With regard to Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO), IB reports that anti GMO activities in India are led by five Indian activists and six NGOs. After the availability of IB report in public domain, anti GMO activists and NGOs responded to it and clarified their stand through press release and/or through social media. 'Indian Botanists' tried to extract the answer from their response as, 'Why India does not need GM Technology and Genetically Modified Crops?' Here are the excerpts.
Across the world, there are communities that rely on plant sources available locally in their environment for food and income. They have developed a unique knowledge base about plants that can grow on marginal lands, under difficult climate conditions, and provide a crucial part of their diets through cultivation or foraging. As globalization spreads, the pattern of life which valued and used indigenous foods is breaking up and crucial insights into these sources of nutrition are being lost. This issue assumes more important in the context of feeding a growing population in a planet where the existing food production system is under threat from climate change.
The 2014 World Food Prize Laureate is an individual from India who worked closely with Dr. Borlaug in Mexico and who then carried forward and extended his work, breaking new ground with his own achievements. As the head of CIMMYT’s wheat-breeding program for several decades, our Laureate developed 480 high-yielding disease- and stress-resistant wheat varieties that have been grown on 58 million hectares in 51 countries, thus increasing world wheat production by more than 200 million tons.
A conventional herbarium database maximizes the usefulness of the collection by providing authentic and lasting information. This information can effectively be used for the preservation of species and spaces (hábitats). Presently several herbaria, world over are actively engaged in developing digital databases for their collections. Herbarium at Centre for Ecological Sciences of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore which houses the specimen mainly from Karnataka is likely to be digitized and will be available online very soon.
Even though I clearly had some gaps left in my experimental work, I didn’t get asked too many questions about them. I think this was because in my thesis I had discussed the future experiments I would like to do. I must have answered their questions sufficiently well because after 3.5 hours they decided that I had passed my PhD pending minor corrections.
Various disciplines have emerged due to vast expansion in the studies of plant sciences. Discovery of new methods, protocols and analytical techniques facilitates for thorough and deep study of the given subject. One among many disciplines which has appeared as an offshoot from basic plant science is forensic botany. Forensic botany is an interdisciplinary area where the knowledge of botany is applied to solve the crime. This paper introduces about the basic of the subject explaining various sub-disciplines and its application in forensic science. It also cites some cases where botanical evidences have been the part of judgements.
DNA encodes the information necessary to make all the proteins in a cell, but the vast majority of the DNA in a cell is non-coding DNA, in the past sometimes referred to as "junk" DNA. Recent research published in The Plant Cell has identified non-coding DNA sequences that are found in nearly all plants and appear to have roles in basic processes such as tissue and organ development, response to hormones, and regulation of gene expression.
The Union Cabinet of India today on Friday, 28th February 2014 approved the Mission document on the National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem (NMSHE). This Mission was launched under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) with a budget outlay of Rs. 550 crore during the XII Five Year Plan period.
Plant Scientists from UK have studied the economic and physical determinants of the global distribution of crop pests and pathogens. The full report has been published online in New Phytologist on Tuesday (11th February 2014)
Under National Project on Organic Farming (NPOF) scheme, assistance upto 25% and 33% of financial outlay upto a ceiling of Rs. 40 lakhs and Rs. 60 lakhs respectively is provided as back ended subsidy through NABARD for establishment of bio- pesticides/bio¬fertilizers production units and agro waste compost production units respectively.
"Agriculture is the source of livelihood for majority of our people. In the recent past, our farmers have been under severe stress with hopelessness driving some of them to suicides. My government is committed to reversing this unfortunate trend", President Mukherjee said.
At the 38th annual World Heritage Committee meeting, which opens today in Doha, Qatar, IUCN recommends four new sites for inscription on the World Heritage List, including India’s Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area. Other three sites are Botswana’s iconic wetland the Okavango Delta, Philippines’ Mount Hamiguitan Range Wildlife Sanctuary and Denmark’s Stevns Klint.
Plant materials, plant extracts can be studied for its pharmacognosy, phytochemistry and pharmacology. Scientists obtain results, and draw conclusions, about the experiments they have conducted. These experiments and their outcomes need to be disclosed to scientific community in the form publications so as to generate the ample data for the upcoming researchers. Here we are giving list of few reputed journals where work related phytochemistry, pharmacology and pharmacognosy can be published.
Taking career as Botanical Illustrator is not just meant for aesthetic purpose but also serves to bridge the gap between art and science. Also, it helps in conservation by raising public awareness of the flora and fauna.
A modern system for flowering plants was formed in 1990’s by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group which involves few eminent botanists from across the world. Some countries are now using APG III system. Herbarium arranged as per linear sequence of DNA
The panel discussion was very much enjoyed and gave an insight into some of the current concerns for UK plant science which will need to be tackled. This was certainly a very interesting conference, the importance of which is extremely clear. I have no doubt that attendance will increase each year, particularly as plant sciences become ever more important in helping to meet the challenges of the future.
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Food Security and Ecology in India Arpita Bhattacharjya Washington DC In India, last year, there was an intense debate on the proposed Food Security Bill. It centered mostly around the impact on the national budget and the mechanism of distributing extra supplies of food grains to consumers throughout the country. Parliament eventually passed the Bill but the question remains: is this really the food security initiative that will serve people best? For the rural population, which is primarily involved in agriculture, food security is not merely a matter of entitlement to a certain amount of cash or food grains; but is reflected in the existence of an available, accessible and assured source of food that will hold steady in the face of stresses and shocks to the food system. It is not just about hunger, it is about the ability to rely on a source of food in a stable way. Indian Botanists Blog-o-Journal
She wrote in the above mentioned autobiography that research was dominated by male scientists in India as well as abroad and she felt mental inferiority from male scientists. Even scientists like P. Maheshwari and B.M. Johri thought it improper to appoint a woman scientist as a faculty member in the department.