Using discussion boards can be an effective way to encourage group or team interaction, particularly in online courses.
1. Before you create your prompt, consider any information that will be helpful for students before they dive in. The discussion prompt may require an introduction reminding students of something they discussed or further explaining a complex concept, for example.
2. When you create your prompt, keep in mind that you want students to provide varied responses. For example, if you ask students to describe the three theories of X (something in your discipline), all students will respond the same way, and they will be at a low level in Bloom's Taxonomy. One way to assure variation is to use open-ended questions and ask for personal examples. Another way is to require students to review different articles.
3. Assure that students cannot respond to your prompt off the top of their heads without doing the corresponding assigned reading or work. You may assure this by requiring references, asking them to support their response with information discussed in class, etc.
4. Do not ask for too much information in one thread. Address only one concept or issue per thread, and do not have many parts to your question. It's okay to have a, b, and c parts if they are relatively brief. If so, ask students to label their responses a, b, and c. You and other students will have many threads to read and respond to so help students organize their work. If you find you are asking too much information in one discussion thread, you may need to reconsider the activity and move it to an assignment. You may also decide to break down the content into multiple threads. (TeamUP, Cengage Learning)
Via JohnThompson, Dennis T OConnor, juandoming