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IB Geography (Diploma Programme)
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Global Partnership for Oceans |

Global Partnership for Oceans | | IB Geography (Diploma Programme) | Scoop.it

Oceans are under stress. The Global Partnership for Oceans is a growing alliance of governments, international organizations, civil society groups, and private sector interests that will mobilize knowledge and financial resources to address threats to ocean health, resilience and productivity.

Site explores many of the Key Issues

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Rural Women in Latin America Face Myriad Hurdles

CARACAS, Feb 25 2012 (IPS) - “Sometimes I think of giving it all up,” Aura Canache, a small farmer in Venezuela, told IPS. “My neighbours get loans and aid, but I never have. The farm assistance plans are for men, although there are many women living off the countryside too.”

Aura Canache, in front of one of her sheep enclosures on her small farm. Credit: Estrella Gutiérrez/IPS

Millions of women farmers in Latin America have similar reasons to feel discouraged, because while women farmers and rural workers become more and more numerous, there is a lack of public policies recognising them and addressing the change.

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Rural Women Are Leading the Way – Will the World Follow? #1

Rural Women Are Leading the Way – Will the World Follow? #1 | IB Geography (Diploma Programme) | Scoop.it

Agriculture currently provides a livelihood for roughly 1.3 billion smallholder farmers and landless workers, of which nearly half – close to 560 million – are women.

 

A vast majority of these women are living on a precipice, where small changes in their environment could result in chronic hunger and abject poverty.

Given the unprecedented scale of climate change, which has already caused massive food insecurity this year, rural women are not only extremely vulnerable, but also woefully overlooked by governments and policy makers who define top-down strategies for hunger and poverty eradication.


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Visualizing the Global Carbon Footprint

Visualizing the Global Carbon Footprint | IB Geography (Diploma Programme) | Scoop.it

One of the key things I reinforce in conversations about globalization is that the advantages are unevenly distributed and the negative externalities to the system are also unevenly distributed.  This clever infographic highlights both rather effectively. 


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Dale Fraza's comment, February 27, 2012 3:26 PM
Really surprised at a couple things:
1. Brazil's relative tinyness in comparison with the U.S. Guess I've always just heard bad things about Brazil in regards to deforestation and the like.
2. Just how much a formerly agricultural nation (China) has exploded. Something really needs to be done about the environmental havoc they are wreaking (not to be a total ethnocentrist or anything).
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The water footprint of humanity

Fascinating article about world's water usage by Arjen Y. Hoekstra1 and Mesfin M. Mekonnen, with great graphics (pdf file) at:

http://www.waterfootprint.org/Reports/Hoekstra-Mekonnen-2012-water-footprint-of-humanity.pdf

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World Bank eAtlas of Global Development

"The World Bank eAtlas of Global Development maps and graphs more than 175 thematically organized indicators for over 200 countries, letting you visualize and compare progress on the most important development challenges facing our world. Most indicators cover several decades, so you can see, for example, how 'life expectancy at birth' has improved from 1960 up through the latest year."  This tool should greatly enhance student projects as they will add more data, and see bigger patterns.  To go to the link visit: http://www.app.collinsindicate.com/worldbankatlas-global/en


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West Africa: Slavery in the Chocolate Industry

Although slavery is no longer legal there are still millions of people living in slavery today. One place and industry where slaves still exist is the cocoa ...

 

The world's leading producer of cocoa is Côte d'Ivoire and dirty secret is that slavery is commonplace on cocoa plantations in West Africa.    Children are smuggled from countries such as Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso and then are placed on remote, isolated plantations.  While statistics are all guesstimates, this video is purporting that 35% of the world's chocolate is produced by slave labor (I've seen higher estimates).  How factors lead to this horrific condition?  How is this a geographic issue?    


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Samuel D'Amore's curator insight, December 17, 2014 12:38 AM

Its both sad and horrific to think that chocolate, such a pleasure and luxury item in the west comes as such a high cost. It's so sad that so many people are oppressed and used in situations such as this just so those living in places of plenty can enjoy resources like chocolate. Unfortunately it seems for the few to benefit many more have to suffer and endure hardships.  

John Nieuwendyk's curator insight, December 17, 2014 5:03 PM

I was not aware that slavery is still not unusual in cocoa plantation in West Africa. It sickens me because nations all around the world consume chocolate produced under slave labor. 

AnthonyAcosta/NoahMata's curator insight, April 8, 1:36 PM

 (Social)

 

Chocolate is a very known thing in first world countries and is not known for what is needed to make it. So in Africa they smuggle children from various places in Africa and force them to labor for cocoa beans and work on plantations. Many young children near there   Teen ages are taken and put through labor for most of there young lives.

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Doubting Global Warming? NASA: Temperature Data 1880 - 2011

The global average surface temperature in 2011 was the ninth warmest since 1880. Here's the visualization from Jeff Goodell's lecture @SkidmoreCollege last night as part of the Skidmore College New Energy Economy Forum.


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A Once-Polluted Chinese City Is Turning from Gray to Green by Christina Larson: Yale Environment 360

A Once-Polluted Chinese City Is Turning from Gray to Green by Christina Larson: Yale Environment 360 | IB Geography (Diploma Programme) | Scoop.it
Shenyang — once a key in Mao Zedong’s push to industrialize China — has begun to emerge from its smoggy past, cleaning up its factories and expanding its green spaces.
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China’s Appetite for Wood Takes a Heavy Toll on Forests by William Laurance: Yale Environment 360

China’s Appetite for Wood Takes a Heavy Toll on Forests by William Laurance: Yale Environment 360 | IB Geography (Diploma Programme) | Scoop.it
More than half of the timber now shipped globally is destined for China. But unscrupulous Chinese companies are importing huge amounts of illegally harvested wood, prompting conservation groups to step up boycotts against rapacious timber interests.

While China’s stunning economic advances have come at significant environmental cost, the boom has been a plus in a few realms. The country is investing avidly in green technologies, such as solar energy and high-tech car batteries. It has also undertaken an ambitious national reforestation program, while cracking down on illegal forest clearing and logging inside its borders. ..

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Bedouin's plight: 'We want to maintain our traditions. But it's a dream here'

Bedouin's plight: 'We want to maintain our traditions. But it's a dream here' | IB Geography (Diploma Programme) | Scoop.it
Way of life under threat as bill proposing resettlement of villagers to designated townships goes before Israeli parliament...

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The Dynamic Earth @ National Museum of Natural History

Interactive introduction to many general topics.


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Emerging economies slam Canada over Kyoto withdrawal

Emerging economies slam Canada over Kyoto withdrawal | IB Geography (Diploma Programme) | Scoop.it
Environment Minister Peter Kent is rejecting new questions from the world's largest emerging economies about the Canadian government's sincerity and credibility on fighting climate change in light of its decision to walk away from the Kyoto Protocol.

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Global Partnership for Oceans

Oceans are under stress. The Global Partnership for Oceans is a growing alliance of governments, international organizations, civil society groups, and private sector interests that will mobilize knowledge and financial resources to address threats to ocean health, resilience and productivity.

 

Excellent, visually-appealing 5-minute video introduction explaining why the Oceans and Coastal Margins topic is SO important. Includes quotes from scientists, officials and fishermen in numerous countries.

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ARGENTINA: Three-Quarters of “Breadbasket” Is Drylands

ARGENTINA: Three-Quarters of “Breadbasket” Is Drylands | IB Geography (Diploma Programme) | Scoop.it

How has Argentina managed to maintain its image as one of the world’s breadbaskets when a full three-fourths of its territory consists of drylands? This was one of the questions raised by the scientists who decided to create the National Observatory on Land Degradation and Desertification this year.


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Helpful Links: Climate, Weather and Map Resources

Helpful Links: Climate, Weather and Map Resources | IB Geography (Diploma Programme) | Scoop.it

Great list of useful maps related to climate and climate hazards

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NASA map reveals the heights of the world's forests - Mongabay.com

NASA map reveals the heights of the world's forests - Mongabay.com | IB Geography (Diploma Programme) | Scoop.it
Mongabay.comNASA map reveals the heights of the world's forestsMongabay.comNASA map of global forest height, the redder the taller, the bluer the shorter. Image courtesy of NASA. "Our map can be used to improve global efforts to monitor carbon.

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World nourishment at risk of being diminished: Wild cereals threatened by global warming | Science Codex

World nourishment at risk of being diminished: Wild cereals threatened by global warming | Science Codex | IB Geography (Diploma Programme) | Scoop.it
A 28-year comparative study of wild emmer wheat and wild barley populations has revealed that these progenitors of cultivated wheat and barley, which are the best hope for crop improvement, have undergone changes over this period of global warming.

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Percentage of Population Living in Poverty

Percentage of Population Living in Poverty | IB Geography (Diploma Programme) | Scoop.it

This interactive map shows national estimates of the percentage of the population falling below the poverty line.  That is a quite problematic situate to map, since the operational definitions of poverty vary considerably among countries.  Also, there are some counties without data (Central Africa, North Korea, etc.)  However, there is still considerable value to be gleaned from this map.  What regional patterns do you notice?  How will this map inform our understanding of migration patterns and political unrest?


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Ishwer Singh's curator insight, January 20, 2014 7:26 AM

This map show that most countries in Africa and south America are suffering from poverty. The country suffering from the highest amount of poverty is Chad. it has 80% of its people in poverty and countries around Chad also experience high amounts of poverty. Many articles state that the government there is corrupted. i too believe that the government is corrupted. i hope that the government helps the people and not themselves. People are dying every minute in areas like this due to famine. there are many children who are left to fend for themselves and are abandoned at the very young age as their families couldnt afford to fill another mouth. i believe all this can end if the government does something for the people. 

Edelin Espino's curator insight, December 5, 2014 11:10 AM

I hope the economy get better in the next decades, specially in Latin America. We need more young people we money to spend there. That will open more opportunities for business all over the world.

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South Asia doing worst on UN development goals

South Asia doing worst on UN development goals | IB Geography (Diploma Programme) | Scoop.it
South Asian nations are making the least progress in the Asia-Pacific region on meeting MDGs, an Asian Development Bank official says...

 

The UN's developmental goals are include reducing child and maternal mortality, halving poverty and hunger, providing universal primary education, gender equality and halting the spread of HIV/AIDS. In the Asia/Pacific region there are 17 countries that are not meeting the goals and all South Asian countries (except Sri Lanka) are labeled as 'off track.'


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Justin Ng Jie Ern's curator insight, January 20, 2014 10:22 AM

There are about 17 countries who are off-track the Millennium Development Goals. Out of the 17, all South Asian countries are included with the exception of Sri Lanka.

These countries are experiencing poverty and the lack of proper education.

I am worry for these 17 countries, as most of them are undevelop countries. I am afraid that as the world continues to move forward for the better,  these undeveloped countries would get left behind in the process.

I am dissapointed by the fact that some countries' government are not taking the initiative to help the country to stop poverty, and end the misery of these countries.

But i am enlighted and encouraged by the fact that, some of the governments are taking up the initiative to stop poverty. I am also enlighted that these governements are trying their best to improve their education system for young minds too.

In my opinion, all government should take the initiative to clear this obsacle called 'poverty' and help improve their education system, to help educate this country's children.

BrandonTeoZX's curator insight, January 21, 2014 7:41 AM

Reading this article, i feel a bit spoilt. Why? Here i sit, in a comfortable armchair and with a roof over my head, food on the table, clothes to wear, i feel like a king compared to them. People in southeast asia are not doing very well, children having no basic education, people contracting HIV or AIDS easily, some do not even have clean water to drink from. Singapore is a country in Southeast asia, and yet we are one of the world's richest nations, in stark contrast to the other parts of Asia. What can people do about this? What can we do to help? 

jerriel wai's curator insight, January 26, 2014 8:55 AM

connect: The UN has been helping countries facing poverty issues for quite some time now. They are a great corparation that helps

 

extend: I thought they only helped the countries not solve the countries problems. This should be done by the government.  I believe that this can be done by making the government corruption free.

'

challenge: Lets try to stop poverty in south asia, shall we?

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Aquaculture Priorities: Expansion in Africa and Standards for Global Sustainability

Aquaculture Priorities: Expansion in Africa and Standards for Global Sustainability | IB Geography (Diploma Programme) | Scoop.it
William Y. Brown argues that investing in Africa's aquaculture is crucial to sustainable development, and that expanding food security through the use of sea life must become a global goal.

Aquaculture is an important and growing source of protein for many developing nations and a substitute for wild-caught fish whose harvests have often been unsustainable -- to the detriment of consumers relying on production and the species and ecosystems affected.

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Can Smarter Growth Guide China’s Urban Building Boom? by David Biello: Yale Environment 360

Can Smarter Growth Guide China’s Urban Building Boom? by David Biello: Yale Environment 360 | IB Geography (Diploma Programme) | Scoop.it
The world has never seen anything like China’s dizzying urbanization boom, which has taken a heavy environmental toll. But efforts are now underway to start using principles of green design and smart growth to guide the nation’s future development.
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Busting the Forest Myths: People as Part of the Solution by Fred Pearce: Yale Environment 360

Busting the Forest Myths: People as Part of the Solution by Fred Pearce: Yale Environment 360 | IB Geography (Diploma Programme) | Scoop.it
The long-held contention that rural forest communities are the prime culprits in tropical forest destruction is increasingly being discredited, as evidence mounts that the best way to protect rainforests is to involve local residents in sustainable...
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Flooding is the United Kingdom's biggest climate threat : Nature News

Flooding is the United Kingdom's biggest climate threat : Nature News | IB Geography (Diploma Programme) | Scoop.it

"Severe flooding that could affect millions of people is the United Kingdom's most pressing climate-change risk, says a study released yesterday by the country's government..."

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Farmers May Have Kicked Off Local #ClimateChange 3,500 Years Ago

Farmers May Have Kicked Off Local #ClimateChange 3,500 Years Ago | IB Geography (Diploma Programme) | Scoop.it
Humans may have been causing climate change for much longer than we've been burning fossil fuels. In fact, the agrarian revolution may have started human-induced climate ...

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