BETTER school and vocational training completions will do much more to improve social inclusion than achievement of the Bradley higher education targets, a new study reveals.
The National Centre for Vocational Education Research report, released yesterday, finds that low education levels are a “powerful marker” of social exclusion.
It finds the “biggest pay-off” for the social inclusion agenda will come from efforts to ramp up qualifications at year 12 and apprenticeship level.
Slashing the number of people without basic tertiary qualifications – in line with the Council of Australian Governments target to halve the proportion of adults without at least a certificate III – could reduce the incidence of social exclusion by 30 per cent, the modelling reveals.
By comparison, increasing the proportion of people with degrees – in line with the Bradley target of 40 per cent higher education attainment, for example – would have a “much more modest” impact on social inclusion.
The study applies a modern view of social exclusion that goes “beyond the standard poverty lines approach”.
“In the 90s they [realised] it’s not just income. It’s education, it’s health, it’s interacting with your neighbours, it’s feeling safe in the community,” co-author Hielke Buddelmeyer says in an NCVER podcast.
The researchers created a measure of social exclusion based on seven components: material resources, employment, education and skills, health and disability, social factors, community factors and personal safety.
But education is a “sleeper factor” which influences the other six, as well as contributing to social exclusion in its own right.
Dr Buddelmeyer says people with higher education levels are more likely to be healthy and employed on a good income, and they tend to live in nicer neighbourhoods with less crime and more interaction with their neighbours.
“If you work on education as a channel, you can really make a big inroad in reducing rates of social exclusion,” he says.
But he says the “big gains” in social inclusion aren’t achieved by helping people who’ve completed year 12 to obtain bachelors degrees. “At the lower end [of the education spectrum] there’s still that much space to improve on,” he says.
The study finds the “real dichotomy” in social exclusion lies between those who haven’t completed school or achieved certificate III level qualifications, and everybody else. Between 2001 and 2008, social exclusion flat-lined or rose slightly for the former group, while it declined steadily for more educated groups.
However all groups experienced increased social exclusion in 2008, at the time of the global financial crisis.
The modelling finds social exclusion declines as people move up the qualifications ladder, with degree-qualified people excluded at less than half the average rate. But exclusion rates among people without high school or basic vocational qualifications are almost double the average.
The study uses data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia survey, managed by the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, and the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ survey of education and training.
Disability advocates are crying foul after some school districts sought flexibility under federal education rules, a move they say could prove harmful to students with disabilities.
Marie Schoeman's insight:
Moving away from a system of statewide accountability and state-led commitment to improving student outcomes will result in different expectations for students from one district to the next,” the letter reads. “Considerable experience tells us that for low-income students, students of color, Native students, English language learners and students with disabilities, different expectations far too often means lowered expectations.”
Since the end of the industrial age, Americans have worried about improving their education system. A more thoroughgoing and systematic approach to educational improvement Is needed. To see what such an effort might look like, consider that any professional field consists of the following four components: human capital, which involves attracting, selecting, training, and retaining the people who work in the field; a core of knowledge that guides the field; effective organizational structures; and overall performance management and accountability. Every profession needs to set its priorities within and among these four elements; ideally, they work together in harmony.
Marie Schoeman's insight:
Many countries are striving to find the mantra for turning failing systems around and addressing racial disparity in public education.
Naledi Graduation at Sive School for the Deaf Grade 3 learners of Sive School for the deaf got their time to shine and celebrate their newfound literacy skills, as they graduated following the 12 week M-Net Naledi Children’s Literacy Project. The graduation ceremony took place at Sive School for the Deaf in Cedarville on the 31 July 2012. As part of the graduation, the learners of Sive also received a fully equipped library and revamped classrooms and dormitories at the school.
Teachers need all the help they can get to understand the dynamics of education in the 21st century. These books could be helpful to guide teachers who have to prepare students for jobs that do not yet exist (as Ken Robinson so eloquently says).
This conference aims to promote discussion of inclusive learning in Europe while providing networking and collaborative opportunities for VET and continuing education professionals, providers of e-learning, social partners and policy makers in LLL and related fields; in addition to members of the E-RURALNET Network.
The conference will focus on the role of ICT in increasing access to LLL, in particular continuing education in territories facing the risk of education exclusion due to geographic remoteness, social disadvantage or poor facilities. Improved access to inclusive learning would facilitate economic development and enhance quality of life in rural areas.
Newberry Elementary unique in embracing special kids Gainesville Sun The school is one of six in the nation to be selected as models of inclusive education, meaning all of its special-needs students take classes with non-disabled students instead...
Marie Schoeman's insight:
A model of good practice for other schools. There should not be any reason why every school cannotbdo the same so as to adhere to the law of natural proportion. When will the media stop using euphemisms such as 'special ' kids rather than talking of children with disabilities?
What?? Google’s AI glasses with heads-up display are a clear winner for users who can’t even see? Absolutely. Moreover they promise huge potential benefits for users with a range of other impairments too.
Read the full story for Why Google Glass is a clear winner for the blind
Thirty years ago, A Nation at Risk was released to a surprised country. Suddenly, Americans woke up to learn that SAT scores were plummeting and children were learning a lot less than before. This report became a turning point in modern U.S.
Robin Good: Here is a handy short guide to nine free infographic creation tools that can be utilized to create enticing visuals, word charts and data-based infographics without having special technical skills.
Flo Longhorn, world respected trainer and advocate for sensory education is launching her new online magazine ‘Info Exchange‘ in April. The magazine is packed with practical advice for those parents and professionals involved in the education and therapy of those with severe and complex physical and intellectual difficulties...