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Le président égyptien plaide pour le multiculturalisme

Le président égyptien, Mohamed Morsi, a appelé mardi à une "sincère coopération" entre les cultures après les violences meurtrières provoquées par la vidéo islamophobe "L'innocence des musulmans" dans le monde arabe.

S'exprimant lors d'un gala philanthropique organisé par l'ancien président américain Bill Clinton à New York, Morsi a plaidé pour le multiculturalisme comme solution à la tentation de domination d'une seule culture.

"Le monde ne peut pas se transformer en une seule culture ou une seule civilisation. Pouvons-nous avoir des civilisations qui vivent côte à côte et non l'une contre l'autre ? C'est possible", a-t-il affirmé.

"Il est possible qu'une plaisanterie soit drôle dans un pays et qu'elle ne le soit pas dans un autre. C'est la nature même de la culture", a-t-il jugé.

Cette intervention de Morsi, à la veille du discours qu'il doit prononcer à la tribune de l'Assemblée générale de l'Onu, mercredi, intervient à un moment délicat des relations entre les Etats-Unis et l'Egypte. (Le Nouvel Observateur)

Plus : http://tempsreel.nouvelobs.com/monde/20120926.REU6792/le-president-egyptien-plaide-pour-le-multiculturalisme.html ;


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Orientalist Art of the Nineteenth Century

Orientalist Art of the Nineteenth Century | Humanities Research | Scoop.it
A century of European painters recording and interpreting the Near and Middle East.

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Vers la fin de l’Orientalisme | Contrepoints

Vers la fin de l’Orientalisme | Contrepoints | Humanities Research | Scoop.it
La révolution arabe met un terme à l’idéologie de l’Orientalisme qui réduisait les Arabes à être « différents »...

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Amardeep Singh: An Introduction to Edward Said, Orientalism, and Postcolonial Literary Studies

Amardeep Singh: An Introduction to Edward Said, Orientalism, and Postcolonial Literary Studies | Humanities Research | Scoop.it

 

 


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Innocence of America: orientalism, hooligans and radicals - Open Democracy

Innocence of America: orientalism, hooligans and radicals - Open Democracy | Humanities Research | Scoop.it
Innocence of America: orientalism, hooligans and radicalsOpen DemocracyThe rhetoric being pushed in mainstream media these days circulates around the phobia of “radical Islam” co-opting the Arab Spring into an Arab winter.

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Media & Nationalism: The Basque, the Catalans, the Northern Ireland and the Scottish Cases

Stateless nations have become key players in a new globalised political system,which has permitted them to take part in broad-based political institutions. In aEuropean framework, however, that legitimises and reinforces the nation state as thesole political agent at the European Union level, regions with nationalist aspirationsstill seek to carve out a political future driven by their own demands. Some of themclaim the right to self-determination...


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Christian Identity: White Supremacy, Christian Supremacy, Christian Nationalism

Christian Identity: White Supremacy, Christian Supremacy, Christian Nationalism | Humanities Research | Scoop.it
The Christian Identity movement, which preaches that America is the True Israel and that its followers are on a mission from God, is perhaps one of the most dangerous theological doctrines in America today.

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Christianism & Christian Nationalism: Extreme Nationalism, Extreme Christianity

Christianism & Christian Nationalism: Extreme Nationalism, Extreme Christianity | Humanities Research | Scoop.it
Christianism is the Christian analogue to Islamism, a doctrine about using Islam as the basis for government. Also known as Christian Nationalism, it is a blend of extremist religion and even more extreme nationalism, going well beyond both.

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Iran’s newfound nationalism

Iran’s newfound nationalism | Humanities Research | Scoop.it

With their country threatened, many are embracing patriotism -- even if they don't approve of the regime.

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Derrière la crise de l'euro, l'inquiétant retour de l'ultra-nationalisme

Derrière la crise de l'euro, l'inquiétant retour de l'ultra-nationalisme | Humanities Research | Scoop.it
La montée des nationalismes provoquée par la crise ressemble-t-elle à ce qui s'est passé après la grande dépression ? Une comparaison pas si absurde.

 

Après Stalingrad, D-Day et La chute de Berlin, l'historien britannique Anthony Beevor va publier le 11 octobre un livre monument sur la Seconde Guerre mondiale (chez Calmann-Lévy). Une oeuvre globale et majeure, dont Le Point rendra compte prochainement. Or récemment, au cours d'un déjeuner à Londres, Beevor a raconté qu'à sa grande surprise, lorsqu'il s'est rendu il y a quelques semaines aux Pays-Bas pour faire la promotion de ce livre, le ministre des affaires Étrangères lui a demandé s'il accepterait de participer à un colloque sur le thème "Deuxième Guerre mondiale et crise de l'eurozone, similitude et différences"...

L'historien, qui dans son livre décrit avec précision la montée des nationalismes dans l'Europe des années 30, refuse l'amalgame, même s'il perçoit certains traits communs entre les deux époques. Et il concluait qu'heureusement la différence majeure entre les deux situations, c'est qu'il n'existe pas aujourd'hui d'idéologie, comme le nazisme ou le communisme, susceptibles de mobiliser les masses et d'anesthésier les esprits, comme ce fut le cas à la veille de la Seconde Guerre mondiale.

Pourtant, ajoutait Beevor, la montée d'un certain extrémisme, notamment en Grèce, commence à devenir inquiétante pour la cohésion de la zone euro et même de l'Europe. En effet, si les incidents qui se produisent là-bas sont moins médiatisés qu'au moment des élections du printemps, les manifestations de voyous racistes, issus du mouvement d'extrême droite Aube dorée, se multiplient dans des proportions alarmantes...


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Editorial: Finally, Britain is beginning to understand civic nationalism - National Collective - An open and non-party political platform for artists and creatives to engage with the Scottish indep...

Editorial: Finally, Britain is beginning to understand civic nationalism - National Collective - An open and non-party political platform for artists and creatives to engage with the Scottish indep... | Humanities Research | Scoop.it

When the ‘Better Together’ campaign to save the union launched at the end of June, they appeared to have reached the conclusion that the most effective way of exploiting the potent emotions of patriotism to their advantage was through out-Scottishing their opponents.


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PEN.org » Blog Archive PEN Podcasts: Salman Rushdie and Hanan ...

PEN.org » Blog Archive PEN Podcasts: Salman Rushdie and Hanan ... | Humanities Research | Scoop.it
Edward Said said, “In Lebanon, the novel exists largely as a form recording its own impossibility.” So the question is, how do you create literature? How do you preserve its fragilities and its individuality in the middle of an ...

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Arab spring: an interactive timeline of Middle East protests

Arab spring: an interactive timeline of Middle East protests | Humanities Research | Scoop.it
Ever since a man in Tunisia burned himself to death in December 2010 in protest at his treatment by police, pro-democracy rebellions have erupted across the Middle East.

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I’m Not Your Habibi: Thoughts on Craig Thompson’s Graphic Novel | Racialicious - the intersection of race and pop culture

I’m Not Your Habibi: Thoughts on Craig Thompson’s Graphic Novel | Racialicious - the intersection of race and pop culture | Humanities Research | Scoop.it
By Special Correspondent Fatemeh Fakhraie Sir Richard Burton is most famous for sexing up The 1,001 Arabian Nights.

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Two Cairo Lectures: ‘Orientalism after Said’ and ‘Arabia Fantasia: U.S. Literary Culture and the M.E.’

Two Cairo Lectures: ‘Orientalism after Said’ and ‘Arabia Fantasia: U.S. Literary Culture and the M.E.’ | Humanities Research | Scoop.it
Now, what would be wrong with a nice "Taha Husayn" or "Yusuf Idris" Hall? And more on John Carlos Rowe.

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Orientalism is not racism

Orientalism is not racism | Humanities Research | Scoop.it
Edward Said's book on romantic views of Islamic art has the effect of promoting ignorance...

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On Orientalism-Edward Said

Edward Said discusses the themes of his classic work "orientalism", its implications and its place in the modern world.

 


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The propagation of neo-Orientalism - Opinion - Al Jazeera English

The propagation of neo-Orientalism - Opinion - Al Jazeera English | Humanities Research | Scoop.it

The propagation of neo-Orientalism - Opinion - Al Jazeera English: 'It is hard to imagine amidst the omnipresence of discourse ...


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The Nationalism Project: What is Nationalism?

@Albert_Rivera et recomano http://t.co/05zpFK7N sobre el Banal Nationalism de Michael Billing. Per cert, em podries respondre la pregunta?

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Nationalism may rise under Japan's next gov't

Nationalism may rise under Japan's next gov't | Humanities Research | Scoop.it

TOKYO —

One is a former prime minister known for his nationalistic views. A second is a hawkish former defense chief. And a third is the son of Tokyo’s outspoken governor whose proposal to buy and develop a cluster of uninhabited islands claimed by both China and Japan has set off a territorial furor between the two countries.

A look at the top candidates to lead Japan’s main opposition party—and potentially to become Japan’s next prime minister—suggests that Japan may soon get a more nationalist government. That could ratchet up already tense relations with China and South Korea over territorial disputes that have flared in recent weeks and brought anti-Japanese demonstrations to dozens of Chinese cities.

There is little sign that Japanese have grown more nationalistic, but the ruling Democratic Party of Japan is expected to get clobbered in elections that Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda says he will call soon. Voters are angry over Noda’s push to double the sales tax and his party’s failure to bring promised change to Japan’s stodgy politics.

That leaves the opposition Liberal Democratic Party poised to regain the power it lost three years ago after decades of being Japan’s dominant political force. Polls suggest the LDP would win the most seats in the more powerful lower house of the Diet, although probably not a majority, so it would need to forge a governing coalition to rule.

If the LDP regains power, its new leader, to be chosen in a Sept 26 party vote, would almost certainly become the next prime minister.

The LDP is a conservative, pro-U.S. party with a traditional suspicion of China. The five candidates running for its top job, including former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and former Defense Minister Shigeru Ishiba, have been taking turns calling on Japan to get tough with Beijing in the escalating dispute over the rocky outcroppings in the East China Sea called Senkaku in Japanese and Diaoyu in Chinese. The islands, near key shipping lanes and surrounded by rich fishing grounds and untapped natural resources, are controlled by Japan but also claimed by China and Taiwan.

“Losing a piece of our territory eventually means losing the whole country,” declared Ishiba, a security and national defense expert who is considered a hawk, a press conference Wednesday. He has said he would be in favor of developing the islands—a move that would surely anger China.

“Our beautiful countryside and ocean are under threat,” Abe, perhaps the most right-wing of the five, has said from the campaign trail.

Abe riled Asian neighbors when he was prime minister in 2006-07 by saying there was no proof Japan’s military had coerced Chinese, Korean and other women into prostitution in military brothels during World War II. He later apologized, but lately he has been suggesting that a landmark 1993 apology for sex slavery may need revising.

Abe also has recently said he regrets not visiting the Yasukuni Shrine, which honors Japan’s war dead, including executed war criminals, during his time as prime minister. This issue is important: Former Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi’s repeated visits to Yasukuni in the early 2000s put relations with China into a deep freeze.

Another front-runner in the LDP race is Nobuteru Ishihara, son of the Tokyo’s stridently nationalistic governor Shintaro Ishihara.

The elder Ishihara set off the East China Sea flare-up by proposing in April that Tokyo’s metropolitan government buy the islands from their private Japanese owners and build fishing facilities on them. That compelled the central government to buy the islands themselves to prevent efforts to build on them that could have escalated the dispute.

China still responded angrily, sending surveillance ships into waters near the islands and allowing protests that have raged for days. Japanese have been alarmed by footage of Chinese rioters attacking Japanese-owned companies in China.

While the younger Ishihara is less outspoken than his father, his blood ties would be a major obstacle for Beijing in particular.

“It’s going to be very difficult for him to disassociate himself from his father,” said Jeff Kingston, director of Asian studies at Temple University in Tokyo. “If you do have a nationalist in charge in Japan, they could make things worse. They certainly could throw oil on the fire.”

China is not the only country clashing with Japan over land. Tensions with South Korea spiked after President Lee Myung-bak visited an island cluster called Dokdo by South Korea and Takeshima by Japan that is claimed by both countries but controlled by Seoul.

Japanese voters, however, may not share nationalist politicians’ aggressive stance. The general population appears more deeply concerned about the stagnant economy, social security and overhauling energy policy in the wake of last year’s nuclear disaster at Fukushima.

Aside from the usual small protests outside the Chinese Embassy, by far right-wing demonstrators in black trucks blaring martial music, there have been virtually no public demonstrations in Japan over the East China Sea islands, while thousands gather regularly in front of the prime minister’s residence to demand the end of nuclear power.

While some Japanese want a tough leader who can stand up to China, others are worried that if Abe, Ishiba or Ishihara become prime minister, ties with China and other neighbors will worsen.

“I’m worried this dispute could lead to war if any of these men become our leader,” said Kaoru Hara, a 22-year-old advertising agency employee. “We need someone who can express Japan’s position but also someone who can listen to China’s side.”

Still, China’s rise and North Korea’s attempts to fire a rocket near Japan earlier this year create an opportunity for some politicians to exploit.

“I don’t think the country is moving to the right, but I think there’s more room today to whip up more nationalist fervor because people are feeling a bit more vulnerable,” said Sheila Smith, a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations in Washington.

Ishiba, who twice has held the top post in the nation’s military, is the most popular choice among LDP supporters, according to a Kyodo News agency poll. He has a reputation for being sharp and a bit of a military geek. He has also suggested that one reason Japan should maintain its nuclear energy program is to keep open the option of developing a nuclear warhead—although Japan currently has no such plans.

Ishihara, a former TV political reporter, has stressed the importance of dialogue with China. But last week, he said he believed it was important that the emperor be able to visit and pray at Yasukuni Shrine, which would surely upset China.

Two other candidates for the LDP’s presidency, former economic and fiscal policy minister Yoshimasa Hayashi and former foreign minister Nobutaka Machimura, are both less nationalistic but seen as having little chance of winning.

Abe’s track record as prime minister was that of a nationalist ideologue: He urged a revision of Japan’s pacifist constitution, pressed for patriotic education, upgraded the defense agency to ministry status and pushed for Japan to have a greater international peacekeeping role.

He has also reached out to the brash, young mayor of Osaka, Toru Hashimoto, a rising star who wants to slash the number of seats in parliament and has espoused nationalistic views. He recently formed his own national political party that analysts predict could win a chunk of seats in elections and be a part of an LDP-led coalition.

Abe blasted China over the anti-Japanese protests Wednesday, saying that if Beijing can’t protect Japanese living in China, it “should not enjoy membership in the international community.”

“In Japan,” he said, “there is no flag-burning, there is no harm to Chinese nationals in this country, and we should be proud of that.”


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"Arab Nationalism, Islamism and the Arab Uprising", by Sadek Al-Azm

"Arab Nationalism, Islamism and the Arab Uprising", by Sadek Al-Azm | Humanities Research | Scoop.it

"If, in fact, we Arabs are on the verge of a new era of politics, I find it then necessary to draw the serious attention of the newly emerging forces of the Arab Spring to two highly related, deeply ingrained and highly regressive tendencies in Arab political life in general.

The first tendency as past experience has shown is for Arab political changes and shifts to proceed in spite of inflated rhetoric and hyperbolic discourses. To proceed on the basis of the famous French maxim which says: ‘plus ca change, plus c’est la meme chose’. The second tendency can be summarized in a few telling words: the persistence of the ancient regime. No matter what, and even after the revolution has worked itself out, we can already see the persistence of the ancient regime asserting itself in Egypt now and in Cairo’s Tahrir Square opposing that and Cairo’s Tahrir Square in a certain sense is the paradigm for all the other Tahrir Squares of the Arab world during this last period.

It is clear to me now that the military ancient regime in Egypt sacrificed a part of itself in order to save the rest of itself. Another means of persistence is for the ancient regime to technically withdraw to its barracks and leave the front stage to civil society, civil politicians, political parties and electoral politics, but still wielding power behind the scenes. In other words, we may very well have in Egypt a situation similar to the one that prevailed in Turkey before the Justice and Development Party won power electorally in the country." (London School of Economics and Political Science)


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Muslim Multiculturalism and Western Post-Nationalism - Right Side News

Muslim Multiculturalism and Western Post-Nationalism - Right Side News | Humanities Research | Scoop.it
Muslim Multiculturalism and Western Post-NationalismRight Side NewsResponding to the Sydney Mohammed riots featuring bloodied police officers and Muslim children holding beheading signs, Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard said, "What we saw in...

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Le nationalisme religieux à l’assaut du monde ! (Ramadan nous rassemble 3/3) | Culture et politique arabes

Le nationalisme religieux à l’assaut du monde ! (Ramadan nous rassemble 3/3) | Culture et politique arabes | Humanities Research | Scoop.it
Sans nul doute (é)mues par les appels des peuples arabes réclamant davantage de démocratie, l'Arabie saoudite et le Qatar, monarc...

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‘It must be recalled, however, that Orientalism...

‘It must be recalled, however, that Orientalism... | Humanities Research | Scoop.it
“‘It must be recalled, however, that Orientalism was not just about representations or stereotypes of the Orient but about how these were linked and integral to projects of domination that were...” ("As long as we're writing for West about “the...

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democracyarsenal.org: The Political Romantics and the End of History

Ross Douthat has a fascinating post on Christopher Hitchens and 'political romanticism.' He cites David Runciman's essay in the London Review of Books: Political romantics are driven not by the quest for pseudo-religious certainty, but by the...

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