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Informal & Experiential Learning
Experiential, non-sanctioned & accidental learning
Curated by Jay Cross
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Jay Cross » Informal Learning Center

Jay Cross » Informal Learning Center | Informal & Experiential Learning | Scoop.it
Ground zero
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Can Happiness Become The World's Most Popular Course?

Can Happiness Become The World's Most Popular Course? | Informal & Experiential Learning | Scoop.it
@giorodriguez UC Berkeley's "The Science of Happiness" is poised to make history in online education. Why? At a time when books on happiness are so plentiful that pundits are saying they've jumped the shark -- and when Pharell's little song "Happy" has become so popular that it has inspired a JibJab animation -- [...]
Jay Cross's insight:

"“The Science of Happiness” — a MOOC (massive open online course) sponsored by UC Berkeley’s Greater Good Science Center (GGSC) — will launch in September of this year.  And though they announced the course only recently, it has already generated close to 40,000 registrations, according to UC Berkeley’s Professor Dacher Keltner. They’re on track to reach more than 100,000 people, when the first class bell rings. But given the momentum they’ve gained in such a short amount of time, his projection seems modest.  A number of MOOCs have reached even bigger audiences (never mind the dropout rates; the topic of another story I am writing). And if there were a competition, “The Science of Happiness” might have an unfair advantage."



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A 75-Year Harvard Study Finds What It Takes To Live A Happy Life

A 75-Year Harvard Study Finds What It Takes To Live A Happy Life | Informal & Experiential Learning | Scoop.it
Insights from the landmark Grant Study.
Jay Cross's insight:

The secret to happiness: All you need is love. And less alcohol and a warm relationship with mom. 

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David Muecke's curator insight, March 27, 4:27 PM
We've been told love is more important than anything. It's actually a no-brainer, but the brains at Harvard put it to a 75 year long test and found out the no brainer was in fact... a no brainer.
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Stats on Workplace Learning

Stats on Workplace Learning | Informal & Experiential Learning | Scoop.it
When I led education at PeopleSoft a gazillion years ago, I shared with the head of all customer-facing services a copy of Training Magazine's annual numbers issue, published each November (now their November/December issue).
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PKM in 34 pieces | Harold Jarche

PKM in 34 pieces | Harold Jarche | Informal & Experiential Learning | Scoop.it
Jay Cross's insight:

Great post by Harold Jarche detailing the steps of Personal Knnowledge Management (PKM). 

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COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE | Edge.org

COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE | Edge.org | Informal & Experiential Learning | Scoop.it
Jay Cross's insight:

MIT's Tom Malone is coming up with practical advice on elevating collective intelligence. There's both a video and a full transcript. If you're looking into improving learning and performance at the systems leve, you'll love this. An excerpt:

 

If it's not just putting a bunch of smart people in a group that makes the group smart, what is it? We looked at bunch of factors you might have thought would affect it: things like the psychological safety of the group, the personality of the group members, et cetera. Most of the things we thought might have affected it turned out not to have any significant effect. But we did find three factors that were significantly correlated with the collective intelligence of the group.

 

The first was the average social perceptiveness of the group members. We measured social perceptiveness in this case using a test developed essentially to measure autism. It's called the "Reading the Mind and the Eyes Test". It works by letting people look at pictures of other people's eyes and try to guess what emotions those people are feeling. People who are good at that work well in groups. When you have a group with a bunch of people like that, the group as a whole is more intelligent.

 

The second factor we found was the evenness of conversational turn taking. In other words, groups where one person dominated the conversation were, on average, less intelligent than groups where the speaking was more evenly distributed among the different group members.

 

Finally, and most surprisingly to us, we found that the collective intelligence of the group was significantly correlated with the percentage of women in the group. More women were correlated with a more intelligent group. Interestingly, this last result is not just a diversity result. It's not just saying that you need groups with some men and some women. It looks like that it's a more or less linear trend. That is, more women are better all the way up to all women. It is also important to realize that this gender effect is largely statistically mediated by the social perceptiveness effect. In other words, it was known before we did our work that women on average scored higher on this measure of social perceptiveness than men.

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Towards Maturity - 5 practical ideas for Embedding learning into the workflow

Towards Maturity - 5 practical ideas for Embedding learning into the workflow | Informal & Experiential Learning | Scoop.it
Jay Cross's insight:

"Missed opportunities

The Towards Maturity 2012-13 Benchmark report  highlights a number of missed opportunities faced by L&D professionals:

94% seek to speed up the application of learning back into the workplace: only 23% achieve this95% seek to improve the sharing of good practice: however, only 25% achieve this on average92% seek to increase their ability to adapt and react to business change. Only 25% of them achieve this90% want learning technologies to help them implement new products and processes. Only 45% are achieving this

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Helen Teague's curator insight, July 15, 2:03 PM

Also includes seriously interesting facts from the Embedded learning report

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Old schooled: You never stop learning like a child

Old schooled: You never stop learning like a child | Informal & Experiential Learning | Scoop.it
The adult brain is far more malleable that we thought, and so learning can be child’s play if you know how.
Some 36-year-olds choose to collect vintage wine, vinyl records or sports memorabilia. For...
Jay Cross's insight:

This just in: Old dogs can learn new tricks. 

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Lia Goren's curator insight, August 8, 2013 7:11 PM

“The idea that there’s a critical period for learning in childhood is overrated,” says Gary Marcus, a psychologist at New York University. ... Whatever you want to learn, it’s never too late to charge those grey cells.

Ivon Prefontaine's curator insight, August 8, 2013 8:52 PM

Neuroscience has made great inroads in understanding the human brain over the past 20 - 25 years. Researchers like Richard Davidson, Ellen Langer, and Ron Siegel are part of a growing cadre that can help us understand better the learning process.

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The Essentials of Business Storytelling

There are some absolute basics you should get under your belt to make the most of business storytelling. This presentation sets the groundwork for business stor
Jay Cross's insight:

Fantastic primer on telling stories in business. It doesn't take long but the message is compelling. Shame on you if you went through Shawn's presentation and didn't swear to start telling more stories. It would make life more interesting. 

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Deb Nystrom, REVELN's curator insight, July 2, 2013 4:41 PM

Storytelling is emerging as a top tool for leadership and learning.  This is a great resource for exploring the story's power to help with agile learning.  ~  Deb

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[INFOGRAPHIC] The Shift to Visual Social Media

[INFOGRAPHIC] The Shift to Visual Social Media | Informal & Experiential Learning | Scoop.it
Over the last year or so, the visual has really taken off online (with increasing access via mobile phones, apps that allow filtering and sharing, and increasing data bundles meaning less worry abo...

Via Mark Oehlert
Jay Cross's insight:

Visuals rule. 

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Building Informal Learning Habits

Building Informal Learning Habits | Informal & Experiential Learning | Scoop.it

Click here to edit the title

Jay Cross's insight:

Build good habits. 

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Ivon Prefontaine's curator insight, March 2, 2013 11:43 AM

We need communities of practice and trust to be in place. There was no reference to digital technologies, but it could be we allow practices of community to appear in those setings.

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Open badges : a future for informal learning? - The Learning, Skills and Employment Network

Open badges : a future for informal learning? - The Learning, Skills and Employment Network | Informal & Experiential Learning | Scoop.it
The Learning, Skills and Employment Network provides a single point of contact for all Third Sector learning, skills and employment training providers across Manchester. Building capacity and promoting partnership.
Jay Cross's insight:

Will collections of badges replace college degrees? 

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Ignacio Jaramillo's curator insight, January 27, 2013 9:07 PM

"Learning today happens everywhere. But it's often difficult to get recognition for skills and achievements that happen online or out of school. Mozilla Open Badges helps solve that problem, making it easy for any organisation to issue, manage and display digital badges across the web."

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20 Tips for Creating a Professional Learning Network

20 Tips for Creating a Professional Learning Network | Informal & Experiential Learning | Scoop.it
Jay Cross's insight:

A vital step. This ties back to Hagel's declaration. 

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DPG plc's curator insight, January 12, 2013 10:33 AM

Some excellent tips here to get the most from networking

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How happiness at work impacts the bottom line | The Association for Business Psychology

How happiness at work impacts the bottom line | The Association for Business Psychology | Informal & Experiential Learning | Scoop.it
Jay Cross's insight:

Why can't CFOs get this? 

 

A happy worker is a high performing one and in particular data shows that employees who are happiest at work:

Take one tenth the sick-leave of their least happy colleaguesAre six times more energizedIntend to stay twice as long in their organizationsAre twice as productive
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The 25 Happiest Companies In America

The 25 Happiest Companies In America | Informal & Experiential Learning | Scoop.it
CareerBliss ranks America's happiest companies by factors like work-life balance, culture, compensation, and growth opportunities.
Jay Cross's insight:

Apple, Google, etc., for sure, but Oracle? and Accenture?

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Learning Theory - What are the established learning theories?

Learning Theory - What are the established learning theories? | Informal & Experiential Learning | Scoop.it
Jay Cross's insight:

Great map of learning theorists. Contrast this with Donald Clark's take on them at PlanB.

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Gary Carnow's curator insight, December 1, 2013 4:47 PM

Excellent overview.

Vinicius Villaca's curator insight, December 2, 2013 9:47 AM

The big map.

Susan B Spero's curator insight, December 21, 2013 11:04 AM

Great map of learning theory. 

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Beyond the Echo Chamber

Beyond the Echo Chamber | Informal & Experiential Learning | Scoop.it
Jay Cross's insight:

"An analysis of the results reveals that the effect of social learning is enormous. The traders who had the right balance and diversity of ideas in their network—meaning that their social learning was neither too sparse nor too dense—had a return on investment that was 30% higher than the returns of both the isolated traders and those in the herd. In this digital trading environment, the sweet spot resides between the two extremes. This intermediate zone is where social learning—that is, copying successful people—yields real rewards. And though this study looked only at financial decision making, we believe the principle holds true for all kinds of decisions."

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Here’s A Google Perk Any Company Can Imitate: Employee-To-Employee Learning

Here’s A Google Perk Any Company Can Imitate: Employee-To-Employee Learning | Informal & Experiential Learning | Scoop.it
Google taps its own ranks to teach valuable career-building classes as well as extracurriculars like kickboxing and social skills for engineers. Fast...
Jay Cross's insight:

"In 2013, about 2,000 Googlers have so far volunteered to teach classes through the program, and together they will teach about 55% of the company’s official classes."



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Children Teach Themselves to Read

Children Teach Themselves to Read | Informal & Experiential Learning | Scoop.it
The unschoolers' account of how children learn to read.
Jay Cross's insight:

This is a great essay on how children teach themselves to read -- if they are not held back by the school system. Schools try to force children to read when they are not ready to learn and it doesn't work very well. 

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Lia Goren's curator insight, August 22, 2013 1:32 AM

Interesantísimo post acerca del aprendizaje de la lectura y de la importancia de proveer autonomía al estudiante para hacerlo.

Nigel Paine's curator insight, August 22, 2013 6:44 AM

watched it happen with little kids and iPads

Audrey's curator insight, December 3, 2013 4:03 PM

This is why parents should take advantage of pre school home school sources.  There are many examples of home school learning. Why not look at www.homeschoolsource.co.uk . There are hundreds of books children can choose for themselves.

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POPURLS® | mother of news aggregators

POPURLS® | mother of news aggregators | Informal & Experiential Learning | Scoop.it
popurls® is the mother of news aggregators, a single page that encapsulates up-to-the-minute headlines from the most popular sites on the internet | invented by thomas marban
Jay Cross's insight:

Learning takes place when something doesn't square with your view of the world. There's a missing piece holding you back from something you want to do so you pursue what it takes and you learn it.

 

In these days of accelerating change, you learn from news that makes you reflect on your worldview because it doesn't already occupy a comfortable spot in your mind. For most of us, this edgy news doesn't come from the usual suspects. The mind-strechers appear in offbeat blogs and pubs. 

 

That's why I like Popurls. http://popurls.com/ ; This aggregator lets you pick the headlines at dozens of sites you don't normally visit. 

 

Give it a try. While you are there, try the drill-down Popurls for Tech, Design, Business, and Entertainment.

 

 

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Kevin Wheeler: How Gen Y Learns

Kevin Wheeler: How Gen Y Learns | Informal & Experiential Learning | Scoop.it
Kevin Wheeler Founder and Chairman the Future of Talent Institute. Kevin started FOTI in 2004 out of his passionate belief that organizations need a more powerful and thoughtful architecture for talent than they have.
Jay Cross's insight:

Right on, Kevin. I love this:

"Gen Y, those in their twenties now, are born of bits and bytes.  They hardly read.  They watch play computer games, watch movies on the Internet, have made YouTube their favorite destination."


"This generation is the one that will redefine learning.  And because of them book-based learning, lectures, stand-up teaching, grades, honor rolls, and all the other paraphernalia of the 20thcentury will fade away faster than we image."

 

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Jeroen Bottema's curator insight, August 6, 2013 7:28 AM

Prikkelende blogpost van Kevin Wheeler. Ietwat generaliserend en beantwoord zeker niet de vraag hoe Generatie Y leert, maar wel met een aantal goede ontwerp- en denkvragen voor het onderwijs in de toekomst. 

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Work environment redesign

Work environment redesign | Informal & Experiential Learning | Scoop.it
The way the workplace is constructed—physically, virtually, and managerially—can have a critical impact on employee productivity, passion, and innovation.
Jay Cross's insight:

This paper is about building a Workscape -- the pull platform on which people learn while working. 

 

"

While traditional training programs are important, particularly when dealing with items such as compliance and merger integration, they have several shortcomings. It is difficult to train for time-intensive exception handling that occurs outside of standard, business-as-usual processes. Traditional programs also often neglect to consider the unique context and setting where skills need to be applied, and to some degree the skill sets of each worker. And because training sessions usually occur based on fixed schedules—rather than employees’ needs—much is forgotten between training and execution."

"Furthermore, with the increasing pace of technological innovation, it is difficult to predict what specific skills people will need in the future. Many training programs become out of date, if not obsolete, by the time they are launched. At the same time, many executives also find themselves unable to fill high-skilled positions, and are perpetually searching for and paying a premium for employees with specific skill sets. Unfortunately, the value of these or any other specific skills is depreciating increasingly quickly as well. For example, the skills that graduates acquire during four years of college have an expected shelf life of only five years.5"


"Finding new and more powerful ways to develop talent is not only an attractive opportunity to create value, but is also becoming an imperative. Given long-term shifts in the global economy, performance pressure is mounting. Structural shifts in the business landscape, such as advances in digital infrastructure and liberalization of public policy on a global scale, are tipping the balance of power from companies to individuals."

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Enterprise Learners v Entrepreneurial Learners

Enterprise Learners v Entrepreneurial Learners | Informal & Experiential Learning | Scoop.it

A few days ago I made a posting in which I shared an animated video of a keynote presentation by John Seely Brown in which he talked about the concept of the entrepreneurial learner...

Jay Cross's insight:

Today I'm pondering the future of learning from the learner's perspective. It's a giant topic. Jane Hart pointed me to JSB's presentations on becoming an "entrepreneurial learner." This made me question by own learning -- I'd blown right past Jane's blog post and JSB's views when they surfaced last year. In these days of skim-and-move-on, it's all too easy to let important things slip by. 

 

I assume we're moving into a world where each of us shoulders more responsiblity for our own learning. This would be tough enough in an unchanging world. How do I set my learning objectives? How do I collect meaningful feedback? How much reflection is enough? How do I document my learning? 

 

But the world is changing at an accelerating rate. There are new things to understand and to learn every day. Learning becomes inseparable from practice. To make sense of an ever-changing situation, the learner not only acquires knowledge but also creates context, makes new combinations, shares insights with others, tinkers incessantly, and expands the pool of understanding. 

 

Most organizations have left informal learning to chance. Now they're leaving the very definition of what it takes to be a successful independent learner to chance. This is crazy-making. If we are making people responsible for their own learning, certainly we owe them guidance on how to do it well. Most organizations are effectively telling people, "You're responsible for your development. Wing it. Good luck." 

 

Oh, and by the way, lots of what you know will be obsolete in five years. The future is unpredictable. 

 

I'm looking into how we can do better. 

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Think Happy, Be Happy: Tips To Access More Joy

Think Happy, Be Happy: Tips To Access More Joy | Informal & Experiential Learning | Scoop.it
Happiness has many aspects: From quiet appreciation to living with zest and passion, it's great to explore all the various facets available to you now. Inner happiness has many entry points. Try these out and notice how good you feel.
Jay Cross's insight:

I sense a series coming on. These are the A's of happiness. 

 

A is for Alibi. B is for Burglar. 

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It's Time to Invest in Informal Learning

It's Time to Invest in Informal Learning | Informal & Experiential Learning | Scoop.it
Few organizations are using training dollars to capture and incorporate informal learning efforts.
Jay Cross's insight:

article: 

IT'S TIME TO INVEST IN INFORMAL LEARNING

Thursday, January 10, 2013 - by Lorrie Lykins

 

Few organizations are using training dollars to capture and incorporate informal learning efforts.

Although informal learning is widely acknowledged as the mode through which most workplace knowledge and understanding of how to do our jobs is achieved, it's clear that capturing tacit and informal learning knowledge in a system is challenging. Few organizations report that they are attempting it—just 4 percent of respondents to a recent ASTD/Institute for Corporate Productivity (i4cp) study report ease in doing so to a high or very high extent.

 

Social learning technologies certainly can help address this, but most organizations are still in the early stages (if at all) of using technology to capture the tacit knowledge of the workforce. And few organizations have committed resources to even begin to make this happen.

 

Informal Learning: The Social Evolution, sponsored by Skillsoft, is a follow-up to a joint 2008 study on the subject. It found that few organizations invest much, if any, of their learning budgets in informal learning. In fact, budgets for informal learning in 2012 remain unchanged since the 2008 study.

The survey was conducted in August 2012 among primarily high-level business, HR, and learning professionals. A total of 351 usable responses were collected from respondents representing a variety of organizational sizes and industries.

 

More than one-third (36 percent) of respondents to a survey that informed the study report that their organizations didn't earmark training dollars in their budgets for informal learning. This represents virtually zero movement from four years earlier, when the study found that 36 percent of organizations didn't allocate funds for informal learning from their training budgets.

 

Not surprising, those who report that their organizations found that informal learning enhanced their employee performance were much more likely to allocate a higher percentage of their training budget to that effort.

So why the resistance to investing in informal learning? If we acknowledge that most workplace learning is informal, why aren't organizations supporting it through allocation of their resources?

 

Author and informal learning thought leader Jay Cross asserts that embracing informal learning and social learning means relinquishing control to some learning professionals. But by ignoring the potential of informal learning, we in effect prevent growth of the learning function. Investing solely in the traditional classroom approach is "a legacy of confusing learning with schooling," says Cross.

 

Organizations that have invested in informal learning view their efforts as an enhancement to the capability of training departments, one that enables partnership with the business. Further, rather than focusing resources and energy wholly on classroom training and materials, investing in informal learning—such as the creation of social media platforms that facilitate open sharing of knowledge and experience—is an avenue to enhancing formal learning, sparking creativity and innovation, strengthening the culture of an organization, and helping drive better performance.

 

The full report is available in the ASTD online store at www.astd.org/store.  

 

NB: I did not contribute to the $695 report.

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4 Faces of Personal Learning Network (w Tools)

4 Faces of Personal Learning Network (w Tools) | Informal & Experiential Learning | Scoop.it

Comment: Nice diagram, sketching tools that act between you and you PLN members. Tools are positioned according to their public profile, their communication capabilities and the pace thereof. (peter sloep, @pbsloep)


Via Peter B. Sloep
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Peggy Hale's curator insight, January 10, 2013 10:54 AM

Infographic on a PLN; love the information on how demanding they each are.

Volney Faustini's curator insight, November 4, 2013 9:46 PM

Tem tudo a ver com o processo do Agente do Aprendizado - como conceito de MF

Roberto Ivan Ramirez's curator insight, July 13, 2:14 PM

En la medidad que se ponga en práctica el PLE en el proceso del aprendizaje que en este caso, se promuebe de manera colaborativa, cada buena práctica detallará las posibilidades y potencialidades de lo que aun falta por mejorar en la educación del siglo 21.