The Theory of Multiple Intelligences and a little bit about education.
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The Theory of Multiple Intelligences and a little bit about education.
Before Gardner developed the concept of Multiple Intelligences, it was generally believed that people had what is called ‘general intelligence’. The generally accepted concept of the existence of one ‘general intelligence’ affirms that intelligence can be measured and is thought to be relatively consistent throughout one’s life (IQ numbers).This traditional concept of intelligence, usually referred to as intelligence quotient or IQ, first appeared around the early 1900s. According to Scott Seider (2003, accessed in April, 2013), in his article about Multiple Intelligences, an English psychologist called Charles Spearman (1904) published a paper about general intelligence in which he affirmed that “all forms of intellectual activity stem from a unitary or general ability for problem-solving”. Despite the critics, this idea, that an individual's intellectual abilities could be measured by a single test, became the prevalent view regarding general intelligence throughout the 20th century. Gardner’s theory came to change this view of a general intelligence concept. Gardner’s theory of intelligence affirms that people are intelligent in several different ways and that these different areas of intelligence combine to form an intelligence profile which will be unique for each individual and which cannot be measured by IQ test scores. Gardner’s theory also says that these areas of intelligence may change over time, with different areas improving or decreasing according to use, motivation, stimuli, context, cultural values, opportunities, etc. This can be confirmed in Campbell et al. (1999, 21) who say that: Neurophysiologists such as Mariana Diamond […] at the University of California at Berkeley have discovered that the brain can change structurally and functionally as a result of learning and experience – for better or worse. Throughout life we can continue to develop enhanced mental abilities in environments that are positive, nurturing, stimulating, and interactive. People may present different abilities like creating fabulous pieces of visual art, being a terrific athlete, playing musical instruments, having a special understanding of the natural world, writing poems, or a natural ability for leadership. Gardner believed that it is impossible to identify those who would be considered more intelligent among people with these abilities based on the measurements of an IQ test. He affirmed that “each student is unique and all in individual ways offer valuable contributions to human culture” (CAMPBELL et al. 1999, 15) Gardner has for many years investigated human cognitive capacities. The main points of his research highlight that everyone is born with a unique blend of all eight intelligences, these intelligences combine in special ways, and most people are able to develop each of these intelligences to a proper level of competency. He also points out that school tends to focus mainly on two intelligences which are associated with academic intelligence: linguistic and logical/mathematical. We also have to consider that we do not use one area of intelligence by itself, different areas will always be working together and this interaction among different intelligences is fundamental to build upon one another. So teachers need to be very careful not to label students as being ‘Logical-Mathematically intelligent’ or ‘Visually intelligent’ – assuming that they are only intelligent in one specific area.
In the book Teaching and Learning through Multiple Intelligences, the eight intelligences proposed by Howard Gardner are: Linguistic Intelligence, Logical-Mathematical Intelligence, Spatial Intelligence, Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence, Musical Intelligence, Interpersonal Intelligence, Intrapersonal Intelligence and Naturalistic intelligence.


Article by Fabiane Camilo
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Multiple Intelligences - Types of Activities

Multiple Intelligences - Types of Activities | The Theory of Multiple Intelligences and a little bit about education. | Scoop.it

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Aulde de Barbuat's curator insight, March 5, 2013 7:32 AM

Essential for  a brainfriendly approach

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The cult of multiple intelligences - Tom Bennett - Blog - Tom Bennett ...

The cult of multiple intelligences - Tom Bennett - Blog - Tom Bennett ... | The Theory of Multiple Intelligences and a little bit about education. | Scoop.it
TES Community connects teachers around the world to share classroom support, healthy debate and extra-curricular fun.
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E-Learning Certificate Program: Generation Text

E-Learning Certificate Program: Generation Text | The Theory of Multiple Intelligences and a little bit about education. | Scoop.it

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Dennis T OConnor's curator insight, May 16, 2013 11:13 PM

An interesting look at todays generation of students.  Are they Generation Text or The Broadband Generation?

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8 Important Characteristics Of Adult Learners

8 Important Characteristics Of Adult Learners | The Theory of Multiple Intelligences and a little bit about education. | Scoop.it
A tough crowd, a challenging clan or a smooth instructional ride? Before answering that, we need to see adulthood’s general traits and then link them to the process of learning.

Via Christopher Pappas, Steve Vaitl
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Christopher Pappas's curator insight, May 8, 2013 2:40 PM

8 Important Characteristics Of Adult Learners
A tough crowd, a challenging clan or a smooth instructional ride? Before answering that, we need to see adulthood’s general traits and then link them to the process of learning.

 

http://elearningindustry.com/8-important-characteristics-of-adult-learners

 

Characteristics Of Adult Learners, Adult learners traits, andragogy, adult learning

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Facilitating Collaborative Learning: 20 Things You Need to Know From the Pros

Facilitating Collaborative Learning: 20 Things You Need to Know From the Pros | The Theory of Multiple Intelligences and a little bit about education. | Scoop.it

Why have your students work collaboratively? "Collaborative learning teams are said to attain higher levels of thinking and preserve information for longer times that students working individually."

This post provides 20 suggestions to help collaborative groups work more effectively. A few are:

* Establish group goals.

* Keep groups mid-sized.

* Build trust and promote open communication.

* Consider the learning process asa part of the assessment.

The post includes links to a variety of resources and each point has an explantion with additional information.


Via Beth Dichter, João Greno Brogueira, Cíntia Rabello, TICs em Educação
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Channylt's curator insight, April 7, 2014 10:56 AM

Great tips on how to facilitate collaborative learning. Learners that work collaborativley are engaged in their learning and have better learning outcomes. 

Marina Cousins's curator insight, April 10, 2014 8:06 PM

I liked this article, as it highlighted to me the importance of collaborative learning is much better than individual learning.  As I have mentioned several times, the learning and assessment that takes place within my workplace has a strong behaviourist foundation of learning and repeating key words and actions to pass an assessment (it is a very individual approach to learning).

 

Many of my colleagues view this experience of learning & assessment in a negative way.  What are some of the ways to overcome this negative view of learning?

 

After reading this article, I will seriously consider using a collaborative learning style within my workplace (if I get the opportunity).  The advantage of using real world problems or clinical incidents is that it offers the learner the opportunitity to improve their critical thinking skills and problem-solving ability.  

 

Therefore, by using collaborative learning you can apply the following learning theories of cognitivism, constructivism, objectivism.

Hazel Kuveya's curator insight, April 10, 2014 9:22 PM

Keeping the groups at moderate levels will ensure an effective exchange of ideas and participation in all involved, I can echo the same statement that two heads are better than one. It is also interesting to learn that collaborative teams attain higher level thinking and preserve information for longer periods as compared to  their individual counterparts., yes the use of technology makes collaborative learning manageable.

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MI Theory and Curriculum Development

MI Theory and Curriculum Development | The Theory of Multiple Intelligences and a little bit about education. | Scoop.it
On one level, MI theory applied to the curriculum might best be represented by a loose and diverse collection of teaching strategies such as those listed above. In this sense, MI theory represents a model of instruction that has ...

Via Jan Seiter
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Multiple Intelligences Expands Around the World

Multiple Intelligences Expands Around the World | The Theory of Multiple Intelligences and a little bit about education. | Scoop.it
The use of Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences (MI theory) has been increasing by leaps and bounds in countries across the globe. In many countries, it has become part of national…

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Education 3.0 and the Pedagogy of Mobile Learning

Presentation about moving from Education 1.0 to Education 3.0; from pedagogy to andragogy to heutagogy; from instructivism to constructivism to connectivism in the context of mobile learning

Via Anne Whaits, Steve Vaitl
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CECI Jean-François's curator insight, August 10, 2013 3:23 AM

Un must avec une vision d'anticipation et de synthèse des nouvelles tendances en matière d'éducation... Incontournable !

Kathy Benson's curator insight, August 13, 2013 10:14 PM

I learned about heutagogy which goes beyond learners constructing their own meaning to learners collaborating to act on thier new understanding. 

ech08ravo's curator insight, December 1, 2013 10:15 PM

If anyone has a link to audio or video of this presentation I would be most grateful! 

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World Languages Quiz

World Languages Quiz | The Theory of Multiple Intelligences and a little bit about education. | Scoop.it
A quick fun quiz on languages from around the world. If you consider yourself a bit of linguist, this quiz will be 'nada' problem for you!

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POSTER: Multiple Intelligences in Comics Ed

POSTER: Multiple Intelligences in Comics Ed | The Theory of Multiple Intelligences and a little bit about education. | Scoop.it
Here's a pair of multiple intelligences posters I designed for the NECAC anthology earlier this year: [CLICK TO VIEW & DOWNLOAD EACH IMAGE]   As with other COMICS WORKSHOP posters, I'm posting ...
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Subversive education

Subversive education | The Theory of Multiple Intelligences and a little bit about education. | Scoop.it

Noam Chomsky on Wednesday joined Bruno della Chiesa, a visiting lecturer at the Harvard Graduate School of Education (HGSE), in an Askwith Forum covering the legacy of the radical Brazilian educator Paulo Freire (1921-1997) and his 1968 book, “Pedagogy of the Oppressed.” The conversation was moderated by Professor Howard Gardner


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