Researchers have found that people who speak more than one language literally see the world differently, ScienceMag reveals. Researchers have found that depending on the primary language spoken, people looking at the same set of events perceive things differently. For example, Russian speakers apparently can distinguish shades of blue faster than English speakers, while Japanese speakers group objects by material rather than shape.
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But a new study from the Lancaster University in the United Kingdom focused on bilinguals and looked at how these people see the world and it found some surprising results.
“[We’re] taking that classic debate and turning it on its head,” psycholinguist Panos Athanasopoulos said, by asking whether “two different minds [can] exist within one person” rather than asking whether speakers of different languages have different minds.
In the study, scientists looked at English and German speakers and how they treat events. The English language focuses on situating actions in time, whereas German speakers tend to specify the beginning, middle and end of an event. When looking at the same scene, a German speaker would say that “A man leaves the house and walks to the store,” while an English speaker would say “A man is walking.”
Researchers told 15 native speakers of each language to look at clips showing various ambiguous actions (people walking, biking, running or driving) and asked them to describe them as goal-oriented or not goal-oriented. German speakers matched ambiguous scenes with goal-oriented ones 40% of the time, while English speakers did so 25% of the time. The conclusion was that German speakers are more likely to focus on possible outcomes of actions and English speakers pay more attention to the action happening in front of them.
Scientists then looked at 30 bilinguals who were shown at the same kind of videos, and actively challenged them to switch languages. When English was blocked, subjects saw ambiguous videos as more goal-oriented, just as German speakers from the former test. When German was blocked, subjects acted as English speakers.
The study suggests that languages have an important unconscious role in a person’s perception of events.
“By having another language, you have an alternative vision of the world,” Athanasopoulos said. “You can listen to music from only one speaker, or you can listen in stereo … It’s the same with language.”
“This is an important advance,” Atlanta Emory University cognitive scientist Phillip Wolff said about the study. “If you’re a bilingual speaker, you’re able to entertain different perspectives and go back and forth. That really hasn’t been shown before.”
More details about the study are available in this month’s edition of Psychological Science.
Learning a new language will let you understand what they people of that region are trying to say and their ideas. You would also be able to understand their music and traditions. Learning that second language can give a you a new understanding of the world, and let you be able to know a little more than the person who only knows one language.
Leonard Nimoy is an excellent example of popular culture. Star Trek has been around for 50 years, and people still watch this amazing show. Leonard Nimoy will be remembered as a part of popular culture and as one of the original members of the Enterprise. May he rest in peace.
While the U.S. music industry suffered through its worst sales year since the advent of SoundScan (now Nielsen Music) in 1991, streaming was so strong last year that the industry nevertheless saw growth -- yes, growth -- in 2014, when new metrics to measure music revenue are taken into consideration.
Music is a great hit in our time, and it is also a demand in MDCs. Also, being able to stream music is something just about everyone wants. The Music Industry has shown great growth, and is going to continue to grow with all the music that is given in the demand of the people.
Most of the corn is not even going to us. Most of it goes to the animals, who eat it (which is cheaper than grass), which fatten them up for slaughter for humans. Corn also gets turned into Corn Syrup, which fattens us. The Corn industry is mostly to fatten up animals for meat for us humans in MDCs.
This video shows how agriculture was, and how it has turned into genetically modifying animals and other food. The food we have today is extremely fattening and inorganic. We could have healthier foods and animals if we stop genetically modifying plants and animals.
"Just 200 years ago, there were only 1 billion people on the planet, and over the next 150 years, that number grew to 3 billion. But in the past 50 years, the global population has more than doubled, and the UN projects that it could possibly grow to 15 billion by the year 2100. As the international organization points out, this increasing rate of change brings with it enormous challenges."
Why is the population growing so quickly? Most of the population is located in Southeast Asia, and they are already starting to have problems. What will happen once the ratio of people to resources changes, so that there are less resources than needed? Overpopulation may just happen soon, but the Stage 2 countries are who are making our population grow so quickly.
Reading the pledge of allegiance in Arabic at a US high school sparked a furious backlash in upstate New York.
New York — It was intended to celebrate language and diversity. But reading the pledge of allegiance in Arabic at a US high school sparked a furious backlash in upstate New York.
Wednesday’s incident at Pine Bush High School, 128km northwest of New York City, angered students, parents, residents and even those who lost loved ones in Afghanistan.
The initial plan to celebrate National Foreign Language week was that students would read the daily American pledge of allegiance in a different language each day.
But when an Arabic-speaking pupil did so, she was harassed and called a terrorist, said senior class president Andrew Zink, 18, who approved the reading.
Zink, who stood by his decision, said he had received threats on Twitter. Veterans who live in the area told US media they opposed the pledge being read in any language other than English.
Local newspaper the Times Herald-Record said school superintendent Joan Carbone received complaints from residents who had lost relatives in Afghanistan — a non-Arab country whose main languages are Pashto and Dari — and from Jewish parents.
Pine Bush Central School District apologised and said that from now on, the pledge of allegiance will be recited only in English.
A statement on its website said the intention had been to celebrate Foreign Language Week and “the many races, cultures and religions that make up this great country and our school district”.
“We sincerely apologise to any students, staff or community members who found this activity disrespectful,” it said.
But the apology has angered Zink and others who say language has nothing to do with what it means to be American.
“Many people were angered about reading, but an equal amount are angered by the apology, so now everyone’s mad,” Zink said.
“America or even American isn’t defined in what language you speak in, but the ideas you believe in.”
Zink, who described Pine Bush as predominantly white, said the incident showed the small town is “not willing to accept other groups of people”.
Sadyia Khalique, a spokeswoman for the New York chapter of the Council on American-Islamic Relations (Cair), criticised the backlash.
“To see the language of Arabic ostracized and being used as a way to target communities or even lead to hate speech is something which is not a goal... of National Language Week,” she said.
Cair noted this was not the first time that Arabic had caused “prejudiced sentiment” in an American high school.
Hate calls and threats from parents namely followed a recitation of the pledge of allegiance in Arabic in 2013 in Colorado.
The same year, parents at a high school in Alabama opposed the introduction of Arabic lessons, claiming they would cause students to “learn a ‘culture of hate’,” Cair said.
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The reason that it was spoken in arabic was because the school was having a different language week, and the student in the announcements read the pledge in arabic. It got a very bad reaction because the stereotypes of arabic people being terrorists. I did not se a problem in the student who said the pledge in a different language.
The development of Dairy Farming in Kazakhstan can help the country by giving more food to the people. It can also be used for trade purposes so the country can develop more. Dairy Farming can be a great step forward for Kazakhstan, and the lives of the people there can be a little bit easier.
One of the largest stars in the galaxy blazes brightly in this recent image from the Very Large Telescope in Chile. HR 5171A is a yellow hypergiant, a rare type of star that is evolving quickly as it nears the end of its life.
"More people left Phoenix in 2009 than came. The map above visualizes moves to and from Phoenix; counties that took more migrants than they sent are linked with red lines. Counties that sent more migrants than they took are linked with blue lines."
I've seen something like this before. More people leaving a location than entering it. Something may have caused them to move, Push and Pull factors are both in this. Job opportunities or the extreme heat of Phoenix may have caused them to leave. It shows that most people went to the Northeast, where it is cooler and has more people.
This could be a very deadly disaster over nature that may happen. Volcano and Hurricane mixed together- not a very good combination. But it could turn out to slow down the hurricane or actually make the hurricane not as severe. Let's just hope for the best.
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