Tweed: Nothing in Biology Makes Sense: Making sense ... | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
This week at the collaborative science blog Nothing in Biology Makes Sense, guest contributor Kathryn Turner discusses how evolutionary processes determine whether an introduced species becomes an invasive species.
Via ComplexInsight
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Eugene Ch'ng from Information Economics
Scoop.it!

Signals in Social Supernets

Signals in Social Supernets | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
Computer Mediated Communication: The Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication (Are most tweets or posts spontaneous or some form of signalling?
Via António Cebola
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Eugene Ch'ng from Prediction, Learning and Games
Scoop.it!

JP Rangaswami: Information is food | Video on TED.com

TED Talks How do we consume data? At TED@SXSWi, technologist JP Rangaswami muses on our relationship to information, and offers a surprising and sharp insight: we treat it like food.
Via Pradeep Banerjee
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Eugene Ch'ng
Scoop.it!

Complexity and Information: Measuring Emergence, Self-organization, and Homeostasis at Multiple Scales

Concepts used in the scientific study of complex systems have become so widespread that their use and abuse has led to ambiguity and confusion in their meaning. In this paper we use information theory to provide abstract and concise measures of complexity, emergence, self-organization, and homeostasis. The purpose is to clarify the meaning of these concepts with the aid of the proposed formal measures. In a simplified version of the measures (focussing on the information produced by a system), emergence becomes the opposite of self-organization, while complexity represents their balance. We use computational experiments on random Boolean networks and elementary cellular automata to illustrate our measures at multiple scales.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Eugene Ch'ng
Scoop.it!

ECCS'12 Conference on Complex Systems

Foundations of Complex Systems
Complexity, Information and Computation
Prediction, Policy and Planning, Environment
Biological Complexity
Interacting Populations, Collective Behavior
Social Systems, Economics and Finance

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Eugene Ch'ng
Scoop.it!

Nano Patents and Innovations: Selenium Impacts Honey Bee Behavior And Survival

Nano Patents and Innovations: Selenium Impacts Honey Bee Behavior And Survival | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it

Entomologists at the University of California, Riverside have a "proof of concept" that selenium, a nonmetal chemical element, can disrupt the foraging behavior and survival of honey bees.

more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Eugene Ch'ng from Propagation Organique, Viralité - Spreading Phenomenons
Scoop.it!

The Science of Social Pressure | Anthropology in Practice

The Science of Social Pressure | Anthropology in Practice | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it

By now you've undoubtedly heard that Facebook allows people to share their organ donor status.

 

If organ donor status becomes a part of the basic set of information a person can share on Facebook—it’s not, but let’s consider the possibility—how would this missing piece of information color your interaction? Does it frustrate you to not know this bit about your connection? Will you think twice about connecting with them? And if it’s not the organ donor status that does it, then what will? Knowing whether the person was bullied or was a bully as a child? Whether he as high blood pressure?


Via Marc Tirel
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Eugene Ch'ng from Propagation Organique, Viralité - Spreading Phenomenons
Scoop.it!

Cooperation Is Contagious

Cooperation Is Contagious | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
One kind act can infect others, causing them to be more generous to others in a pay-it-forward fashion.

"there is a deep and fundamental connection between social networks and goodness,"


Via Marc Tirel
more...
No comment yet.