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A Pretty Kettle of Fish
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Oil rush in the Arctic gambles with nature and diplomacy

Oil rush in the Arctic gambles with nature and diplomacy | In Deep Water | Scoop.it

"Nowhere are the implications of global warming more visible than in the Arctic. Ecosystems as well as livelihoods are presently undergoing rapid change. In spite of all the evidence provided by science, most governments in the world have failed to take the necessary action," warns Anders Wijkman, the Swedish MEP who is chairman of this special symposium.

 

After hearing predictions that 30% of species could be extinct and a fifth of Bangladesh underwater before 2100, he urges the removal of "all subsidies on fossil fuels" and a much stronger commitment to renewable power in measures to build a sustainable future.

 

Yet outside the room, in the grey Arctic waters, an oil rush looms which threatens more carbon emissions and the risk to the natural world of an accident similar to the 2010 Deepwater Horizon spill in the Gulf of Mexico.

 

The drilling also threatens to spark territorial disputes and sabre rattling, such as the bellicose noises made by Argentina over British companies seeking oil off the Falkland Islands.

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The Oceans Day at Rio+20 « Mediterranean Sea climate and ...

The Oceans Day at Rio+20 « Mediterranean Sea climate and ... | In Deep Water | Scoop.it

A special day is being set aside during the U.N. Conference on Sustainable Development (known as the Rio+20 Conference) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, on June 16, 2012 to focus high-level political attention on the importance of oceans and coasts in sustainable development. The Oceans Day at Rio+20 will bring together high-level representatives from governments, civil society, and the private sector ...

 

Oceans are the quintessential sustainable development issue—essential to the economic, social, and environmental pillars of sustainable development—and perform vital life-sustaining functions for the planet. They generate half of the oxygen on Earth, absorb 25-30% of carbon emissions, and regulate global climate and temperature. Nearly half of the global population lives in coastal areas, including in 21 of the world’s 33 megacities. Fisheries and aquaculture provide almost one billion people with over 50% of their animal protein intake and are also vital sources of livelihood for about 200 million people.

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10 Ocean Conservation Groups Making a Difference

10 Ocean Conservation Groups Making a Difference | In Deep Water | Scoop.it

"Global fisheries are on the verge of collapse, global warming is raising ocean temperatures, coral reefs are dying at an alarming rate and runoff from farms and neighborhoods is fouling the seas with fertilizers and other pollutants.

 

For Ocean Week here at EcoSalon, we want to show our love of oceans and how we can’t live without them – we need serious action to protect them from these threats and many more, and we need it now. Thankfully, we have these 10 inspiring ocean conservation groups that are influencing public policy, drumming up public support, researching solutions, and even going out there and stopping illegal activities that harm wildlife."

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UN: Australia's Great Barrier Reef Under 'Imminent Threat'

UN: Australia's Great Barrier Reef Under 'Imminent Threat' | In Deep Water | Scoop.it
SYDNEY, June 2 (Reuters) - Australia's iconic Great Barrier Reef is under imminent threat from industrial development and may be considered for listing as a world heritage site “"in danger" within the next year, a U.N.

 

Citing the findings of a mission to the world's largest living structure in March, the United Nations Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization (UNESCO) recommended that "“in the absence of substantial progress", its World Heritage Committee would consider such a listing in February next year.

 

Key pressures on the reef include coastal development, ports and liquefied natural gas facilities, extreme weather, grounding of ships and poor water quality, UNESCO said.

The reef's outstanding universal value "“is threatened and decisive action is required to secure its long-term conservation", it said.


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Arctic Warming Means Challenges, Clinton Says - Voice of America

Arctic Warming Means Challenges, Clinton Says - Voice of America | In Deep Water | Scoop.it

Thinning polar ice means more sea traffic through the Arctic at a time of territorial claims to an area that could contain as much as 20 percent of the world's undiscovered oil and natural gas reserves. U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton met with Norwegian officials to discuss the changing Arctic.

 

Over the last 20 years, Norwegian climate scientists say the Arctic has been losing 45,000 square kilometers of ice cover a year. That has opened new shipping routes across the north that could make trade between Europe and Asia 40 percent faster than using the Suez Canal.

 

So Arctic nations are working to protect a region that Norwegian Foreign Minister Jonas Gahr Stoere says is undergoing a profound transformation.

"There are changes going on which are leading to the emergence of a region which used to be frozen both politically and climatically, and now there is a thaw," Stoere said.

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Rising sea level threatens India's coastal areas - Zee News

Rising sea level threatens India's coastal areas - Zee News | In Deep Water | Scoop.it

The tranquil stretches of emerald green backwaters in Mumbai and Kerala are among several locales in the western and eastern coasts facing threat from the rising sea level due to climate change.

 

Deltas of the Ganga, Krishna, Godavari, Cauvery and Mahanadi on the east coast may also be threatened along with irrigated land and adjoining settlements, according to a Government report.

 

"It is estimated that sea level rise by 3.5 to 34.6 inches between 1990 and 2100 would result in saline coastal groundwater, endangering wetlands and inundating valuable land and coastal communities. The most vulnerable stretches along the western Indian coast are Khambat and Kutch in Gujarat, Mumbai and parts of the Konkan coast and south Kerala," says the report submitted to the UN.

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World Oceans Day

World Oceans Day | In Deep Water | Scoop.it

Welcome to the international community’s online resource for World Oceans Day—our planet’s biggest celebration of the ocean, held every June 8th. This year, we encourage you to reach out to young people in your community and help inspire them for the 2012 theme Youth: the Next Wave for Change. The future of ocean conservation is in their hands! Explore this site for ideas, resources, and information about how you can get involved.

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Joint fisheries statement by EU and US - Fish Update

Joint fisheries statement by EU and US - Fish Update | In Deep Water | Scoop.it

We have identified the most effective tools for rebuilding and maintaining sustainable fisheries. These tools include:

 

· A science-based, precautionary, and ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management;

 

· Working partnerships to conduct cooperative scientific research and to develop innovative fisheries management strategies that improve profits while sustaining healthy fisheries;

 

· Strong measures to combat pirate fishing because it leads to unfair competition for law-abiding fishermen in the marketplace, and it undermines efforts to manage fisheries sustainably;

 

· Sustainable aquaculture to meet the growing demand for seafood that wild fisheries alone cannot satisfy;

 

· Global leadership and a commitment to implement best practices for using these tools.

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Ocean Acidification by the Alliance for Climate Education

Learn about how climate change is impacting our oceans. The Alliance for Climate Education is the nation's leader in climate science education and we're excited to present this short on ocean acidification. (video)

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Frozen Planet: End of Earth

Frozen Planet: End of Earth | In Deep Water | Scoop.it
  The Arctic and Antarctic remain the greatest wildernesses on Earth. The scale and beauty of the scenery and the sheer power of the elements are unmatched anywhere else on our planet.

 

And these vast, frigid landscapes are surprising rich with life. Using the latest camera technology, Frozen Planet captures unimaginable imagery above and below the ice and follows the extraordinary fluctuations that accompany the changes of seasons. Using crystal clear high definition cinematography, Frozen Planet will open your eyes to the remarkable colors and variety of life in this truly unique environment.

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Does Japan tsunami debris threaten ocean life? - MetroNews Canada

Does Japan tsunami debris threaten ocean life? - MetroNews Canada | In Deep Water | Scoop.it
Toronto StarDoes Japan tsunami debris threaten ocean life?MetroNews CanadaAll are examples of debris that has drifted across the Pacific Ocean in the wake of last year's Japanese tsunami.

 

In April, a Harley-Davidson motorcycle inside a shipping container washed up on a remote beach on B.C.’s Graham Island. The bike hailed from Japan’s Miyagi Prefecture — one of the hardest hit areas of the country.

 

That same month, the U.S. Coast Guard sank a Japanese ghost ship — the Ryou-Un Maru — off the coast of Alaska as a safety precaution to avoid it ending up shore or colliding with other ships.

 

So why is the debris showing up now along the western coastline? And what problems does it cause for marine life?

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Whales show remarkable recovery - Newcastle Herald

Whales show remarkable recovery - Newcastle Herald | In Deep Water | Scoop.it
Sydney Morning HeraldWhales show remarkable recoveryNewcastle HeraldHUMPBACK whales are appearing off Port Stephens in healthy numbers in the lead-up to national whale day.

 

Na tional Parks and Wildlife Service scientists estimate the east coast population to have recovered to nearly 17,000 humpback whales.

 

It’s an amazing comeback from the few hundred whales believed to have survived decimation at the hands of whalers at the end of the 1970s.

 

National whale day, on Saturday, is an initiative of the International Fund For Animal Welfare to celebrate the recovery of humpback whales and their importance to the coastal communities of Australia.

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Marine reserves boost fish

Marine reserves boost fish | In Deep Water | Scoop.it
Researchers studying the Great Barrier Reef have proved a theory that fish born in marine reserves boost overall ocean stocks by dispersing widely.

 

"We found that the marine reserves, which cover about 28 percent of the 1,700 acre reef area of the Keppels, had in fact generated half the baby fish, both inside and outside of the reserves," said lead researcher Hugo Harrison.   "The study provides conclusive evidence that fish populations in areas open to fishing can be replenished from populations within marine reserves."   Published in the scientific journal Current Biology, the study is the first to prove the sometimes contested theory that setting aside marine reserves can help restock neighbouring fishing zones, added co-author Garry Russ.   "This study in the Keppel Islands, for the first time, demonstrates that reserve networks can contribute substantially to the long-term sustainability of coral reef fisheries, and thus to food security and livelihoods in the region," said Russ, from northern Australia's James Cook University.
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Are Our Oceans on a Collision Course? - Mother Jones

Are Our Oceans on a Collision Course? - Mother Jones | In Deep Water | Scoop.it
Mother JonesAre Our Oceans on a Collision Course?Mother JonesBack in 2006, a team of scientists from Canada, the United States, Sweden, and Panama published a landmark report in the prestigious journal Science on the state of the oceans.

 

So, six years after the study's publication, how are the oceans doing? Have the globe's leaders acted in decisive fashion to protect them? I put the question to the ingeniously named Boris Worm, a German-born marine ecologist at Canada's Dalhousie University and a co-author of the Science paper, in a phone interview. Speaking in that precise, clear English common to German intellectuals—think the filmmaker Werner Herzog—Worm gave a chilling answer: "The loss of [oceanic] biodiversity continues at a pace that's not slowing down," he said. "On average, the condition of the oceans continues to get worse."

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Government pressed to do more to save country's remaining corals - BusinessWorld Online Edition

Government pressed to do more to save country's remaining corals - BusinessWorld Online Edition | In Deep Water | Scoop.it

"There are about 1,000 marine protected areas (MPAs) in the Philippines, some of them already no-take areas," said Terry Hughes, director of the Australian Research Council’s Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, in his keynote speech at a forum on the Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI) on Tuesday in Manila.

 

No-take marine zones are areas of the marine environment permanently closed to all forms of extraction of resources, primarily fisheries, he explained.

"The ban lets species within the enclosure propagate, which will effectively reseed the area’s surrounding seascape and increase fish biomass by enhancing egg production," Mr. Hughes said. ...

 

According to Mr. Hughes, among the threats to the world’s coral reefs are population growth and migration, as well as increasing wealth and consumption which has led to the evolution of the fisheries global market, runoff from land, over-fishing and climate change.

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Sharks need local conservation - ScienceAlert

Sharks need local conservation - ScienceAlert | In Deep Water | Scoop.it

A new scientific study has identified two distinct populations of white shark at the east and west of Bass Strait in Australian waters, prompting researchers to suggest the huge fish may need regional conservation plans.

 

Published in the journal Marine Ecology Progress Series, the paper is authored by researchers from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, The University of Queensland, CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship and the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF Queensland).

 

White shark numbers declined in the 20th century and the species is now protected in South Africa, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Malta, Namibia, throughout the Mediterranean Sea and globally under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).

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'Seasteaders' gather in San Francisco to develop ocean cities - Contra Costa Times

'Seasteaders' gather in San Francisco to develop ocean cities - Contra Costa Times | In Deep Water | Scoop.it

Colonizing the oceans to free human progress from the choking grasp of regulation has drawn a wealthy group of futurists, engineers, maritime lawyers and libertarians to San Francisco this weekend.


"We've run out of frontier. All land is claimed. And our revolutions have become superficial," said Patri Friedman, who cofounded The Seasteading Institute four years ago with billionaire venture capitalist Peter Thiel.


They envision a floating city movement whose most immediate step is to launch a "visa-free" ship by 2014 to house and employ high-tech workers in international waters 12 miles off the Peninsula.

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Saving the Oceans for Our Children… « FilipinoFestival.com

Saving the Oceans for Our Children… « FilipinoFestival.com | In Deep Water | Scoop.it

Our oceans are in trouble, plastic polution, overfishing and neglect are just a few of the problems. All fish and mammals who live here are in peril and need our help. This pages aim is to bring awareness to the problems facing our oceans.

We need to protect our ocean world, all marine life is in danger of extinction or destruction, We need to address all issues that effect our waterworld, from sharks to whales, sea turtles to seals, invasive species, pollution, ocean warming etc. This is a vast subject but so important for our marine life and for us, if the balance is tipped much further the oceans will die, without a healthy ocean we risk our own extinction. We must protect our oceans for our children.

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River pollution facts | Pollution articles

River pollution facts | Pollution articles | In Deep Water | Scoop.it

China and India are countries notorious for excessive water pollution. This however doesn't mean that other countries aren’t affected with river pollution issue.

Yangtze and Ganges are world's most polluted big rivers.

 

It has been estimated that up to 80 % of India's urban waste ends up in its rivers.

The holy river Ganges has become an international symbol for excessive river pollution. The recent measuring of pollution in Ganges showed that in some places the level of pollution is 3,000 percent higher than what is considered safe for bathing.

Citarum River in Indonesia is also notorious for pollution because of the combination of untreated household sewage, solid waste and industrial effluents.

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The relationship between Bering Sea ecosystems and fisheries

The relationship between Bering Sea ecosystems and fisheries | In Deep Water | Scoop.it

Bering Sea marine mammals, birds, and fish are shifting where they eat, bear their young, and make their homes in response to changes in sea ice extent and duration. These patterns of change are documented in a special issue of the journal of Deep Sea Research II now available online.

 

The special journal issue represents newly published findings from a partnership between the NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL), NOAA Alaska Fisheries Science Center (AFSC), the Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean (JISAO) at the University of Washington, and several other academic and federal partners.

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Fukushima has positive fallout for marine science - Nature.com

Fukushima has positive fallout for marine science - Nature.com | In Deep Water | Scoop.it
Telegraph.co.ukFukushima has positive fallout for marine scienceNature.comThe bluefin tuna's migratory cycle is fairly well known, so the study “didn't tell us very much about migration patterns", says Daniel Madigan, a marine biologist at Stanford...

 

Buesseler thinks that basic marine science using radiation from Fukushima will take off in earnest in the next few years, once grant proposals have been funded. But for now, there are a multitude of questions about the damage that Fukushima may have done or still be doing to ecosystems. US research efforts are complicated by the fact that no single US government department or agency has responsibility for such work.

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Submarine Cable Map

Submarine Cable Map | In Deep Water | Scoop.it

The Submarine Cable Map is a free resource from TeleGeography. Data contained in this map is drawn from Global Bandwidth Research Service and is updated on a regular basis.

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Cleanup removes tons of mercury from Michigan lake | Healing Our Waters Coalition

Cleanup removes tons of mercury from Michigan lake | Healing Our Waters Coalition | In Deep Water | Scoop.it

Historic pollution discharges into a storm sewer that drained into Muskegon Lake, which flows into Lake Michigan, deposited tons of mercury and petroleum compounds on the lake bottom. The pollutants contaminated fish, destroyed habitat and contributed to Muskegon Lake being named a Great Lakes Area of Concern in the late 1980s. The tainted sediments contaminated fish, prompting consumption advisories. The dredging near the Division Street outfall was the second major sediment removal project in the Muskegon Lake Area of Concern. The EPA recently completed a $10 million project that removed 95,000 cubic yards of contaminated sediment from Ruddiman Creek, a tributary of Muskegon Lake. Those cleanups will bolster efforts to get the lake delisted as a Great Lakes Area of Concern.

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Tuna containing radiation found in California

Tuna containing radiation found in California | In Deep Water | Scoop.it

Bluefin tuna contaminated with radiation believed to be from Fukushima Daiichi turned up off the coast of California just five months after the Japanese nuclear plant suffered meltdown last March, US scientists said.

 

Tiny amounts of caesium-137 and caesium-134 were detected in 15 bluefin caught near San Diego in August last year, according to a study published on Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences journal.

 

The levels were 10 times higher than those found in tuna in the same area in previous years, but still well below those that the Japanese and US governments consider a risk to health. Japan recently introduced a new safety limit of 100 becquerels per kilogram in food.

 

The timing of the discovery suggests that the fish, a prized but dangerously overfished delicacy in Japan, had carried the radioactive materials across the Pacific ocean faster than those conveyed by wind or water.

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The Living Ocean: Conserving Marine and Coastal Biodiversity

The Living Ocean: Conserving Marine and Coastal Biodiversity | In Deep Water | Scoop.it

“The survival of marine and coastal ecosystems and biodiversity is essential to the nutritional, spiritual, societal and religious well-being of many coastal communities. But even for the many millions of people who may not think that they have any strong reliance on the ocean, marine ecosystems and wildlife provide all kinds of benefits,” said Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias, executive secretary of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). ...

 

As part of its Jakarta Mandate on marine and coastal biodiversity, the CBD is committed to a series of specific goals that will, among others, develop, encourage, enhance and implement wide-ranging integrated marine and coastal-area management, and includes a broad suite of measures at all levels of society.

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