How laws are made and changed
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How laws are made and changed
How laws are made and changed in State & Federal Government


Stage 3 - Social Systems and Structures
Curated by Jelan Scherief
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Kids in the House - Grade School - How a Bill Becomes a Law

Kids in the House - Grade School - How a Bill Becomes a Law | How laws are made and changed | Scoop.it

 

"Kids in the House, Grade School - How a Bill Becomes a Law, A bill's journey from an idea to a law involves many steps and people. Just how many stops are there along the way? Come see."

 

 

A website aimed at kids which explains the process behind making a law in the USA. This gives students a global perspective and a chance to start drawing comparisons between the Australian system and other systems of  government.

 

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Jelan Scherief's comment, April 22, 2013 12:05 AM
This is an American website which explains the process of how a law is created in the US. The resource is a great way for students to gain a global perspective so that they are not only learning how laws are created under the Australian system but also looking at another countries system and comparing the processes. This resource could be used as an assessment of how well students understand the Australian system of creating a law. An idea for an assessment task using this resource is for students to look at the website as a class with the teacher talking through the information and explaining that the Australian and American systems of government are different which means their process for making laws is also different. The teacher must make sure the students understand the American process before they move onto the assessment task. Students are then asked to create a poster that shows through images and text the differences between the two countries processes for making a law. They present the poster to the class. The aim of this task is to assess how well students understand the Australian governments process of making a law and how well they can compare it to another countries government. It also encourages students to learn about another countries governmental system and gain a global perspective.
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Image library: Multimedia; PEO, Parliament of Australia

Image library: Multimedia; PEO, Parliament of Australia | How laws are made and changed | Scoop.it

 

Image which illustrates the process by which laws are created, starting from their beginnings as policies.

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Jelan Scherief's comment, April 22, 2013 12:04 AM
This resource is by the Parliamentary Education Office and is a flow chart image which illustrates the process in which a law is made from the beginning stage of a policy being decided, a bill being introduced, approved by the Governor General and becoming a law. The resource is aimed at students so it is easy to understand, using simple language and images to make the flow chart engaging. A teaching idea for this resource is for the teacher to take out some of the information from the chart whether it is the words or the images and put this missing information on separate pieces of paper. The flow chart is put up on the board with parts missing from it. The teacher then holds up each of the missing parts and asks students to volunteer to come up and place the parts in the correct place on the flow chart. The activity could also be done individually on worksheets, whereby students could cut and paste the correct pieces of information, and have their own flowcharts in their books. This activity encourages students to think about each step that is involved in the process of making a law in order to fill in the blanks on the flow chart. It encourages students to start becoming familiar with the process in order to move onto looking at other aspects of the topic.
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Politicians unite on Indigenous recognition vote - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)

Politicians unite on Indigenous recognition vote - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation) | How laws are made and changed | Scoop.it
The House of Representatives has passed legislation recognising Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders as the first inhabitants of Australia.

 

An article about the passing of the Recognition Act bill which can be used as an example for students of the process to creating and changing a law that is currently in the making. It also provides them with an Indigenous perspective. 

 

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Jelan Scherief's comment, April 22, 2013 12:06 AM
This resource is an article by ABC News that discusses the Indigenous Recognition Act that was recently passed by the Australian federal government. The bill is the first step towards Indigenous people being recognised in the Australian constitution through referendum. This resource provides students with an Indigenous perspectives to the topic as it encourages students to think about the advantages that changing previous law would have on the Indigenous people. A teaching idea for this article is for students to read the article as a class and then for the teacher to discuss the article and what it means. The teacher explains how changing a law is a slightly different process to making a law and involves more steps in the process for a law to be changed. As a class, students make a flow chart of how this particular legislation would move on to a referendum that would change the constitution and thereby, change the law and recognise the Indigenous people in the Australian constitution. This activity develops students understanding of the process of changing a law through visual and textual means and also encourages students to work together as a class to construct the flow chart. The activity also promotes student’s cultural understanding and empathy as they look at the topic from an Indigenous perspective and gain understanding and empathy of their situation.
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The Australian Legal System - Lawlink Libraries : Lawlink NSW

The Australian Legal System - Lawlink Libraries : Lawlink NSW | How laws are made and changed | Scoop.it

 

Resources for students to explore and find information on the Australian Legal System, including how laws are made at the state and federal levels, how bills are passed and the structure of the Australian system of government. 

 

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Jelan Scherief's comment, April 22, 2013 12:05 AM
This website from Lawlink NSW includes a section for student resources in which there is a collection of links to different resources relating to the Australian legal system. An effective way of utilising these resources is for a teacher to prepare a set of questions or information to be found on a worksheet, and for students to be given class time to explore the resources on their own in order to find the information and the answers to the questions. The resources include information on a variety of topics including the making of state laws in NSW, the passing of bills, the structure of the Australian parliament and the constitution. This kind of learning activity is a great way for students to be eased into future resource-based learning, which has been proved through pedagogical research to be very effective for students learning and engagement. Students become more active and independent learners as they become responsible for finding the information required to complete a task. Students are encouraged to make extensive use of the learning materials they have access to as their own learning is handed over to them (Breivik, S. P. 1998). It allows students to learn at their own pace and requires full participation by all students when the work is completed individually (Brown, S. & Smith, B., 1996). Other benefits of this kind of learning include student’s development of their knowledge of online resources and use of technology.

Breivik, P., S., (1998). Student learning in the Information Age. American Council on Education Series on Higher Education. Phoenix: Oryx Press.

Brown, S. & Smith, B. (1996). Resource-based learning. Staff and Educational Development Association. London: Kogan Page Limited.
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Multimedia: Parliamentary Education Office, Parliament of Australia

Multimedia: Parliamentary Education Office, Parliament of Australia | How laws are made and changed | Scoop.it

 

"...the federal Parliament makes laws on important national matters such as defence; immigration; taxation; and even marriage."

 

A video aimed at students explaining the process of law-making in the Federal Parliament.

 

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Jelan Scherief's comment, April 22, 2013 12:03 AM
This resource is by the Parliamentary Education Office and is a video that explains the process behind the making of laws in the Australian federal government. The video is aimed for primary students and so explains the difficult concept in simple language that students can understand. A teaching idea for this resource is for the teacher to play the video and get the students to watch and take notes as it plays. Students write down any interesting points and the most important information that they gained. They also note down any questions they may still have that weren’t answered by the video or that were brought up after watching the video. The teacher then goes around the class and asks students to share with the class one thing they found particularly interesting or just one thing they learnt from the video. This is a good starting point for introducing this topic to students as it explains the basic process of how laws are made in the federal government. It is also encourages literacy skills as the students develop their comprehension by listening to the video and attempting to understand the information. The teacher can then move from this activity onto other activities that explore the topic in more detail.