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Resilience and pastoralism in Africa south of the Sahara, with a particular focus on the Horn of Africa and the Sahel, West Africa | IFPRI Publication

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Recently there has been a great deal of interest in applying the concept of resilience to pastoral systems and to development programs in pastoral systems. This paper addresses pastoralism and its resilience in Africa south of the Sahara, with a primary focus on the Horn of Africa and some contrast to West African examples. It begins with an overview of the realities of contemporary pastoralism in this area that highlights social, economic, and political challenges and opportunities. It then focuses on the concept of resilience and its applications in the specific context of pastoral production systems. After discussing the general appeal of resilience for analyzing these systems, the paper illustrates specific elements of pastoralism that enhance or constrain household‐level resilience.

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Dynamic Agricultural Household Bio-Economic Simulator (DAHBSIM) model description :: IFPRI Publication

DAHBSIM is a dynamic bio-economic model of agricultural households designed to be applied to a rural developing country-setting for the purpose of addressing questions around the biophysical constraints to on-farm agricultural productivity and the whole-farm implications of alternative strategies to sustainable agricultural intensification. The model links socioeconomic and biophysical aspects in order to better illustrate the environmental and human welfare implications of different agricultural production practices, as they are influenced by policy-driven changes in prices of inputs or outputs or by changes in the physical environment.
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Vers un système alimentaire durable: Réduction des pertes et des gaspillages alimentaires :: IFPRI Publication

Vers un système alimentaire durable: Réduction des pertes et des gaspillages alimentaires :: IFPRI Publication | IFPRI Research | Scoop.it
La réduction des pertes et des gaspillages alimentaires peut contribuer à la sécurité alimentaire et à la durabilité.
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Rapport sur la nutrition mondiale 2016: Des promesses aux impacts: Éliminer la malnutrition d’ici 2030 :: IFPRI Publication

Rapport sur la nutrition mondiale 2016: Des promesses aux impacts: Éliminer la malnutrition d’ici 2030 :: IFPRI Publication | IFPRI Research | Scoop.it
Parmi les obstacles auxquels la communauté internationale
est confrontée aujourd’hui, rares sont ceux qui rivalisent en
intensité avec la malnutrition, une condition qui touche directement
une personne sur trois.
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Impacts of CAADP on Africa’s agricultural-led development :: IFPRI Publication

Panel data from 46 African countries from 2001 to 2014 were used to estimate the impacts of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) (an agriculture-led integrated framework of development priorities in Africa) on agricultural expenditure and productivity, income, and nutrition. The results show that CAADP has had a positive impact on agricultural value-added and land and labor productivity. 
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Agricultural inputs policy under macroeconomic uncertainty: Applying the kaleidoscope model to Ghana’s Fertilizer Subsidy Programme (2008–2015) :: IFPRI Publication

Ghana’s Fertilizer Subsidy Programme (GFSP) was initiated in 2008 in response to the global food and fuel price crisis. Although initially intended to be a temporary measure that became increasingly expensive as Ghana’s macroeconomy deteriorated. Farmers, civil society orgs. and politicians began to expect the subsidy on an annual basis. This paper applies the kaleidoscope model for agriculture and food security policy change to the case of GFSP. Based on semi-structured interviews conducted with stakeholders spanning the government, donor, civil society, and research communities, this paper identifies the bottlenecks that need to be addressed if the program is to be more effective in the future.
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Agricultural input and output: Marketing reforms in African countries, Final project summary :: IFPRI Publication

Objective of research: i) to raise the understanding of the conditions for the successful reform of agricultural input and output markets in African countries and ii) to identify strategies to complete the transition to competitive and efficient output distribution and input delivery systems. Through the survey of the experiences of selected countries, it was expected to help understand the types, extent, and seriousness of obstacles to market reform implementation. Given its short term character, the project did not look in-depth into the implications of reforms at the farm household level, but laid the ground work for a further investigation of those issues by IFPRI's wider input and output market reforms.
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Obesity boom 'fuelling rise in malnutrition' - BBC News

Obesity boom 'fuelling rise in malnutrition' - BBC News | IFPRI Research | Scoop.it
Malnutrition is sweeping the world, fuelled by obesity as well as starvation, new research suggests.
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Malnutrition affects 1 out of 3 people globally, and every year reduces GDP by 11% across Africa and Asia

According to the 2016 Global Nutrition Report, the world is off track to reach global targets on nutrition, but we can reverse that trend and end malnutrition by 2030. Read more: http://bit.ly/1UwAdsk
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Global Nutrition Report 2016: From Promise to Impact: Ending Malnutrition by 2030

Global Nutrition Report 2016: From Promise to Impact: Ending Malnutrition by 2030 | IFPRI Research | Scoop.it
Few challenges facing the global community today match the scale of malnutrition, a condition that directly affects 1 in 3 people. Malnutrition manifests itself in many different ways: as poor child growth and development; as individuals who are skin and bone or prone to infection; as those who are carrying too much weight or whose blood contains too much sugar, salt, fat, or cholesterol; or those who are deficient in important vitamins or minerals. Malnutrition and diet are by far the biggest risk factors for the global burden of disease: every country is facing a serious public health challenge from malnutrition. The economic consequences represent losses of 11 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) every year in Africa and Asia, whereas preventing malnutrion delivers $16 in returns on investment for every $1 spent. The world’s countries have agreed on targets for nutrition, but despite some progress in recent years the world is off track to reach those targets. This third stocktaking of the state of the world’s nutrition points to ways to reverse this trend and end all forms of malnutrition by 2030.
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Assessing travel time and transportation costs in sub-Saharan Africa: A case study in Malawi :: IFPRI Publication

Despite the acknowledgement by governments and development researchers of the importance of transport infrastructure, the sector remains largely undeveloped in many countries. It's generally acknowledged that the public sector is the largest in this field, as the establishment and maintenance of roads, highways, and bridges requires large upfront expenditures by government. However, investment of this type entails significant risk. Governments need to know how best to allocate scarce resources on upgrading transport infrastructure in a spatially optimal way, so that the highest returns to infrastructure investments are realized, in terms of economic growth and increased on farm productivity and profitability.
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A farm-level perspective of the policy challenges for export diversification in Malawi: Example of the oilseeds and maize sectors :: IFPRI Publication

The primary goal of the study is to investigate the potential to expand oil seeds, specifically soybeans,as an alternative commercial crop to tobacco among Malawian farmers.
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The global economic slowdown: Implications for the rural poor :: IFPRI Publications

The global economic slowdown: Implications for the rural poor :: IFPRI Publications | IFPRI Research | Scoop.it
Many developing countries seem likely to see a substantial downturn in economic growth over the 2015–2030 implementation period of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), compared with the recent years of strong growth. Since the 2015 WEO, the macroeconomic outlook has deteriorated further, with projected global growth for 2017 falling from 3.8 to 3.5 percent. Among the many factors that drive changes in economic growth, this study focuses on productivity growth, wage rates, energy and mineral prices, savings and investment rates, and consequent international capital flows.
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Gender dimensions on farmers’ preferences for direct-seeded rice with drum seeder in India :: IFPRI Publication

This study measures the willingness of male and female farmers to pay for climate-smart technology in rice. Rice is the most important crop in India in terms of area, production and consumption.
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Do beliefs about agricultural inputs counterfeiting correspond with actual rates of counterfeiting? Evidence from Uganda :: IFPRI Publication

Adoption of productivity and income-enhancing agricultural technologies is conspicuously low in Africa south of the Sahara. Farmers’ beliefs regarding the authenticity of agricultural inputs are important for explaining technology adoption: if farmers do not believe that inputs are genuine, they are unlikely to invest in them. The degree of alignment between beliefs about and actual counterfeiting can help explain both the social costs of the “lemons” problem, and low rates of adoption. This is the first paper to explore whether farmer beliefs regarding counterfeiting align with actual rates of counterfeiting, and we do so across a very large geographic area serving tens of thousands of farmers in Uganda using a more precise measure of counterfeiting than many previous studies. 
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Why working to end malnutrition is our profession—and our passion

Why working to end malnutrition is our profession—and our passion | IFPRI Research | Scoop.it
Malnutrition is not destiny, it can be prevented through strong political actions and choices
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Too fat, too thin: Report finds malnutrition fuels disease worldwide

Too fat, too thin: Report finds malnutrition fuels disease worldwide | IFPRI Research | Scoop.it
A third of people worldwide are either undernourished or overweight, driving increasing rates of disease and piling pressure on health services, a global report showed on Tuesday.
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Malnutrition and Obesity Coexist in Many Countries, GNR 2016 Report Finds

Malnutrition and Obesity Coexist in Many Countries, GNR 2016 Report Finds | IFPRI Research | Scoop.it
The latest Global Nutrition Report is the third since health ministers worldwide agreed on targets for improving nutrition by 2025.
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Making SMARTer commitments to nutrition action: Global nutrition report guidance note

The Global Nutrition Report, an independent accountability mechanism for progress and action on nutrition, calls on all actors to make SMART Commitments to Nutrition Action—that is, commitments that are specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time bound. Specifically, we call on governments to make SMART Commitments to Nutrition Action to achieve national nutrition targets and to put in place monitoring systems that allow them and others to assess progress. We also call on all actors—governments, international agencies, bilateral agencies, civil society organizations, and businesses—to revise or extend SMART and ambitious commitments as part of the 2016 N4G Rio Summit process. Actors in other sectors should also specify in a SMART manner how commitments in their own sectors can help advance nutrition.
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