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Technology will play a large role in agriculture's future

Technology will play a large role in agriculture's future | Human Geography | Scoop.it

COLUMBUS, Ohio - Technology will be the critical aspect that drives producers to meet the demand of the future. So said Dr. John Fulton, an expert in applying technology to agriculture, to farm media gathered at the annual John Deere new product introduction event here. Fulton, associate professor at Auburn University and Extension specialist in the Biosystems Engineering Department, said agricultural production will need to double by 2050 and, once the math is done, precision ag technology will contribute at least 30 percent to that production growth. 

In his remarks, he listed three components that are critical to getting the most from the technology that is so rapidly developing:

*Efficient use of the machinery, or input stewardship;

*Environmental constraints that are being placed on agriculture; and

*Management of all the data that has been collected.

"We have spent 20 years getting technology into our farmers' hands, now we are on the cusp of trying to get that data in a form to best serve our farmers so they can be profitable," Fulton said.

Big data- Fulton referred to the term "Big Data" as the collection of all of the bits of information that have been accumulated by ag technology over the past few years that often seems to be unmanageable. And to add even more information to that pile, ag technology has now arrived at a point where we are talking about a certain amount of information coming from an individual plant.

Using corn as an example, he said ag technology is now looking at each individual seed; how that seed is oriented when it's placed in the ground; how accurately can the producer control the planting depth; how accurately can the producer control each individual row unit on how it might impact that seed; and then following that seed through the growing process.

"We're not to that point today, but that's how we are thinking. Each individual seed has tremendous value to a farmer," he explained. "It used to be I am buying a bag of seed, but today we are talking about buying seed and looking at the cost of each individual seed."

And this is where Big Data comes into play. An acre of corn is capable of producing about 26 megabytes per year, when seed attributes, weather, environmental and soil conditions data are added into the situation.

Big machinery- Another factor that needs to be considered, especially in recent years, is big machinery. Fulton made reference to a 120-foot planter made by Deere that requires a large amount of technology to do the right job. From using guidance systems to plot the track of the planter, to on-board technology that allows each planter unit to place the seed exactly where it is wanted, despite the changes in terrain across the width of the planter.

"This technology is very sophisticated," he said as he showed a video of sons of a Nebraska farm family, ages 11 and 13, who were planting corn with this planter. In fact, they planted a significant amount of the crop this year and were operating the most important piece of equipment on the farm; since Fulton feels planting is the most critical operation performed in the crop year.

"That starts everything, that establishes where we will eventually end up on the yield," he said. "In the past we used to talk about a single planter being pulled through the field. But in this case we are actually talking about 48 planters on a single tool bar that we are going to operate independently."

This past winter Fulton surveyed farmers across the Midwest and South, asking just one question: what are the five biggest hurdles to data management at the farm level? By far the number one challenge in data management was automatic data transfer. In most cases that data remains on the machine and is never sent to the farm office, or other sites where the data can be analyzed and used to make future decisions.

The second most mentioned obstacle was the fact that growers need help. "They don't know where to get started and it's a culture change in some respect," he said. "Many don't see how the data is accumulated."

Thirdly, the need for software was mentioned. Surprisingly, Fulton noted, the one thing that was never mentioned by those surveyed was data privacy. "No one ever wrote back, from a farmer's perspective, and asked about who owns the data or data privacy," he said, "and I thought that was pretty interesting.

"I think what we have here is some education to understand from the farmer's perspective, that sharing data, sharing it with the right people and having ownership of that data is first and foremost."

Fulton, whose precision ag research focuses on dry and liquid applicators along with planters, also noted that if this data can be presented to a farmer in a visualized form, it will be easier to understand and address the issues that they see more easily.

"We have to have personalized solutions. We have a lot of famers out there and for them to be engaged not only do they have to trust their dealer, their consultant, their ag retailer ... but they have to feel like they are being given personalized solutions," he said. "We know neighbors don't farm similarly and so they want something that is personalized. And I think we will get through that gate and get over some of these hurdles we have."


Via Stéphane Bisaillon, Loran Sneller
alex barnett's insight:

How amazing is it that technology can be applied to just about anything now. Modern technology has advanced dramatically. 

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CBS Evening News with Scott Pelley - Burmese refugees prepare for life in America

Since 2006, about 55,000 Burmese refugees have been resettled in the United States. Many of them came from a camp in Thailand that helps prepare for the cult...
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Immigration reform would help GOP

Immigration reform would help GOP | Human Geography | Scoop.it
Tamar Jacoby says Republicans should provide a strong conservative approach of their own to immigration reform.
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Rescooped by alex barnett from Sustainable Settlements
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Green Tokyo: 5 cool examples of urban agriculture - ROCKETNEWS24

Green Tokyo: 5 cool examples of urban agriculture - ROCKETNEWS24 | Human Geography | Scoop.it
Green Tokyo: 5 cool examples of urban agriculture ROCKETNEWS24 With its massive urban sprawl and busy streets, Tokyo doesn't exactly seem like the kind of place you would find farmland, but Tokyoites are waking up to the fact that growing your food...

Via eosfuturedesign
alex barnett's insight:

Human settlement is mainly based on resources available and sustanable to live in. This scoop shows how an urban part of Tokyo is available to agriculture. Now they have the best of both worlds! 

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eosfuturedesign's curator insight, September 1, 2013 4:30 PM

Incredible advances in Japan! 

Rescooped by alex barnett from Rural settlements and urbanisation
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Issues for people living in squatter settlements in led cs strate...

Issues for people living in squatter settlements in poorer parts of the world (continued) References AQA A 206 – 209 CGP pg 89 B&P pg 164...

Via Nikki Gerhardi
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This link shows how human settlement patterns have changed over time. Based on the first picture shown, population in this city is over populated, but this has all happened over a set time.

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Washington state alfalfa crop may be contaminated with genetic ...

Washington state alfalfa crop may be contaminated with genetic ... | Human Geography | Scoop.it
Farmer in Washington state reports his alfalfa shipment was rejected after testing positive for genetic modification.

Via Kolbie VanDusseldorp, Loran Sneller
alex barnett's insight:

A lot of foods in the US have hormones in their products to for longivity, color, and size ect. It's scary to think what these products that contain hormones can do to our bodies in the long run.

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AJ Kingery's comment, October 1, 2013 10:40 AM
This is a good idea. We maybe can find more diseases on the crops. This is help us and even farmers. If we find more the farmers would change the crops to make them grow better and to help people not get these diseases.
Brent Van Der Wiel's comment, October 3, 2013 7:58 PM
Farmers are worried too much about yields, and not as much as quality of products anymore. They know that the more they put for sale the more money they will get, and once the product is off their hands, it's no longer their problem. They don't think about the effects that the altercations they do to their plants will actually have on the people or animals consuming them.
Haley van Zante's comment, October 3, 2013 10:03 PM
This topic is very interesting because I don't know much about crops either, but I think that they are wasting their time and energy. People are getting sick, and to me it seems like they don't even notice, and they should.
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Child mortality rates are falling, but Millennium Development Goal is still far off

Child mortality rates are falling, but Millennium Development Goal is still far off | Human Geography | Scoop.it
A report released by UNICEF Thursday says the world will not meet the UN's Millennium Development Goal on child mortality until 2028.
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Rescooped by alex barnett from Energy Efficiency News and Reviews
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Energy Policy and Transportation Conference

Energy Policy and Transportation Conference | Human Geography | Scoop.it

The Meinders School of Business at Oklahoma City University will host the 2013 Energy Policy & Future of Passenger Transportation conference Sept. 17 at the Cox Business Services Convention Center downtown. Guest presenters will include CEOs, government officials, organization leaders and professors in the energy and transportation industries.The all-day conference is sponsored by the Karl F. & June S. Martin Family Foundation and the Meinders School of Business.  The conference is designed for professionals in public and private energy companies, government officials and policymakers, students and individuals interested in learning about natural gas, natural gas vehicles and the transportation infrastructure. Those who are interested in learning how to reduce transportation costs including fleet managers, point-to-point delivery services and even commuters will benefit from the prominent speakers that will discuss natural gas and the innovation in natural gas vehicles, equipment and infrastructure, said Dean Steven C. Agee. John Curtis, geology professor at the Colorado School of Mines, will discuss natural gas resources and reserves in the U.S.; Oklahoma Deputy Secretary of Energy Jay Albert will provide an update on the state’s energy plan; Kavita Khatri, global innovation new business lead for Whirlpool, will give a presentation titled “Whirlpool Innovation: Extending the Core”; Dave Evans will discuss the MERVAN project; and Eric Noble, president of the Car Lab, will discuss the outlook and technology of the automobile industry.


Via ecoInsight
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This can be an example of transportation system. The topic is discussed and review about lowering the cost of gas and possibly find a  solution to a better economical way for transportation.

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Migrant map of the UK: How Bulgarians head for Hereford and Zimbabweans love Leicester

Migrant map of the UK: How Bulgarians head for Hereford and Zimbabweans love Leicester | Human Geography | Scoop.it

Polish like Northern Ireland, while Bulgarians head for HerefordshireHull draws Iraqi migrants and Warrington is popular with SlovaksDWP figures show where migrants applied for National Insurance Number

Some of the more surprising destinations across the country attracting many of the thousands of migrants making their homes in the UK have been revealed in latest Government figures.

Although London still remains the biggest draw for most people looking to relocate to the UK, areas including Warrington, Hull and Peterborough are proving to be draws for certain nationalities.

And while the figures suggest Polish people, the biggest single group of migrants during 2011-12 with almost 80,000 settling in the UK, seem to like Northern Ireland, Bulgarians tend to head for Herefordshire and Zimbabweans apparently prefer Leicester.

 

The figures came out in Department for Work and Pensions data which showed where 600,000 migrants applied for a National Insurance Number to work or study, the Sun has reported.

The data suggested while Poland had the largest number of migrants to the UK, there was also 47,270 Indians and 38,300 from Pakistan.

 

Elsewhere, Birmingham was not surprisingly a big draw, being popular with migrants from China, Afghanistan, Bangladesh and the African state of Eritrea. According to the figures, migrants from China were also keen on Glasgow.

Meanwhile, many of the 33,190 Lithuanians who arrived in the country opted for Peterborough and a large number of Iraqi migrants chose Hull, in Humberside.

 

Warrington, in Cheshire, was also popular with many Slovak migrants.

Polish migrants also settled in Ealing, West London, while nearby Brent was a popular destination for Romanians, Hungarians and Portuguese.

Those coming from Australia gravitated towards Hammersmith and Fulham, while South Africans and New Zealand migrants preferred Wandsworth.

Meanwhile, Americans tend to go to Westminster or Kensington and Chelsea, according to The Sun.

 

The figures were published at a time of increased political tension over immigration, amid fears of a large-scale influx of Bulgarians and Romanians next year.

Transitional arrangements in place since 2005, which restrict the rights of 29million Bulgarian and Romanian citizens to live and work in other EU states, will expire in December.

Campaign group MigrationWatch has claimed that as many as 250,000 could arrive over the next five years.

Last month the Daily Mail reported how the Coalition had rejected figures, compiled under the Labour government, which suggested the number of Romanian and Bulgarian migrants expected next year was just 12,700.

 

Communities Secretary Eric Pickles said the estimates, revealed after months of cover-up by ministers, were drawn up by Labour after comparing the two countries to Poland, which has sent around one million people to the UK.

The document predicted just 4,613 Bulgarians, out of a population of 7.5million, will come to Britain every year, along with 8,156 Romanians – a tiny fraction of its 21.4million inhabitants.

Addressing Westminster journalists, Mr Pickles said he had ‘no confidence’ in the figures and that was why ministers chose not to publicise them, though he said they were slipped out on a Whitehall website in 2011.

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maps communication information 

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