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UNICEF - Cholera Resource Menu

UNICEF - Cholera Resource Menu | Hygiène | Scoop.it
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This toolkit provides guidance primarily for the health and WASH sectors; nevertheless, guidelines are presented in an integrated manner to avoid the continuation of “silo” approaches for cholera prevention, preparedness, and response. In addition, the toolkit includes specific content linked to education, nutrition, communication for development, child protection, and other relevant sectors.This toolkit provides guidance primarily for the health and WASH sectors; nevertheless, guidelines are presented in an integrated manner to avoid the continuation of “silo” approaches for cholera prevention, preparedness, and response. In addition, the toolkit includes specific content linked to education, nutrition, communication for development, child protection, and other relevant sectors.This toolkit provides guidance primarily for the health and WASH sectors; nevertheless, guidelines are presented in an integrated manner to avoid the continuation of “silo” approaches for cholera prevention, preparedness, and response. In addition, the toolkit includes specific content linked to education, nutrition, communication for development, child protection, and other relevant sectors.This toolkit provides guidance primarily for the health and WASH sectors; nevertheless, guidelines are presented in an integrated manner to avoid the continuation of “silo” approaches for cholera prevention, preparedness, and response. In addition, the toolkit includes specific content linked to education, nutrition, communication for development, child protection, and other relevant sectors.

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E ects of Early-Life Exposure to Sanitatio on Childhood Cognitive Skills Evidence from India's Total Sanitation Campaign

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This study focuses on the effects on childhood cognitive achievement of early life exposure to India’s Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC), a large government program that encouraged local governments to build and promote use of inexpensive pit latrines. The researchers concluded that six-year-olds exposed to TSC in their first year of life were more likely to recognize letters and simple numbers. Results suggest that open defecation is an important threat to the human capital of the Indian labor force, and a program that is feasible to low capacity governments in developing countries could improve average cognitive skills.

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Animal waste, water quality and human health

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Domestic animals contaminate recreational waters and drinking-water sources with excreta and pathogens; but this threat to public health is inadequately understood and is insufficiently addressed in regulations. More than 85% of the world’s faecal wastes is from domestic animals such as poultry, cattle, sheep and pigs. These animals harbor zoonotic pathogens that are transported in the environment by water, especially runoff. However little information exists on health effects associated with exposure to this potential hazard to human health; and water standards focused on control of human fecal contamination do reflect the contribution of non-human fecal contamination to risk. Does compliance with current monitoring practices using microbial indicators provide protection against animal and bird sources of fecal contamination?

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Are Your Hands Clean Enough? Study Findings on Handwashing with Soap Behaviour in Kenya

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Past initiatives in Kenya have focused on raising awareness of hand washing with soap, but they have not fully translated into behavior change. An in-depth understanding of motivators and barriers to hand washing at a national level is critical for a behavioral change campaign. This study has been designed to provide baseline information on hand washing behavior in detail and explore the factors that influence hand washing behavior in schools and in the community’s context. The study also provides information on preferred and trusted channels of communication.
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Implementation of an educational intervention t improve hand washing in primary schools process evaluation within a randomise controlled trial

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The purpose of this study was to examine the reach, dose, fidelity, acceptability, and sustainability of the implementation of an educational hand washing intervention in primary schools, and to explore views regarding acceptability and sustainability of the intervention. The hand washing intervention was acceptable to schools, but its reach outside of a randomized trial, evidenced in the low proportion of schools in the control arm that received it after the trial had ended, suggests that the model of delivery may not be sustainable.
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Designing a Handwashing Station for Infrastructure-Restricted Communities in Bangladesh Using the Integrated Behavioural Model for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Interventions

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The aim of this study was to identify a locally feasible and acceptable hand washing station that enabled frequent hand washing. Factors that influenced selection of candidate designs were market availability of low-cost, durable materials that were easy to replace or replenish in an infrastructure-restricted and shared environment. Water storage capacity, ease of use and maintenance, and quality of materials determined the acceptability and feasibility of specific hand washing station designs. The contextual, psychosocial, and technological factors that influence their use were also explored.
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Points d’eau, latrines, lave-mains, et kits d’hygiène en milieu scolaire

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Ce manuel est destiné aux entreprises de construction, bureaux de contrôle et fournisseurs contractés par l’UNICEF et ses partenaires dans le cadre du programme d’approvisionnement en eau, d’assainissement et d’hygiène en milieu scolaire

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Financing of sanitation services in the slums of Kampala and Dar es Salaam

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Cette étude présente une évaluation des conditions dans lesquelles les financements privés peuvent constituer une approche réaliste pour améliorer l'assainissement dans les bidonvilles.

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Teaching handwashing with soap for schoolchildren i a multi-ethnic population in northern rural Vietnam

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Cette étude démontre la faisabilité à concevoir et mettre en oeuvre des actions de sensibilisation au lavage des mains avec du savon, ces actions étant conduites par les professeurs eux-mêmes.

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Manuel pour les promoteurs d'hygiène au sein de la communauté

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Un guide pratique qui explique comment devenir un militant et une personne référente pour l'hygiène au sein de sa communauté

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Boîte à outils pour le lavage des mains ave du savon - WSP

Boîte à outils pour le lavage des mains ave du savon - WSP | Hygiène | Scoop.it
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Une boîte à outils pour le lavage des mains avec du savon, élaborée suite à des projets menés au Pérou, Vietnam, Sénégal et Tanzanie.

La boîte contient 4 entrées :

- Comment faire changer les comportements ?

- Comment garantir la pérennité de ces comportements ?

- Comment mesurer et analyser les progrès ?

- Comment évaluer les impacts ?

 

Un  des principaux intérêts de cette boîte à outils : sa dimension pédagogique doublée d'une dimension très pratique (sont en ligne les matériaux et outils de communication / sensibilisation utilisés dans chacun des 4 pays)

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The Cholera Outbreak in Haiti: Where and How Did It Begin?

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Findings indicated that the 2010 Haiti cholera outbreak was caused by bacteria introduced into Haiti as a result of human activity; more specifically by the contamination of the Meye Tributary System of the Artibonite River with a pathogenic strain of the current South Asian-type Vibrio cholerae. Recommendations were presented to assist in preventing the future introduction and spread of cholera in Haiti and worldwide.

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Integrating behavior change and hygiene in public policy: four key dimensions

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Four key dimensions were identified to be prioritized areas of work for policy makers and practitioners in the LAC region to focus on and obtain    desired results:

 1. Behavior change: triggering and sustaining
 2. A systemic approach: multi-sectoral and integrated
 3. The private sector becomes a strong ally
 4. Public policy and the enabling environment for sustainable chang 

Integrating Behavior Change and Hygiene in Public Policy: Four Key Dimensions from the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP), highlights key issues that arose in presentations and group discussions during the conference, which could lead to substantial improvements in the provision of a multi-sector approach to hindering sustainable water and sanitation services for all in Latin America.

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The integrated behavioural model for water, sanitation, and hygiene: a systematic review of behavioural models and a framework for designing and evaluating behaviour change interventions in infrast...

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A number of WASH-specific models and frameworks exist, yet they have limitations. The IBM-WASH model aims to provide both a conceptual and practical tool for improving our understanding and evaluation of the multi-level multi-dimensional factors that influence WASH practices in infrastructure-constrained settings.

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Making Hand Washing Devices from Alloy Cans

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Alloy cans that contain cokes, beers, and all manner of soft drinks are discarded by the millions daily. Most are 330 ml in capacity, some smaller at 200 ml. These cans make excellent hand washing devices in combination with a vessel that can store water, like a bucket. By making three holes in the can with a nail and hammer and attaching a wire handle the can is turned into an almost zero cost hand washer. The bucket may cost a dollar or two.
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Impact of duration of structured observations on measurement of handwashing behavior at critical times

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Structured observation is frequently used to measure hand washing at critical events, such as after fecal contact and before eating, but it is time-consuming. The authors aimed to assess the impact of reducing the duration of structured observation on the number and type of critical events observed. Decreasing the duration of hand washing significantly reduced the observation of critical events of interest to evaluators of hand washing programs. Researchers seeking to measure observed hand washing behavior should continue with the prolonged duration of structured observation. Future research should develop and evaluate novel models to reduce reactivity to observation and improve the measurement of hand washing behavior.
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A Qualitative Evaluation of Hand Drying Practices among Kenyans

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The authors conducted a qualitative inquiry to better understand current hand drying behaviors associated with activities of daily living and mouth and nose covering practices among Kenyans. Hand drying, specifically on a clean towel, was not a common practice among the participants. Most women dried their hands on their waist cloth, called a leso, or their clothes whether they were cooking, eating, or cleaning the nose of a young child. If men dried their hands, they used their trousers or a handkerchief. Children rarely dried their hands; they usually just wiped them on their clothes, shook them, or left them wet as they continued with their activities. Many people sneezed into their hands and wiped them on their clothes. Drying hands on dirty clothes, rags, and lesos can compromise the benefits of hand washing. Understanding these practices can inform health promotion activities and campaigns for the prevention and control of diarrheal disease and influenza.
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Directives OMS pour l’utilisation sans risque des eaux usées, des excreta et des eaux ménagères. Volume II: utilisation des eaux usées en agriculture

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Le Volume II de ces Directives expose les nécessités de promouvoir les concepts et les pratiques d’utilisation sans risque des eaux usées, y compris les objectifs liés à la santé et les procédures minimales. Il couvre également les approches pour garantir la sécurité microbienne de l’utilisation des eaux usées en agriculture, qui ont fait l’objet d’une révision substantielle. Trois groupes vulnérables sont distingués: travailleurs agricoles, membres des communautés où les eaux usées sont utilisées en agriculture et consommateurs. Il présente l’évaluation de l’impact sanitaire des nouveaux projets d’utilisation des eaux usées.

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Rapport sur l’Enquête de Référence sur le Comportement lié à l’Eau ; Hygiène et Assainissement familial au Burundi

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Practical Guidance for Measuring Handwashing Behavior: 2013 Update

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Cette publication de la Banque mondiale propose des indicateurs et recommandations pour apprécier les évolutions en matière de changements de comportements.

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Behavior Change | WSP

Behavior Change | WSP | Hygiène | Scoop.it
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Cette boîte à outils propose tout un éventail de recommandations, issues de diverses expériences de terrain. Les praticiens et porteurs de projets trouveront des recommandations pratiques utiles pour conduire la composante "mesures d'accompagnements" au sein de leurs interventions.

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Boîte à outils pour le lavage des mains avec du savon - London School of Hygiene

Hand-washing with soap is one of the most effective and cost effective way of improving public health in developing countries. The resource will help you to promote hand-washing with soap...
pS-Eau's insight:

Cette boîte à outils, prête à l'emploi, propose un accompagnement "pas-à-pas" pour des activités de promotion du lavage des mains en zones rurales.

Cette application fournit de nombreuses indiactions pratiques et matériaux pour les acteurs de terrain, notamment des éléments de langage pour animer des réunions dans les villages.

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