The revolutions that swept through the Arab world two years ago have socio-economic as well as political roots. The end of decades-long autocratic rule in Egypt and Tunisia represented the population’s ardent wish for political, social and economic change, and many were hopeful it meant progress was imminent. However, almost two years later, we continue to see Egypt plagued by violent protests, with critics arguing President Morsi is a new form of authoritarianism that disregards the judiciary and continues Mubarak’s reign of social injustice. In Tunisia, unemployment has risen from 14 to 19 percent and few real advances in economic and social development have been seen in other Middle East and North African countries racked by unrest. The populations that fed the Arab Spring movement feel betrayed and argue the purpose behind their protests have yet to be realized. As a consequence Arab governments and their development partners need to adjust their economic policies and assistance programs to respond to the demands for inclusive growth and social justice. Failure to do so could jeopardize the transition to democracy and lead to continued unrest and instability.